Empty Ideas

A Critique of Analytic Philosophy

Author: Peter Unger

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019069601X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 4965

Peter Unger's provocative new book poses a serious challenge to contemporary analytic philosophy, arguing that to its detriment it focuses the predominance of its energy on "empty ideas." In the mid-twentieth century, philosophers generally agreed that, by contrast with science, philosophy should offer no substantial thoughts about the general nature of concrete reality. Leading philosophers were concerned with little more than the semantics of ordinary words. For example: Our word "perceives" differs from our word "believes" in that the first word is used more strictly than the second. While someone may be correct in saying "I believe there's a table before me" whether or not there is a table before her, she will be correct in saying "I perceive there's a table before me" only if there is a table there. Though just a parochial idea, whether or not it is correct does make a difference to how things are with concrete reality. In Unger's terms, it is a concretely substantial idea. Alongside each such parochial substantial idea, there is an analytic or conceptual thought, as with the thought that someone may believe there is a table before her whether or not there is one, but she will perceive there is a table before her only if there is a table there. Empty of import as to how things are with concrete reality, those thoughts are what Unger calls concretely empty ideas. It is widely assumed that, since about 1970, things had changed thanks to the advent of such thoughts as the content externalism championed by Hilary Putnam and Donald Davidson, various essentialist thoughts offered by Saul Kripke, and so on. Against that assumption, Unger argues that, with hardly any exceptions aside from David Lewis's theory of a plurality of concrete worlds, all of these recent offerings are concretely empty ideas. Except when offering parochial ideas, Peter Unger maintains that mainstream philosophy still offers hardly anything beyond concretely empty ideas.
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Formal Ontology

Author: R. Poli,Peter M. Simons

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401587337

Category: Philosophy

Page: 298

View: 6930

Formal ontology combines two ideas, one originating with Husserl, the other with Frege: that of ontology of the formal aspects of all objects, irrespective of their particular nature, and ontology pursued by employing the tools of modern formal disciplines, notably logic and semantics. These two traditions have converged in recent years and this is the first collection to encompass them as a whole in a single volume. It assembles essays from authors around the world already widely known for their work in formal ontology, and illustrates that through the application of formal methods the ancient discipline of ontology may be put on a firm methodological basis. The essays not only illuminate the nature of ontology and its relation to other areas, in language, logic and everyday life, but also demonstrate that common issues from the analytical and phenomenological traditions may be discussed without ideological barriers. Audience: advanced students of and specialists in philosophy, linguistics, cognitive science, computer science, database engineering.
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Logic

The Question of Truth

Author: Martin Heidegger

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253004454

Category: Philosophy

Page: 377

View: 5071

Heidegger’s radical thinking on the meaning of truth in a “clear and comprehensive critical edition” (Philosophy in Review). Martin Heidegger’s 1925–26 lectures on truth and time provided much of the basis for his momentous work, Being and Time. Not published until 1976—three months before Heidegger’s death—as volume 21 of his Complete Works, it is nonetheless central to Heidegger’s overall project of reinterpreting Western thought in terms of time and truth. The text shows the degree to which Aristotle underlies Heidegger’s hermeneutical theory of meaning. It also contains Heidegger’s first published critique of Husserl and takes major steps toward establishing the temporal bases of logic and truth. Thomas Sheehan’s elegant and insightful translation offers English-speaking readers access to this fundamental text for the first time.
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Husserl's Logical Investigations Reconsidered

Author: D. Fisette

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401702071

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 2395

The twelve original studies collected in this volume examine different aspects of Edmund Husserl's Logical Investigations. They are authored by scholars and specialists internationally recognized for their expertise in the fields of logic, phenomenology, history of philosophy and philosophy of mind. They approach Husserl's groundwork from different angles and perspectives and shed new light on a number of issues such as meaning, intentionality, ontology, logic, etc.
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Das unbeschriebene Blatt

Die moderne Leugnung der menschlichen Natur

Author: Steven Pinker

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104903905

Category: Social Science

Page: 768

View: 5554

Mit einem aktuellen Vorwort zur Neuausgabe! Auf John Locke geht die Vorstellung zurück, der Mensch sei ein leeres Blatt, auf dem im Verlauf des Lebens die persönlichen Erfahrungen eingetragen werden. In seinem mittlerweile klassischen Buch »Das unbeschriebene Blatt. Die moderne Leugnung der menschlichen Natur« bezieht Bestseller-Autor Steven Pinker ganz die Gegenposition: Mit Witz, Brillanz und Gelehrsamkeit analysiert er die Geschichte dieser Idee und zeigt, wie falsch sie ist – mit allen kruden Auswirkungen auf Vorstellungen von Sexualität, Rasse, Kindererziehung, Intelligenz usw. Die Rolle der Gene wird systematisch unterschätzt; aber das bedeutet nicht, dass wir ihnen völlig ausgeliefert sind. Pinker zeigt nämlich auch, wie befreiend diese Sichtweise sein kann. Ein unterhaltsames und anschauliches Buch zur Natur des Menschen, ein echter Lesegenuss.
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The Theory of Science

Die Wissenschaftslehre oder Versuch einer Neuen Darstellung der Logik

Author: Bernard Bolzano

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520017870

Category: Logic

Page: 399

View: 9855

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Parriana

Or, Notices of the Rev. Samuel Parr ...

Author: Edmund Henry Barker

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 9612

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Parriana

Or Notices of the Rev. Samuel Parr, LL.D.

Author: Samuel Parr

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 663

View: 789

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Der Mönch, der seinen Ferrari verkaufte

Eine Parabel vom Glück

Author: Robin S. Sharma

Publisher: Knaur MensSana eBook

ISBN: 3426421836

Category: Fiction

Page: 224

View: 9180

Die weltweit bekannte Parabel über das Geheimnis des Glücks vom Bestsellerautor Robin Sharma – über die berührende Geschichte des Mönchs, der seinen Ferrari verkaufte. Mitten in einem dicht besetzten Gerichtssaal brach er zusammen. Er war einer der hervorragendsten Anwälte des Landes. Für die sündhaft teuren italienischen Anzüge, die seinen massigen Körper zierten, war er genauso bekannt wie für seine bemerkenswerte Reihe von Siegen vor Gericht. Und jetzt dieser Zusammenbruch. Der große Julian Mantle war jäh zu einem hilflosen Wesen zusammengesackt, zitterte, bebte, wand sich wie ein kleines Kind am Boden. Nach der schweren Herz-Attacke trennt sich der Star-Anwalt Julian Mantle von seinem hart erarbeiteten Luxus-Leben. Statt nach einer Kur wieder in sein altes Leben zurückzukehren, macht er sich auf die Reise in den Himalaya, um sich in einem Kloster den Grundfragen des Lebens zu stellen. Eine Gruppe von Mönchen lehrt ihn dort das Geheimnis des Glücks: durch Selbstdisziplin den Geist zu kultivieren, seine Träume in die Tat umzusetzen und jeden Tag die Fülle des Lebens auszukosten. Auf so einfache Art und Weise macht Robin Sharma in seinem spirituellen Roman klar, was im Leben wirklich zählt.
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Die Bullet-Journal-Methode

Verstehe deine Vergangenheit, ordne deine Gegenwart, gestalte deine Zukunft

Author: Ryder Carroll

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644403228

Category: Self-Help

Page: 352

View: 5791

Der Erfinder der bahnbrechenden Bullet-Journal-Methode Ryder Carroll zeigt in diesem Buch, wie Sie endlich zum Pilot Ihres Lebens werden und nicht länger Passagier bleiben. Seine Methode hilft mit einer strukturierteren Lebensweise achtsamer und konzentrierter zu werden. Inzwischen lassen sich Millionen Menschen von ihm inspirieren. In diesem Buch erklärt er seine Philosophie und zeigt, wie Sie Klarheit ins Gedankenchaos bringen, wie Sie Ihre täglichen Routinen entwickeln und vage Vorhaben in erreichbare Ziele verwandeln. Mit nur einem Stift und einem Notizblock und Carrolls revolutionärer Technik werden Sie produktiver, fokussierter und lernen, was wirklich zählt - bei der Arbeit und im Privaten.
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Die Bücherdiebin

Roman

Author: Markus Zusak

Publisher: cbj Verlag

ISBN: 3894804270

Category: Fiction

Page: 592

View: 3784

Selbst der Tod hat ein Herz ... Molching bei München. Hans und Rosa Hubermann nehmen die kleine Liesel Meminger bei sich auf – für eine bescheidene Beihilfe, die ihnen die ersten Kriegsjahre kaum erträglicher macht. Für Liesel jedoch bricht eine Zeit voller Hoffnung, voll schieren Glücks an – in dem Augenblick, als sie zu stehlen beginnt. Anfangs ist es nur ein Buch, das im Schnee liegen geblieben ist. Dann eines, das sie aus dem Feuer rettet. Dann Äpfel, Kartoffeln und Zwiebeln. Das Herz von Rudi. Die Herzen von Hans und Rosa Hubermann. Das Herz von Max. Und das des Todes. Denn selbst der Tod hat ein Herz. „Die Bücherdiebin“ ist eine Liebesgeschichte, eine Hommage an Bücher und Worte und eine Erinnerung an die Macht der Sprache, die im Roman von Markus Zusak viele Facetten zeigt: den lakonisch-distanzierten Ton des Erzählers, Poesie und Zuversicht – und die reduzierte Sprache der Nazipropaganda.
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The Writers Ropes

Author: Victoria Purdie

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 1291760830

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8033

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Historical Pragmatics

Philosophical Essays

Author: Robert E. Butts

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401581886

Category: Science

Page: 370

View: 5583

For 35 years, the critical and creative writings of Robert E. Butts have been a notable and welcome part of European and North American philosophy. A few years ago, James Robert Brown and Jiirgen Mittelstrass feted Professor Butts with a volume entitled An Intimate Relation (Boston Studies vol. 116, 1989), essays by twenty-six philosophers and historians of the sciences. And that joining of philosophers and historians was impressive evidence of the 'intimate relation' between historical illumination and philosophical understanding which is characteristic of Butts throughout his work. Not alone, Butts has been, and is, one of this generation's most incisive thinkers, devoted to responsible textual scholarship and equally responsible imaginative interpretation. Brown and Mittelstrass said that "throughout his writings, science, its philosophy, and its history have been treated as a seamless web", and I would add only that philosophy per se is a part of the web too. Here in this book before us are the results, a lovely collection from the work of Robert Butts, who is for so many of his colleagues, students and readers, Mr. HPS, the model philosophical historian and historical philosopher of the sciences. July 1993 Robert S. Cohen Center for Philosophy and History of Science, Boston University TABLE OF CONTENTS BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTE IX INTRODUCTION Xl PART I EARLY MODERN PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE 1 1. Some tactics in Galileo's propaganda for the mathematization of scientific experience 3 2.
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The Management of Ideas in the Creating Organization

Author: John E. Tropman

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781567201680

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 262

View: 7046

Of the three key resources important to organizations--money, people, and ideas--the least developed in corporations and organizations of almost any type is the third resource: ideas. Tropman goes beyond the popular notions of the "learning organization" to propose the "creating organization," an organization which understands that the initiation, development, and implementation of ideas is the key to organizational success in the next century. Who, for example, handles the store of ideas? Management knows who handles the money, but what about ideas? Tropman introduces the concepts of IdeaManagement and IdeaLeadership and calls them central to success at work both in the public and private sectors. "The ability to generate ideas and put them quickly into action will be the next competitive edge," says Tropman. How this works in today's organizations and how it must work in tomorrow's is laid out here. Important reading for management at all levels and for their colleagues in the academic community.
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Moral Theory and Moral Judgments in Medical Ethics

Author: B.A. Brody

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400927150

Category: Philosophy

Page: 232

View: 7326

principles. A second solution to this problem is to develop a scale for weighing the significance of the conflicting principles in a given case and for concluding which action should be adopted because it is supported by the weightier considerations in that case. Such a solution seems more realistic than the lexical ordering approach, but the development of such a scale is a problematic task. Still other, more complex solutions are possible. Which is the best solution to this problem of conflicting principles of bioethics? We need a moral theory to answer that question. This is the first reason for concluding that the principles of bioethics are not the true foundations of justified judgment in bioethics. What is the problem of the unclear scope and implications of the principles of bioethics and how can an appeal to moral theory help deal with that problem? The scope of a bioethical principle is the range of cases in which it applies. The implications of a bioethical principle are the conclusions to be derived from that principle in those cases in which it applies. It is clear from a review of the discussions in bioethics that there are major unclarities about the scope and implications of each of the principles. Consider, for example, the principle of autonomy.
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Apologetics Study Bible for Students-HCSB

Author: Sean McDowell

Publisher: B&H Publishing Group

ISBN: 1586404954

Category: Bibles

Page: 1408

View: 1251

Like the acclaimed Apologetics Study Bible that has sold 115,000+ copies, the Apologetics Study Bible for Students will anchor younger Christians in the truths of Scripture by equipping them with thoughtful and practical responses for whenever the core issues of their faith and life are challenged. Multiple research studies have shown that spiritual focus often weakens among teenagers as they head into the attention-dividing realm of young adulthood. Up to 66% leave church altogether. The Apologetics Study Bible for Students works against the trend by helping this audience begin to better articulate their beliefs. Special features include: "Twisted Scripture" "Fast Facts" 50 "Bones and Dirt" archaeology features with apologetics value Notable quotes 25 "Tactics" that equip students with strategies for handling frequently voiced anti-Christian worldview arguments Personal stories that will encourage and strengthen 20 "Top Five" bullet points designed to help readers remember signifiacnt apologetics topics .
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