Epistemology and Practice

Durkheim's The Elementary Forms of Religious Life

Author: Anne Warfield Rawls

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139441322

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 7173

In this original and controversial book Professor Rawls argues that Durkheim's The Elementary Forms of Religious Life is the crowning achievement of his sociological endeavour and that since its publication in English in 1915 it has been consistently misunderstood. Rather than a work on primitive religion or the sociology of knowledge, Rawls asserts that it is an attempt by Durkheim to establish a unique epistemological basis for the study of sociology and moral relations. By privileging social practice over beliefs and ideas, it avoids the dilemmas inherent in philosophical approaches to knowledge and morality that are based on individualism and the tendency to privilege beliefs and ideas over practices, both tendencies that dominate western thought. Based on detailed textual analysis of the primary text, this book will be an important and original contribution to contemporary debates on social theory and philosophy.
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The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life

Author: Émile Durkheim

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486120449

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 8583

A founder of modern sociology examines animism, naturism, totemism, myth, and ritual in this 1912 classic, which traces the source of religion and morality to a collective consciousness.
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On Durkheim's Elementary Forms of Religious Life

Author: N.J. Allen,W.S.F. Pickering,W. Watts Miller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134715021

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 8230

This is the first collection of essays to be published on Durkheim's masterpiece The Elementary Forms of Religious Life. It represents the work of the most important international Durkheim scholars from the fields of anthropology, philosophy and sociology. The essays focus on key topics including: * the method Durkheim adopted in his study * the role of ritual and belief in society * the nature of contemporary religion The contributors also explore cutting-edge debates about the notion of the soul and collective rituals.
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Durkheim's Philosophy of Science and the Sociology of Knowledge

Creating an Intellectual Niche

Author: Warren Schmaus

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226742519

Category: Science

Page: 314

View: 5033

In this demonstration of the link between philosophy of science and scientific practice, Warren Schmaus argues that Durkheim's philosophy is crucial to his sociology. Through a reinterpretation of the relation between Durkheim's major philosophical and sociological works, Schmaus argues that Durkheim's sociology is more than a collection of general observations about society—it reflects a richly constructed theory of the meanings and causes of social life. Schmaus shows how Durkheim sought to make sociology more rigorous by introducing scientific methods of analysis and explanation into the study of society. Durkheim tried to reveal how implicit, commonly held beliefs actually govern people's lives. Through an original interpretation of Durkheim's landmark writings, Schmaus argues that Durkheim, in his empirical studies, refined both the methods of sociology and a theory about society's shared knowledge and practices. This book opens a new window on the development of Durkheim's thought and demonstrates how a philosophy of science can inspire the rise of a new science.
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Toward A Sociological Theory of Information

Author: Harold Garfinkel,Anne Rawls

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317250257

Category: Social Science

Page: 342

View: 7500

In 1952 at Princeton University, Harold Garfinkel developed a sociological theory of information. Other prominent theories then being worked out at Princeton, including game theory, neglected the social elements of "information," modeling a rational individual whose success depends on completeness of both reason and information. In real life these conditions are not possible and these approaches therefore have always had limited and problematic practical application. Garfinkel's sociological theory treats information as a thoroughly organized social phenomenon in a way that addresses these shortcomings comprehensively. Although famous as a sociologist of everyday life, Garfinkel focuses in this new book-never before published-on the concerns of large-scale organization and decisionmaking. In the fifty years since Garfinkel wrote this treatise, there has been no systematic treatment of the problems and issues he raises. Nor has anyone proposed a theory of information like the one he proposed. Many of the same problems that troubled theorists of information and predictable order in 1952 are still problematic today.
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Sociological Objects

Reconfigurations of Social Theory

Author: Ruth Rettie,Dr Andrew King,Mr Geoff Cooper

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409491544

Category: Social Science

Page: 218

View: 4851

What are the aims of sociology? What are its objects of study? How relevant is the classical tradition to the practice of sociology today? This volume brings together internationally renowned and new scholars to consider the changing relationship between contemporary and classical sociology. Arguing that recent historical and theoretical developments make reconsideration timely, it suggests that whilst the classical tradition has a continuing pertinence, it is inevitably subject to ongoing reconfiguration. Assessing the explanatory value of classical and contemporary forms of sociology, interrogating social theory as both a form of explanation and a mode of practice, and considering the possible consequences for the discipline of questions about its subject matter, Sociological Objects steers a course between assertions about radical epistemological breaks on the one hand, and reverence for the classical tradition on the other. Rather, it emphasizes the value of reworking, reconsidering and reconfiguring sociological thought.
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Alternative Sociologies of Religion

Through Non-Western Eyes

Author: James V. Spickard

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479826634

Category: Religion

Page: 336

View: 738

Alternative Sociologies of Religion explores what the sociology of religion would look like had it emerged in a Confucian, Muslim, or Native American culture rather than in a Christian one. Sociology has long used Western Christianity as a model for all religious life. As a result, the field has tended to highlight aspects of religion that Christians find important, such as religious beliefs and formal organizations, while paying less attention to other elements. Rather than simply criticizing such limitations, James V. Spickard imagines what the sociology of religion would look like had it arisen in three non-Western societies. What aspects of religion would scholars see more clearly if they had been raised in Confucian China? What could they learn about religion from Ibn Khaldun, the famed 14th century Arab scholar? What would they better understand, had they been born Navajo, whose traditional religion certainly does not revolve around beliefs and organizations? Through these thought experiments, Spickard shows how non-Western ideas understand some aspects of religions--even of Western religions--better than does standard sociology. The volume shows how non-Western frameworks can shed new light on several different dimensions of religious life, including the question of who maintains religious communities, the relationships between religion and ethnicity as sources of social ties, and the role of embodied experience in religious rituals. These approaches reveal central aspects of contemporary religions that the dominant way of doing sociology fails to notice. Each approach also provides investigators with new theoretical resources to guide them deeper into their subjects. The volume makes a compelling case for adopting a global perspective in the social sciences.
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Durkheim on Religion

A Selection of Readings with Bibliographies and Introductory Remarks

Author: W. S. F. Pickering,Emile Durkheim

Publisher: Casemate Publishers

ISBN: 0227173457

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 4502

Durkheim is universally recognised as one of the founding fathers of sociology with his work enabling sociology to be accepted as a discipline within the academic world. What is presented here is a selection of readings from Durkheim's work on religion, beginning with early reviews and proceeding with articles and extracts from books, presented in order of original publication. Also included are detailed bibliographies and abstracts together with contributions by such writers as Van Gennep, Goldenweiser and Stanner.
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Durkheim's Ghosts

Cultural Logics and Social Things

Author: Charles Lemert

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521842662

Category: Social Science

Page: 294

View: 5822

Durkheim's Ghosts is a fascinating presentation of the tradition of social theory influenced by Emile Durkheim's thinking on the social foundations of knowledge. From Saussure and Levi-Strauss to Foucault, Bourdieu and Derrida, today's criticisms of modern politics and culture owe an important, if unacknowledged, debt to Durkheim. These engaging and innovative essays by leading sociologist Charles Lemert bring together his writings on the contributions of French social theory past and present. Rather than merely interpret the theories, Lemert uses them to explore the futures of sociology, social theory, and culture studies. Durkheim's Ghosts offers the reader original insights into Durkheim's legacy and the wider French traditions for the cultural and social sciences. Of special note is the book's new and exciting theory of culture and semiotics. Provocative, scholarly, imaginative and ambitious this book will be invaluable to anyone interested in social theory, culture, and intellectual history of modern times.
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Pragmatism and Sociology

Author: Emile Durkheim,John B. Allcock

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521246866

Category: Political Science

Page: 143

View: 6241

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The Institutional Dynamics of Culture

The New Durkheimians

Author: Perri 6,Gerald Mars

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 463

View: 5024

These two volumes present the most important recent developments in the institutional theory of culture and demonstrate their practical applications. The influence of this theory has, in recent years, permeated all the main disciplines of social science with substantial implications for politics, history, business, work and organizations, the environment, technology and risk, and crime and consumption. Today, the institutional theory of culture now rivals the rational choice, Weberian and postmodern outlooks in influence across the social sciences.
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Durkheim and Representations

Author: W. S. F. Pickering

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134655371

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 2125

Durkheim's sociological thought is based on the premise that the world cannot be known as a thing in itself, but only through representations, rough approximations of the world created either individually or collectively. This set of papers by leading Durkheimians from Britain, America and continental Europe is the first concentrated attempt to understand what he meant by representations, how his understanding of the term was influenced by Kant and by neo-Kantians like Charles Renouvier and how his use of the concept in his work developed over time. By arguing that his use of representations at the the core of Durkheim's sociological thought, this book makes a unique contribution to Durkheimian studies which have recently been dominated by positivist and functionalist interpretations, and reveals a thinker very much in tune with contemporary developments in philosophy, linguistics and sociology.
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Ritual and Religion in the Making of Humanity

Author: Roy A. Rappaport

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521296908

Category: Religion

Page: 535

View: 2093

Roy Rappaport argues that religion is central to the continuing evolution of life, although it has been been displaced from its original position of intellectual authority by the rise of modern science. His book, which could be construed as in some degree religious as well as about religion, insists that religion can and must be reconciled with science. Combining adaptive and cognitive approaches to the study of humankind, he mounts a comprehensive analysis of religion's evolutionary significance, seeing it as co-extensive with the invention of language and hence of culture as we know it. At the same time he assembles the fullest study yet of religion's main component, ritual, which constructs the conceptions which we take to be religious and has been central in the making of humanity's adaptation. The text amounts to a manual for effective ritual, illustrated by examples drawn from anthropology, history, philosophy, comparative religion, and elsewhere.
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The Theory of Cultural and Social Selection

Author: W. G. Runciman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521199514

Category: Science

Page: 257

View: 6994

A succinct and highly imaginative contribution to one of the great intellectual debates of our times.
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Sociology

A Seventh-Day Adventist Approach for Students and Teachers

Author: Lionel Matthews

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781883925550

Category: Religion

Page: 133

View: 3713

In this philosophical overview, Matthews examines key issues such as why Christians should study sociology, how sociology can facilitate faith integration, and how the church should relate to the challenge of post-modernism. His work is the third volume in the Faith and Learning series published by Andrews University Press.
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Ritual and the Sacred

A Neo-Durkheimian Analysis of Politics, Religion and the Self

Author: Massimo Rosati

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317062418

Category: Social Science

Page: 180

View: 6212

Ritual and the Sacred discusses some of the most important issues of modern socio-political life through the lens of a neo-Durkheimian perspective. Building on the main lesson of Durkheim's Elementary Forms of Religious Life, this book articulates values and practices common to non-Western and religious traditions that have the capacity to shape our modern way of living. Central to this volume is the question of modernity and scepticism with regard to mainstream Western wisdom; Rosati focuses on the notion of societal self-reassessment and self-revision, illustrating a willingness to learn from ’primitive’ societies. This reassessment necessitates us to rethink the central roles played by ritual and the sacred as building blocks of social and individual life, both of which remain salient features within the modern world. This title will be of key interest to sociologists of religion, philosophy politics and social theorists.
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Face to Face

Toward a Sociological Theory of Interpersonal Behavior

Author: Jonathan H. Turner

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804744173

Category: Social Science

Page: 271

View: 6774

Updating classic sociological theory and utilizing the results of recent research in evolutionary and neurphysiological theory, this ambitious work aims to present no less than a unified, general theory of what happens when people interact.
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Norbert Elias and Social Theory

Author: François Dépelteau,T. Landini

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137312114

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 330

View: 3561

This book will compare the approach and works of Norbert Elias, well known for his analysis of the civilizing process, his work on sport and violence and, more largely, his figurational approach, with other important social theories both classical and contemporary.
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Elements of folk psychology

outlines of a psychological history of the development of mankind

Author: Wilhelm Max Wundt,Edward Leroy Schaub

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Ethnopsychology

Page: 532

View: 7501

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Ritual Theory, Ritual Practice

Author: Catherine Bell

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199760381

Category: Religion

Page: 270

View: 3970

Ritual studies today figures as a central element of religious discourse for many scholars around the world. Ritual Theory, Ritual Practice, Catherine Bell's sweeping and seminal work on the subject, helped legitimize the field. In this volume, Bell re-examines the issues, methods, and ramifications of our interest in ritual by concentrating on anthropology, sociology, and the history of religions. Now with a new foreword by Diane Jonte-Pace, Bell's work is a must-read for understanding the evolution of the field of ritual studies and its current state.
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