Epistemology After Protagoras

Responses to Relativism in Plato, Aristotle, and Democritus

Author: Mi-Kyoung Lee,Associate Professor Department of Philosophy Mi-Kyoung Lee

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199262229

Category: Philosophy

Page: 291

View: 572

"Relativism was first formulated in Western philosophy by Protagoras in the fifth century BC. Protagoras is famous for his claim that 'man is the measure of all things'. Mi-Kyoung Lee examines this and the work of Plato, Aristotle, and Democritus"--Provided by publisher.
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Prophetic Rage

Author: Johnny Bernard Hill

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 0802869777

Category: Religion

Page: 192

View: 5390

In this book Johnny Bernard Hill argues that prophetic rage, or righteous anger, is a necessary response to our present culture of imperialism and nihilism. The most powerful way to resist meaninglessness, he says, is refusing to accept the realities of structural injustice, such as poverty, escalating militarism, genocide, and housing discrimination. Hill s Prophetic Rage is interdisciplinary, integrating art, music, and literature with theology. It is constructive, passionate, and provocative. Hill weaves through a myriad of creative and prophetic voices of protest -- from Jesus to W. E. B. DuBois, Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X, and President Barack Obama -- as well as multiple approaches, including liberation theology and black religion, to reflect theologically on the nature of liberation, justice, and hope on contemporary culture.
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Das Selbstaufhebungsargument

Der Relativismus in der gegenwärtigen philosophischen Debatte

Author: Dorothee Schmitt

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110584263

Category: Philosophy

Page: 398

View: 6581

Selbstaufhebungsargumente sind eine der ältesten und verbreitetsten Argumentationsfiguren gegen den Relativismus. Diese Untersuchung befasst sich mit ihren Ursprüngen bei Platon sowie ihren modernen Formen in Bezug auf unterschiedliche erkenntnistheoretische Arten des Relativismus, ihren systematischen Schwachstellen sowie ihrem Potential, kohärente von inkohärenten Varianten des Relativismus zu unterscheiden.
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Relativismus

Author: Bernd Irlenborn

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110462494

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 5588

Does relativism challenge the rationality of philosophy, science, and culture? This book is intended as a critical introduction to the complex question of relativism. It explores the term and its history, debates about familiar propositions of relativism regarding the nature of truth as well as the relationship between pluralism, tolerance, and relativism.
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Belief and Truth

A Skeptic Reading of Plato

Author: Katja Maria Vogt

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199916810

Category: History

Page: 209

View: 1791

Belief and Truth: A Skeptic Reading of Plato explores a Socratic intuition about belief, doxa — belief is "shameful." In aiming for knowledge, one must aim to get rid of beliefs. Vogt shows how deeply this proposal differs from contemporary views, but that it nevertheless speaks to intuitions we are likely to share with Plato, ancient skeptics, and Stoic epistemologists.
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Strategies of Argument

Essays in Ancient Ethics, Epistemology, and Logic

Author: Mi-Kyoung Lee

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019989048X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 384

View: 4305

This volume features fifteen new papers by an international group of scholars in ancient philosophy, with a particular focus on new work in ancient Greek and Roman ethics, epistemology, logic, and science. The papers are organized around five broad topics: Plato, Aristotle's ethics and practical reasoning, Aristotelian logic, Hellenistic ethics, and Hellenistic epistemology. Specific topics covered include the refutation of the hedonist in Plato's Philebus, the question of whether modern interpreters are right to read Plato's Timaeus as "proto-historical," Aristotle's argument concerning virtue, Aristotle's discussion of practical reasoning in the realm of ethics, Aristotle's logical theory, classification and division of goods in ancient ethical theories, and belief, appearances, and assent in Hellenistic epistemology.
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The Review of Metaphysics

A Philosophical Quarterly

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Metaphysics

Page: N.A

View: 2114

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Rhizai

Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 9168

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Phronesis

Author: Donald James Allan,Joseph Bright Skemp

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Electronic journals

Page: N.A

View: 4190

Phronesis is a journal for the study of ancient Greek and Roman thought (ancient philosophy, psychology, metaphysics, epistemology and the philosophy of science and medicine) from its origins down to the end of the sixth century A.D.
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Bibliographie de la philosophie

Bibliography of philosophy

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9782271064011

Category: Philosophy

Page: 235

View: 2967

L'opposition entre Foucault et Habermas a donné lieu à l'un des moments légendaires de la philosophie sociale du XXe siècle. A juste titre sans doute, puisqu'il vit s'affronter deux conceptions de la nature et des finalités d'une analyse englobante de la société moderne qui ont compté parmi les plus riches et les plus cohérentes de l'après-guerre, étendant leurs ramifications dans de multiples directions : théorie du langage, conception de la subjectivité, épistémologie des sciences humaines, philosophie morale, étude des processus de rationalisation, élucidation du statut de la critique.L'objet de cet ouvrage est d'éclairer, dans toute leur richesse et leur diversité, les enjeux du différend entre Foucault et Habermas. Passé le temps des polémiques, demeure un dossier consistant dont l'exploration s'avère aujourd'hui décisive pour toute théorie de la société qui voudra concilier la pertinence historique et politique de son propos avec la conscience des fondements comme des limites de son propre discours.
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Gymnasium

Zeitschrift für Kultur der Antike und humanistische Bildung

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: N.A

View: 601

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Die Züge des Skeptikers

der dialektische Charakter von Sextus Empiricus' Werk

Author: Rosario La Sala

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 9783525252598

Category: History

Page: 204

View: 5775

Originally presented as the author's thesis (doctoral)--Friedrich-Alexander-Universit'at, Erlangen-N'urnberg, 2003.
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Apeiron

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy, Ancient

Page: N.A

View: 5354

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Epicureanism

Author: Tim O'Keefe

Publisher: Acumen Publishing

ISBN: 9781844651696

Category: History

Page: 206

View: 1658

The Epicurean school of philosophy was one of the dominant philosophies of the Hellenistic period. Founded by Epicurus of Samos (century 341-270 BCE) it was characterized by an empiricist epistemology and a hedonistic ethics. This new introduction to Epicurus offers readers clear exposition of the central tenets of Epicurus' philosophy, with particular stress placed on those features that have enduring philosophical interest and where parallels can be drawn with debates in contemporary analytic philosophy. Part 1 of the book examines the fundamentals of Epicurus' metaphysics, including atoms and the void, emergent and sensible properties, cosmology, mechanistic biology, the nature and functioning of the mind, death, and freedom of action. Part 2 explores Epicurus' epistemology, including his arguments against scepticism and his ideas on sensations, preconceptions and feelings. The final part deals with Epicurus' ethics, exploring his arguments for hedonism, his distinctive conceptions of types of pleasure and desire, his belief in virtue, his notions of justice, friendship and his theology. O'Keefe provides extended exegesis of the arguments supporting Epicurus' positions, indicating their strengths and weaknesses, while showing the connections between the various parts of his philosophy and how Epicureanism hangs together as a whole.
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Aristotle's theory of knowledge

Author: Thomas Kiefer

Publisher: Continuum Intl Pub Group

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 239

View: 2612

One of the only books to provide a systematic account and reconstruction of Aristotle's theory of knowledge.
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Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 7254

Vols. 1-23 (1888-1910) include "Jahresberichte über sämtliche Erscheinungen auf dem Gebiete der Geschichte der Philosophie"; v.24-41 include section "Die neuesten Erscheinungen auf dem Gebiete der Geschichte der Philosophie" (varies slightly)
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Platons Sophistes

Ein kritischer Kommentar

Author: Gustav Adolf Seeck

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 2821846339

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 200

View: 4990

In Platons Dialog Sophistes wird nach der Definition des Sophisten gefragt; das führt zum Begriff des Nichtseienden und schließlich unter dem Stichwort 'Dialektik' auf die Frage nach dem Seienden. Daß Platon dabei von der sophistischen Methode ausgeht, das Seiende als bloße Spitze einer Begriffspyramide zu deuten, haben seine Interpreten seit jeher als irgendwie widersprüchlich empfunden. Dieser Kommentar ist für Leser gedacht, die bereit sind, den Sophistes (griechisch oder in Übersetzung) genau zu studieren, aber dabei einen Begleiter haben möchten, der ihnen in möglichst direkter und knapper Form hilft, den oft schwierigen einzelnen Schritten zu folgen und zugleich die Übersicht über das nicht weniger schwierige Ganze zu behalten. Er will nicht in die kaum noch überschaubare wissenschaftliche Diskussion einführen, sondern nur das dort zunehmend ins Hintertreffen geratende unmittelbare Verständnis des Wortlauts sicherstellen. Er ist "kritisch", weil er zum unbefangenen Lesen anhalten möchte. Damit wendet er sich nicht gegen die idealistische Interpretation von Platons Dialogen, der Platon seinen Ruhm als Philosoph verdankt, sondern will zeigen, daß es falsch wäre, den Platon, der im Sophistes Grundlegendes u. a. über Begriffsbildung und Sprache zu sagen hat, darüber zu vernachlässigen.
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