The Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves

Author: Joseph H. Silverman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475719205

Category: Mathematics

Page: 402

View: 1942

The theory of elliptic curves is distinguished by its long history and by the diversity of the methods that have been used in its study. This book treats the arithmetic approach in its modern formulation, through the use of basic algebraic number theory and algebraic geometry. Following a brief discussion of the necessary algebro-geometric results, the book proceeds with an exposition of the geometry and the formal group of elliptic curves, elliptic curves over finite fields, the complex numbers, local fields, and global fields. Final chapters deal with integral and rational points, including Siegels theorem and explicit computations for the curve Y = X + DX, while three appendices conclude the whole: Elliptic Curves in Characteristics 2 and 3, Group Cohomology, and an overview of more advanced topics.
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Advanced Topics in the Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves

Author: Joseph H. Silverman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461208513

Category: Mathematics

Page: 528

View: 8044

In the introduction to the first volume of The Arithmetic of Elliptic Curves (Springer-Verlag, 1986), I observed that "the theory of elliptic curves is rich, varied, and amazingly vast," and as a consequence, "many important topics had to be omitted." I included a brief introduction to ten additional topics as an appendix to the first volume, with the tacit understanding that eventually there might be a second volume containing the details. You are now holding that second volume. it turned out that even those ten topics would not fit Unfortunately, into a single book, so I was forced to make some choices. The following material is covered in this book: I. Elliptic and modular functions for the full modular group. II. Elliptic curves with complex multiplication. III. Elliptic surfaces and specialization theorems. IV. Neron models, Kodaira-Neron classification of special fibers, Tate's algorithm, and Ogg's conductor-discriminant formula. V. Tate's theory of q-curves over p-adic fields. VI. Neron's theory of canonical local height functions.
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Rational Points on Elliptic Curves

Author: Joseph H. Silverman,John T. Tate

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319185888

Category: Mathematics

Page: 332

View: 7136

The theory of elliptic curves involves a pleasing blend of algebra, geometry, analysis, and number theory. This volume stresses this interplay as it develops the basic theory, thereby providing an opportunity for advanced undergraduates to appreciate the unity of modern mathematics. At the same time, every effort has been made to use only methods and results commonly included in the undergraduate curriculum. This accessibility, the informal writing style, and a wealth of exercises make Rational Points on Elliptic Curves an ideal introduction for students at all levels who are interested in learning about Diophantine equations and arithmetic geometry. Most concretely, an elliptic curve is the set of zeroes of a cubic polynomial in two variables. If the polynomial has rational coefficients, then one can ask for a description of those zeroes whose coordinates are either integers or rational numbers. It is this number theoretic question that is the main subject of Rational Points on Elliptic Curves. Topics covered include the geometry and group structure of elliptic curves, the Nagell–Lutz theorem describing points of finite order, the Mordell–Weil theorem on the finite generation of the group of rational points, the Thue–Siegel theorem on the finiteness of the set of integer points, theorems on counting points with coordinates in finite fields, Lenstra's elliptic curve factorization algorithm, and a discussion of complex multiplication and the Galois representations associated to torsion points. Additional topics new to the second edition include an introduction to elliptic curve cryptography and a brief discussion of the stunning proof of Fermat's Last Theorem by Wiles et al. via the use of elliptic curves.
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Elliptic Curves

Author: Dale Husemoller

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475751192

Category: Mathematics

Page: 350

View: 1681

The book divides naturally into several parts according to the level of the material, the background required of the reader, and the style of presentation with respect to details of proofs. For example, the first part, to Chapter 6, is undergraduate in level, the second part requires a background in Galois theory and the third some complex analysis, while the last parts, from Chapter 12 on, are mostly at graduate level. A general outline ofmuch ofthe material can be found in Tate's colloquium lectures reproduced as an article in Inven tiones [1974]. The first part grew out of Tate's 1961 Haverford Philips Lectures as an attempt to write something for publication c10sely related to the original Tate notes which were more or less taken from the tape recording of the lectures themselves. This inc1udes parts of the Introduction and the first six chapters The aim ofthis part is to prove, by elementary methods, the Mordell theorem on the finite generation of the rational points on elliptic curves defined over the rational numbers. In 1970 Tate teturned to Haverford to give again, in revised form, the originallectures of 1961 and to extend the material so that it would be suitable for publication. This led to a broader plan forthe book.
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Introduction to Elliptic Curves and Modular Forms

Author: Neal I. Koblitz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461209099

Category: Mathematics

Page: 252

View: 4059

The theory of elliptic curves and modular forms provides a fruitful meeting ground for such diverse areas as number theory, complex analysis, algebraic geometry, and representation theory. This book starts out with a problem from elementary number theory and proceeds to lead its reader into the modern theory, covering such topics as the Hasse-Weil L-function and the conjecture of Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer. This new edition details the current state of knowledge of elliptic curves.
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Advances on Superelliptic Curves and Their Applications

Author: L. Beshaj,T. Shaska,E. Zhupa

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1614995206

Category: Computers

Page: 388

View: 1397

This book had its origins in the NATO Advanced Study Institute (ASI) held in Ohrid, Macedonia, in 2014. The focus of this ASI was the arithmetic of superelliptic curves and their application in different scientific areas, including whether all the applications of hyperelliptic curves, such as cryptography, mathematical physics, quantum computation and diophantine geometry, can be carried over to the superelliptic curves. Additional papers have been added which provide some background for readers who were not at the conference, with the intention of making the book logically more complete and easier to read, but familiarity with the basic facts of algebraic geometry, commutative algebra and number theory are assumed. The book is divided into three sections. The first part deals with superelliptic curves with regard to complex numbers, the automorphisms group and the corresponding Hurwitz loci. The second part of the book focuses on the arithmetic of the subject, while the third addresses some of the applications of superelliptic curves.
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Elliptic Curves and Their Applications to Cryptography

An Introduction

Author: Andreas Enge

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461552079

Category: Computers

Page: 164

View: 3999

Since their invention in the late seventies, public key cryptosystems have become an indispensable asset in establishing private and secure electronic communication, and this need, given the tremendous growth of the Internet, is likely to continue growing. Elliptic curve cryptosystems represent the state of the art for such systems. Elliptic Curves and Their Applications to Cryptography: An Introduction provides a comprehensive and self-contained introduction to elliptic curves and how they are employed to secure public key cryptosystems. Even though the elegant mathematical theory underlying cryptosystems is considerably more involved than for other systems, this text requires the reader to have only an elementary knowledge of basic algebra. The text nevertheless leads to problems at the forefront of current research, featuring chapters on point counting algorithms and security issues. The Adopted unifying approach treats with equal care elliptic curves over fields of even characteristic, which are especially suited for hardware implementations, and curves over fields of odd characteristic, which have traditionally received more attention. Elliptic Curves and Their Applications: An Introduction has been used successfully for teaching advanced undergraduate courses. It will be of greatest interest to mathematicians, computer scientists, and engineers who are curious about elliptic curve cryptography in practice, without losing the beauty of the underlying mathematics.
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LMSST: 24 Lectures on Elliptic Curves

Author: John William Scott Cassels

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521425308

Category: Mathematics

Page: 137

View: 9451

The study of special cases of elliptic curves goes back to Diophantos and Fermat, and today it is still one of the liveliest centers of research in number theory. This book, addressed to beginning graduate students, introduces basic theory from a contemporary viewpoint but with an eye to the historical background. The central portion deals with curves over the rationals: the Mordell-Wei finite basis theorem, points of finite order (Nagell-Lutz), etc. The treatment is structured by the local-global standpoint and culminates in the description of the Tate-Shafarevich group as the obstruction to a Hasse principle. In an introductory section the Hasse principle for conics is discussed. The book closes with sections on the theory over finite fields (the "Riemann hypothesis for function fields") and recently developed uses of elliptic curves for factoring large integers. Prerequisites are kept to a minimum; an acquaintance with the fundamentals of Galois theory is assumed, but no knowledge either of algebraic number theory or algebraic geometry is needed. The p-adic numbers are introduced from scratch. Many examples and exercises are included for the reader, and those new to elliptic curves, whether they are graduate students or specialists from other fields, will find this a valuable introduction.
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Elliptic Tales

Curves, Counting, and Number Theory

Author: Avner Ash,Robert Gross

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400841712

Category: Mathematics

Page: 280

View: 311

Elliptic Tales describes the latest developments in number theory by looking at one of the most exciting unsolved problems in contemporary mathematics—the Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer Conjecture. In this book, Avner Ash and Robert Gross guide readers through the mathematics they need to understand this captivating problem. The key to the conjecture lies in elliptic curves, which may appear simple, but arise from some very deep—and often very mystifying—mathematical ideas. Using only basic algebra and calculus while presenting numerous eye-opening examples, Ash and Gross make these ideas accessible to general readers, and, in the process, venture to the very frontiers of modern mathematics.
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Algorithmic Number Theory

9th International Symposium, ANTS-IX, Nancy, France, July 19-23, 2010, Proceedings

Author: Guillaume Hanrot,Francois Morain,Emmanuel Thomé

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642145175

Category: Computers

Page: 397

View: 3280

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Algorithmic Number Theory Symposium, ANTS 2010, held in Nancy, France, in July 2010. The 25 revised full papers presented together with 5 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the book. The papers are devoted to algorithmic aspects of number theory, including elementary number theory, algebraic number theory, analytic number theory, geometry of numbers, algebraic geometry, finite fields, and cryptography.
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Ebene algebraische Kurven

Author: Egbert Brieskorn,Horst Knörrer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 964

View: 8930

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Revue de mathématique élémentaires

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 7870

Elemente der Mathematik (EL) publishes survey articles about important developments in the field of mathematics; stimulating shorter communications that tackle more specialized questions; and papers that report on the latest advances in mathematics and applications in other disciplines. The journal does not focus on basic research. Rather, its articles seek to convey to a wide circle of readers - teachers, students, engineers, professionals in industry and administration - the relevance, intellectual challenge and vitality of mathematics today. The Problems Section, covering a diverse range of exercises of varying degrees of difficulty, encourages an active grappling with mathematical problems.
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Elliptic Curves, Modular Forms & Fermat's Last Theorem

Proceedings of a Conference Held in the Institute of Mathematics of the Chinese University of Hong Kong

Author: John Coates,Shing-Tung Yau

Publisher: International Pressof Boston Incorporated

ISBN: 9781571460493

Category: Mathematics

Page: 340

View: 5642

These proceedings are based on a conference at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, held in response to Andrew Wile's conjecture that every elliptic curve over Q is modular. The survey article describing Wile's work is included as the first article in the present edition.
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Elliptic Curves

Number Theory and Cryptography

Author: Lawrence C. Washington

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203484029

Category: Mathematics

Page: 440

View: 3512

Elliptic curves have played an increasingly important role in number theory and related fields over the last several decades, most notably in areas such as cryptography, factorization, and the proof of Fermat's Last Theorem. However, most books on the subject assume a rather high level of mathematical sophistication, and few are truly accessible to senior undergraduate or beginning graduate students. Assuming only a modest background in elementary number theory, groups, and fields, Elliptic Curves: Number Theory and Cryptography introduces both the cryptographic and number theoretic sides of elliptic curves, interweaving the theory of elliptic curves with their applications. The author introduces elliptic curves over finite fields early in the treatment, leading readers directly to the intriguing cryptographic applications, but the book is structured so that readers can explore the number theoretic aspects independently if desired. By side-stepping algebraic geometry in favor an approach based on basic formulas, this book clearly demonstrates how elliptic curves are used and opens the doors to higher-level studies. Elliptic Curves offers a solid introduction to the mathematics and applications of elliptic curves that well prepares its readers to tackle more advanced problems in cryptography and number theory.
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