Due process of law

a brief history

Author: John V. Orth

Publisher: Univ Pr of Kansas

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 116

View: 4585

Many rights that Americans cherish today go unmentioned in the U.S. Constitution. Where do these freedoms come from? John V. Orth answers that question in this unique and gem-like history of due process. No person's life, liberty, or property may be taken without "due process of law." What exactly that means has been one of the most frequently asked questions in American constitutional history. Today, the answer is usually given in two parts: what procedures the government must follow and--in exceptional cases--what the government cannot do even if it follows the proper procedures. The procedural aspect of this answer has been far less controversial than "substantive due process, " which at one time limited government regulation of business and today forbids the states from outlawing abortions. "Due process of law, " as a phrase and as a concept, was already old at the time it was adopted by American constitution-writers, both state and federal. Mindful of the English background and of constitutional developments in the several states, Orth in a succinct and readable narrative traces the history of due process, from its origins in medieval England to its applications in the latest cases. Departing from the usual approach to American constitutional law, Orth places the history of due process in the larger context of the common law. To a degree not always appreciated today, constitutional law advances in the same case-by-case manner as other legal rules. In that light, Orth concentrates on the general maxims or paradigms that guided the judges in their decisions of specific cases. Uncovering the links between one case and another, Orth describes how a commitment to fair procedures made wayfor an emphasis on the protection of property rights, which in turn led to a heightened sensitivity to individual rights in general. This unconventional history of the concept of due process heightens the reader's understa
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Substantive due process of law

a dichotomy of sense and nonsense

Author: Frank R. Strong

Publisher: Carolina Academic Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 306

View: 8030

The author presents the view that substantive due process, historically, has had very specific meanings. He also discusses the eroding of these original concepts by the Supreme Court.
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Die Federalist papers

Author: Alexander Hamilton,James Madison,John Jay

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406547546

Category: Constitutional history

Page: 583

View: 4260

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Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 7915

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
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Homo Deus

Eine Geschichte von Morgen

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406704026

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 7838

In seinem Kultbuch „Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit“ erklärte Yuval Noah Harari, wie unsere Spezies die Erde erobern konnte. In „Homo Deus“ stößt er vor in eine noch verborgene Welt: die Zukunft. Was wird mit uns und unserem Planeten passieren, wenn die neuen Technologien dem Menschen gottgleiche Fähigkeiten verleihen – schöpferische wie zerstörerische – und das Leben selbst auf eine völlig neue Stufe der Evolution heben? Wie wird es dem Homo Sapiens ergehen, wenn er einen technikverstärkten Homo Deus erschafft, der sich vom heutigen Menschen deutlicher unterscheidet als dieser vom Neandertaler? Was bleibt von uns und der modernen Religion des Humanismus, wenn wir Maschinen konstruieren, die alles besser können als wir? In unserer Gier nach Gesundheit, Glück und Macht könnten wir uns ganz allmählich so weit verändern, bis wir schließlich keine Menschen mehr sind.
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Impartial Justice

The Real Supreme Court Cases that Define the Constitutional Right to a Neutral and Detached Decisionmaker

Author: Eric T. Kasper

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739177222

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 7149

This book discusses the Constitutional right to a neutral decisionmaker, focusing on U.S. Supreme Court cases on the Sixth Amendment guarantee to a jury in criminal cases and to the due process requirements of an impartial judge and a neutral decisionmaker in quasi-judicial contexts. The work explores how these rights have evolved, and it critically examines relevant Court cases.
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The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 2642

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.
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Der Geist der Gesetze

Author: Charles de Secondat baron de Montesquieu

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6920

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Common Law Theory

Author: Douglas E. Edlin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139465694

Category: Law

Page: 247

View: 441

In this book, legal scholars, philosophers, historians and political scientists from Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States analyze the common law through three of its classic themes: rules, reasoning and constitutionalism. Their essays, specially commissioned for this volume, provide an opportunity for thinkers from different jurisdictions and disciplines to talk to each other and to their wider audience within and beyond the common law world. This book allows scholars and students to consider how these themes and concepts relate to one another. It will initiate and sustain a more inclusive and well-informed theoretical discussion of the common law's method, process and structure. It will be valuable to lawyers, philosophers, political scientists and historians interested in constitutional law, comparative law, judicial process, legal theory, law and society, legal history, separation of powers, democratic theory, political philosophy, the courts and the relationship of the common law tradition to other legal systems of the world.
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Eine kurze Geschichte der Zeit

Author: Stephen Hawking

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644008612

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 9564

Ist das Universum unendlich oder begrenzt? Hat die Raumzeit einen Anfang, den Urknall? Dehnt sie sich aus? Wird sie wieder in sich zusammenstürzen? Liefe die Zeit dann rückwärts? Welchen Platz im Universum nehmen wir ein? Und ist in den atemberaubenden Modellen der Kosmologen noch Platz für einen Gott? – Es sind existenzielle Fragen, mit denen sich Stephen Hawking befasst, Fragen, die Forschung und Lehre in den Zentren der modernen Physik ebenso bestimmen wie die Diskussion von Geisteswissenschaftlern. Dieses Meisterwerk eines Jahrhundert-Genies hat unsere Weltsicht verändert. Zugleich hat Stephen Hawking damit neue Maßstäbe für die Erklärung komplexer physikalischer Zusammenhänge gesetzt. In diesem Buch, weltweit inzwischen über zehn Millionen Mal verkauft, ist das Credo des großen Physikers enthalten und lebendig. «Der Physiker Stephen Hawking ist im Begriff, die Formel zu finden, die das Universum erklärt.» ZEIT-Magazin
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By Due Process of Law

Racial Discrimination and the Right to Vote in South Africa 1855-1960

Author: Ian Loveland

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847310834

Category: Law

Page: 456

View: 3322

The South African case of Harris v. (Donges) Minister of the Interior is one familiar to most students of British constitutional law. The case was triggered by the South African government's attempt in the 1950s to disenfranchise non-white voters on the Cape province. It is still referred to as the case which illustrates that as a matter of constitutional doctrine it is not possible for the United Kingdom Parliament to produce a statute which limits the powers of successive Parliaments. The purpose of this book is twofold. First of all it offers a rather fuller picture of the story lying behind the Harris litigation,and the process of British acquisition of and dis-engagement from the government of its 'white' colonies in southern Africa as well as the ensuing emergence and consolidation of apartheid as a system of political and social organisation. Secondly the book attempts to use the South African experience to address broader contemporary British concerns about the nature of our Constitution and the role of the courts and legislature in making the Constitution work. In pursuing this second aim, the author has sought to create a counterweight to the traditional marginalistion of constitutional law and theory within the British polity. The Harris saga conveys better than any episode of British political history the enormous significance of the choices a country makes (or fails to make) when it embarks upon the task of creating or revising its constitutional arrangements. This, then, is a searching re-examination of the fundamentals of constitution-making, written in the light of the British government's commitment to promoting wholesale constitutional reform.
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American Constitutional History: A Brief Introduction

Author: Jack Fruchtman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119141753

Category: Law

Page: 304

View: 1072

American Constitutional History presents a concise introduction to the constitutional developments that have taken place over the past 225 years, treating trends from history, law, and political science. Presents readers with a brief and accessible introduction to more than two centuries of U.S. constitutional history Explores constitutional history chronologically, breaking U.S. history into five distinct periods Reveals the full sweep of constitutional changes through a focus on issues relating to economic developments, civil rights and civil liberties, and executive power Reflects the evolution of constitutional changes all the way up to the conclusion of the June 2015 Supreme Court term
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Making Sense of the Constitution

A Primer on the Supreme Court and Its Struggle to Apply Our Fundamental Law

Author: Walter M Frank

Publisher: SIU Press

ISBN: 0809330849

Category: Law

Page: 312

View: 9345

In Making Sense of the Constitution: A Primer on the Supreme Court and Its Struggle to Apply Our Fundamental Law, Walter Frank tackles in a comprehensive but lively manner subjects rarely treated in one volume. Aiming at both the general reader and students of political science, law, or history, Frank begins with a brief discussion of the nature of constitutional law and why the Court divides so closely on many issues. He then proceeds to an analysis of the Constitution and subsequent amendments, placing them in their historical context. Next, Frank shifts to the Supreme Court and its decisions, examining, among other things, doctrinal developments, the Court’s decision making processes, how justices interact with each other, and the debate over how the Constitution should be interpreted. The work concludes with a close analysis of Court decisions in six major areas of continuing controversy, including abortion, affirmative action, and campaign finance. Outstanding by the University Press Books for Public and Secondary Schools
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The Right to Privacy

Rights and Liberties Under the Law

Author: Richard A. Glenn

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1576077160

Category: Law

Page: 399

View: 9938

Explores the dynamics of the right to privacy in the United States, discussing its common law heritage, its expansion in the twentieth century, and trends in privacy jurisprudence.
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Due Process in Nigeria's Administrative Law System

History, Current Status, and Future

Author: Oneyebuchi T. Uwakah

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761807643

Category: History

Page: 236

View: 9363

This book, which relies on primary and secondary printed sources and a series of interviews with affected persons, lawyers, judges, and customary court presidents in Nigeria, focuses on the place of due process in the Nigerian legal system. Uwakah is concerned about the abuse of this important fundamental right in his country. The purpose of the book is to examine how due process operates in Nigeria and whether the coexistence of the customary law, the English common law, the Moslem law, and the martial law systems in Nigeria hinders or enhances due process in the country. Finally, the study investigates the suitability of the British version of due process to Nigeria, since the concept is imported to the country. The book concludes that the British version of due process is unsuitable to Nigeria because the country's political, economic, social, and religious backgrounds substantially differ from those of Britain. This conclusion is premised on the consensus of the interviewees. Uwakah recommends the country's immediate transition from military to civilian rule.
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Religion ohne Gott

Author: Ronald Dworkin

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518737325

Category: Philosophy

Page: 146

View: 4114

Das Zentrum wahrer Religiosität, so der bekennende Atheist Albert Einstein, sei die Ehrfurcht vor den Mysterien des Universums, »deren höchste Weisheit und strahlende Schönheit wir mit unseren matten Erkenntnisvermögen nur rudimentär begreifen können«. In diesem Sinne sei er, Einstein, ein tiefreligiöser Mensch. Aber was ist religiös an einer solchen Haltung, in der Gott offensichtlich keine Rolle spielt? Mit dieser Frage beschäftigte sich Ronald Dworkin in seinen Einstein-Vorlesungen, die er bis kurz vor seinem Tod zu diesem Buch ausgearbeitet hat. Religion, so seine Antwort, bezeichnet eine Sicht auf die Welt, die von einem tiefen Glauben an objektive Werte getragen wird – etwa daran, dass Geschöpfe eine Würde haben, dass ein Leben erfüllt oder verfehlt sein kann oder dass Schönheit, die uns den Atem raubt, sich nicht als pures Produkt unserer Sinnesorgane erklären lässt. Auch Theisten teilen diese Werte, meinen aber, sie seien gottgegeben. Für Dworkin verhält es sich genau umgekehrt: Die Idee eines Gottes rührt daher, dass es diese Werte wirklich gibt. Und an Gott (oder Götter) zu glauben ist eine Weise, dies auszudrücken, aber nicht die einzige. Von der Physik über die Politik bis hin zum Recht erkundet »Religion ohne Gott« den Perspektivwechsel, der mit einem solchen gottlosen Verständnis von Religion verbunden ist. Das Buch, das mit einer eindrucksvollen Reflexion über Tod und Unsterblichkeit schließt, ist das Vermächtnis eines bekennenden religiösen Atheisten. Es weitet den Blick für das, was wichtig ist.
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The Right to the Assistance of Counsel

A Reference Guide to the United States Constitution

Author: James J. Tomkovicz

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313314483

Category: Law

Page: 258

View: 8385

This superlative guide to the Sixth Amendment is the first to survey the legal guarantee of counsel's assistance since 1963's Gideon ruling.
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The Legal Foundations of Public Administration

Author: Donald D. Barry,Howard R. Whitcomb

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742543805

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 9413

The third edition of this highly respected textbook introduces students of public administration to the practical issues of administrative law. While useful to law school students, it is most relevant to public management students. The presentation provides a concise foundation to the history and theory of administrative law, rule making, and judicial decisions. The most important issues in administrative law are included meaningful issues for present and future administrators. A larger number of recent cases and other up-to-date information will be found in the book in order to make the student aware of the kinds of legal problems likely to be encountered in public agencies. One or two cases illustrate each problem at hand, rather than discussing numerous arcane court decisions and technicalities of legal procedure, in order to sketch the broad contours of the present law."
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Fundamentals of American Law

Author: Alan B. Morrison,New York University. School of Law

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198764052

Category: Law

Page: 666

View: 1632

The American legal system is the most significant in the world today, yet until recently there had not been a book that provided both the basic rules and the theoretical understanding necessary to comprehend it. Now, Fundamentals of American Law supplies these concepts to a number of audiences, ranging from students and scholars of law to business people and government officials; from those whose work regularly involves legal issues and who want to understand the law better than they do now, to the general reader who wants to gain a stronger appreciation of our legal system. In twenty-three chapters, the book looks at the overarching principles of American law, the seven subject areas primarily governed by the States, and the eight areas governed by Federal Law. Each chapter is written by an acknowledged expert in that area. All of the authors are on the faculty of the New York University School of Law, regarded as one of the elite law schools in America, and this work is offered as an element of its unique Global Law School Program. The book not only provides the reader with a solid foundation of American law, but will also serve as a basic reference book for years to come. Fundamentals of American Law is one volume anyone will want to have on hand to gain an understanding of our legal system.
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