Emergence

The Connected Lives of Ants, Brains, Cities, and Software

Author: Steven Johnson

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0743218264

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 2556

In the tradition of Being Digital and The Tipping Point, Steven Johnson, acclaimed as a "cultural critic with a poet's heart" (The Village Voice), takes readers on an eye-opening journey through emergence theory and its applications. A NEW YORK TIMES NOTABLE BOOK A VOICE LITERARY SUPPLEMENT TOP 25 FAVORITE BOOKS OF THE YEAR AN ESQUIRE MAGAZINE BEST BOOK OF THE YEAR Explaining why the whole is sometimes smarter than the sum of its parts, Johnson presents surprising examples of feedback, self-organization, and adaptive learning. How does a lively neighborhood evolve out of a disconnected group of shopkeepers, bartenders, and real estate developers? How does a media event take on a life of its own? How will new software programs create an intelligent World Wide Web? In the coming years, the power of self-organization -- coupled with the connective technology of the Internet -- will usher in a revolution every bit as significant as the introduction of electricity. Provocative and engaging, Emergence puts you on the front lines of this exciting upheaval in science and thought.
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Interface culture

wie neue Technologien Kreativität und Kommunikation verändern

Author: Steven Johnson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Communication and culture

Page: 296

View: 1935

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Der Mensch und das Meer

Warum der größte Lebensraum der Erde in Gefahr ist

Author: Callum Roberts

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641100062

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

View: 3181

Der Wandel eines faszinierenden, bedrohten Lebensraums Die Ozeane sind nicht nur der größte Lebensraum der Erde, sondern auch der am wenigsten erforschte. Die unermessliche Vielfalt dieses Ökosystems beginnen wir erst jetzt bis in die letzten Winkel zu begreifen – auch wie wichtig das Meer für unser Leben ist. Im letzten Jahrhundert hat jedoch die Herrschaft des Menschen über die Natur auch die Ozeane erreicht: Wir fischen die Meere leer und füllen sie stattdessen mit Umweltgiften. Tiefseebergbau droht den Lebensraum unzähliger Pflanzen und Tiere bis zur Unkenntlichkeit zu verändern. Die Klimaerwärmung ließ bereits ein Viertel aller Korallen zugrunde gehen. In seinem aufrüttelnden Buch beschreibt der Meeresbiologe und –schützer Callum Roberts den großen Reichtum der Ozeane und ihren Wandel, und er ruft dazu auf, der Zerstörung der Meere endlich Einhalt zu gebieten, denn noch ist es nicht zu spät.
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Die Entstehung des Wohlstands

wie Evolution die Wirtschaft antreibt

Author: Eric D. Beinhocker

Publisher: MI Wirtschaftsbuch

ISBN: 9783636030863

Category:

Page: 592

View: 4335

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Neue Intelligenz

warum wir durch Computerspiele und TV klüger werden

Author: Steven Johnson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783462036633

Category:

Page: 238

View: 4292

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Design a better business

Neue Werkzeuge, Fähigkeiten und Mindsets für Strategie und Innovation

Author: Patrick Pijl,Justin Lokitz,Lisa Kay Solomon

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800652145

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 269

View: 1847

Eine außergewöhnliche Reise in die Welt von Innovation und Strategie – ein außergewöhnliches Buch. Persönliche Geschichten und Erfahrungen von 30 Designern und Autoritäten ihres Gebiets - 8 Kapitel - 48 Case Studies - 20 Werkzeuge - 24 Downloads - 7 Kernfähigkeiten - 30 Designer - 36 Hacks - >150 Illustrationen Die Welt um uns ist voller Unsicherheit. Aber innerhalb dieser Unsicherheit existieren unglaublich viele Möglichkeiten, neue Geschäftsmodelle zu entwickeln. Diese Möglichkeiten kannst du entdecken. Du musst dafür nur lernen, wie du darauf schaust. Ob du eine Führungskraft bist, ein angehender Gründer, Innovator, Investor, Change Agent oder Student: Design a Better Business macht dich mit neuen Werkzeugen, Fähigkeiten und Mindsets bekannt, um Ambiguität zu meistern und Werte aus der Unsicherheit der Business-Welt heraus zu entwickeln. Es ist eine Design-Reise, wie du sie vielleicht noch nicht erlebt hast: Schritt für Schritt vom ersten Funken einer Idee bis hin zur Skalierung deines Geschäfts. Dieses Buch stellt dir 20 strategische Werkzeuge vor, macht dich mit sieben zentralen Fähigkeiten und viele Fallstudien (ING Bank, Audi, Autodesk, Toyota Financial Services) sowie den Ideen von 29 Visionären vertraut: Steve Blank spricht über Innovation, Alex Osterwalder über Business Modelling oder Nancy Duarte über Storytelling. Es hilft dir, das richtige Team im volatilen Umfeld zusammenzustellen und eine Balance zu finden zwischen deinem Blick auf die Welt und den neuen Gedanken der Umwelt.
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Scaling Up

Skalieren auch Sie! Weshalb es einige Unternehmen packen… und warum andere stranden

Author: Verne Harnish

Publisher: Masterhouse GmbH

ISBN: 3981801709

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 2255

Es ist über ein Jahrzehnt her, dass Verne Harnish Bestseller Mastering the Rockefeller Habits in der ersten Auflage erschien. Scaling Up ist die erste große Neubearbeitung dieses Business-Klassikers, in dem praktische Tools und Techniken für das Wachstum zum branchenführenden Unternehmen vorgestellt werden. Dieses Buch wurde geschrieben, damit jeder – vom einfachen bis zum leitenden Angestellten – gleichermaßen zum Wachstum seines Business beträgt. Scaling Up konzentriert sich auf die vier Haupt-Entscheidungsbereiche, die jedes Unternehmen angehen muss: People, Strategy, Execution und Cash. Das Buch beinhaltet eine Reihe von neuen ganzseitigen Arbeits-Tools, darunter der aktualisierte One-Page Strategic Plan und die Rockefeller Habits Checklist™, die bereits von mehr als 40.000 Firmen in aller Welt für ein erfolgreiches Scaling Up verwendet wurden. Viele von ihnen schafften ein Wachstum auf $10 Millionen, $100 Millionen oder gar $1 Milliarde und mehr – und konnten den Aufstieg sogar genießen! Verne Harnish hat bereits in viele Scaleups investiert.
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Superorganismus: It's the end of graphic design as we know it

Author: Jan-Philipp Alker

Publisher: Bachelor + Master Publication

ISBN: 395684405X

Category: Social Science

Page: 70

View: 6644

Schon lange erforschen Wissenschaftler die Komplexitat der Ameisen und deren Problembewaltigung anhand von Computersimulationen. Bei der Suche nach Baumaterial bzw. Futter lassen Forscher die Ameisen Hindernisse uberwinden und Hohenunterschiede bezwingen. Ein weiteres Experiment ergibt, dass die Ameisen sogar im Wasser uberleben konnen. Wirft man die sechs Millimeter kleinen Tiere in das Wasser, konnen diese dank der Kraft des Kollektivs" uberleben. Schnell verhaken und verbeissen sich die Tiere im Wasser ineinander. All die beschriebenen Strukturen und architektonischen komplizierten Verbindungen finden sich schon langst nicht mehr nur in einem Ameisenhaufen im Nachbargarten. Ganz im Gegenteil, es stellt sich die Frage ob wir nicht tagtaglich mit solchen Strukturen konfrontiert werden bzw. ob nicht auch die Menschheit gar in einem Superorganismus lebt. Deborah Gordon bezeichnet, wie oben bereits ausgefuhrt, die einzelne Ameise als dumm." Der Ameisenstaat an sich, charakterisiert sie jedoch insgesamt als ausserst intelligent." Ameisenstaaten sind ein perfekt organisierter Superorganismus. Diese Arbeit hat sich zur Aufgabe gemacht, zu untersuchen, ob sich der Mensch mehr und mehr dem Verhalten einer Ameise annahert. Ausgehend von der Diskussion um das Verhalten von Ameisen soll nun im vorliegenden Buch das Verhalten von Menschen untersucht werden. Agieren Menschen in den Neuen Medien heute in der Form eines Superorganismus? Zunachst werden im Allgemeinen die Begriffe Superorganismus und Kollektive Intelligenz zu erlauterten versucht. Anhand von Protestbewegungen in der Gesellschaft werden zudem die Entwicklungen innerhalb des sozialen Systems zur Kollektiven Intelligenz erarbeitet. Die Entwicklungslinien von Hedonismus und Individualitat hin zur Ruckbesinnung auf das gesellschaftliche Wir" verdeutlichen dabei den Paradigmenwechsel von der Geniekunst eines Einzelnen hin zu einer gemeinschaftlichen, kollektiven Intelligenz. Ein besonderes Augenmerk wird in der vorlie"
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Die Intelligenz der Pflanzen

Author: Stefano Mancuso,Alessandra Viola

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956140443

Category: Science

Page: 172

View: 7161

Ohne die Pflanzen, die uns mit Nahrung, Energie und Sauerstoff versorgen, könnten wir Menschen auf der Erde nicht einmal Wochen überleben. Merkwürdig eigentlich, dass sie trotzdem lange als Lebewesen niederer Ordnung galten, knapp oberhalb der unbelebten Welt. Erst seit kurzem erkennt die Forschung, was schon Darwin vermutete: dass Pflanzen trotz ihrer (scheinbaren) Unbeweglichkeit über stupende Fähigkeiten verfügen, ja über Intelligenz. Denn außer den fünf Sinnen des Menschen besitzen sie noch mindestens 15 weitere, mit denen sie nicht nur elektromagnetische Felder erspüren und die Schwerkraft berechnen, sondern zahlreiche chemische Stoffe ihrer Umwelt analysieren können. Mit Duftstoffen warnen sie sich vor Fressfeinden oder locken Tiere an, die sie davon befreien; über die Wurzeln bilden sie riesige Netzwerke, in denen Informationen über den Zustand der Umwelt zirkulieren. Ohne Organe können sie so über eine Form von Schwarmintelligenz Strategien entwickeln, die ihr Überleben sichern. Von wegen »vegetieren«! Ein besseres Verständnis der Intelligenz der Pflanzen könnte uns lehren, auf Pestizide zu verzichten, ja bessere Computer und Netzwerke zu entwickeln, meint der renommierte Pflanzenforscher Stefano Mancuso, der uns in diesem Buch anschaulich und voller Leidenschaft eine unbekannte Welt eröffnet.
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Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy

Author: D. C. Phillips

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483364755

Category: Education

Page: 952

View: 5350

Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.
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Cities Are Good for You

The Genius of the Metropolis

Author: Leo Hollis

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1408826631

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 2042

The 21st century will be the age of the city. Already over 50% of the world population live in urban centres and over the coming decades this percentage will increase. Blending anecdote, fact and first hand encounters - from exploring the slums of Mumbai, to visiting roof-top farms in Brooklyn and attending secret dinner parties in Paris, to riding the bus in Latin America - Leo Hollis reveals that we have misunderstood how cities work for too long. Upending long-held assumptions and challenging accepted wisdom, he explores: why cities can never be rational, organised places; how we can walk in a crowd without bumping into people, and if we can design places that make people want to kiss; whether we have the right solution to the problem of the slums; how ants, slime mould and traffic jams can make us rethink congestion. And above all, the unexpected reasons why living in the city can make us fitter, richer, smarter, greener, more creative - and, perhaps, even happier. Cities Are Good for You introduces dreamers, planners, revolutionaries, writers, scientists, architects, slum-dwellers and emperors. It is shaped by the idea that cities are the greatest social experiment in human history, built for people, and by the people.
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Exploring the Landscape of Scientific Literacy

Author: Cedric Linder,Leif Östman,Douglas A. Roberts,Per-Olof Wickman,Gaalen Ericksen,Allan MacKinnon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113691174X

Category: Education

Page: 312

View: 2615

Scientific literacy is part of national science education curricula worldwide. In this volume, an international group of distinguished scholars offer new ways to look at the key ideas and practices associated with promoting scientific literacy in schools and higher education. The goal is to open up the debate on scientific literacy, particularly around the tension between theoretical and practical issues related to teaching and learning science. Uniquely drawing together and examining a rich, diverse set of approaches and policy and practice exemplars, the book takes a pragmatic and inclusive perspective on curriculum reform and learning, and presents a future vision for science education research and practice by articulating a more expansive notion of scientific literacy.
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Emergence Christianity

What It Is, Where It Is Going, and Why It Matters

Author: Phyllis Tickle

Publisher: Baker Books

ISBN: 1441239650

Category: Religion

Page: 240

View: 9563

Whatever else one might say about Emergence Christianity, says Phyllis Tickle, one must agree it is shifting and re-configuring itself in such a prodigious way as to defy any final assessments or absolute pronouncements. Yet the insightful and well-read Tickle offers us a dispatch from the field to keep us informed of where Emergence Christianity now stands, where it may be going, and how it is aligning itself with other parts of God's church. Through her careful study and culture-watching, Tickle invites readers to join this investigation and conversation as open-minded explorers rather than fearful opponents. As readers join Tickle down the winding stream of Emergence Christianity, they will discover fascinating insights into concerns, organizational patterns, theology, and most pressing questions. Anyone involved in an emergence church or a traditional one will find here a thorough and well-written account of where things are--and where they are going.
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The Age of Intelligent Cities

Smart Environments and Innovation-for-all Strategies

Author: Nicos Komninos

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317669150

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 278

View: 6948

This book concludes a trilogy that began with Intelligent Cities: Innovation, Knowledge Systems and digital spaces (Routledge 2002) and Intelligent Cities and Globalisation of Innovation Networks (Routledge 2008). Together these books examine intelligent cities as environments of innovation and collaborative problem-solving. In this final book, the focus is on planning, strategy and governance of intelligent cities. Divided into three parts, each section elaborates upon complementary aspects of intelligent city strategy and planning. Part I is about the drivers and architectures of the spatial intelligence of cities, while Part II turns to planning processes and discusses top-down and bottom-up planning for intelligent cities. Cities such as Amsterdam, Manchester, Stockholm and Helsinki are examples of cities that have used bottom-up planning through the gradual implementation of successive initiatives for regeneration. On the other hand, Living PlanIT, Neapolis in Cyprus, and Saudi Arabia intelligent cities have started with the top-down approach, setting up urban operating systems and common central platforms. Part III focuses on intelligent city strategies; how cities should manage the drivers of spatial intelligence, create smart environments, mobilise communities, and offer new solutions to address city problems. Main findings of the book are related to a series of models which capture fundamental aspects of intelligent cities making and operation. These models consider structure, function, planning, strategies toward intelligent environments and a model of governance based on mobilisation of communities, knowledge architectures, and innovation cycles.
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306090 06: Shifting Infrastructures

Author: Jonathan D. Solomon,Alexander Briseno

Publisher: Princeton Architectural Press

ISBN: 9781568984759

Category: Architecture

Page: 90

View: 5232

This new journal, fast becoming a staple in the architectural community, aims to revitalize, reform, and rebuild the profession by showcasing the work of promising students, young designers, and innovative educational institutions. Each volume addresses a pressing architectural issue and offers diverse, cross-disciplinary solutions in the form of projects, ideas, buildings, and other media. 306090 06: Shifting Infrastructures focuses on the influence of communication systems, data and material distribution, and other new technologies on existing physical and cultural infrastructures. The volume includes work from AUDC, Daniella Fabricius, Gnuform, Emily Eastman, Designlab, and others.
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Theatrical Improvisation, Consciousness, and Cognition

Author: C. Drinko

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137335297

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 133

View: 1149

Improvisation teachers have long known that the human mind could be trained to be effortlessly spontaneous and intuitive. Drinko explores what these improvisation teachers knew about improvisation's effects on consciousness and cognition and compares these theories to current findings in cognitive neuroscience, psychology, and philosophy.
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Ant

Author: Charlotte Sleigh

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 1861894813

Category: Nature

Page: 216

View: 1842

Ants are legion: at present there are 11,006 species of ant known; they live everywhere in the world except the polar icecaps; and the combined weight of the ant population has been estimated to make up half the mass of all insects alive today. When we encounter them outdoors, ants fascinate us; discovered in our kitchen cupboards, they elicit horror and disgust. Charlotte Sleigh’s Ant elucidates the cultural reasons behind our varied reactions to these extraordinary insects, and considers the variety of responses that humans have expressed at different times and in different places to their intricate, miniature societies. Ants have figured as fantasy miniature armies, as models of good behavior, as infiltrating communists and as creatures on the borderline between the realms of the organic and the machine: in 1977 British Telecom hired ant experts to help solve problems with their massive information network. This is the first book to examine ants in these and many other such guises, and in so doing opens up broader issues about the history of science and humans’ relations with the natural world. It will be of interest to anyone who likes natural history or cultural studies, or who has ever rushed out and bought a can of RaidTM. "[Charlotte Sleigh's] stylish, engaging and informative study deserves to win new members for the ant fan club."—Jonathan Bate, The Times
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Data Made Flesh

Embodying Information

Author: Robert Mitchell,Phillip Thurtle

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135216665

Category: Computers

Page: 304

View: 9380

In an age of cloning, cyborgs, and biotechnology, the line between bodies and bytes seems to be disappearing. Data Made Flesh is the first collection to address the increasingly important links between information and embodiment, at a moment when we are routinely tempted, in the words of Donna Haraway, "to be raptured out of the bodies that matter in the lust for information," whether in the rush to complete the Human Genome Project or in the race to clone a human being.
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The Effective Organization

Practical Application of Complexity Theory and Organizational Design to Maximize Performance in the Face of Emerging Events.

Author: Dennis Tafoya

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136959807

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 312

View: 3199

Project Overview: What the Book’s About "It may not be possible to predict when an organization will confront an operation-challenging event but it is possible to predict the organization's capacity to manage the event when it emerges." (Introduction to Chapter Nine) Performance is the reason why organizations exist. Through performance organizations meet the needs of internal and external stakeholders as defined by their mission, goals and objectives. This is true for all organizations. If a retailer won't stock goods a customer wants, the customer will shop elsewhere. If a religious organization does not meet the needs of its followers, they leave. If a cult doesn't meet the needs of its memberships they seek their goal fulfillment elsewhere. If a manufacturing center can't produce goods that meet customer standards, the customer will reject it. Complexity theory, a tool used to examine the nature of dynamic systems like organizations, can contribute to our understanding of organizations and ways to improve their performance. The models and material outlined in the book illustrate ways competency and organizational programs, processes and procedures are used to manage emerging risks, threats and vulnerabilities that challenge today's organizations. Collectively this information enables the identification of individual organization profiles as a way to advance our understanding of an important theory, complexity, in an applied setting -- organizations. Unique typologies describing organizations (four types), events that effect organizations (six types) and the fundamental structure for organizations are presented to enable the forecasting of an organization's capacity to manage different events as they emerge and how behavior organizes around these events. Academicians studying organizations and practitioners interested in improving them can use this information to facilitate baseline, descriptive thinking and analysis or more sophisticated examinations aimed at understanding the dynamic nature of organizations as fully functioning systems. At the heart of the effort is the examination of what it takes to get the performance needed to achieve a vision or mission and why, despite planning, training and evaluation, few organizations can guarantee or maintain desired levels of performance when faced with events, routine to extreme, that shape their existence. Particular emphasis is placed on understanding how knowledge, evaluation, information and, communication management practices need to be tailored to fit particular organizations rather than treated as a "one size fits all" approach. These are not limited, theoretical discussions but are presented as ways to efficiently talk about an individual organization's profile or competencies within a class of, or in contrast to, other organizations.
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