Due Process Of Law

Author: João

Publisher: Clube de Autores (managed)

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 106

View: 4592

Desde a introdução do dispositivo que cuida do Devido Processo Legal na Constituição Federal Brasileira de 1988, a doutrina e a jurisprudência brasileira iniciaram uma longa jornada de estudos de Direito comparado, de modo a fixar os limites de sua aplicação em um país com tradição em Direito Romano. Esta monografia busca dar suporte à essa trajetória, iniciando com a análise do desenvolvimento histórico do conceito do devido processo legal na Inglaterra, passando para a análise da forma como o instituto se consolidou nas questões de jurisdição, finalizando com o seu reconhecimento e aplicação nos julgamentos realizados pelas cortes dos Estados Unidos da América. Ao final, é realizado um estudo comparado entre outras Constituições que também contemplam o instituto do devido processo legal, além da transcrição e análise do leading case do Supremo Tribunal Federal Brasileiro sobre a matéria - Impeachment do ex- Pres. Fernando Collor de Melo. Since the introduction of the Due Process of Law clause in the Brazilian Federal Constitution of 1988, the Brazilian doctrine and jurisprudence started what is considered the beginning of a long journey into the comparative law studies in order to establish the boundaries of its application in a Civil Law country. This paper supports such tendency, starting with the historical development of the due process concept in England, as it relates to issues of jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in the United States courts. Last pages provide a comparative study among other Constitutions that also contemplate the due process clause, along with a transcription and analisys of the leading case rendered by the Supreme Court of Brazil upon the matter - Impeachment former-President of Brazil Mr. Fernando Collor de Melo.
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Die Federalist papers

Author: Alexander Hamilton,James Madison,John Jay

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406547546

Category: Constitutional history

Page: 583

View: 6760

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Impartial Justice

The Real Supreme Court Cases that Define the Constitutional Right to a Neutral and Detached Decisionmaker

Author: Eric T. Kasper

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739177222

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 5415

This book discusses the Constitutional right to a neutral decisionmaker, focusing on U.S. Supreme Court cases on the Sixth Amendment guarantee to a jury in criminal cases and to the due process requirements of an impartial judge and a neutral decisionmaker in quasi-judicial contexts. The work explores how these rights have evolved, and it critically examines relevant Court cases.
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Liberty and Union

A Constitutional History of the United States

Author: Edgar J. McManus,Tara Helfman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136756671

Category: Political Science

Page: 470

View: 3587

This, the first of two volumes of Liberty and Union, is a comprehensive constitutional history of the United States from the Anglo-American origins of the Constitution through the colonial and antebellum periods, to the Civil War and the consequent restructuring of the nation. Written in a clear and engaging narrative style, it successfully unites thorough chronological coverage with a thematic approach, offering critical analysis of core constitutional history topics, set in the political, social, and economic context that made them constitutional issues in the first place. Combining a thoughtful and balanced narrative with an authoritative stance on key issues, the authors explain the past in the light of the past, without imposing upon it the standards of later generations. Authored by two experienced professors of History and Law this textbook has been thoughtfully constructed to offer an accessible alternative to dense scholarly works – avoiding unnecessary technical jargon, defining legal terms and historical personalities where appropriate, and making explicit connections between constitutional themes and historical events. For students in an undergraduate or postgraduate constitutional history course, or anyone with a general interest in constitutional developments, this book will be essential reading. Useful features include: Full glossary of legal terminology Recommended reading A table of cases Extensive supporting artwork Companion website Useful documents provided: Declaration of Independence Articles of Confederation Constitution of the United States of America Chronological list of Supreme Court justices
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Common Law Theory

Author: Douglas E. Edlin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139465694

Category: Law

Page: 247

View: 5532

In this book, legal scholars, philosophers, historians and political scientists from Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States analyze the common law through three of its classic themes: rules, reasoning and constitutionalism. Their essays, specially commissioned for this volume, provide an opportunity for thinkers from different jurisdictions and disciplines to talk to each other and to their wider audience within and beyond the common law world. This book allows scholars and students to consider how these themes and concepts relate to one another. It will initiate and sustain a more inclusive and well-informed theoretical discussion of the common law's method, process and structure. It will be valuable to lawyers, philosophers, political scientists and historians interested in constitutional law, comparative law, judicial process, legal theory, law and society, legal history, separation of powers, democratic theory, political philosophy, the courts and the relationship of the common law tradition to other legal systems of the world.
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By Due Process of Law

Racial Discrimination and the Right to Vote in South Africa 1855-1960

Author: Ian Loveland

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847310834

Category: Law

Page: 456

View: 6268

The South African case of Harris v. (Donges) Minister of the Interior is one familiar to most students of British constitutional law. The case was triggered by the South African government's attempt in the 1950s to disenfranchise non-white voters on the Cape province. It is still referred to as the case which illustrates that as a matter of constitutional doctrine it is not possible for the United Kingdom Parliament to produce a statute which limits the powers of successive Parliaments. The purpose of this book is twofold. First of all it offers a rather fuller picture of the story lying behind the Harris litigation,and the process of British acquisition of and dis-engagement from the government of its 'white' colonies in southern Africa as well as the ensuing emergence and consolidation of apartheid as a system of political and social organisation. Secondly the book attempts to use the South African experience to address broader contemporary British concerns about the nature of our Constitution and the role of the courts and legislature in making the Constitution work. In pursuing this second aim, the author has sought to create a counterweight to the traditional marginalistion of constitutional law and theory within the British polity. The Harris saga conveys better than any episode of British political history the enormous significance of the choices a country makes (or fails to make) when it embarks upon the task of creating or revising its constitutional arrangements. This, then, is a searching re-examination of the fundamentals of constitution-making, written in the light of the British government's commitment to promoting wholesale constitutional reform.
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The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 3757

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.
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Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 2564

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
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Due Process in Nigeria's Administrative Law System

History, Current Status, and Future

Author: Oneyebuchi T. Uwakah

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761807643

Category: History

Page: 236

View: 4834

This book, which relies on primary and secondary printed sources and a series of interviews with affected persons, lawyers, judges, and customary court presidents in Nigeria, focuses on the place of due process in the Nigerian legal system. Uwakah is concerned about the abuse of this important fundamental right in his country. The purpose of the book is to examine how due process operates in Nigeria and whether the coexistence of the customary law, the English common law, the Moslem law, and the martial law systems in Nigeria hinders or enhances due process in the country. Finally, the study investigates the suitability of the British version of due process to Nigeria, since the concept is imported to the country. The book concludes that the British version of due process is unsuitable to Nigeria because the country's political, economic, social, and religious backgrounds substantially differ from those of Britain. This conclusion is premised on the consensus of the interviewees. Uwakah recommends the country's immediate transition from military to civilian rule.
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American Constitutional History: A Brief Introduction

Author: Jack Fruchtman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119141753

Category: Law

Page: 304

View: 9891

American Constitutional History presents a concise introduction to the constitutional developments that have taken place over the past 225 years, treating trends from history, law, and political science. Presents readers with a brief and accessible introduction to more than two centuries of U.S. constitutional history Explores constitutional history chronologically, breaking U.S. history into five distinct periods Reveals the full sweep of constitutional changes through a focus on issues relating to economic developments, civil rights and civil liberties, and executive power Reflects the evolution of constitutional changes all the way up to the conclusion of the June 2015 Supreme Court term
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Justice in Plainclothes

A Theory of American Constitutional Practice

Author: Lawrence G. Sager

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300116755

Category: Law

Page: 248

View: 2908

This book discusses the role of judges and Congress in securing political justice in the United States.
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Introduction to Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice

Author: Kären M. Hess,Christine Hess Orthmann,Henry Lim Cho

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305147081

Category: Social Science

Page: 672

View: 5551

This comprehensive and practical book covers law enforcement and the criminal justice system as a whole (including courts, corrections, and juvenile justice) in one easy-to-understand volume. You'll find a realistic and relevant boots on the street perspective, real world examples in every chapter, and up-to-date information on a wide range of today's hottest topics, the Towards Zero Death (TZD) traffic-safety initiative, rapid DNA profiling, CompStat Plus, warrantless searches of vehicles, hacktivism, iPads/tablets and geolocation pingingcommunication devices in the field. joint terrorism task forces (JTTFs), and more. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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The Legal Foundations of Public Administration

Author: Donald D. Barry,Howard R. Whitcomb

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742543805

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 4572

The third edition of this highly respected textbook introduces students of public administration to the practical issues of administrative law. While useful to law school students, it is most relevant to public management students. The presentation provides a concise foundation to the history and theory of administrative law, rule making, and judicial decisions. The most important issues in administrative law are included meaningful issues for present and future administrators. A larger number of recent cases and other up-to-date information will be found in the book in order to make the student aware of the kinds of legal problems likely to be encountered in public agencies. One or two cases illustrate each problem at hand, rather than discussing numerous arcane court decisions and technicalities of legal procedure, in order to sketch the broad contours of the present law."
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Fundamentals of American Law

Author: Alan B. Morrison,New York University. School of Law

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198764052

Category: Law

Page: 666

View: 2930

The American legal system is the most significant in the world today, yet until recently there had not been a book that provided both the basic rules and the theoretical understanding necessary to comprehend it. Now, Fundamentals of American Law supplies these concepts to a number of audiences, ranging from students and scholars of law to business people and government officials; from those whose work regularly involves legal issues and who want to understand the law better than they do now, to the general reader who wants to gain a stronger appreciation of our legal system. In twenty-three chapters, the book looks at the overarching principles of American law, the seven subject areas primarily governed by the States, and the eight areas governed by Federal Law. Each chapter is written by an acknowledged expert in that area. All of the authors are on the faculty of the New York University School of Law, regarded as one of the elite law schools in America, and this work is offered as an element of its unique Global Law School Program. The book not only provides the reader with a solid foundation of American law, but will also serve as a basic reference book for years to come. Fundamentals of American Law is one volume anyone will want to have on hand to gain an understanding of our legal system.
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The Right to the Assistance of Counsel

A Reference Guide to the United States Constitution

Author: James J. Tomkovicz

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313314483

Category: Law

Page: 258

View: 8037

This superlative guide to the Sixth Amendment is the first to survey the legal guarantee of counsel's assistance since 1963's Gideon ruling.
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Subdividing the Land

Metes and Bounds and Rectangular Survey Systems

Author: Gaby M. Neunzert

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439827486

Category: Political Science

Page: 172

View: 2898

Ideally, every tract of land has a description on paper and a physical survey on the ground. When boundary disputes arise, all parties concerned must quickly learn the vocabulary and processes involved with real estate. Written for anyone dealing in real estate transactions, Subdividing the Land: Metes and Bounds and Rectangular Survey Systems provides this background. It defines key legal terms, examines key concepts of Metes and Bounds, the structure of the U.S. Land Survey System and offers many illustrations and tables that clearly explain the concepts. Each state has its own property laws, but the book's material is generic enough to be applicable across the entire United States and even Canada. Taking into account that local laws may be influenced by many factors, the book also covers the roots of English property laws and the effects of French, Spanish, and Mexican legacies. The author discusses topics such as water law, mining claims, and the Metes and Bounds and Torrens system of property registry. He provides a section of basic legal concepts applicable to land transactions and a glossary of special or semi-technical terms. Unlike most other topics related to surveying, there is no math associated with the topics given; yet the subjects can be complex and tricky. Subdividing the Land is a resource of many interrelated topics, and thus presents a knowledge base for land surveyors and the background for handling many types of land transactions conducted by real estate agents, engineers, architects, and lawyers.
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American Conflicts Law: Cases and Materials

Author: Robert L. Felix,Ralph U. Whitten

Publisher: LexisNexis

ISBN: 0327174412

Category: Law

Page: 938

View: 8553

The Fifth Edition provides a comprehensive set of teaching materials for the course in Conflict of Laws as it is taught in most American law schools. It includes some new cases, selected for their teaching value, while also retaining the best cases from the prior edition. It also includes problems in all chapters to test the students' understanding of each segment of material covered in the course. The first three chapters establish the historical background for the study of Conflict of Laws, introduce the students to all of the Conflicts systems existing in the United States, and explore the constitutional limits on the ability of the states to apply their law to multistate transactions and occurrences. With this background, the following four chapters examine the operation of the choice-of-law doctrines used in the areas of torts, contracts, property, and domestic relations. The grounding provided by the first three chapters allows teachers to choose those topics to teach in the following four chapters without necessarily covering the chapters in their entirety if time does not permit. The final three chapters deal with vertical choice of law (the Erie doctrine), interstate judgment enforcement, and personal jurisdiction. The book is organized so that these final three chapters can be covered out of order to suit a wide range of teaching preferences. Each chapter contains note material following the cases to help teachers explore the full range of issues raised by the doctrines being studied. The problems contained in each chapter increase the students' comprehension of the materials and provide a basis for more interesting classroom discussions.
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An Illustrated Brief History of Western Philosophy

Author: Anthony Kenny

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405178604

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 6546

This illustrated edition of Sir Anthony Kenny's acclaimed survey ofWestern philosophy offers the most concise and compelling story ofthe complete development of philosophy available. Spanning 2,500 years of thought, An Illustrated Brief History ofWestern Philosophy provides essential coverage of the mostinfluential philosophers of the Western world, among them Socrates,Plato, Aristotle, Jesus, Augustine, Aquinas, Machiavelli,Descartes, Hobbes, Spinoza, Berkeley, Hume, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel,Marx, Mill, Nietzsche, Darwin, Freud, Frege, Russell, andWittgenstein. Replete with over 60 illustrations - ranging from Dufresnoy's TheDeath of Socrates, through to the title page of Thomas More'sUtopia, portraits of Hobbes and Rousseau, photographs of CharlesDarwin and Bertrand Russell, Freud's own sketch of the Ego and theId, and Wittgenstein's Austrian military identity card - this lucidand masterful work is ideal for anyone with an interest in Westernthought.
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Homo Deus

Eine Geschichte von Morgen

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406704026

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 5833

In seinem Kultbuch „Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit“ erklärte Yuval Noah Harari, wie unsere Spezies die Erde erobern konnte. In „Homo Deus“ stößt er vor in eine noch verborgene Welt: die Zukunft. Was wird mit uns und unserem Planeten passieren, wenn die neuen Technologien dem Menschen gottgleiche Fähigkeiten verleihen – schöpferische wie zerstörerische – und das Leben selbst auf eine völlig neue Stufe der Evolution heben? Wie wird es dem Homo Sapiens ergehen, wenn er einen technikverstärkten Homo Deus erschafft, der sich vom heutigen Menschen deutlicher unterscheidet als dieser vom Neandertaler? Was bleibt von uns und der modernen Religion des Humanismus, wenn wir Maschinen konstruieren, die alles besser können als wir? In unserer Gier nach Gesundheit, Glück und Macht könnten wir uns ganz allmählich so weit verändern, bis wir schließlich keine Menschen mehr sind.
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The Oxford History of the Novel in English

Volume 6: The American Novel 1879-1940

Author: Priscilla Wald,Michael A. Elliott

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199909032

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 656

View: 4538

Witnessing the end of a war that nearly terminated the nation, the abolition of racial slavery and rise of legal segregation, the rise of Modernism and Hollywood, the closing of the frontier and two World Wars, the literary historical period represented in this volume constitutes the crucible of American literary history. Here, 35 essays by top researchers in the field detail how considerations of race and citizenship; immigration and assimilation; gender and sexuality; nationalism and empire; all reverberate throughout novels written in the United States between 1870 and 1940. Contributors discuss the professionalization of literary production after the Civil War alongside legal and political debates over segregation and citizenship; while chapters on journalism, geography, religion, and immigration offer discussions on everything from the lasting role of literary realism in American fiction to the Spanish-American War's effect on developing theories of aesthetics and popular culture. The volume offers thorough coverage of the emergence of serial fiction, children's fiction, crime and detective fiction, science fiction, and even cinema and comics, as new media and artistic revolutions like the Harlem Renaissance helped usher in the new international aesthetic movement of Modernism. The final chapters in the volume explore the relationship of the novel to the emergence of "American literature" as a category in the academy, in public criticism and journalism, and in mass culture.
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