Egalitarian Revolution in the Savanna

The Origins of a West African Political System

Author: Stephen A. Dueppen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317543661

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 7408

Many West African societies have egalitarian political systems, with non-centralised distributions of power. 'Egalitarian Revolution in the Savanna' analyses a wide range of archaeological data to explore the development of such societies. The volume offers a detailed case study of the village settlement of Kirikongo in western Burkina Faso. Over the course of the first millennium, this single homestead extended control over a growing community. The book argues that the decentralization of power in the twelfth century BCE radically transformed this society, changing gender roles, public activities, pottery making and iron-working. 'Egalitarian Revolution in the Savanna' will be of interest to students of political science, anthropology, archaeology and the history of West Africa.
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Economic History of Warfare and State Formation

Author: Jari Eloranta,Eric Golson,Andrei Markevich,Nikolaus Wolf

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811016054

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 283

View: 3819

This edited volume represents the latest research on intersections of war, state formation, and political economy, i.e., how conflicts have affected short- and long-run development of economies and the formation (or destruction) of states and their political economies. The contributors come from different fields of social and human sciencies, all featuring an interdisciplinary approach to the study of societal development. The types of big issues analyzed in this volume include the formation of European and non-European states in the early modern and modern period, the emergence of various forms of states and eventually modern democracies with extensive welfare states, the violent upheavals that influenced these processes, the persistence of dictatorships and non-democratic forms of government, and the arrival of total war and its consequences, especially in the context of twentieth-century world wars. One of the key themes is the dichotomy between democracies and dictatorships; namely, what were the origins of their emergence and evolution, why did some revolutions succeed and other fail, and why did democracies, on the whole, emerge victorious in the twentieth-century age of total wars? The contributions in this book are written with academic and non-academic audiences in mind, and both will find the broad themes discussed in this volume intuitive and useful.
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African Civilizations

An Archaeological Perspective

Author: Graham Connah

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316462412

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 9236

This new revised edition of African Civilizations re-examines the physical evidence for developing social complexity in Africa over the last six thousand years. Unlike the two previous editions, it is not confined to tropical Africa but considers the whole continent. Graham Connah focuses upon the archaeological research of two key aspects of complexity, urbanism and state formation, in ten main areas of Africa: Egypt, North Africa, Nubia, Ethiopia, the West African savanna, the West African forest, the East African coast and islands, the Zimbabwe Plateau, parts of Central Africa and South Africa. The book's main concern is to review the available evidence in its varied environmental settings, and to consider possible explanations of the developments that gave rise to it. Extensively illustrated, including new maps and plans, and offering an extended list of references, this is essential reading for students of archaeology, anthropology, African history, black studies and social geography.
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Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 7623

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
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Prioritizing Death and Society

The Archaeology of Chalcolithic and Contemporary Cemeteries in the Southern Levant

Author: Assaf Nativ

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 301

View: 4499

First published in 2014. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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Darfur and the Crisis of Governance in Sudan

A Critical Reader

Author: Carina E. Ray

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801475948

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 819

A diverse group of academics, activists, officials and rebels contribute chapters about different aspects of conflict in the western Sudanese region of Darfur. These chapters discuss the origins and evolution of the conflict, the various ways in which the conflict has been understood and misperceived (both locally and internationally), the profoundly gendered nature of the conflict, the status of those involved with regard to the Sudanese and international law, and the ongoing struggle for peace in the region. A substantial appendix reproduces UN, ICC, and (many for the first time in English translation) Arabic-language documents to trace the history of the conflict. The book also includes a chronology of major events in Sudan.
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Vanishing Voices

The Extinction of the World's Languages

Author: Daniel Nettle,Suzanne Romaine

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198031185

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 256

View: 6019

Few people know that nearly one hundred native languages once spoken in what is now California are near extinction, or that most of Australia's 250 aboriginal languages have vanished. In fact, at least half of the world's languages may die out in the next century. Daniel Nettle and Suzanne Romaine assert that this trend is far more than simply disturbing. Making explicit the link between language survival and environmental issues, they argue that the extinction of languages is part of the larger picture of near-total collapse of the worldwide ecosystem. Indeed, the authors contend that the struggle to preserve precious environmental resources-such as the rainforest-cannot be separated from the struggle to maintain diverse cultures, and that the causes of language death, like that of ecological destruction, lie at the intersection of ecology and politics. In addition to defending the world's endangered languages, the authors also pay homage to the last speakers of dying tongues, such as Red Thundercloud, a Native American in South Carolina; Ned Mandrell, with whom the Manx language passed away in 1974; and Arthur Bennett, an Australian who was the last person to know more than a few words of Mbabaram. In our languages lies the accumulated knowledge of humanity. Indeed, each language is a unique window on experience. Vanishing Voices is a call to preserve this resource, before it is too late.
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Bolivar

American Liberator

Author: Marie Arana

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1439110204

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 624

View: 5942

An authoritative portrait of the Latin-American warrior-statesman examines his life against a backdrop of the tensions of nineteenth-century South America, covering his achievements as a strategist, abolitionist, and diplomat.
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Die soziale Eroberung der Erde

Eine biologische Geschichte des Menschen

Author: Edward O. Wilson

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406645313

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 3632

Woher kommen wir? Was sind wir? Wohin gehen wir? Der große Biologe E. O. Wilson entschlüsselt die Evolution des Menschen Die soziale Eroberung der Erde ist die Summe lebenslanger innovativer Forschung, die Krönung des Lebenswerkes von Edward O. Wilson. Seine weitreichende These: Die soziale Gruppe und nicht das egoistische Gen war der entscheidende Faktor der Menschwerdung. "Keinem außer Edward O. Wilson konnte eine derart brillante Synthese aus Biologie und Geisteswissenschaften gelingen, die Licht wirft auf den Ursprung von Sprache, Religion, Kunst und der gesamten menschlichen Kultur." Oliver Sacks "Eine große, doch einfache Fragestellung, überzeugende Erklärungen, eine meisterhafte Beherrschung der Wissenschaft und eine anschauliche, verständliche Darstellung einmal mehr hat E.O. Wilson ein Buch geschrieben mit den Qualitäten, die ihm Pulitzerpreise und ein Millionenpublikum eingebracht haben." Jared Diamond "Ein fabelhaftes Buch." Bill Clinton
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Savanna

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Nigeria

Page: N.A

View: 770

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1500 Jahre am Mare de Kissi

Eine Fallstudie zur Besiedlungsgeschichte des Sahel von Burkina Faso

Author: Sonja Magnavita

Publisher: Africa Magna Verlag

ISBN: 3937248455

Category: Social Science

Page: 421

View: 6772

This volume presents the results of archaeological research at the Mare de Kissi in the years 1996 to 2001. The investigated archaeological sites are located in the hinterland of the eastern Niger bend in the extreme northeast of Burkina Faso, on the edge of a small lake, the Mare de Kissi. The sites of Kissi comprise about 60 anthropogenic mounds, numerous stone structures and several cemeteries. The location was occupied by sedentary Iron Age farmers from the late 1st millennium BC up to the ca. 13th century AD, when it was finally abandoned. Excavations in both settlement and cemetery areas provided an exceptional inventory of finds and the basis for a reconstruction of the settlement history at the Mare de Kissi.
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The world since 1500

a global history

Author: Leften Stavros Stavrianos

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780139629112

Category: History

Page: 454

View: 4064

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Collier's Encyclopedia

With Bibliography and Index

Author: Louis Shores

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Bibliography

Page: N.A

View: 585

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Man's Past and Present

A Global History: An Abridgment of the World to 1500, 2nd Ed., and the World Since 1500, 3rd Ed.

Author: Leften Stavros Stavrianos

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780135520918

Category: World history

Page: 593

View: 7897

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Elementarformen sozialen Verhaltens

Social Behavior Its Elementary Forms

Author: George Caspar Homans

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663023915

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 6082

Das vorliegende Buch von George C. Romans bedarf keines Vorwortes im üblichen Sinne. Was Homans aussagen will, sagt er selbst: klar, folgerichtig und ausführlich. Es wäre deshalb unerheblich, etwa darstellen zu wollen, ob ich ihn auch richtig ver standen habe. Es wäre auch vermessen, wollte ich das mir Wesentliche aus seinem Buche herausstellen. Ich lehne dies als untunliche Einmischung in seine eigenen exak ten Gedankengänge ab, wie ich auch dem Leser zumute, daß er sich unbeeinflußt seine eigenen Gedanken über die Erklärungsvorschläge von Homans machen wird. Wie in allen Veröffentlichungen von Homans ist nicht nur wesentlich, was er aus sagt, sondern wie und vor allem wo, d. h. in welchem Zusammenhang er selbst seine Erklärungen abgibt. Wie hat sich, so könnten wir uns allerdings fragen, sein wissenschaftstheoretischer Standort seit seinem Buche THE HUMAN GROUP 1 verändert? Viele werfen Homans vor, er sei zu einem "psychologischen Reduktionalisten" geworden. Er ver suche, das Soziale mit psychologischen Erklärungen zu erfassen. Er hätte, welch ein Sakrileg, gegen Durkheim verstoßen, demzufolge das Soziale nur durch Soziales zu erklären sei.
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