Doing Qualitative Research

Author: Benjamin F. Crabtree,William L. Miller

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: 9780803943124

Category: Social Science

Page: 276

View: 4951

Essential strategies for undertaking qualitative research are discussed in this volume, which explores and dispels prevalent myths and opens the way for health researchers to collect interview and observational data and to understand interpretive analysis. Each chapter establishes the context when a specific method should be chosen, offers a step-by-step description of the method, describes how the quality of each method is assessed and provides interesting real-life examples. Two concluding chapters describe a completed research study of physician health promotion activities and a study using focus groups to determine a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease.
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Research Methods in Primary Care

Author: Yvonne Carter,Cathryn Thomas

Publisher: Radcliffe Publishing

ISBN: 9781857751987

Category: Medical

Page: 185

View: 8584

This book is designed to introduce a basic range of research skills relevant to primary care.
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Clinical Research in Complementary Therapies E-Book

Principles, Problems and Solutions

Author: George Thomas Lewith,Wayne B. Jonas,Harald Walach

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702049166

Category: Medical

Page: 426

View: 6812

The use of complementary therapies is exploding, increasing the pressure to establish a rigorous science to support its practice. Clinical Research in Complementary Therapies: Principles, Problems and Solutions provides students with the tools they need to research complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) and so fill this gap. Essential for both undergraduate and postgraduate students, this second edition is significantly updated and enhanced. Part 1 deals with research strategies and methods, explaining the major types of clinical research in CIM and how these inter-relate. New chapters are included on whole systems research, qualitative research and questionnaire development. Not all therapies can be treated the same way nor channeled through the signal process of randomized controlled trials. Therefore, detailed description of mixed methods approaches including observational, qualitative, cost-benefit and comparative effectiveness research are described. Part 2 deals with specific complementary therapies and how they are invested by experts in each field. The book analyses the key questions asked and the controversies debated in complementary medicine research and offers clear and innovative guidance for answering these questions. FEATURES • Provides an overarching synthesis of methods in CIM and how they are to be used collectively including the role of comparative effectiveness research • Suggests both general and specific factors which need to be considered in assessing or planning complementary therapy research • Pinpoints aspects of research which are different in orthodox research and complementary therapy research • Reviews the types of research carried out in specific complementary therapies and analyses issues which arise • Includes information on measuring the economic cost and benefits of complementary medicine, clinical audit and the role of placebos use • Builds upon recent research results, looks at the lessons these provide for all complementary therapies and suggests key issues to address in future research. • Provides an overarching synthesis of methods in CIM and how they are to be used collectively including the role of comparative effectiveness research • Suggests both general and specific factors which need to be considered in assessing or planning complementary therapy research • Pinpoints aspects of research which are different in orthodox research and complementary therapy research • Reviews the types of research carried out in specific complementary therapies and analyses issues which arise • Includes information on measuring the economic cost and benefits of complementary medicine, clinical audit and the role of placebos use • Builds upon recent research results, looks at the lessons these provide for all complementary therapies and suggests key issues to address in future research.
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Resources for Nursing Research

An Annotated Bibliography

Author: Cynthia Clamp,Stephen Gough,Lucy Land

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1847877362

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 8607

'The 4th edition of this extensive text is an outstanding resource prepared by nurses (and a librarian) for nurses. In a structured and helpful style it presents thousands of items from the literature - published papers, reports, books and electronic resources - as a clear, accessible, and most of all useful collection. The efforts to signpost and lead the reader to the sought-for information are effective and well-conceived, and the "How to use this book" section is remarkably simple...the book should be found in every nursing and health library, every research institute and centre, and close to many career researchers' desks' - RCN Research This latest edition of Resources for Nursing Research provides a comprehensive bibliography of sources on nursing research, and includes references for books, journal papers and Internet resources. Designed to act as a 'signpost' to available literature in the area, this Fourth Edition covers the disciplines of nursing, health care and the social sciences. Entries are concise, informative and accessible, and are arranged under three main sections: · 'Sources of Literature' covers the process of literature searching, including using libraries and other tools for accessing literature · 'Methods of Inquiry' includes an introduction to research, how to conceptualize and design nursing and health research, measurement and data collection, and the interpretation and presentation of data · 'The Background to Research in Nursing' encompasses the development of nursing research; the profession's responsibilities; the role of government; funding; research roles and careers; and education for research. Fully revised and updated, the Fourth Edition includes just under 3000 entries, of which 90% are new. It has extensive coverage of US, UK literature and other international resources. This new edition will be an essential guide for all those with an interest in nursing research, including students, teachers, librarians, practitioners and researchers.
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Qualitative Research in Health

An Introduction

Author: Carol Grbich

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446235010

Category: Medicine

Page: 320

View: 1688

Qualitative Research in Health offers a comprehensive and practical introduction to the main theories and methods of qualitative research for the health sciences.
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Qualitative Methods for Health Research

Author: Judith Green,Nicki Thorogood

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761947714

Category: Medical

Page: 262

View: 728

Using examples from health research projects in a wide range of settings, this book introduces public health, health services research, nursing and health promotion professionals and students to: the key debates in qualitative methodology; issues in designing ethical and feasible projects; the main methods of collecting and analyzing qualitative data; and ways of reading and writing qualitative research.
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Qualitative Research in Health Care

Author: Catherine Pope,Nicholas Mays

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111870312X

Category: Medical

Page: 168

View: 9833

This fully revised and updated edition of Qualitative Researchin Health Care offers a clear and accessible introduction toconducting and interpreting qualitative research, incorporating newexamples, references and chapters relevant for a comprehensiveintroduction to the subject. New chapters and references include: Synthesising qualitative research Secondary analysis of primary data Ethical issues Mixed research methods and integrating qualitative withquantitative techniques Consensus and other methods for eliciting public andprofessional views and preferences Conversation analysis
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Evidence-Based Practice Manual for Nurses - E-Book

Author: Jean V. Craig,Rosalind L. Smyth

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 070204668X

Category: Medical

Page: 398

View: 4943

The Evidence-based Practice Manual successfully breaks down the skills for evidence-based nursing into manageable components. The reader will learn how to find, critically read and interpret a range of research studies, and will discover optimal approaches to helping patients reach decisions that are informed by the best-available evidence. The more-strategic concepts of developing an organisational evidence-based culture and making evidence-based changes at organisational level are the focus of the final section. Step-by-step guide to finding, appraising and applying research evidence in nursing Teaches skills for successfully reviewing published literature: formulating a focused question developing a search strategy for efficient retrieval of relevant studies appraising the retrieved studies All examples are relevant to nurses and nursing Reflects contemporary nursing issues A new chapter on ‘Using research evidence in making clinical decisions with the individual patient’ provides practical guidance and tools for decision-making A new chapter on ‘Using evidence from qualitative studies’ explains the complexities of qualitative methodologies and methods in a simple, easily understood way Online exercises and solutions Help the reader test out and consolidate newly acquired skills and knowledge Provide an opportunity to critically appraise studies with the following range of designs: qualitative research a randomised controlled trial a cohort study a case control study a diagnostic test accuracy study a systematic review a clinical guideline Example solutions are provided, all written by experts in the field.
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Critical Reading for Primary Care

Author: Roger Jones (Prof.),Ann-Louise Kinmonth

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Family medicine

Page: 239

View: 9169

An essential part of the continuing education of general practitioners is the critical evaluation of published papers, yet many GPs feel unsure about their ability to do this effectively. Using original research papers as the basis for a series of critical essays, this book demonstrates clearly how to get the most from the published literature. The editors describe the ways in which the reader can approach and evaluate a variety of research methodologies and topics. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods are covered, involving in-depth interviews, descriptive surveys, analytical studies, randomized controlled trials, and cohort studies, and covering many aspects of patient care. This book will be useful for trainee GPs working towards the MRCGP examination and for established principals wishing to incorporate current research publications into continuing medical education and higher professional training.
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Research Methods for Massage and Holistic Therapies - E-Book

Author: Glenn Hymel

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323070493

Category: Medical

Page: 360

View: 5150

This comprehensive resource covers a broad array of research strategies available to massage therapists to give them the tools they need to be knowledgeable readers of research literature, as well as active researchers. The primary focus of the book is on the quantitative aspect of research that encompasses the principal types of studies most extensively used in the various health care professions, specifically massage therapy. Extensive coverage is also given to the qualitative and integrative research categories that are progressively gaining recognition among researchers in various health science disciplines and professions. Accommodates the March 2003 mandate from the Commission on Massage Therapy Accreditation (COMTA) that massage therapy schools incorporate into their curricula provisions to ensure a research literate profession. Examples and techniques for interpreting research guide practitioners and students to be knowledgeable readers of massage therapy research, allowing application to practice. Relies heavily on concept maps, flowcharts, tables, and illustrations and excerpts of published studies to augment the book's narrative development of topics by providing pictorial displays and summaries of the material. Literature-based and hypothetical research examples/illustrations from several manual therapy professions employing therapeutic massage make the material pertinent to real-life settings An introductory section at the beginning of each chapter reviews the material covered in the previous chapter and how it relates to the new material. Chapter coverage spans the quantitative, qualitative, and integrative research categories and affiliated research strategies and methods are considered in detail. Review/summary tables give an overview of the narrative development of topics. Boxes provide the essential features of a given topic. Relies on multiple examples of possible research scenarios and illustrative excerpts from the published research literature. Content is cross-referenced for use with the Massage Therapy Foundation's Massage Therapy Research Curriculum Kit to provide both instructors and students in the 6-, 15-, and 24-hour options/levels an extensively-developed resource in one place. Each chapter includes recommended web sites and software application packages for further information.
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Practical Evidence-Based Physiotherapy - E-Book

Author: Robert Herbert,Gro Jamtvedt,Kåre Birger Hagen,Judy Mead,Sir Iain Chalmers

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702047139

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 7421

Evidence-based practice has become a central part of physiotherapy today, but it is still an area which is constantly expanding and being updated. Written by an international team of experts, this second edition continues to outline the basic definitions of evidence-based practice and clinical reasoning, while detailing how to find and critically appraise evidence and clinical practice guidelines and the steps to follow in the implementation and evaluation of evidence. For those struggling to understand both the concepts and how to implement them, this book will prove to be an invaluable and practical guide. Considers how both quantitative and qualitative research can be used to answer clinical questions Written for readers with different levels of expertise Highlighted critical points and text box summaries (basic) Detailed explanations in text (intermediate) Footnotes (advanced) Presents detailed strategies for searching physiotherapy-relevant databases Extensive consideration of clinical practice guidelines Chapter asking the question: When and how should new therapies be introduced into clinical practice? Search strategies Evaluating quality of interventions Placebo effects Meta-regression
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Research Methods for Clinical Therapists E-Book

Applied Project Design and Analysis

Author: Carolyn M. Hicks

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702041882

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 7511

Struggling to do a project or dissertation, evaluate published research or conduct your own research? Help is at hand with this 5th edition of Research Methods for Clinical Therapists, which explains, in a clear and simple manner, how to evaluate existing research and how to conduct your own research. Aimed at undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as the practising health care professional, the focus of the text is the design and analysis of experimental studies. These are vital to the effectiveness studies that are central to the work of the healthcare professional. Specific examples from different areas of healthcare are used to explain the core research concepts and relate them to clinical situations. Statistical theory and jargon are kept to a minimum. 'Key concept' boxes to explain technical research terms Activities and exercises (with answers provided in an appendix) to reinforce learning Sample critique of a published research article Comprehensive coverage of the key components of a robust research study Explanation of basic mathematical concepts Extended section on calculating sample sizes Guidelines on the preparation of posters Calculation of Inter-rater reliability measures, including Cohen’s Kappa, ICC (interclass correlation) and Bland-Altman graphs of inter-rater agreement Introduction to Receiver Operating Characteristics, for use in screening and diagnostic testing against gold-standards The Thurstone Paired Comparison Technique, valuable in capturing the user voice on a variety of service planning, design and development issues Undertaking Systematic Reviews Relevant further reading for each chapter to support readers in their work.
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Quantitative Methods for Health Research

A Practical Interactive Guide to Epidemiology and Statistics

Author: Bruce,Daniel Pope,Debbi Stanistreet

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111869337X

Category: Medical

Page: 552

View: 3014

Quantitative Research Methods for Health Professionals: APractical Interactive Course is a superb introductionto epidemiology, biostatistics, and research methodology for thewhole health care community. Drawing examples from a wide range of health research, thispractical handbook covers important contemporary health researchmethods such as survival analysis, Cox regression, andmeta-analysis, the understanding of which go beyond introductoryconcepts. The book includes self-assessment exercises throughout to helpstudents explore and reflect on their understanding and a cleardistinction is made between a) knowledge and concepts that allstudents should ensure they understand and b) those that can bepursued by students who wish to do so. The authors incorporate a program of practical exercises in SPSSusing a prepared data set that helps to consolidate the theory anddevelop skills and confidence in data handling, analysis andinterpretation.
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Qualitative Research in Practice

Examples for Discussion and Analysis

Author: Sharan B. Merriam,Robin S. Grenier

Publisher: Jossey-Bass

ISBN: 1119452023

Category: Education

Page: 496

View: 4907

A practical introduction to qualitative research across fields and disciplines Qualitative Research in Practice offers a hands-on introduction to qualitative research design, methods, data, and analysis. Designed as a companion text for any course involving qualitative research, this book explores the different types of qualitative studies with relevant examples and analysis by the researchers themselves. The workbook format makes it easy to use in the classroom or the field, and the depth of information makes it a valuable resource for students of social work, psychology, counseling, management, education, health care, or any field in which qualitative research is conducted. While quantitative research is primarily concerned with numerical data, qualitative research methods are more flexible, responsive, and open to contextual information. To a qualitative researcher, a situation is defined by the participants’ perspectives, making it the primary method of inquiry for understanding social phenomena through the lens of experience. This book introduces the essentials of qualitative research, bolstered by expert analysis and discussion that provides deeper insight than a traditional textbook format would allow. Understand the fundamental nature of qualitative research Learn how to accurately assess and evaluate qualitative research Explore qualitative research’s many forms and applications Gain insight on qualitative research in a variety of fields and disciplines How does one codify an experience? Is it possible to measure emotion in units? Qualitative research fills the void where numbers cannot reach. It is the best tool we have for studying the unquantifiable aspects of the human experience, and it is an essential tool in a wide variety of fields. Qualitative Research in Practice provides translatable skills in a practical format to quicken your transition from “learning” to “using.”
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Developing Practice for Public Health and Health Promotion E-Book

Author: Jennie Naidoo,Jane Wills

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702044350

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 6767

This title is now out of print. A new edition with e-book is available under ISBN 9780702044540. This package provides you with the book plus the eBook – giving you the printed book and also giving access to the complete book content electronically. Evolve eBooks allows you to quickly search the entire book, make notes, add highlights, and study more efficiently. Buying other Evolve eBooks titles makes your learning experience even better: all of the eBooks will work together on your electronic 'bookshelf', so that you can search across your entire library of Nursing eBooks. Developing Practice for Public Health and Health Promotion is the second title in the ‘Public Health and Health Promotion Practice’ series, expanding on the best-selling introductory textbook, Foundations for Health Promotion. Developing Practice is an essential text for the many different practitioners, professionals and specialists who contribute to public health and health promotion, enabling them to develop their knowledge, skills and confidence. Fully updated to reflect the many changes in health promotion theory, practice and policy New chapter on empowerment as a key health promotion strategy Case studies, activities and discussion points encourage interaction and reflection, and stimulate learning Unique, user-friendly approach makes learning easy Examines the forces that drive practice Focuses on the core strategies of: Tackling health inequalities User and public participation and involvement Working in partnerships Empowerment. Identifies current public health priorities and how to address these in practice. Fully updated to reflect the many changes in health promotion theory, practice and policy New chapter on empowerment as a key health promotion strategy
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Evidence-Based Practice Across the Health Professions

Author: Tammy Hoffmann,Sally Bennett,Christopher Del Mar

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729582272

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 1414

An expanded and revised new E-book edition of the respected evidence-based practice (EBP) foundation text. Evidence-based Practice across the Health Professions, 2nd Edition E-book provides health professions students with the basic knowledge and skills necessary to become evidence-based clinicians. Years after its 2009 publication, Evidence-based Practice across the Health Professions remains one of the few truly multidisciplinary evidence-based practice textbooks meeting the needs of undergraduate and postgraduate students enrolled in inter-professional courses. Fully revised and expanded, the second edition of this key health textbook picks up where the first left off: demystifying the practice of finding and using evidence to inform decision-making across a range of professions and roles within the healthcare sector. Evidence-based Practice across the Health Professions, 2nd Edition E-book covers an additional three health disciplines - now totalling 12 - and features a new chapter on the important role of organisations in promoting evidence-based practice. Additional new content includes a greater emphasis on reflection, new clinical scenarios and additional examples of systematic reviews. The authors’ focused, user-friendly approach helps students understand the importance and implications of evidence-based practice, and addresses the growing importance of collaborative practice and the reality of multidisciplinary health teams in the overall healthcare environment. Worked examples of a wide range of case scenarios and appraised papers (some are discipline-specific and others are multidisciplinary). Designed to be used by students from a wide range of health professions, thus facilitating the student’s ability to understand the needs of multi-disciplinary health-care teams in a real-life setting. Includes a detailed chapter on implementing evidence into practice and other topics that are not typically addressed in other texts, such as a chapter about how to communicate evidence to clients and another that discusses the role of clinical reasoning in evidence-based practice. Summary points at the end of each chapter. Supported by an Evolve resource package that contains revision questions that utilize a range of question formats. Three new health disciplines covered - human movement & exercise science, pharmacy and paramedicine - with new clinical scenarios. New chapter - Embedding evidence-based practice into routine clinical care. Elsevier’s Evolve - an expanded suite of online assets to provide additional teaching and student resources. New examples of appraising and using systematic reviews of qualitative evidence (meta-synthesis). Nine new contributors including paramedicine, CAMS, qualitative EBP and nursing. New larger format and internal design.
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Research Methods for Leisure and Tourism

A Practical Guide

Author: Anthony James Veal

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780273682004

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 421

View: 6691

A comprehensive guide to practical research in the leisure and tourism sector.
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Introduction to Research in the Health Sciences E-Book

Author: Stephen Polgar,Shane A. Thomas

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702050164

Category: Medical

Page: 344

View: 7454

Like the previous versions, the fifth edition of An Introduction to Research in the Health Sciences has two overall aims. 1) To introduce the fundamental principles of research methodology and explain how these principles are applied for conducting research in the health sciences. 2) To demonstrate how evidence produced through research is applied to solving problems in everday health care. This book is written in an accessible style. It maintains the traditions of the previous editions, with examples, questions, feedback sections, and an extensive glossary. Uses simple language and demystifies the jargon Provides built-in feedback for readers to assess their own progress Gives examples relating directly to the health sciences Provides an extensive glossary for better understanding of the language of research Addresses qualitative as well as quantitative research issues Includes a chapter focussing on the use of qualitative methods in health research Includes a chapter for discussing systematic reviews and meta-analyses Contains more revision questions Increased emphasis throughout on evidence based concepts More and updated discussion of qualitative research methods New section on basic epidemiological concepts as a research approach More discussion of analysis and use of administrative and secondary data sets as research resources Complete rewrite of the chapter on causal research Stronger links between the sections on different stages of research
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Pharmacology for the Primary Care Provider - E-Book

Author: Marilyn Winterton Edmunds,Maren Stewart Mayhew

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323063160

Category: Medical

Page: 864

View: 7958

Written by and for nurse practitioners, this practical textbook focuses on what primary care providers need to learn and practice drug therapy. With an overall emphasis on patient teaching and health promotion, you will learn how to provide effective patient teaching about medications and how to gain patient compliance. Drug coverage focuses on “key drugs rather than “prototype drugs, so you can find important information about the most commonly used drugs rather than the first drug in each class. You will also find discussions on the legal and professional issues unique to nurse practitioners and other primary care providers. The 3rd edition also features an expanded emphasis on established clinical practice guidelines and evidence-based practice, plus two new chapters that cover drugs for ADHD and drugs for dementia. UNIQUE! Written specifically for nurse practitioners with an overall emphasis on patient teaching and health promotion. UNIQUE! Covers specific topics such as prescriptive authority, role implementation, and writing prescriptions. Presents comprehensive coverage of the drugs most commonly prescribed in – and the issues most relevant to – primary care practice. UNIQUE! Identifies the Top 200 drugs in chapter openers with a special icon and covers them in-depth to familiarize you with the most important, need-to-know drug information. Uses a consistent heading scheme for each prototype drug discussion to make it easier to learn and understand key concepts. Includes an introductory chapter on “Design and Implementation of Patient Education that highlights content on patient teaching and compliance. Includes specific “Patient Education sections in each drug chapter. Provides extensive coverage of drug therapy for special populations to alert you to special considerations based on age, pregnancy, race and other factors. A separate chapter on “Complementary and Alternative Therapies discusses the available complementary and alternative modalities, including detailed information on actions, uses, and interactions of commonly used herbs. Drug Overview tables at the beginning of each chapter outline the classifications of drugs discussed and provide a handy reference of drug classes and subclasses, generic names, and trade names. Clinical Alerts highlight essential information that primary care providers must remember in order to avoid serious problems, including cautions for prescribing, information about drug interactions, or warnings about particularly ominous adverse effects. An entire unit covers drugs for health promotion to introduce you to drugs commonly seen in outpatient primary care settings and to prepare you for practice in a society increasingly focused on health promotion and disease prevention. Includes separate chapters on Immunizations and Biologicals, Weight Management, Smoking Cessation, Vitamins and Minerals, Over-the-Counter Medications, and Complementary and Alternative Therapies.
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