Engineering a Compiler

Author: Keith Cooper,Linda Torczon

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080916613

Category: Computers

Page: 824

View: 1851

This entirely revised second edition of Engineering a Compiler is full of technical updates and new material covering the latest developments in compiler technology. In this comprehensive text you will learn important techniques for constructing a modern compiler. Leading educators and researchers Keith Cooper and Linda Torczon combine basic principles with pragmatic insights from their experience building state-of-the-art compilers. They will help you fully understand important techniques such as compilation of imperative and object-oriented languages, construction of static single assignment forms, instruction scheduling, and graph-coloring register allocation. In-depth treatment of algorithms and techniques used in the front end of a modern compiler Focus on code optimization and code generation, the primary areas of recent research and development Improvements in presentation including conceptual overviews for each chapter, summaries and review questions for sections, and prominent placement of definitions for new terms Examples drawn from several different programming languages
Release

Engineering a Compiler

Author: Keith D. Cooper,Linda Torczon

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 155860698X

Category: Computers

Page: 801

View: 8419

Today's compiler writer must choose a path through a design space that is filled with diverse alternatives. "Engineering a Compiler" explores this design space by presenting some of the ways these problems have been solved, and the constraints that made each of those solutions attractive.
Release

Engineering a Compiler

Author: Keith Cooper,Linda Torczon

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080472672

Category: Computers

Page: 801

View: 2958

The proliferation of processors, environments, and constraints on systems has cast compiler technology into a wider variety of settings, changing the compiler and compiler writer's role. No longer is execution speed the sole criterion for judging compiled code. Today, code might be judged on how small it is, how much power it consumes, how well it compresses, or how many page faults it generates. In this evolving environment, the task of building a successful compiler relies upon the compiler writer's ability to balance and blend algorithms, engineering insights, and careful planning. Today's compiler writer must choose a path through a design space that is filled with diverse alternatives, each with distinct costs, advantages, and complexities. Engineering a Compiler explores this design space by presenting some of the ways these problems have been solved, and the constraints that made each of those solutions attractive. By understanding the parameters of the problem and their impact on compiler design, the authors hope to convey both the depth of the problems and the breadth of possible solutions. Their goal is to cover a broad enough selection of material to show readers that real tradeoffs exist, and that the impact of those choices can be both subtle and far-reaching. Authors Keith Cooper and Linda Torczon convey both the art and the science of compiler construction and show best practice algorithms for the major passes of a compiler. Their text re-balances the curriculum for an introductory course in compiler construction to reflect the issues that arise in current practice. Focuses on the back end of the compiler—reflecting the focus of research and development over the last decade. Uses the well-developed theory from scanning and parsing to introduce concepts that play a critical role in optimization and code generation. Introduces the student to optimization through data-flow analysis, SSA form, and a selection of scalar optimizations. Builds on this background to teach modern methods in code generation: instruction selection, instruction scheduling, and register allocation. Presents examples in several different programming languages in order to best illustrate the concept. Provides end-of-chapter exercises.
Release

Modern Compiler Implementation in C

Author: Andrew W. Appel,Maia Ginsburg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521607650

Category: Computers

Page: 556

View: 5494

Describes all phases of a modern compiler, including techniques in code generation and register allocation for imperative, functional and object-oriented languages.
Release

Modern Compiler Design

Author: Dick Grune,Kees van Reeuwijk,Henri E. Bal,Ceriel J.H. Jacobs,Koen Langendoen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461446996

Category: Computers

Page: 822

View: 5560

"Modern Compiler Design" makes the topic of compiler design more accessible by focusing on principles and techniques of wide application. By carefully distinguishing between the essential (material that has a high chance of being useful) and the incidental (material that will be of benefit only in exceptional cases) much useful information was packed in this comprehensive volume. The student who has finished this book can expect to understand the workings of and add to a language processor for each of the modern paradigms, and be able to read the literature on how to proceed. The first provides a firm basis, the second potential for growth.
Release

Compilers

Principles, Techniques, & Tools

Author: Alfred V. Aho

Publisher: Addison Wesley Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780321486813

Category: Computers

Page: 1009

View: 5086

Compilers: Principles, Techniques and Tools, known to professors, students, and developers worldwide as the "Dragon Book," is available in a new edition. Every chapter has been completely revised to reflect developments in software engineering, programming languages, and computer architecture that have occurred since 1986, when the last edition published. The authors, recognizing that few readers will ever go on to construct a compiler, retain their focus on the broader set of problems faced in software design and software development.
Release

Programming Language Pragmatics

Author: Michael L. Scott

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0080922996

Category: Computers

Page: 944

View: 2264

Programming Language Pragmatics, Third Edition, is the most comprehensive programming language book available today. Taking the perspective that language design and implementation are tightly interconnected and that neither can be fully understood in isolation, this critically acclaimed and bestselling book has been thoroughly updated to cover the most recent developments in programming language design, inclouding Java 6 and 7, C++0X, C# 3.0, F#, Fortran 2003 and 2008, Ada 2005, and Scheme R6RS. A new chapter on run-time program management covers virtual machines, managed code, just-in-time and dynamic compilation, reflection, binary translation and rewriting, mobile code, sandboxing, and debugging and program analysis tools. Over 800 numbered examples are provided to help the reader quickly cross-reference and access content. This text is designed for undergraduate Computer Science students, programmers, and systems and software engineers. Classic programming foundations text now updated to familiarize students with the languages they are most likely to encounter in the workforce, including including Java 7, C++, C# 3.0, F#, Fortran 2008, Ada 2005, Scheme R6RS, and Perl 6. New and expanded coverage of concurrency and run-time systems ensures students and professionals understand the most important advances driving software today. Includes over 800 numbered examples to help the reader quickly cross-reference and access content.
Release

Parsing Techniques

A Practical Guide

Author: Dick Grune,Ceriel J.H. Jacobs

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387689540

Category: Computers

Page: 662

View: 7744

This second edition of Grune and Jacobs’ brilliant work presents new developments and discoveries that have been made in the field. Parsing, also referred to as syntax analysis, has been and continues to be an essential part of computer science and linguistics. Parsing techniques have grown considerably in importance, both in computer science, ie. advanced compilers often use general CF parsers, and computational linguistics where such parsers are the only option. They are used in a variety of software products including Web browsers, interpreters in computer devices, and data compression programs; and they are used extensively in linguistics.
Release

The Compiler Design Handbook

Optimizations and Machine Code Generation, Second Edition

Author: Y.N. Srikant,Priti Shankar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420043839

Category: Computers

Page: 784

View: 7335

Today’s embedded devices and sensor networks are becoming more and more sophisticated, requiring more efficient and highly flexible compilers. Engineers are discovering that many of the compilers in use today are ill-suited to meet the demands of more advanced computer architectures. Updated to include the latest techniques, The Compiler Design Handbook, Second Edition offers a unique opportunity for designers and researchers to update their knowledge, refine their skills, and prepare for emerging innovations. The completely revised handbook includes 14 new chapters addressing topics such as worst case execution time estimation, garbage collection, and energy aware compilation. The editors take special care to consider the growing proliferation of embedded devices, as well as the need for efficient techniques to debug faulty code. New contributors provide additional insight to chapters on register allocation, software pipelining, instruction scheduling, and type systems. Written by top researchers and designers from around the world, The Compiler Design Handbook, Second Edition gives designers the opportunity to incorporate and develop innovative techniques for optimization and code generation.
Release

Compiler construction for digital computers

Author: David Gries

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 493

View: 3641

Describes the techniques involved in writing compilers for high-level languages such as FORTRAN or PL/1. Treats both theory and practical aspects of compiler writing. Discusses semantic routines, their purposes and their connection to syntax recognition.
Release

Building an Optimizing Compiler

Author: Robert Morgan

Publisher: Digital Press

ISBN: 9781555581794

Category: Computers

Page: 450

View: 9986

Building an Optimizing Compiler provides a high-level design for a thorough optimizer, code generator, scheduler, and register allocator for a generic modern RISC processor. In the process it addresses the small issues that have a large impact on the implementation. The book approaches this subject from a practical viewpoint. Theory is introduced where intuitive arguments are insufficient; however, the theory is described in practical terms. Building an Optimizing Compiler provides a complete theory for static single assignment methods and partial redundancy methods for code optimization. It also provides a new generalization of register allocation techniques. A single running example is used throughout the book to illustrate the compilation process.
Release

Compiler Technology

Tools, Translators and Language Implementation

Author: Derek Beng Kee Kiong

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461560772

Category: Computers

Page: 210

View: 5642

Compiler technology is fundamental to computer science since it provides the means to implement many other tools. It is interesting that, in fact, many tools have a compiler framework - they accept input in a particular format, perform some processing and present output in another format. Such tools support the abstraction process and are crucial to productive systems development. The focus of Compiler Technology: Tools, Translators and Language Implementation is to enable quick development of analysis tools. Both lexical scanner and parser generator tools are provided as supplements to this book, since a hands-on approach to experimentation with a toy implementation aids in understanding abstract topics such as parse-trees and parse conflicts. Furthermore, it is through hands-on exercises that one discovers the particular intricacies of language implementation. Compiler Technology: Tools, Translators and Language Implementation is suitable as a textbook for an undergraduate or graduate level course on compiler technology, and as a reference for researchers and practitioners interested in compilers and language implementation.
Release

Compiler Design

Virtual Machines

Author: Reinhard Wilhelm,Helmut Seidl

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642149092

Category: Computers

Page: 187

View: 4818

While compilers for high-level programming languages are large complex software systems, they have particular characteristics that differentiate them from other software systems. Their functionality is almost completely well-defined – ideally there exist complete precise descriptions of the source and target languages, while additional descriptions of the interfaces to the operating system, programming system and programming environment, and to other compilers and libraries are often available. The implementation of application systems directly in machine language is both difficult and error-prone, leading to programs that become obsolete as quickly as the computers for which they were developed. With the development of higher-level machine-independent programming languages came the need to offer compilers that were able to translate programs into machine language. Given this basic challenge, the different subtasks of compilation have been the subject of intensive research since the 1950s. This book is not intended to be a cookbook for compilers, instead the authors' presentation reflects the special characteristics of compiler design, especially the existence of precise specifications of the subtasks. They invest effort to understand these precisely and to provide adequate concepts for their systematic treatment. This is the first book in a multivolume set, and here the authors describe what a compiler does, i.e., what correspondence it establishes between a source and a target program. To achieve this the authors specify a suitable virtual machine (abstract machine) and exactly describe the compilation of programs of each source language into the language of the associated virtual machine for an imperative, functional, logic and object-oriented programming language. This book is intended for students of computer science. Knowledge of at least one imperative programming language is assumed, while for the chapters on the translation of functional and logic programming languages it would be helpful to know a modern functional language and Prolog. The book is supported throughout with examples, exercises and program fragments.
Release

Optimizing Compilers for Modern Architectures: A Dependence-Based Approach

Author: Randy Allen,Ken Kennedy

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers

ISBN: 9781493303540

Category: Computers

Page: 790

View: 4867

Modern computer architectures designed with high-performance microprocessors offer tremendous potential gains in performance over previous designs. Yet their very complexity makes it increasingly difficult to produce efficient code and to realize their full potential. This landmark text from two leaders in the field focuses on the pivotal role that compilers can play in addressing this critical issue. The basis for all the methods presented in this book is data dependence, a fundamental compiler analysis tool for optimizing programs on high-performance microprocessors and parallel architectures. It enables compiler designers to write compilers that automatically transform simple, sequential programs into forms that can exploit special features of these modern architectures. The text provides a broad introduction to data dependence, to the many transformation strategies it supports, and to its applications to important optimization problems such as parallelization, compiler memory hierarchy management, and instruction scheduling. The authors demonstrate the importance and wide applicability of dependence-based compiler optimizations and give the compiler writer the basics needed to understand and implement them. They also offer cookbook explanations for transforming applications by hand to computational scientists and engineers who are driven to obtain the best possible performance of their complex applications. The approaches presented are based on research conducted over the past two decades, emphasizing the strategies implemented in research prototypes at Rice University and in several associated commercial systems. Randy Allen and Ken Kennedy have provided an indispensable resource for researchers, practicing professionals, and graduate students engaged in designing and optimizing compilers for modern computer architectures. * Offers a guide to the simple, practical algorithms and approaches that are most effective in real-world, high-performance microprocessor and parallel systems. * Demonstrates each transformation in worked examples. * Examines how two case study compilers implement the theories and practices described in each chapter. * Presents the most complete treatment of memory hierarchy issues of any compiler text. * Illustrates ordering relationships with dependence graphs throughout the book. * Applies the techniques to a variety of languages, including Fortran 77, C, hardware definition languages, Fortran 90, and High Performance Fortran. * Provides extensive references to the most sophisticated algorithms known in research.
Release

Mastering Linux

Author: Paul S. Wang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 143980687X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 439

View: 9179

Encouraging hands-on practice, Mastering Linux provides a comprehensive, up-to-date guide to Linux concepts, usage, and programming. Through a set of carefully selected topics and practical examples, the book imparts a sound understanding of operating system concepts and shows how to use Linux effectively. Ready-to-Use Examples Offer Immediate Access to Practical Applications After a primer on the fundamentals, the text covers user interfaces, commands and filters, Bash Shell scripting, the file system, networking and Internet use, and kernel system calls. It presents many examples and complete programs ready to run on your Linux system. Each chapter includes a summary and exercises of varying degrees of difficulty. Web Resource The companion website at http://ml.sofpower.com/ offers a host of ancillary materials. Along with links to numerous resources, it includes appendices on SSH and SFTP, VIM, text editing with Vi, and the emacs editor. The site also provides a complete example code package for download. Master the Linux Operating System Toolbox This book enables you to leverage the capabilities and power of the Linux system more effectively. Going beyond this, it can help you write programs at the shell and C levels—encouraging you to build new custom tools for applications and R&D.
Release

The IDA Pro Book, 2nd Edition

The Unofficial Guide to the World's Most Popular Disassembler

Author: Chris Eagle

Publisher: No Starch Press

ISBN: 1593272898

Category: Computers

Page: 672

View: 6437

"The IDA Pro Book" provides a comprehensive, top-down overview of IDA Pro and its use for reverse engineering software. This edition has been updated to cover the new features and cross-platform interface of IDA Pro 6.0.
Release

Compiler Construction

Author: Niklaus Wirth

Publisher: Addison Wesley Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780201403534

Category: Computers

Page: 176

View: 717

A refreshing antidote to heavy theoretical tomes, this book is a concise, practical guide to modern compiler design and construction by an acknowledged master. Readers are taken step-by-step through each stage of compiler design, using the simple yet powerful method of recursive descent to create a compiler for Oberon-0, a subset of the author's Oberon language. A disk provided with the book gives full listings of the Oberon-0 compiler and associated tools. The hands-on, pragmatic approach makes the book equally attractive for project-oriented courses in compiler design and for software engineers wishing to develop their skills in system software.
Release

A Retargetable C Compiler

Design and Implementation

Author: Christopher W. Fraser

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 9780805316704

Category: Computers

Page: 564

View: 6122

Examining the implementation of lcc, a production-quality, research-oriented retargetable compiler, designed at AT&T Bell Laboratories for the ANSI C programming language, this book is designed for professionals who seek a detailed examination of a real-world compiler. A thorough and accurate picture of the lcc compiler is provided, and a line-by-line explanation of the code demonstrates how the compiler is built. The accompanying disk holds the full source code for the lcc compiler, the three back ends and the code-generator.
Release