Engineering Equality

An Essay on European Anti-Discrimination Law

Author: Alexander Somek

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199693374

Category: Law

Page: 217

View: 6384

Examining the rise of European anti-discrimination law, this book provides a critique of the focus on and implementation of, anti-discrimination law.

Optimization in Food Engineering

Author: Ferruh Erdogdu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420061429

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 758

View: 4777

While mathematically sophisticated methods can be used to better understand and improve processes, the nonlinear nature of food processing models can make their dynamic optimization a daunting task. With contributions from a virtual who’s who in the food processing industry, Optimization in Food Engineering evaluates the potential uses and limitations of optimization techniques for food processing, including classical methods, artificial intelligence-genetic algorithms, multi-objective optimization procedures, and computational fluid dynamics. The book begins by delineating the fundamentals and methods for analytical and numerical procedures. It then covers optimization techniques and how they specifically apply to food processing. The final section digs deep into fundamental food processes and provides detailed explanation and examples from the most experienced and published authors in the field. This includes a range of processes from optimization strategies for improving the performance of batch reactors to the optimization of conventional thermal processing, microwave heating, freeze drying, spray drying, and refrigeration systems, to structural optimization techniques for developing beverage containers, optimization approaches for impingement processing, and optimal operational planning methodologies. Each chapter presents the required parameters for the given process with the optimization procedure to apply. An increasing part of the food processor’s job is to optimize systems to squeeze more dollars out of overhead to offset rising utility and transportation costs. Logically combining optimization techniques from many sources into a single volume focused on food production processes, this book provides real solutions to increases in energy, healthcare, and product liability costs that impact the bottom line in food production.

Equal Citizenship and Its Limits in EU Law

We The Burden?

Author: Päivi Johanna Neuvonen

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782258175

Category: Law

Page: 232

View: 4796

The research monograph Equal Citizenship and Its Limits in EU Law: We the Burden? is a critical study of the scope of EU citizenship as an 'equal status' of all Member State nationals. The book re-conceptualises the relationship between the status of EU citizenship and EU citizens' fundamental right to equal treatment by asking what indicates the presence of agency in EU law. A thorough analysis of the case-law is used to support the argument that the present view of active citizenship in EU law fails to explain how EU citizens should be treated in relation to one another and what counts as 'related' for the purposes of equal treatment in a transnational context. In addressing these questions, the book responds to the increasing need to find a more substantive theory of justice for the European Union. The book suggests that a more balanced view of agency in the case of EU citizens can be based on the inherent connection between citizens' agency and their subjectivity. This analysis provides an integrated philosophical account of transnational equality by showing that a new source of 'meaningful relationships' for the purposes of equal treatment arises from recognizing and treating EU citizens as full subjects of EU law and European integration. The book makes a significant contribution to the existing scholarship on EU law, first, by demonstrating that the undefined nature of EU citizenship is fundamentally a question about transnational justice and not just about individual rights and, secondly, by introducing a framework within which the current normative indeterminacy of EU citizenship can be overcome.

Reconceptualising European Equality Law

A Comparative Institutional Analysis

Author: Johanna Croon-Gestefeld

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1509909699

Category: Law

Page: 282

View: 7608

This important new book seeks to widen the understanding of the principle of equality within European law. Firstly, it deconstructs the European Court of Justice's adjudication of cases in the field. It then explores how the Member States' courts decide on the question of equality. This detailed rigorous research allows the author to argue for a reconceptualised equality doctrine. Such an adaptation, the author argues, will provide judges, practitioners and academics with the tools to balance institutional considerations against substantive interpretation. Theoretically ambitious, while grounded in practical application, this is a significant restatement of one of the key principles of European law: the equality doctrine.

GIEE 2011: Gender and Interdisciplinary Education for Engineers

Formation Interdisciplinaire des Ingénieurs et Problème du Genre

Author: André Béraud,Anne-Sophie Godfroy,Jean Michel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9460919820

Category: Education

Page: 486

View: 6422

Attracting more young people, particularly women, in Engineering and Technology (ET) is a major concern in Europe today. Their participation in engineering occupations appears to be a key-issue for European economic and technical development, as well as a central achievement towards gender equality and social justice. Increasing young people’s interest in the sciences and mathematics and underlining the importance of Engineering and Technology developments in shaping our collective future is an ongoing project in the education sector. This book presents various analyses and ideas for possible solutions. Aujourd’hui, attirer plus de jeunes et en particulier des jeunes femmes dans les formations d’ingénieurs est un souci majeur en Europe. C’est une clé pour aller vers l’égalité des sexes et favoriser le développement économique, scientifi que et technologique de l’Europe. Accroitre l’intérêt des jeunes pour les sciences et la technologie est essentiel pour notre futur collectif et constitue un défi majeur pour l’éducation. Ce livre présente des analyses et des idées pour de possibles solutions.

Managing Diversity and Equality in Construction

Initiatives and Practice

Author: Andrew W. Gale,Marilyn J. Davidson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134441746

Category: Architecture

Page: 384

View: 1855

With women in the UK construction industry constituting just thirteen per cent of the workforce and black and Asian workers numbering less that two per cent, despite representing more than six per cent of the working population, diversity is a problem that the construction industry needs to tackle directly. In this title, diversity management is presented as an opportunity for the construction industry. Work is presented from several different countries and regions, in North America, Australia and Europe to provide a comprehensive picture of this complex and often sensitive issue. Going beyond the traditional topics of gender and racial discrimination contributions encompass a wide range of diversity issues facing the construction industry, including sexual orientation, disability and the work-life balance. Essential reading for construction managers and a valuable resource for post-graduate researchers, this key title provides not only a thorough exposition of contemporary research but also supplies the practical diagnostic tools, and techniques to successfully manage diversity in construction and the information to adhere to the law.

Institutionalizing Intersectionality

The Changing Nature of European Equality Regimes

Author: A. Krizsan,H. Skjeie,J. Squires

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137031069

Category: Social Science

Page: 242

View: 8521

An exploration of the ways that multiple inequalities are being addressed in Europe. Using country-based and region-specific case studies it provides an innovative comparative analysis of the multidimensional equality regimes that are emerging in Europe, and reveals the potential that these have for institutionalizing intersectionality.

Constitutionalization of European Private Law


Author: Hans Micklitz

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191020087

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 8861

In recent years the impact of human rights and fundamental rights on private law has risen in prominence and led to a whole series of detailed investigations. 'Constitutionalization of private law' is the flag under which most of the research on the increasing impact of national constitutional rights on national private legal orders is sailing. In the absence of a European Constitution, the constitutionalization of European private law suggests a process: constitutionalization instead of constituent power, demos, and the magic constitutional moment. The Charter of Fundamental Rights and the European Convention of Human Rights constitute the two pillars on which the transformation of European private law rests. This volume clearly demonstrates the change that has taken place, at the national and at the European level. Private law is no longer immune to the intrusion of fundamental and human rights. Whilst member states and the EU are driving the process by adopting ever more concrete and more comprehensive lists of human and fundamental rights, at the national, the European, and international level with overlapping contents, the true and key players in this development are the national and European courts. Contributions to this volume give this process a face and a direction, which is highlighted in the introduction by Hans-W. Micklitz.

The Cosmopolitan Constitution

Author: Alexander Somek

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191030929

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 2266

Originally the constitution was expected to express and channel popular sovereignty. It was the work of freedom, springing from and facilitating collective self-determination. After the Second World War this perspective changed: the modern constitution owes its authority not only to collective authorship, it also must commit itself credibly to human rights. Thus people recede into the background, and the national constitution becomes embedded into one or other system of 'peer review' among nations. This is what Alexander Somek argues is the creation of the cosmopolitan constitution. Reconstructing what he considers to be the three stages in the development of constitutionalism, he argues that the cosmopolitan constitution is not a blueprint for the constitution beyond the nation state, let alone a constitution of the international community; rather, it stands for constitutional law reaching out beyond its national bounds. This cosmopolitan constitution has two faces: the first, political, face reflects the changed circumstances of constitutional authority. It conceives itself as constrained by international human rights protection, firmly committed to combating discrimination on the grounds of nationality, and to embracing strategies for managing its interaction with other sites of authority, such as the United Nations. The second, administrative, face of the cosmopolitan constitution reveals the demise of political authority, which has been traditionally vested in representative bodies. Political processes yield to various, and often informal, strategies of policy co-ordination so long as there are no reasons to fear that the elementary civil rights might be severely interfered with. It represents constitutional authority for an administered world.

Innovating Capacity for (deweyan) Continuity of Inquiry in the Face of (zimbardoean) Discontinuity Within the Context of Engineering Education Research

Fostering Collaborations with Undeserve Communities in the Developing Regions of the World

Author: N.A

Publisher: Stanford University



Page: N.A

View: 6110

Growing awareness of the crises faced by underserved communities in the developing regions of the world has led engineering educators to reflect on how they can contribute solutions to the basic needs of such communities. Student engineers today are searching for opportunities to work with communities in the developing world to improve the living conditions of the multitudes who suffer chronic poverty and live in desperate conditions. The research in this thesis was inspired by the experiences of students working on a project aimed at creating sustainable prosperity through the introduction of visual literacy in a chronically poor community where it was found that such research collaborations can prove to be overwhelming. Viewing these disruptive experiences from the perspectives of Zimbardo's discontinuity theory showed that such unbounded learning environments that expose students to disorienting experiences of discontinuity restrict the students' ability to learn. Viewing the experiences of Zimbardoean discontinuity through Dewey's philosophy of education led to the creation of a research inquiry space that identified the feasibility of restoring continuity of learning through innovation in engineering education research and practices. In this space student and teacher experiences can be visualized as a function of the learning environment and modes of learning and teaching. Engineering education research and practices currently face open questions about preparing students for working with developing communities safely and enabling them to continue learning. This dissertation attempts to respond by asking the following two questions: 1. How can the experiences of discontinuity be shifted to learning experiences? 2. How do student engineers learn under such conditions? To answer these questions, a research project was conceived that brought together undergraduate engineering students at Stanford University and a community of handloom weavers from a chronically poor village in India to collaborate on an engineering design problem faced by the community. The students and weavers together addressed the challenge of creating retrofits for the handloom to make it more ergonomic. The project was implemented in accordance with a framework that was developed to incorporate five project parameters for creating a safe learning environment. The research project data was collected in the form of entries made in reflection journals by the student participants. A coding scheme was developed to observe and analyze the shift from experiences of discontinuity to experiences of learning. In response to the two research questions, the analysis showed that the research project was successful in providing a learning environment that enabled the student engineers to transition out of discontinuities and learn in that process. The learning mechanism was found to be an augmentation of the Deweyan inquiry process resulting in continuity of learning. The future research directions emerging from this project are the creation of a curriculum as well as a learning environment. These will prepare student engineers to work sustainably on problems of the developing world, through collaborating with and learning from local communities. Continued commitment from engineering researchers and educators will, in time, help build sustainable, trusted, collaborative relationships with underserved communities and encourage them to explore their own creative potential to help solve their problems.

Maximum-Entropy and Bayesian Methods in Science and Engineering

Volume 2: Applications

Author: G. Erickson,C.R. Smith

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789027727947

Category: Mathematics

Page: 440

View: 749

This volume has its origin in the Fifth, Sixth and Seventh Workshops on "Maximum-Entropy and Bayesian Methods in Applied Statistics", held at the University of Wyoming, August 5-8, 1985, and at Seattle University, August 5-8, 1986, and August 4-7, 1987. It was anticipated that the proceedings of these workshops would be combined, so most of the papers were not collected until after the seventh workshop. Because most of the papers in this volume are in the nature of advancing theory or solving specific problems, as opposed to status reports, it is believed that the contents of this volume will be of lasting interest to the Bayesian community. The workshop was organized to bring together researchers from different fields to critically examine maximum-entropy and Bayesian methods in science and engineering as well as other disciplines. Some of the papers were chosen specifically to kindle interest in new areas that may offer new tools or insight to the reader or to stimulate work on pressing problems that appear to be ideally suited to the maximum-entropy or Bayesian method. These workshops and their proceedings could not have been brought to their final form without the support or help of a number of people.

Engineering of dynamic systems

Author: William R. Perkins,José Bejar Cruz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons


Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 568

View: 3591


Engineering Journal

Revue de L'ingénierie

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 7572


Challenging Knowledge, Sex and Power

Gender, Work and Engineering

Author: Julie E. Mills,Suzanne Franzway,Judith Gill,Rhonda Sharp

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135011613

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 196

View: 4627

Women in the developed world expect to work in the labour force over the course of their lives. On finishing school more girls are entering universities and undertaking professional training for careers than ever before. Males and females enter many high status professions in roughly equal numbers. However, engineering stands out as a profession that remains obstinately male dominated. Despite efforts to change, little progress has been made in attracting and retaining women in engineering. This book analyses the outcomes of a decade-long investigation into this phenomenon, framed by two questions: Why are there so few women in engineering? And why is this so difficult to change? The study includes data from two major surveys, accounts from female engineers in a range of locations and engineering fields, and case studies of three large engineering corporations. The authors explore the history and politics of several organisations related to women in engineering, and conclude with an analysis of a range of campaigns that have been waged to address the issue of women’s minority status in engineering. Challenging Knowledge, Sex and Power will be of great interest to students of feminist economics, and is also relevant to researchers in women’s studies and engineering education.