Employment Policy in Transition

The Lessons of German Integration for the Labor Market

Author: Regina T. Riphahn,Dennis J. Snower,Klaus F. Zimmermann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642565603

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 302

View: 2535

A historically unique experiment is about to enter its second decade - German unification. Early hopes for a rapid and smooth economic transformation soon turned out to be overly optimistic. Despite massive financial transfers, the political promise of a "blooming landscape" remains a vision. Actual developments have left deep scars on the labor market, and the effects will be felt for decades to come. Was this outcome to be expected, perhaps even inevitable? What went wrong, and what were the available options? Or is the current state of Eastern German labor market in fact better than is commonly assumed?

Contingent Work

American Employment Relations in Transition

Author: Kathleen Barker,Kathleen Christensen

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801484056

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 350

View: 7134

The successful 1997 strike by the Teamsters against UPS, and the overwhelming support the American public gave the strikers highlighted the impact of contingent work—an umbrella term for a variety of tenuous and insecure employment arrangements such as temping, independent contracting, employee leasing, and some self-employment and part-time or part-year work. This new book contends that contingent work represents a profound deviation from the employment relations model that dominated most of this century's labor relations. It delineates essential features of contingent work from both the worker's and the organization's point of view. Articulating a variety of perspectives from various disciplines, the contributors examine the business forces driving contingent work and assess the consequences of working contingently for the individual, family, and community, taking into account issues of race, class, and gender. They ask how current labor and employment laws need to be rewritten to provide contingent workers with the same comprehensive protections offered to permanent employees. In the final chapter, the editors comment on the status of research on contingent work and chart future research directions.

Youth Labor in Transition

Inequalities, Mobility, and Policies in Europe

Author: Jacqueline O'Reilly,Janine Leschke,Paola Villa,Renate Ortlieb

Publisher: International Policy Exchange

ISBN: 0190864796

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 752

View: 3126

"Youth transitions to employment in Europe are increasingly protracted, precarious and differentiated by gender, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Examining employment transitions affected by the family and migration the authors argue for an integrated analysis of the sphere of economic production and social reproduction if policy intervention is to be effective"--

Informal Employment in Emerging and Transition Economies

Author: Solomon W. Polachek,Konstantinos Tatsiramos

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1780527861

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 300

View: 8898

Informality and informal employment are wide-spread and growing phenomena in all regions of the world, particularly in low and middle income economies. This volume sheds light on the incidence and persistence of informality and the role of institutions and government regulations, and offers insights into issues such as how labor and tax regulations

Public Sector Employment in a Time of Transition

Author: Dale Belman,Morley Gunderson,Douglas Hyatt

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780913447673

Category: Political Science

Page: 307

View: 2359

The public sector seems to be in the early stages of a profound transition, similar in scale to the transformation of private sector industrial relations in the 1970s and 1980s. This volume analyzes elements in what is variously described as reinventing government, re-engineering the public sector, and instituting performance-based government.The contributors suggest the new system will be shaped by two main strategies now being followed. One emphasizes improving the efficiency of government through innovative practices and a movement away from the bureaucratic, civil service model. The other stresses cost cutting as an end in itself. While the first strategy offers improved services and a more involved workforce, the implicit goals of the second are often service reduction, downsizing government, privatization of service provision, and reductions in real compensation. This volume deals with the full scope of public employment relations, including issues of labor adjustment, workplace practices and human resource management policies, as well as alternative dispute resolution procedures and labor-management cooperation in the collective bargaining arena.

Labour Markets in Transition

Balancing Flexibility & Security in Central and Eastern Europe

Author: Sandrine Cazes,Alena Nešporová

Publisher: International Labour Organization

ISBN: 9789221137238

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 161

View: 743

This report also refers to Central Asian CIS countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan)

Full Employment in Europe

Managing Labour Market Transitions and Risks

Author: Günther Schmid

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1848441479

Category: Political Science

Page: 385

View: 915

The book is without doubt a must-read reflection on the notion of full employment and a source of inspiration for the establishing of the knowledge-based economy that is such an aspiration for Europeans. Thomas Bauwens, Agence Europe Every book by Günther Schmid is an event. This one illuminates the current European policy debate on flexicurity . It gives fresh analyses of the comparative employment performances of the EU and the USA, and proposes a path-breaking framework for understanding and improving them. Pragmatic and provocative, Schmid s contribution should be a must for researchers, but also for HR managers, social partners representatives and policymakers interested in the present and future of work and employment. Bernard Gazier, University Paris 1 and a Member of the Institut Universitaire de France Transitional Labour Markets (TLM) defined as legitimate, negotiated and politically supported sets of various employment options in critical events over the life course are an essential ingredient of modern full employment strategies. After assessing the European Employment Strategy, this book offers a detailed comparative analysis of employment performance for selected European member states and the United States. It suggests that successful employment systems arise from a new paradigm of flexibility and security ( flexicurity ) the balance of which varies according to countries institutional paths. Whilst there is no best practice , TLM theory does provide normative and analytical principles that can be generalised for various institutional settings. The book also provides good practice examples for managing critical transitions over the life course from education to employment, from one job to another, from unemployment to employment, from private activities to gainful work and from employment to retirement and develops the contours for extending unemployment insurance to work life insurance. With a fresh and new approach to the question of full employment in modern society, this book will appeal to academic scholars interested in labour market and employment policies, and policy decision makers at local, regional, national and European levels.

Federal manpower policy in transition

National Manpower Advisory Committee letters to the Secretaries of Labor and of Health, Education, and Welfare, 1972-73

Author: United States. National Manpower Advisory Committee

Publisher: N.A


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 98

View: 9832


Criminal Policy in Transition

Author: Penny Green,Andrew Rutherford

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847313167

Category: Law

Page: 301

View: 6168

Criminal Policy in Transition comes along at a time when the literature in criminology is desperately short of "global?? perspectives. It helps fill that gap while it presents important new insights into changing penal policy and practice. That it raises as many questions as it seems to answer is one of its great strengths. The authors write knowledgeably about their home societies without being prematurely bounded by comparative criteria. As a result,they develop a complex and uneven image of similarities and differences, of divergence and convergence through time. In this sense the collection offers a model of how international collaborative work should proceed. The book is the product of a workshop held at the International Institute for the Sociology of Law (IISL) in Onati, Spain. The IISL is a partnership between the Research Committee on the Sociology of Law and the Basque Government

Chinese Social Policy in a Time of Transition

Author: Douglas Besharov,Karen Baehler

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019999031X

Category: Political Science

Page: 301

View: 5307

Examines the consolidation of Chinese social policy, partly as a result of economic liberalization and expansion.

Work, Employment and Transition

Author: Al Rainnie,Adrian Smith,Adam Swain

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134534973

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 332

Since the late 1980s the experiences of work and employment in the former communist world have been profoundly transformed. Work, Employment and Transition brings together a series of essays by leading international scholars which highlights the varied and complex forms that work and employment restructuring are taking in the post-soviet world, and makes important theoretical contributions to our understanding of these transformations.

Health Policy in Transition

A Decade of Health Politics, Policy, and Law

Author: Lawrence David Brown

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822307907

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 6124

Examines how to contain rising costs of health care and looks at the welfare state in advanced democracies. Probes into the prospective payment system and addresses the politics of health policy in the U.S. Finally, focuses on prevention (policy measure) and explains the rediscovery of market principles and solutions in law and policy.

Social Policy in the United States

Future Possibilities in Historical Perspective

Author: Theda Skocpol

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691037851

Category: Political Science

Page: 326

View: 3796

Reforming health care, revamping the welfare system, preserving or cutting Social Security, creating employment programs for displaced employees, and revising U.S. social programs to help working parents with children - all of these endeavors and more are part of ongoing national debates about the future of social policy in the United States. In this wide-ranging collection of essays, renowned social scientist Theda Skocpol shows how historical understanding, centered on U.S. governmental institutions and shifting political alliances, can illuminate the limits and possibilities of American social policymaking both past and present.

Federal Manpower Policy in Transition

Letters to the Secretaries of Labor and of Health, Education, and Welfare, 1972-73

Author: United States. National Manpower Advisory Committee

Publisher: N.A


Category: Occupational training

Page: 98

View: 2450


Fiscal Policies in Economies in Transition

Author: Mr. Vito Tanzi,Antonis Adam

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1455291137

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 469

View: 9563

The collapse of central economic planning in many countries and the breakup of the Soviet Union have put into disarray systems of government revenues and expenditures in those countries. This collection of 16 papers, edited by Vito Tanzi, analyzes the strengths and weaknesses of fiscal policies under the old system of central planning and suggests ways to revitalize those policies in the newly emerging market economies.

Graduate Careers in Context

Research, Policy and Practice

Author: Ciaran Burke,Fiona Christie

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351401238

Category: Education

Page: 202

View: 6069

In a world where there are increasing concerns about graduate underemployment and likely career trajectories, it is not surprising that there is a significant body of literature examining graduate careers in post-industrial societies. However, it has become increasingly evident in recent years that there is a stark disconnect between academics who research employment and education, and careers and employability professionals. Graduate Careers in Context?brings these two separate groups together for the first time in order to provide a better understanding of graduate careers. The book addresses the problems surrounding the graduate labour market and its relationship to higher education and public policy. Drawing on varied perspectives, the contributors provide a comprehensive examination of issues such as geography, mobility and employability, before presenting and discussing the benefits of future collaboration between practitioners and academic researchers.? The interdisciplinary focus of this book will make it of great interest to academics, researchers and postgraduate students in the areas of education, sociology, social policy, business studies and career guidance and coaching. It should also be essential reading for practitioners who wish to consider their role and responsibilities within the changing higher education market.

Economic Growth and Structural Features of Transition

Author: E. Marelli,M. Signorelli

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230277403

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 314

View: 5246

This book examines, theoretically and empirically, the key aspects and differences of economic growth. It provides a comprehensive investigation of the numerous features of development in transition countries, covering the last two decades, from the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 to the current financial crisis.

Young People and Social Policy in Europe

Dealing with Risk, Inequality and Precarity in Times of Crisis

Author: L. Antonucci,M. Hamilton,Steven Roberts

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137370521

Category: Political Science

Page: 269

View: 8911

This edited collection provides the first in-depth analysis of social policies and the risks faced by young people. The book explores the effects of both the economic crisis and austerity policies on the lives of young Europeans, examining both the precarity of youth transitions, and the function of welfare state policies.