Epidemic Modelling

An Introduction

Author: D. J. Daley,J. Gani

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521014670

Category: Mathematics

Page: 213

View: 4870

This is a general introduction to the mathematical modelling of diseases.

An Introduction to Mathematical Physiology and Biology

Author: J. Mazumdar

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521646758

Category: Mathematics

Page: 226

View: 3826

A textbook about the mathematical modelling of biological and physiological phenomena for mathematically sophisticated students.

Modelling Biological Populations in Space and Time

Author: Eric Renshaw

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521448550

Category: Mathematics

Page: 403

View: 8501

This volume develops a unifying approach to population studies, emphasising the interplay between modelling and experimentation. Throughout, mathematicians and biologists are provided with a framework within which population dynamics can be fully explored and understood. Aspects of population dynamics covered include birth-death and logistic processes, competition and predator-prey relationships, chaos, reaction time-delays, fluctuating environments, spatial systems, velocities of spread, epidemics, and spatial branching structures. Both deterministic and stochastic models are considered. Whilst the more theoretically orientated sections will appeal to mathematical biologists, the material is presented so that readers with little mathematical expertise can bypass these without losing the main flow of the text.

An Introduction to Stochastic Processes with Applications to Biology, Second Edition

Author: Linda J. S. Allen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 143989468X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 496

View: 7875

An Introduction to Stochastic Processes with Applications to Biology, Second Edition presents the basic theory of stochastic processes necessary in understanding and applying stochastic methods to biological problems in areas such as population growth and extinction, drug kinetics, two-species competition and predation, the spread of epidemics, and the genetics of inbreeding. Because of their rich structure, the text focuses on discrete and continuous time Markov chains and continuous time and state Markov processes. New to the Second Edition A new chapter on stochastic differential equations that extends the basic theory to multivariate processes, including multivariate forward and backward Kolmogorov differential equations and the multivariate Itô’s formula The inclusion of examples and exercises from cellular and molecular biology Double the number of exercises and MATLAB® programs at the end of each chapter Answers and hints to selected exercises in the appendix Additional references from the literature This edition continues to provide an excellent introduction to the fundamental theory of stochastic processes, along with a wide range of applications from the biological sciences. To better visualize the dynamics of stochastic processes, MATLAB programs are provided in the chapter appendices.

Math and Bio 2010

Linking Undergraduate Disciplines

Author: Lynn Arthur Steen

Publisher: MAA

ISBN: 9780883858189

Category: Mathematics

Page: 161

View: 8873

Math & Bio 2010: Linking Undergraduate Disciplines envisages a new educational paradigm in which the disciplines of mathematics and biology, currently quite separate, will be productively linked in the undergraduate science programs of the 21st century. As a science, biology depends increasingly on data, algorithms, and models; in virtually every respect, it is becoming more quantitative, more computational, and more mathematical. While these trends are related, they are not the same; they represent, rather, three different perspectives on what many are calling the "new biology." All three methods---quantitative, computational, mathematical---are spreading across the entire landscape of biological science from molecular to cellular, organismic and ecological. The aim of this volume is to alert members of both communities---biological and mathematical---to the expanding and exciting challenges of interdisciplinary work in these fields.

Mathematical Epidemiology

Author: Fred Brauer,Pauline van den Driessche,J. Wu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540789111

Category: Medical

Page: 414

View: 6004

Based on lecture notes of two summer schools with a mixed audience from mathematical sciences, epidemiology and public health, this volume offers a comprehensive introduction to basic ideas and techniques in modeling infectious diseases, for the comparison of strategies to plan for an anticipated epidemic or pandemic, and to deal with a disease outbreak in real time. It covers detailed case studies for diseases including pandemic influenza, West Nile virus, and childhood diseases. Models for other diseases including Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, fox rabies, and sexually transmitted infections are included as applications. Its chapters are coherent and complementary independent units. In order to accustom students to look at the current literature and to experience different perspectives, no attempt has been made to achieve united writing style or unified notation. Notes on some mathematical background (calculus, matrix algebra, differential equations, and probability) have been prepared and may be downloaded at the web site of the Centre for Disease Modeling (www.cdm.yorku.ca).

Stochastic Processes

Modelling and Simulation

Author: D. N. Shanbhag,Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 9780444500137

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1000

View: 1506

This sequel to volume 19 of Handbook on Statistics on Stochastic Processes: Modelling and Simulation is concerned mainly with the theme of reviewing and, in some cases, unifying with new ideas the different lines of research and developments in stochastic processes of applied flavour. This volume consists of 23 chapters addressing various topics in stochastic processes. These include, among others, those on manufacturing systems, random graphs, reliability, epidemic modelling, self-similar processes, empirical processes, time series models, extreme value therapy, applications of Markov chains, modelling with Monte Carlo techniques, and stochastic processes in subjects such as engineering, telecommunications, biology, astronomy and chemistry. particular with modelling, simulation techniques and numerical methods concerned with stochastic processes. The scope of the project involving this volume as well as volume 19 is already clarified in the preface of volume 19. The present volume completes the aim of the project and should serve as an aid to students, teachers, researchers and practitioners interested in applied stochastic processes.

Second Order Elliptic Equations and Elliptic Systems

Contemporary Mathematics

Author: Abba B. Gumel

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821898620

Category: Mathematics

Page: 310

View: 8542

This volume contains the proceedings of the AMS Special Session on Nonstandard Finite-Difference Discretizations and Nonlinear Oscillations, in honor of Ronald Mickens's 70th birthday, held January 9-10, 2013, in San Diego, CA. Included are papers on design and analysis of discrete-time and continuous-time dynamical systems arising in the natural and engineering sciences, in particular, the design of robust nonstandard finite-difference methods for solving continuous-time ordinary and partial differential equation models, the analytical and numerical study of models that undergo nonlinear oscillations, as well as the design of deterministic and stochastic models for epidemiological and ecological processes. Some of the specific topics covered in the book include the analysis of deterministic and stochastic SIR-type models, the assessment of cost-effectiveness of vaccination problems, finite-difference methods for oscillatory dynamical systems (including the Schrödinger equation and Brusselator system), the design of exact and elementary stable finite-difference methods, the study of a two-patch model with Allee effects and disease-modified fitness, the study of the delay differential equation model with application to circadian rhythm and the application of some special functions in the solutions of some problems arising in the natural and engineering sciences. A notable feature of the book is the collection of some relevant open problems, intended to help guide the direction of future research in the area.

Mathematical and Statistical Estimation Approaches in Epidemiology

Author: Gerardo Chowell,James M. Hayman,Luís M. A. Bettencourt,Dawn Bies

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048123135

Category: Mathematics

Page: 363

View: 8154

Mathematical and Statistical Estimation Approaches in Epidemiology compiles t- oretical and practical contributions of experts in the analysis of infectious disease epidemics in a single volume. Recent collections have focused in the analyses and simulation of deterministic and stochastic models whose aim is to identify and rank epidemiological and social mechanisms responsible for disease transmission. The contributions in this volume focus on the connections between models and disease data with emphasis on the application of mathematical and statistical approaches that quantify model and data uncertainty. The book is aimed at public health experts, applied mathematicians and sci- tists in the life and social sciences, particularly graduate or advanced undergraduate students, who are interested not only in building and connecting models to data but also in applying and developing methods that quantify uncertainty in the context of infectious diseases. Chowell and Brauer open this volume with an overview of the classical disease transmission models of Kermack-McKendrick including extensions that account for increased levels of epidemiological heterogeneity. Their theoretical tour is followed by the introduction of a simple methodology for the estimation of, the basic reproduction number,R . The use of this methodology 0 is illustrated, using regional data for 1918–1919 and 1968 in uenza pandemics.

Human Biology

Author: Raymond Pearl

Publisher: N.A


Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 1988

Includes section "Recent literature useful in the study of human biology."

Epidemics and Rumours in Complex Networks

Author: Moez Draief,Laurent Massoulié

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521734431

Category: Mathematics

Page: 130

View: 3537

Information propagation through peer-to-peer systems, online social systems, wireless mobile ad hoc networks and other modern structures can be modelled as an epidemic on a network of contacts. Understanding how epidemic processes interact with network topology allows us to predict ultimate course, understand phase transitions and develop strategies to control and optimise dissemination. This book is a concise introduction for applied mathematicians and computer scientists to basic models, analytical tools and mathematical and algorithmic results. Mathematical tools introduced include coupling methods, Poisson approximation (the Stein-Chen method), concentration inequalities (Chernoff bounds and Azuma-Hoeffding inequality) and branching processes. The authors examine the small-world phenomenon, preferential attachment, as well as classical epidemics. Each chapter ends with pointers to the wider literature. An ideal accompaniment for graduate courses, this book is also for researchers (statistical physicists, biologists, social scientists) who need an efficient guide to modern approaches to epidemic modelling on networks.

Mathematical Models in Biology

An Introduction

Author: Elizabeth S. Allman,John A. Rhodes

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521525862

Category: Mathematics

Page: 370

View: 7499

Linear and non-linear models of populations, molecular evolution, phylogenetic tree construction, genetics, and infectious diseases are presented with minimal prerequisites.

An Introduction to Optimal Control Problems in Life Sciences and Economics

From Mathematical Models to Numerical Simulation with MATLAB®

Author: Sebastian Aniţa,Viorel Arnăutu,Vincenzo Capasso

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817680985

Category: Mathematics

Page: 232

View: 8707

Combining control theory and modeling, this textbook introduces and builds on methods for simulating and tackling concrete problems in a variety of applied sciences. Emphasizing "learning by doing," the authors focus on examples and applications to real-world problems. An elementary presentation of advanced concepts, proofs to introduce new ideas, and carefully presented MATLAB® programs help foster an understanding of the basics, but also lead the way to new, independent research. With minimal prerequisites and exercises in each chapter, this work serves as an excellent textbook and reference for graduate and advanced undergraduate students, researchers, and practitioners in mathematics, physics, engineering, computer science, as well as biology, biotechnology, economics, and finance.

An Introduction to Mathematical Biology

Author: Linda J. S. Allen

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780130352163

Category: Mathematics

Page: 348

View: 1017

KEY BENEFIT: This reference introduces a variety of mathematical models for biological systems, and presents the mathematical theory and techniques useful in analyzing those models. Material is organized according to the mathematical theory rather than the biological application. Contains applications of mathematical theory to biological examples in each chapter. Focuses on deterministic mathematical models with an emphasis on predicting the qualitative solution behavior over time. Discusses classical mathematical models from population , including the Leslie matrix model, the Nicholson-Bailey model, and the Lotka-Volterra predator-prey model. Also discusses more recent models, such as a model for the Human Immunodeficiency Virus - HIV and a model for flour beetles. KEY MARKET: Readers seeking a solid background in the mathematics behind modeling in biology and exposure to a wide variety of mathematical models in biology.

Modeling and parameter estimation of contact processes

Author: Ariel Cintron-Arias

Publisher: N.A



Page: 292

View: 4752

Genetic Algorithms (GA) are employed to search the epidemiological parameter space and obtain estimates subject to the optimal fit of longitudinal data.

Quasi-stationary Phenomena in Nonlinearly Perturbed Stochastic Systems

Author: Mats Gyllenberg,Dmitriĭ Sergeevich Silʹvestrov

Publisher: De Gruyter


Category: Mathematics

Page: 579

View: 8413

This book is devoted to the mathematical studies of stochastic systems with quasi-stationary phenomena which have applications to population dynamics or epidemic models. In addition to its use for the research and reference purposes, the book can also be used in special courses on the subject and as a complementary reading in general courses on stochastic processes. In this respect, it may be useful for specialists as well as doctoral and advanced undergraduate students.

Biological Delay Systems

Linear Stability Theory

Author: N. MacDonald

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521340847

Category: Mathematics

Page: 235

View: 1037

In studying the dynamics of populations, whether of animals, plants or cells, it is crucial to allow for delays such as those due to gestation, maturation or transport. This book deals with a fundamental question in the analysis of the effects of delays, namely whether they affect the stability of steady states.

Mathematical Modelling of Zombies

Author: Robert Smith?

Publisher: University of Ottawa Press

ISBN: 0776621688

Category: Mathematics

Page: 468

View: 8810

You’re outnumbered, in fear for your life, surrounded by flesheating zombies. What can save you now? Mathematics, of course. Mathematical Modelling of Zombies engages the imagination to illustrate the power of mathematical modelling. Using zombies as a “hook,” you’ll learn how mathematics can predict the unpredictable. In order to be prepared for the apocalypse, you’ll need mathematical models, differential equations, statistical estimations, discretetime models, and adaptive strategies for zombie attacks—as well as baseball bats and Dire Straits records (latter two items not included). In Mathematical Modelling of Zombies, Robert Smith? brings together a highly skilled team of contributors to fend off a zombie uprising. You’ll also learn how modelling can advise government policy, how theoretical results can be communicated to a nonmathematical audience and how models can be formulated with only limited information. A forward by Andrew Cartmel—former script editor of Doctor Who, author, zombie fan and all-round famous person in science-fiction circles—even provides a genealogy of the undead. By understanding how to combat zombies, readers will be introduced to a wide variety of modelling techniques that are applicable to other real-world issues (biology, epidemiology, medicine, public health, etc.). So if the zombies turn up, reach for this book. The future of the human race may depend on it.

Scientific Computing with Case Studies

Author: Dianne P. O'Leary

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 0898716667

Category: Mathematics

Page: 383

View: 4788

This book is a practical guide to the numerical solution of linear and nonlinear equations, differential equations, optimization problems, and eigenvalue problems. It treats standard problems and introduces important variants such as sparse systems, differential-algebraic equations, constrained optimization, Monte Carlo simulations, and parametric studies. Stability and error analysis are emphasized, and the Matlab algorithms are grounded in sound principles of software design and understanding of machine arithmetic and memory management. Nineteen case studies provide experience in mathematical modeling and algorithm design, motivated by problems in physics, engineering, epidemiology, chemistry, and biology. The topics included go well beyond the standard first-course syllabus, introducing important problems such as differential-algebraic equations and conic optimization problems, and important solution techniques such as continuation methods. The case studies cover a wide variety of fascinating applications, from modeling the spread of an epidemic to determining truss configurations.

Dynamical Processes on Complex Networks

Author: Alain Barrat,Marc Barthélemy,Alessandro Vespignani

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107377420

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 7804

The availability of large data sets has allowed researchers to uncover complex properties such as large-scale fluctuations and heterogeneities in many networks, leading to the breakdown of standard theoretical frameworks and models. Until recently these systems were considered as haphazard sets of points and connections. Recent advances have generated a vigorous research effort in understanding the effect of complex connectivity patterns on dynamical phenomena. This book presents a comprehensive account of these effects. A vast number of systems, from the brain to ecosystems, power grids and the Internet, can be represented as large complex networks. This book will interest graduate students and researchers in many disciplines, from physics and statistical mechanics to mathematical biology and information science. Its modular approach allows readers to readily access the sections of most interest to them, and complicated maths is avoided so the text can be easily followed by non-experts in the subject.