English Language Learners and the New Standards

Developing Language, Content Knowledge, and Analytical Practices in the Classroom

Author: Margaret Heritage,Aída Walqui,Robert Linquanti

Publisher: Harvard Education Press

ISBN: 9781612508023

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 224

View: 3641

In English Language Learners and the New Standards, three leading scholars present a clear vision and practical suggestions for helping teachers engage ELL students in simultaneously learning subject-area content, analytical practices, and language. This process requires three important shifts in our perspective on language and language learning--from an individual activity to a socially engaged activity; from a linear process aimed at correctness and fluency, to a developmental process focused on comprehension and communication; and from a separate area of instruction to an approach that embeds language development in subject-area activities.In English Language Learners and the New Standards, the authors:Clarify the skills and knowledge teachers need to integrate content knowledge and language development.Show how teachers can integrate formative assessment in ongoing teaching and learning.Discuss key leverage points and stress points in using interim and summative assessments with ELLs.Provide classroom vignettes that illustrate key practices.Finally, the authors explain the theories and research that underlie their vision and examine the role of policy in shaping pedagogy and assessment for ELL students.
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Using Understanding by Design in the Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Classroom

Author: Amy J. Heineke,Jay McTighe

Publisher: ASCD

ISBN: 1416626123

Category: Education

Page: 298

View: 2406

How can today’s teachers, whose classrooms are more culturally and linguistically diverse than ever before, ensure that their students achieve at high levels? How can they design units and lessons that support English learners in language development and content learning—simultaneously? Authors Amy Heineke and Jay McTighe provide the answers by adding a lens on language to the widely used Understanding by Design® framework (UbD® framework) for curriculum design, which emphasizes teaching for understanding, not rote memorization. Readers will learn * the components of the UbD framework; * the fundamentals of language and language development; * how to use diversity as a valuable resource for instruction by gathering information about students’ background knowledge from home, community, and school; * how to design units and lessons that integrate language development with content learning in the form of essential knowledge and skills; and * how to assess in ways that enable language learners to reveal their academic knowledge. Student profiles, real-life classroom scenarios, and sample units and lessons provide compelling examples of how teachers in all grade levels and content areas use the UbD framework in their culturally and linguistically diverse classrooms. Combining these practical examples with findings from an extensive research base, the authors deliver a useful and authoritative guide for reaching the overarching goal: ensuring that all students have equitable access to high-quality curriculum and instruction.
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The Handbook of TESOL in K-12

Author: Luciana C. de Oliveira

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119421713

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 464

View: 2910

The first handbook to explore the field of Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages in elementary and secondary education (K-12) The number of students being educated in English has grown significantly in modern times — globalization, immigration, and evolving educational policies have prompted an increased need for English language learner (ELL) education. The Handbook of TESOL in K-12 combines contemporary research and current practices to provide a comprehensive overview of the origins, evolution, and future direction of Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages at the elementary and secondary levels (K-12). Exploring the latest disciplinary and interdisciplinary issues in the field, this is a first-of-its-kind Handbook and contributions are offered from a team of internationally-renowned scholars. Comprehensive in scope, this essential Handbook covers topics ranging from bilingual language development and technology-enhanced language learning, to ESOL preparation methods for specialist and mainstream teachers and school administrators. Three sections organize the content to cover Key Issues in Teaching ESOL students in K-12, Pedagogical Issues and Practices in TESOL in K-12 Education, and School Personnel Preparation for TESOL in K-12. Satisfies a need for inclusive and in-depth research on TESOL in K-12 classrooms Presents a timely and interesting selection of topics that are highly relevant to working teachers and support staff Applies state-of-the-art research to real-world TESOL classroom settings Offers a balanced assessment of diverse theoretical foundations, concepts, and findings The Handbook of TESOL in K-12 is an indispensable resource for undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and scholars, and educators in the field of Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages in elementary and secondary education.
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Navigating the Common Core with English Language Learners

Practical Strategies to Develop Higher-Order Thinking Skills

Author: Larry Ferlazzo,Katie Hull Sypnieski

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119023025

Category: Education

Page: 384

View: 4376

The must-have Common Core guide for every ESL/ELL instructor Navigating the Common Core with English Language Learners is the much-needed practical guide for ESL/ELL instructors. Written by experienced teachers of English Language Learners, this book provides a sequel to the highly-regarded ESL/ELL Teacher's Survival Guide and is designed to help teachers implement the Common Core in the ELL classroom. You'll find a digest of the latest research and developments in ELL education, along with comprehensive guidance in reading and writing, social studies, math, science, Social Emotional Learning and more. The Common Core is discussed in the context of ESL, including the opportunities and challenges specific to ELL students. Ready-to-use lesson plans and reproducible handouts help you bring these ideas into the classroom, and expert guidance helps you instill the higher-order thinking skills the Common Core requires. The Common Core standards have been adopted in 43 states, yet minimal guidance has been provided for teachers of English Language Learners. This book fills the literature gap with the most up-to-date theory and a host of practical implementation tools. Get up to date on the latest stats and trends in ELL education Examine the challenges and opportunities posed by Common Core Find solutions to common issues that arise in teaching ELL students Streamline Common Core implementation in the ELL classroom The ELL population is growing at a rapid pace, and the ELL classroom is not exempt from the requirements posed by the Common Core State Standards. ESL/ELL teachers know better than anyone else how critical language is to learning, and ELL students need a specialized Common Core approach to avoid falling behind. Navigating the Common Core with English Language Learners provides specific guidance and helpful tools that teachers can bring to the classroom today.
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Early Childhood Experiences in Language Arts: Early Literacy

Author: Jeanne M. Machado

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305544773

Category: Education

Page: 544

View: 2093

EARLY CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES IN LANGUAGE ARTS: EARLY LITERACY, Eleventh Edition responds to national legislation, professional standards, and public concern about the development of young children's language and foundational literacy skills by providing current research-based instructional strategies in early language development. Activities throughout emphasize the relationship between listening, speaking, reading, writing (print), and viewing in language arts areas. This text addresses the cultural and ethnic diversity of children and provides techniques and tips for adapting curricula. Theory is followed by how-to suggestions and plentiful examples of classic books and stories, poems, finger plays, flannel board and alphabet experiences, puppetry, language games, drama, and phonemic and phonetic awareness activities. Students will also learn how, as teachers, they can best interact with children to promote appropriate language development, and how they can create a print-rich environment in the classroom. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Information Technology and Innovation in Language Education

Author: Chris Davison

Publisher: Hong Kong University Press

ISBN: 9789622096967

Category: Education

Page: 304

View: 9031

This book presents a critical analysis and investigation of current developments and debates in the use of information technology (IT) in English language teaching (ELT) internationally. The first section of the book provides an overview of the key issues in IT and innovation in English language education such as the complex nature of IT and its use in ELT, both in the present and future, and the often problematic nature of innovation in relation to IT and ELT. It focuses primarily on the level of programs and curricula, looking at the way organizations and educational systems in different countries respond to the so-called “IT imperative.” The second section adopts a more overtly social constructivist perspective to explore examples of innovative practice in IT use in ELT around the world. It tackles issues arising from classroom implementation and pedagogy, looking at the way learners and teachers can and do use IT in their everyday practice. The final section investigates the problems of building a community of professional practice in IT in English language education. It focuses on the level of professional development and teacher education and in doing so, demonstrates how the implementation of IT in schools and classrooms can be enhanced through taking into account key aspects of teachers’ existing contexts and professional practices. Throughout the book, the contributors adopt a constructive but critical perspective on the use of IT in English language education, often challenging its role in developing learner autonomy, its effectiveness in developing language learning and its capacity to enhance pedagogic practice in the language teaching classroom, at the same time suggesting effective models and guidelines for good practice.
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Handbook of Automated Essay Evaluation

Current Applications and New Directions

Author: Mark D. Shermis,Jill Burstein

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136334793

Category: Psychology

Page: 384

View: 3845

This comprehensive, interdisciplinary handbook reviews the latest methods and technologies used in automated essay evaluation (AEE) methods and technologies. Highlights include the latest in the evaluation of performance-based writing assessments and recent advances in the teaching of writing, language testing, cognitive psychology, and computational linguistics. This greatly expanded follow-up to Automated Essay Scoring reflects the numerous advances that have taken place in the field since 2003 including automated essay scoring and diagnostic feedback. Each chapter features a common structure including an introduction and a conclusion. Ideas for diagnostic and evaluative feedback are sprinkled throughout the book. Highlights of the book’s coverage include: The latest research on automated essay evaluation. Descriptions of the major scoring engines including the E-rater®, the Intelligent Essay Assessor, the IntellimetricTM Engine, c-raterTM, and LightSIDE. Applications of the uses of the technology including a large scale system used in West Virginia. A systematic framework for evaluating research and technological results. Descriptions of AEE methods that can be replicated for languages other than English as seen in the example from China. Chapters from key researchers in the field. The book opens with an introduction to AEEs and a review of the "best practices" of teaching writing along with tips on the use of automated analysis in the classroom. Next the book highlights the capabilities and applications of several scoring engines including the E-rater®, the Intelligent Essay Assessor, the IntellimetricTM engine, c-raterTM, and LightSIDE. Here readers will find an actual application of the use of an AEE in West Virginia, psychometric issues related to AEEs such as validity, reliability, and scaling, and the use of automated scoring to detect reader drift, grammatical errors, discourse coherence quality, and the impact of human rating on AEEs. A review of the cognitive foundations underlying methods used in AEE is also provided. The book concludes with a comparison of the various AEE systems and speculation about the future of the field in light of current educational policy. Ideal for educators, professionals, curriculum specialists, and administrators responsible for developing writing programs or distance learning curricula, those who teach using AEE technologies, policy makers, and researchers in education, writing, psychometrics, cognitive psychology, and computational linguistics, this book also serves as a reference for graduate courses on automated essay evaluation taught in education, computer science, language, linguistics, and cognitive psychology.
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Child and Adolescent Development in Your Classroom

Author: Christi Crosby Bergin,David Allen Bergin

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1285965604

Category: Education

Page: 736

View: 3054

Covering development from early childhood through high school in an easy-to-follow format, this book provides future teachers with authentic, research-based strategies and guidelines for their classrooms. The authors apply child development concepts to topics of high interest and relevance to teachers, including classroom discipline, constructivism, social-emotional development, and many others. A strong emphasis on diversity among children is reflected throughout. Case studies and real-world vignettes further bridge the distance between research and the classroom, helping future teachers be better prepared to create an environment that promotes optimal development in children. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Engaging Students in Academic Literacies

Genre-based Pedagogy for K-5 Classrooms

Author: María Estela Brisk

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317816145

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 366

View: 518

The Common Core State Standards require schools to include writing in a variety of genres across the disciplines. Engaging Students in Academic Literacies provides specific information to plan and carry out genre-based writing instruction in English for K-5 students within various content areas. Informed by systemic functional linguistics—a theory of language IN USE in particular ways for particular audiences and social purposes—it guides teachers in developing students’ ability to construct texts using structural and linguistic features of the written language. This approach to teaching writing and academic language is effective in addressing the persistent achievement gap between ELLs and "mainstream" students, especially in the context of current reforms in the U.S. Transforming systemic functional linguistics and genre theory into concrete classroom tools for designing, implementing, and reflecting on instruction and providing essential scaffolding for teachers to build their own knowledge of its essential elements applied to teaching, the text includes strategies for apprenticing students to writing in all genres, features of elementary students’ writing, and examples of practice.
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Writing as a Learning Tool

Integrating Theory and Practice

Author: Päivi Tynjälä,L. Mason,K. Lonka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401007403

Category: Education

Page: 219

View: 4897

This book is an outstanding account of the current state of using writing in service of learning. It presents psychological and educational foundations of writing across the curriculum movement and describes writing-to-learn practices implemented at different levels of education. It provides concrete applications and ideas about how to enhance student learning by means of writing. It is useful for educators, curriculum developers, psychologists, cognitive scientists, writing researchers, and teachers.
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Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy

Author: D. C. Phillips

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483364755

Category: Education

Page: 952

View: 5803

Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.
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International Handbook of English Language Teaching

Author: Jim Cummins,Chris Davison

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387463011

Category: Education

Page: 1201

View: 5858

This two volume handbook provides a comprehensive examination of policy, practice, research and theory related to English Language Teaching in international contexts. More than 70 chapters highlight the research foundation for best practices, frameworks for policy decisions, and areas of consensus and controversy in second language acquisition and pedagogy. The Handbook provides a unique resource for policy makers, educational administrators, and researchers concerned with meeting the increasing demand for effective English language teaching. It offers a strongly socio-cultural view of language learning and teaching. It is comprehensive and global in perspective with a range of fresh new voices in English language teaching research.
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Educational Foundations: Diverse Histories, Diverse Perspectives

Author: Grace Huerta

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 111180902X

Category: Education

Page: 320

View: 7295

This innovative new program for the Foundations of Education course combines traditional coverage of the history, philosophy, and sociology of education with content for multicultural education courses, examining the wide diversity of classrooms across the US. In addition to blending these important perspectives, the text examines the interrelationship between the history and structure of the American education system, the changing nature of the teaching profession, and the socio-cultural factors influencing education. The author considers foundational themes from a critical theory perspective. Often, preservice teachers lack the basic understanding of why inequities exist in today's schools. They are unaware of the historical events that put a system in place and are not empowered with strategies to address these issues once they enter a classroom. Providing students with this important background information, this text's goal is to enable teachers to help every child fulfill his or her potential. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Language, Power and Pedagogy

Bilingual Children in the Crossfire

Author: Prof. Jim Cummins

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 1847698441

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 345

View: 1342

Population mobility is at an all-time high in human history. One result of this unprecedented movement of peoples around the world is that in many school systems monolingual and monocultural students are the exception rather than the rule, particularly in urban areas. This shift in demographic realities entails enormous challenges for educators and policy-makers. What do teachers need to know in order to teach effectively in linguistically and culturally diverse contexts? How long does it take second language learners to acquire proficiency in the language of school instruction? What are the differences between attaining conversational fluency in everyday contexts and developing proficiency in the language registers required for academic success? What adjustments do we need to make in curriculum, instruction and assessment to ensure that second-language learners understand what is being taught and are assessed in a fair and equitable manner? How long do we need to wait before including second-language learners in high-stakes national examinations and assessments? What role (if any) should be accorded students’ first language in the curriculum? Do bilingual education programs work well for poor children from minority-language backgrounds or should they be reserved only for middle-class children from the majority or dominant group? In addressing these issues, this volume focuses not only on issues of language learning and teaching but also highlights the ways in which power relations in the wider society affect patterns of teacher–student interaction in the classroom. Effective instruction will inevitably challenge patterns of coercive power relations in both school and society.
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Brain-Based Teaching With Adolescent Learning in Mind

Author: Glenda Beamon Crawford

Publisher: Corwin Press

ISBN: 141295018X

Category: Education

Page: 195

View: 3656

Presents the newest research on the adolescent brain and offers a framework for linking brain-based teaching to students' social, emotional, and cognitive needs.
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Common Core Standards for High School English Language Arts

Author: Susan Ryan,Dana Frazee

Publisher: ASCD

ISBN: 1416614613

Category: Education

Page: 104

View: 1732

Smart implementation of the Common Core State Standards requires both an overall understanding of the standards and a grasp of their implications for planning, teaching, and learning. This Quick-Start Guide provides a succinct, all-in-one look at * The content, structure, terminology, and emphases of the Common Core standards for English language arts and literacy at the high school level. * The meaning of the individual standards within the four ELA strands—Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening, and Language. * How the standards connect across strands, grade bands, and content areas to help students develop the communication and analytical skills essential for college and career readiness. * The areas of the ELA standards that represent the most significant changes to business as usual. Here, teachers and school leaders will find information they need to begin adapting their practices to ensure all students master the new and challenging material the standards present. A practical lesson planning process to use with the Common Core, based on Classroom Instruction That Works, 2nd Ed., is included, along with three sample lessons. LEARN THE ESSENTIALS OF THE COMMON CORE The grade-level and subject-specific Quick-Start Guides in the Understanding the Common Core Standards series, edited by John Kendall, are designed to help school leaders and school staffs turn Common Core standards into coherent, content-rich curriculum and effective, classroom-level lessons.
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Learning to Teach English in the Secondary School

A Companion to School Experience

Author: Jon Davison,Jane Dowson

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415156777

Category: Education

Page: 326

View: 6002

This forward-looking book combines theory and practice to present a broad introduction to the opportunities and challenges of teaching English in secondary school classrooms. Each chapter explains the background to current debates about teaching the subject and provides tasks, teaching ideas, and further reading to explore issues and ideas in relation to school experience. With reference to new legislation, the chapters suggest a range of approaches to the teaching of reading, writing, speaking and listening, drama, media study, information technology, language study, grammar, poetry, Shakespeare, GNVQ and A Level English Language and Literature. Learning to Teach English in the Secondary School offers principles and practical examples of teaching and learning in the context of the end of the twentieth century when new notions of literacy compete with the demands of national assessment. Taking as its starting point the changing ideologies of English as a subject, the text addresses questions about the nature of teacher education. It raises issues concerning competence-based courses, working with a mentor in school and monitoring the development of a student teacher. Learning to Teach Subjects in the Secondary School series, edited by Sue Capel, Tony Turner and Marilyn Leask.
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Handbook of Research on Teaching the English Language Arts

Author: James Flood,Julie M. Jensen

Publisher: Macmillan Library Reference

ISBN: 9780029223826

Category: Education

Page: 888

View: 1544

Jointly sponsored by the International Reading Assn. and the Natl. Council of Teachers of English, the Handbook contains some 70 original articles by authorities in the field of language arts. The articles are organized into five sections: theoretical bases for English language arts teaching, method
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