Interpreting Diversity in the Early Neolithic Linearbandkeramik and Beyond
Author: Luc Amkreutz,Fabian Haack,Daniela Hofmann
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Category: Social Science
View: 8227More than 7000 years ago, groups of early farmers (the Linearbandkeramik, or LBK) spread over vast areas of Europe. Their cultural characteristics comprised common choices and styles of execution, with a central meaning and functionality attached to ‘doing things a certain way’, over an enormous geographical area. However, recent evidence suggests that the reality was much more varied and diverse. The central question of this book is the extent to which notions of ‘uniformity’ and ‘diversity’ have caused a wider shift in archaeological perspective. Using the LBK case study as a starting point, the volume brings together contributions by international specialists tackling the notion of cultural diversity and its explanatory power in archaeological analysis more generally. Through discussions of the domestic architecture, stone tool inventory, pottery traditions, landscape use and burial traditions of the LBK, this book provides a crucial reappraisal of the culture’s potential for adaptability and change. Papers in the second part of the volume are devoted to archaeological case studies from around the globe in which the tension between diversity and uniformity has also proved controversial, including the Near Eastern Halaf culture, the North American Mississippian, the Pacific expansion of the Lapita culture, and the European Bell Beaker phenomenon. All provide exciting theoretical and methodological contributions on how the appreciation of cultural diversity as a whole can be moved forward. These papers expose diversity and uniformity as cultural strategies, and as such provide essential reading for scholars in archaeology and anthropology, and for anyone interested in the interplay between material culture and human social change.
Author: International Committee for Social Science Information and Documentation
Publisher: Psychology Press
View: 3253Based on Bernard Comrie's much praised The World's Major Languages, this is a key guide to an important language family. The areas covered include Chinese, Japanese and Sino-Tibetan languages.
Author: University of Calgary. Archaeological Association. Conference,Elizabeth C. Robertson
Publisher: UNM Press
Category: Social Science
View: 7814The archaeology of space and place is examined in this selection of papers from the 34th annual Chacmool Archaeological Conference.
Author: Sarunas Milisauskas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
View: 2014The study of European archaeology dates back to the 19th century, but the number of archaeologists, projects, and publications has increased greatly during the last three decades. With the collapse of the Soviet Union and the restructuring of several countries, archaeology in Europe has more opportunity for interaction and research than previously was possible. This comprehensive volume covers the Prehistoric period in Europe, from the earliest appearance of humans to the rise of the Roman Empire and includes the Paleolithic, Mesolithic Bronze and Iron Ages. Throughout these periods, the major developments and explored using the archaeological data including: technology; trade; settlement; warfare; ritual. Using methodologies and theories that were previously unknown in Europe decades ago, new discoveries and arguments are included in the research as well as reevaluations of previous discoveries. This work also includes a present geographical summary and how it impacts the current archaeological discoveries and research being conducted. European Prehistory: A Survey includes many comprehensive maps and site photos. It will be a vital resource to prehistoric archaeologists, anthropologists and historians in and outside of Europe.
On the Shaping of Human Experience in Neolithic and Bronze Age Europe
Author: Richard Bradley
Category: Social Science
View: 4340The Neolithic period, when agriculture began and many monuments - including Stonehenge - were constructed, is an era fraught with paradoxes and ambiguities. Starting in the Mesolithic and carrying his analysis through to the Late Bronze Age, Richard Bradley sheds light on this complex period and the changing consciousness of these prehistoric peoples. The Significance of Monuments studies the importance of monuments tracing their history from their first creation over six thousand years later. Part One discusses how monuments first developed and their role in developing a new sense of time and space among the inhabitants of prehistoric Europe. Other features of the prehistoric landscape - such as mounds and enclosures - across Continental Europe are also examined. Part Two studies how such monuments were modified and reinterpreted to suit the changing needs of society through a series of detailed case studies. The Significance of Monuments is an indispensable text for all students of European prehistory. It is also an enlightening read for professional archaeologists and all those interested in this fascinating period.
Beiträge zur internationalen Konferenz in Münster 2010
Author: Ralf Gleser,Valeska Becker
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
Category: Europe, Central
View: 4777M Jahre 2010 jährte sich zum 120sten Mal der Abschluss der ersten Ausgrabungen im jungsteinzeitlichen Gräberfeld von Rössen bei Leuna im Saalekreis. Die Inventare dieser Nekropole haben seither eine prominente Rolle gespielt in der Diskussion um die zeitliche Einordnung der mit Rössen vergleichbaren Fundkomplexe und ihrer kulturhistorischen Deutung. Die Beiträge des vorliegenden Konferenzbandes verfolgen das Ziel, neue Erkenntnisse zum 5. Jahrtausend in Mitteleuropa unter Einbeziehung vor allem auch naturwissenschaftlicher Expertisen aufzuzeigen. Er setzt dadurch neue Akzente zum Verständnis der facettenreichen Kulturgeschichte dieses auch für spätere Entwicklungen wichtigen und forschungsgeschichtlich bedeutsamen "kurzen" Jahrtausends der frühen mitteleuropäischen Urgeschichte mit neuen Ansätzen gesellschaftlicher Differenzierung zwischen dem Ausklang der ersten agrarischen Kulturen mit Bandkeramik am Ende des 6. Jahrtausends und dem Beginn der Megalithen errichtenden Trichterbecherkulturen zu Beginn des 4. Jahrtausends.
Methoden, Daten Und Bevolkerung Der Europaischen Bronze- Und Eisenzeiten
Author: Frank Nikulka
View: 2545This publication is devoted to demography in archaeology. It presents methodology and theoretical approaches with a European focus and deals with demographic developments in the Bronze and Iron Ages throughout Central and Northern Europe in their social contexts. "Demographic factors" have always been of great importance for human social organization and archaeological theory building. This book for the first time presents and analyses a wide range of data on population structure and development in the European Bronze and Iron Ages from the perspective of social archaeology. Bearing in mind the goals of any archaeological discipline, archaeological demography aims to reconstruct the importance of local and regional population patterns: group size, population density, fluctuations in population on the basis of graves, settlements and other archaeological sources, as well as data from the natural sciences. Therefore, there are no strict boundaries between the aims of archaeological demography on the one hand and settlement archaeology, environmental and landscape archaeology, and social archaeology on the other hand. The character of archaeological source material and the limited preservation of graves, house sites and so on, mean that population densities derived on this basis can only ever be minimum estimates. The theories of social and economic reactions to population pressure by Thomas Robert Malthus (1798) and Ester Boserup (1965) have had a strong influence on European archaeological demography, at least implicitly. Calculations mostly result in small Bronze and Iron Age communities, even when large burial sites suggest a local population concentration. Most settlements also represent small economic entities or households. Whenever larger local populations are identified, this individual historical situation has to be explained. Indications of social differentiation in the shape of prestige goods, ranked funerary rites, exceptionally rich graves, separated farmsteads within settlements and so on are by no means generally linked to particularly large population groups. It still has to be clarified how migrations affected Bronze and Iron Age population size.