East Encounters West

France and the Ottoman Empire in the Eighteenth Century

Author: Fatma Muge Gocek

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195364330

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 2576

In 1720, an Ottoman ambassador was sent to the court of the Child King Louis XV to observe Western civilization and report on what he saw and how it could be applied in the Ottoman Empire. Based on the accounts of this ambassador, East Encounters West studies the impact of the West on the Ottoman empire and the impact of this Ottoman embassy on the two societies. In France, the presence of the embassy yielded only a brief fashion of Turquerie, whereas in the Ottoman empire, it yielded the first official printing press, signalling an important step toward Western style. G??ek here assesses the reasons behind these differential impacts through three factors: the Western technological advances, consequent commercial expansion, and the different reactions of various social groups in the Ottoman empire to these developments. Her analysis reveals a far-reaching and complex Westernization process that permeated Turkish society as it was approved and imported by dignitaries and eventually passed onto average households. Sketching the process of Westernization from the perspective of Easterners, this unique book throws new light on the cultural differences between these two major civilizations and on the nature of cultural transmission and diffusion.
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Turkey and the European Union

Christian and Secular Images of Islam

Author: P. Levin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230119573

Category: Political Science

Page: 278

View: 7930

This book carefully examines the historical roots of contemporary Western prejudices against both Muslims and Turks, and presents an original theory of collective identity as dramatic re-enactment as a means of understanding the remarkable persistence of medieval stereotypes.
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Visitors to Versailles

From Louis XIV to the French Revolution

Author: Daniëlle Kisluk-Grosheide,Bertrand Rondot

Publisher: Metropolitan Museum of Art

ISBN: 1588396223

Category: Art

Page: 392

View: 5559

What was it like to visit one of the most magnificent courts of Europe? Based on a wealth of contemporary documents and surviving works of art, this lavish book explores the experiences of those who swarmed the palace and grounds of Versailles when it was the seat of the French monarchy. Engaging essays describe methods of transportation, the elaborate codes of dress and etiquette, precious diplomatic gifts, royal audiences, and tours of the palace and gardens. Also presented are the many types of visitors and guests who eagerly made their way to this center of power and culture, including day-trippers and Grand Tourists, European diplomats, overseas ambassadors, incognito travelers, and Americans. Through paintings and portraits, furniture, costumes and uniforms, arms and armor, guidebooks, and other works of art, Visitors to Versailles illuminates what travelers encountered at court and what impressions, gifts, and souvenirs they took home with them. In bringing to life their experiences, this sumptuously illustrated volume reminds us why Versailles has enchanted generations of visitors from the ancien régime to the present day.
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Wahrnehmungen des Fremden

Differenzerfahrungen von Diplomaten im 16. und 17. Jahrhundert

Author: Michael Rohrschneider,Arno Strohmeyer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Difference (Psychology)

Page: 402

View: 697

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The Press in the Arab Middle East

A History

Author: Ami Ayalon

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195087801

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 2468

Newspapers and the practice of journalism began in the Middle East in the nineteenth century and evolved during a period of accelerated sociopolitical and cultural change. Inspired by a foreign model, the Arab press developed in its own way, in terms of its political and social roles, cultural function, and the public image of those who engaged in it. Ami Ayalon draws on a broad array of primary sources--a century of Arabic newspapers, biographies and memoirs of Arab journalists and politicians, and archival material--as well as a large body of published studies, to portray the remarkable vitality of Arab journalism. He explores the press as a Middle Eastern institution during its formative century before World War II and the circumstances that shaped its growth, tracing its impact, in turn, on local historical developments. After treating the major phases in chronological sequence, he looks closely at more specific aspects: the relations between press and state; newspapers and their audience; the press and traditional cultural norms; economic aspects of the trade; and journalism as a new profession in Arab society.
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Historical Abstracts

Modern history abstracts, 1450-1914

Author: Eric H. Boehm

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History, Modern

Page: N.A

View: 6706

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Herrscher über Mekka

die Geschichte der Pilgerfahrt

Author: Suraiya Faroqhi

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mecca (Saudi Arabia)

Page: 350

View: 8482

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Turkish Studies in the United States

Author: Donald Quataert,Sabri Sayar

Publisher: Indiana Univ Turkish Studies Department

ISBN: 9781878318176

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 145

View: 7475

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Conflict, Conquest, and Conversion

Two Thousand Years of Christian Missions in the Middle East

Author: Eleanor H. Tejirian,Reeva Spector Simon

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231511094

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 6333

Conflict, Conquest, and Conversion surveys two thousand years of the Christian missionary enterprise in the Middle East within the context of the region's political evolution. Its broad, rich narrative follows Christian missions as they interacted with imperial powers and as the momentum of religious change shifted from Christianity to Islam and back, adding new dimensions to the history of the region and the nature of the relationship between the Middle East and the West. Historians and political scientists increasingly recognize the importance of integrating religion into political analysis, and this volume, using long-neglected sources, uniquely advances this effort. It surveys Christian missions from the earliest days of Christianity to the present, paying particular attention to the role of Christian missions, both Protestant and Catholic, in shaping the political and economic imperialism of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Eleanor H. Tejirian and Reeva Spector Simon delineate the ongoing tensions between conversion and the focus on witness and "good works" within the missionary movement, which contributed to the development and spread of nongovernmental organizations. Through its conscientious, systematic study, this volume offers an unparalleled encounter with the social, political, and economic consequences of such trends.
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Reconstructing Gender in the Middle East

Tradition, Identity, and Power

Author: Shiva Balaghi

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231101226

Category: History

Page: 233

View: 3566

Employing a broad, interdisciplinary perspective on gender relations, "Reconstructing Gender in the Middle East" questions long-standing stereotypes about the traditional subordination of women in the region. With essays on gender construction in Iran, Turkey, Israel, Morocco, Egypt, Lebanon, and the Occupied Territories, this collection offers a wide-ranging exploration of tradition, identity, and power in different parts of the Middle East. Seeking to overcome monolithic Western notions of women's life in "the traditional society," the essays in Part I reexamine the assumption that such societies leave little room for female participation. Part II focuses on the reconstruction of identities by women in Iran, Turkey, Israel, and the Occupied Territories. The authors examine the complex variables that contribute to the development of identities -- including gender, class, and ethnicity -- in various Middle Eastern societies, questioning whether certain identities are more important to women than others. These essays also look at the issue of group identity formation versus the autonomy of the individual. Part III looks at the relationship between gender and power in everyday life in Lebanon, Israel, Egypt, and Morocco, showing how power relations are constantly contested and renegotiated among family members and members of a community, between nations and between men and women. WIth its collection of enlightened and diverse contemporary perspectives on women in the Middle East, "Reconstructing Gender in the Middle East" is an important work that will have significant impact on the way we look at gender in traditional societies.
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Everyday Life and Consumer Culture in Eighteenth-Century Damascus

Author: James Grehan

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 4155

Draws on court records and the city's dazzling literary tradition to explore the material culture of premodern Damascus and provides an unusual and intimate account of the choices, constraints, and compromises that defined consumer behavior.
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The Politics of Anti-Westernism in Asia

Visions of World Order in Pan-Islamic and Pan-Asian Thought

Author: Cemil Aydin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 299

View: 8901

In this rich intellectual history, Cemil Aydin challenges the notion that anti-Westernism in the Muslim world is a political and religious reaction to the liberal and democratic values of the West. Nor is anti-Westernism a natural response to Western imperialism. Instead, by focusing on the agency and achievements of non-Western intellectuals, Aydin demonstrates that modern anti-Western discourse grew out of the legitimacy crisis of a single, Eurocentric global polity in the age of high imperialism. Aydin compares Ottoman Pan-Islamic and Japanese Pan-Asian visions of world order from the middle of the nineteenth century to the end of World War II. He looks at when the idea of a universal "West" first took root in the minds of Asian intellectuals and reformers and how it became essential in criticizing the West for violating its own "standards of civilization." Aydin also illustrates why these anti-Western visions contributed to the decolonization process and considers their influence on the international relations of both the Ottoman and Japanese Empires during WWI and WWII. The Politics of Anti-Westernism in Asia offers a rare, global perspective on how religious tradition and the experience of European colonialism interacted with Muslim and non-Muslim discontent with globalization, the international order, and modernization. Aydin's approach reveals the epistemological limitations of Orientalist knowledge categories, especially the idea of Eastern and Western civilizations, and the way in which these limitations have shaped not only the contradictions and political complicities of anti-Western discourses but also contemporary interpretations of anti-Western trends. In moving beyond essentialist readings of this history, Aydin provides a fresh understanding of the history of contemporary anti-Americanism as well as the ongoing struggle to establish a legitimate and inclusive international society.
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Estranged bedfellows

Britain and France in the Middle East during the Second World War

Author: Aviel Roshwald

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 315

View: 5687

Index. Bibliography: p.299-304.
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King Hussein and the challenge of Arab radicalism

Jordon 1955-1967

Author: Uriel Dann

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195054989

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 206

View: 4144

When the young Hussein became the King of Jordan in 1953, conventional wisdom held that his days were numbered. As the embodiment of the socially conservative, pro-Western Jordanian state, he seemed little able to stand up to the rising forces of pan-Arab radicalism. Yet Hussein and the Jordanian monarchy have not only endured, they have thrived, and continue to play a vital role in Middle Eastern politics. Historian Uriel Dann here explores the political history of the formative years of the Jordanian state, uncovering the sources of its durability against forces seeking to fundamentally alter the traditional bases of Arab politics.
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Periodica Islamica

An International Contents Journal

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Islam

Page: N.A

View: 5339

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Die islamische Aufklärung

Der Konflikt zwischen Glaube und Vernunft

Author: Christopher de Bellaigue

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104906467

Category: Religion

Page: 544

View: 7154

»Erhellend, großartig geschrieben, ein Buch, das uns hilft, das Verständnis zwischen islamischer Welt und Moderne zu verstehen.« Yuval Noah Harari, Autor von »Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit« Die islamische Aufklärung hat längst stattgefunden. In einer fulminanten Erzählung demontiert Christopher de Bellaigue die oft selbstgefällige westliche Sicht auf die arabische Welt. Auch in Ägypten, im Iran und der Türkei gab es nach 1800 eine breite Bewegung für Freiheit, Gleichheit und Demokratie und für einen weltlichen Staat, für Frauenrechte und Gewerkschaften, freie Presse und die Abschaffung der Sklaverei. In atemberaubender Geschwindigkeit modernisierten sich die arabischen Gesellschaften. Doch die Gegenaufklärung folgte auf dem Fuß, mit autokratischen Regimen und fundamentalistischem Terror. De Bellaigue schildert den Kampf zwischen Glaube und Vernunft und um eine neue muslimische Identität. Eine reiche, überraschende Geschichte, eine radikal neue Sicht auf den modernen Islam. »Eine ausgesprochen originelle und informative Studie über die Zusammenstöße zwischen dem Islam und der Moderne in Istanbul, Kairo und Teheran während der letzten zweihundert Jahre.« Orhan Pamuk »Christopher de Bellaigue gehört seit Langem schon zu den einfallsreichsten und anregendsten Interpreten einiger von Angst und Vorurteil verstellter Realitäten. In ›Die islamische Aufklärung‹ seziert er den selbstgefälligen Gegensatz zwischen Islam und Moderne und enthüllt dabei eine faszinierende Welt: eine Welt, in der Menschen sich unter dem Druck der Geschichte ständig verändern, improvisieren und sich anpassen. Es ist genau das richtige Buch für unsere in Unordnung geratene Welt: zeitgemäß, dringlich und erhellend.« Pankaj Mishra »Zur rechten Zeit, tiefsinnig und provokativ.« Peter Frankopan
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Turkey

Current Issues and Background

Author: Sophia Lahlos

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 219

View: 5975

The Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti) was established on October 29, 1923. Its central location straddling Europe and the Middle East and its control over access to the Black Sea make it an important geopolitical entity. It has the interesting, if not quite believable to many identity, as a secular Arab country. Recent bones of contention involving Turkey include the Caspian Sea oil and access to it, its membership in NATO and the EU as its durability as a non-participant so far in the Middle East conflicts. Turkey can not be written off or on by any power centre at this time. Thus this country and its background and the burning issues of the day must be considered as important by all those interested in world affairs. This new book presents current materials and selected historical information which together help weave an issue tapestry of this pivotal country.
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Index Islamicus

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Africa, North

Page: N.A

View: 5316

A bibliography of books and index of articles in periodicals on Islam and the Muslim world. Also includes reviews.
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Domains and Divisions of European History

Author: Natalie Doyle

Publisher: Liverpool University Press

ISBN: 1846312140

Category: History

Page: 244

View: 9898

The patterns of unity and division that define Europe as a historical region have been discussed in many seminal works, but the complex set of questions behind its domains and divisions merits a more sustained debate. The disappearance of the cold war, the enlargement of the European Union, and core issues of historical sociology all require an exploration of the structures and boundaries of historical formations, as well as the question of European unity. This volume tackles the topic of the divisions that have shaped European history head-on, as leading scholars in the field negotiate such issues as regional identity, geographical boundaries, divisional labeling, and post–cold war European unity.
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