Domestic Life in Prehispanic Capitals

A Study of Specialization, Hierarchy, and Ethnicity

Author: Linda Manzanilla,Claude Chapdelaine

Publisher: University of Michigan Museum

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

View: 1710

With major differences in size, urban plans, and population density, the capitals of New World states had large heterogeneous societies, sometimes multiethnic and highly specialized, making these cities amazing backdrops for complex interactions. What do their houses tell us about specialization, ethnicity, and hierarchy? This book explores these issues, reviewing case studies from Mesoamerica (such as Teotihuacan, Monte Albán, Xochicalco, Tula, Sayil, Chac, Tikal, and Copan) and South America (such as Tiwanaku, Huacas de Moche, Huari, Chan Chan, and Cuzco).
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Domestic Life in Prehispanic Capitals

A Study of Specialization, Hierarchy, and Ethnicity

Author: Linda Manzanilla,Claude Chapdelaine

Publisher: University of Michigan Museum

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

View: 5770

With major differences in size, urban plans, and population density, the capitals of New World states had large heterogeneous societies, sometimes multiethnic and highly specialized, making these cities amazing backdrops for complex interactions. What do their houses tell us about specialization, ethnicity, and hierarchy? This book explores these issues, reviewing case studies from Mesoamerica (such as Teotihuacan, Monte Albán, Xochicalco, Tula, Sayil, Chac, Tikal, and Copan) and South America (such as Tiwanaku, Huacas de Moche, Huari, Chan Chan, and Cuzco).
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Classic Maya Polities of the Southern Lowlands

Integration, Interaction, Dissolution

Author: Damien B. Marken,James L. Fitzsimmons

Publisher: University Press of Colorado

ISBN: 160732413X

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 7724

Classic Maya Polities of the Southern Lowlands investigates Maya political and social structure in the southern lowlands, assessing, comparing, and interpreting the wide variation in Classic period Maya polity and city composition, development, and integration. Traditionally, discussions of Classic Maya political organization have been dominated by the debate over whether Maya polities were centralized or decentralized. With new, largely unpublished data from several recent archaeological projects, this book examines the premises, strengths, and weaknesses of these two perspectives before moving beyond this long-standing debate and into different territory. The volume examines the articulations of the various social and spatial components of Maya polity—the relationships, strategies, and practices that bound households, communities, institutions, and dynasties into enduring (or short-lived) political entities. By emphasizing the internal negotiation of polity, the contributions provide an important foundation for a more holistic understanding of how political organization functioned in the Classic period. Contributors include Francisco Estrada Belli, James L. Fitzsimmons, Sarah E. Jackson, Caleb Kestle, Brigitte Kovacevich, Allan Maca, Damien B. Marken, James Meierhoff, Timothy Murtha, Cynthia Robin, Alexandre Tokovinine, and Andrew Wyatt.
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The Oxford Handbook of Mesoamerican Archaeology

Author: Deborah L. Nichols,Christopher A. Pool

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199996342

Category: Social Science

Page: 1000

View: 4825

The Oxford Handbook of Mesoamerican Archaeology provides a current and comprehensive guide to the recent and on-going archaeology of Mesoamerica. Though the emphasis is on prehispanic societies, this Handbook also includes coverage of important new work by archaeologists on the Colonial and Republican periods. Unique among recent works, the text brings together in a single volume article-length regional syntheses and topical overviews written by active scholars in the field of Mesoamerican archaeology. The first section of the Handbook provides an overview of recent history and trends of Mesoamerica and articles on national archaeology programs and practice in Central America and Mexico written by archaeologists from these countries. These are followed by regional syntheses organized by time period, beginning with early hunter-gatherer societies and the first farmers of Mesoamerica and concluding with a discussion of the Spanish Conquest and frontiers and peripheries of Mesoamerica. Topical and comparative articles comprise the remainder of Handbook. They cover important dimensions of prehispanic societies--from ecology, economy, and environment to social and political relations--and discuss significant methodological contributions, such as geo-chemical source studies, as well as new theories and diverse theoretical perspectives. The Handbook concludes with a section on the archaeology of the Spanish conquest and the Colonial and Republican periods to connect the prehispanic, proto-historic, and historic periods. This volume will be a must-read for students and professional archaeologists, as well as other scholars including historians, art historians, geographers, and ethnographers with an interest in Mesoamerica.
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The Neighborhood as a Social and Spatial Unit in Mesoamerican Cities

Author: M. Charlotte Arnauld,Linda R. Manzanilla,Michael E. Smith

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816599513

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 4073

Recent realizations that prehispanic cities in Mesoamerica were fundamentally different from western cities of the same period have led to increasing examination of the neighborhood as an intermediate unit at the heart of prehispanic urbanization. This book addresses the subject of neighborhoods in archaeology as analytical units between households and whole settlements. The contributions gathered here provide fieldwork data to document the existence of sociopolitically distinct neighborhoods within ancient Mesoamerican settlements, building upon recent advances in multi-scale archaeological studies of these communities. Chapters illustrate the cultural variation across Mesoamerica, including data and interpretations on several different cities with a thematic focus on regional contrasts. This topic is relatively new and complex, and this book is a strong contribution for three interwoven reasons. First, the long history of research on the “Teotihuacan barrios” is scrutinized and withstands the test of new evidence and comparison with other Mesoamerican cities. Second, Maya studies of dense settlement patterns are now mature enough to provide substantial case studies. Third, theoretical investigation of ancient urbanization all over the world is now more complex and open than it was before, giving relevance to Mesoamerican perspectives on ancient and modern societies in time and space. This volume will be of interest not only to scholars and student specialists of the Mesoamerican past but also to social scientists and urbanists looking to contrast ancient cultures worldwide.
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Multiethnicity and Migration at Teopancazco

Investigations of a Teotihuacan Neighborhood Center

Author: Linda R. Manzanilla

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780813054285

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 5406

"Illuminates a multiethnic neighborhood within one of the world's greatest urban developments of ancient times. Presents some of the most sophisticated new scientific techniques that are allowing scholars to see the details of life in the ancient world in a vivid dimension that has not before been possible."--Cynthia Robin, author of Everyday Life Matters: Maya Farmers at Chan "Manzanilla has been, and still is, a pioneer in the application of recent technology to aid in the interpretation of archaeological remains."--Rebecca Storey, author of Life and Death in the Ancient City of Teotihuacan: A Modern Paleodemographic Synthesis "Vital for scholars of Mesoamerican archaeology and the 'Classic' period in particular."--Ian Farrington, author of Cusco: Urbanism and Archaeology in the Inka World Like modern-day New York City, the ancient city of Teotihuacan in Central Mexico was built by a flood of immigrants who created a complex and diverse urban landscape. The city benefited from the knowledge, technical expertise, and experience that foreigners brought. The neighborhoods also competed with each other in displaying the finest crafts, the rarest raw materials, and the most lavish sumptuary goods. This detailed volume looks at 116 formal burials in Teopancazco, a powerful neighborhood that controlled the distribution of foreign raw materials from Teotihuacan toward Nautla in Veracruz. Applying sophisticated bioarchaeological analyses of stable and strontium isotopes, trace elements, funerary patterns, and ancient DNA, this holistic study identifies the population's age and sex profiles, paleopathologies, paleodiet, provenance, and facial approximations. What emerges is a detailed portrait of a multiethnic group working and interacting in one of the largest urban sites in the preindustrial world.
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Handbook of Latin American Studies

Humanities

Author: Dolores Moyano Martin

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 9780292752313

Category: History

Page: 951

View: 2746

Beginning with volume 41 (1979), the University of Texas Press became the publisher of the Handbook of Latin American Studies, the most comprehensive annual bibliography in the field. Compiled by the Hispanic Division of the Library of Congress and annotated by a corps of more than 130 specialists in various disciplines, the Handbook alternates from year to year between social sciences and humanities. The Handbook annotates works on Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and the Guianas, Spanish South America, and Brazil, as well as materials covering Latin America as a whole. Most of the subsections are preceded by introductory essays that serve as biannual evaluations of the literature and research under way in specialized areas. The Handbook of Latin American Studies is the oldest continuing reference work in the field. Dolores Moyano Martin, of the Library of Congress Hispanic Division, has been the editor since 1977, and P. Sue Mundell was assistant editor from 1994 to 1998. The subject categories for Volume 56 are as follows: ∑ Electronic Resources for the Humanities ∑ Art ∑ History (including ethnohistory) ∑ Literature (including translations from the Spanish and Portuguese) ∑ Philosophy: Latin American Thought ∑ Music
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Haus und Haushalt

Wohnformen des dritten Jahrtausends vor Christus in Nordmesopotamien

Author: Peter Pfälzner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture, Ancient

Page: 419

View: 7786

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Die mittelassyrischen Texte aus Tell Chuēra in Nordost-Syrien

Author: Stefan Jakob

Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag

ISBN: 9783447057240

Category: History

Page: 189

View: 3263

Wahrend der Regierungszeit des Konigs Tukulti-Ninurta I. (1233-1197) kam die Expansion des mittelassyrischen Reiches, die knapp ein Jahrhundert zuvor ihren Anfang genommen hatte, zu einem vorlau? gen Hohepunkt. Spatestens nach dem Sieg uber den sudlichen Nachbarn und Erzrivalen Babylon war Assyrien im Kreis der Grossmachte Vorderasiens zur bestimmenden Macht geworden. In den eroberten Gebieten des Westens (Gezira, Euphratgebiet) erfolgte der konsequente Ausbau eines Netzes administrativer Zentren, zu dem auch die Stadt Harbe (modern Tell Chuera) gehorte. Hier fand sich in einem of?ziellen Gebaude der mittelassyrischen Siedlung ein Archiv mit administrativen Urkunden und Briefen, die uber einen Zeitraum von etwa anderthalb Dekaden die Organisation der staatlichen Okonomie, militarische Aktivitaten und nicht zuletzt die Abfertigung durchreisender Kuriere und auslandischer Diplomaten aus Hatti, Agypten und der Levante dokumentieren. Die insgesamt 112 Texte und Textfragmente erlauben so bisher nicht gekannte Einblicke in den Alltag einer assyrischen Distrikthauptstadt vor der Wende vom 13. zum 12. Jahrhundert v. Chr.
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Bericht aus Yucatán

Author: Diego de Landa

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783150205280

Category:

Page: 291

View: 8828

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Kulturerbe und Denkmalpflege transkulturell

Grenzgänge zwischen Theorie und Praxis

Author: Michael S. Falser,Monica Juneja

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839420911

Category: Social Science

Page: 370

View: 6874

Seit Ende des europäischen Kolonialprojekts und mit den aktuellen Auswirkungen der Globalisierung ist die eurozentrische und nationalstaatlich orientierte Konzeption von »Kulturerbe« in eine konfliktgeladene Schieflage geraten, die auch die institutionalisierte Denkmalpflege vor neue Herausforderungen stellt. Dieser Band stellt mit Fallbeispielen aus aller Welt die kulturwissenschaftliche Denkfigur der »Transkulturalität« vor, mit der sich neue Zugangsformen zu Kulturerbe ergeben: mit einer Wertschätzung grenzüberschreitender Kontaktzonen, flüchtig-bildhafter Erscheinungsformen, hybrid-ephemerer Materialität und heterogener Identitätskonstruktionen.
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Amerika vor Kolumbus

Die Geschichte eines unentdeckten Kontinents

Author: Charles C. Mann

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644055211

Category: Social Science

Page: 720

View: 6306

Charles C. Mann schreibt die Geschichte des vorkolumbischen Amerikas. Er macht deutlich, dass die indianischen Kulturen oftmals weiter entwickelt waren als die europäische. Ihre Boote waren schneller und wendiger als die der Europäer, ihre Städte größer als das damalige Paris. Kolumbus‘ Ankunft in Amerika veränderte den Kontinent fundamental. Zwei Zivilisationen trafen aufeinander, deren Historie und Kultur unterschiedlicher nicht hätten sein können, und für die Ureinwohner war die Begegnung folgenschwer: Die Masern-, Pocken- und die Grippeviren, welche die Europäer einschleppten, rafften einen Großteil von ihnen dahin, Kriege entmachteten sie. Mann lässt das vorkolumbische Amerika aufleben. Er gewährt uns überraschende Einblicke in die Lebensweise der Ureinwohner und zeigt, wie noch heute ihre Mais-, Kürbis- und Kartoffelanbauflächen weite Teile des Kontinents prägen. «Amerika vor Kolumbus» ist ein wichtiges, mitreißend erzähltes Buch. «Die Indianer waren keine nomadischen, ökologisch vorbildlichen Menschen, die zu Pferde Büffel jagten. Sie erbauten und bevölkerten einige der größten und reichsten Städte der Welt. Keineswegs abhängig von der Großwildjagd, lebten die meisten Indianer auf Farmen. Amerika war unermesslich geschäftiger, mannigfaltiger und dichter bevölkert, als es sich die Forscher früher vorgestellt hatten. Und älter war es auch.» Das Buch wurde von der National Academy of Sciences als bestes Buch des Jahres ausgezeichnet.
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Der Weg der Masken

Author: Claude Lévi-Strauss

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518292853

Category: Indian art

Page: 148

View: 514

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Die Entstehung des Wohlstands

wie Evolution die Wirtschaft antreibt

Author: Eric D. Beinhocker

Publisher: MI Wirtschaftsbuch

ISBN: 9783636030863

Category:

Page: 592

View: 4087

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1918 - Die Welt im Fieber

Wie die Spanische Grippe die Gesellschaft veränderte

Author: Laura Spinney

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446259589

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 5584

Der Erste Weltkrieg geht zu Ende, und eine weitere Katastrophe fordert viele Millionen Tote: die Spanische Grippe. Binnen weniger Wochen erkrankt ein Drittel der Weltbevölkerung. Trotzdem sind die Auswirkungen auf Gesellschaft, Politik und Kultur weitgehend unbekannt. Ob in Europa, Asien oder Afrika, an vielen Orten brachte die Grippe die Machtverhältnisse ins Wanken, womöglich beeinflusste sie die Verhandlung des Versailler Vertrags und verursachte Modernisierungsbewegungen. Anhand von Schicksalen auf der ganzen Welt öffnet Laura Spinney das Panorama dieser Epoche. Sie füllt eine klaffende Lücke in der Geschichtsschreibung und erlaubt einen völlig neuen Blick auf das Schicksalsjahr 1918.
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Die Schlacht bei Sieben Blume

Konquistadoren, Kaziken und Konflikte auf alten Landkarten der Indianer Südmexikos

Author: Viola König

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Indians of Mexico

Page: 192

View: 7755

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Die Eroberung von Mexiko

Drei eigenhändige Berichte von Ferdinand Cortez an Kaiser Karl V.

Author: Ernst Schultze

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3863829859

Category:

Page: 648

View: 6541

Im Original 1907 erschienenes Buch ber die Eroberung Mexikos durch Ferdinand Cortez.
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Tinissima : Roman

Author: Elena Poniatowska

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518395929

Category:

Page: 463

View: 7328

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