Does War Make States?

Investigations of Charles Tilly's Historical Sociology

Author: Lars Bo Kaspersen,Jeppe Strandsbjerg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107141508

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 4580

This engaging volume scrutinises the causal relationship between warfare and state formation, using Charles Tilly's work as a foundation.
Release

Bringing the State Back In

Author: Peter B. Evans,Dietrich Rueschemeyer,Theda Skocpol,Social Science Research Council (U.S.). Committee on States and Social Structures,Joint Committee on Latin American Studies,Joint Committee on Western Europe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521313131

Category: Political Science

Page: 390

View: 5959

Until recently, dominant theoretical paradigms in the comparative social sciences did not highlight states as organizational structures or as potentially autonomous actors. Indeed, the term 'state' was rarely used. Current work, however, increasingly views the state as an agent which, although influenced by the society that surrounds it, also shapes social and political processes. The contributors to this volume, which includes some of the best recent interdisciplinary scholarship on states in relation to social structures, make use of theoretically engaged comparative and historical investigations to provide improved conceptualizations of states and how they operate. Each of the book's major parts presents a related set of analytical issues about modern states, which are explored in the context of a wide range of times and places, both contemporary and historical, and in developing and advanced-industrial nations. The first part examines state strategies in newly developing countries. The second part analyzes war making and state making in early modern Europe, and discusses states in relation to the post-World War II international economy. The third part pursues new insights into how states influence political cleavages and collective action. In the final chapter, the editors bring together the questions raised by the contributors and suggest tentative conclusions that emerge from an overview of all the articles. As a programmatic work that proposes new directions for the analysis of modern states, the volume will appeal to a wide range of teachers and students of political science, political economy, sociology, history, and anthropology.
Release

De-Centering State Making

Comparative and International Perspectives

Author: Jens Bartelson,Martin Hall,Jan Teorell

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1788112997

Category:

Page: 256

View: 2187

Bridging the gap between international relations and comparative politics, this book transposes Eurocentric theories and narratives of state-making to new historical and geographical contexts in order to probe their scope conditions. In doing this, the authors question received explanations of the historical origins and geographical limits of state-making, questioning the unilinear view of the emergence of the modern state and the international system. Theoretically and methodologically eclectic, the volume explores a range of empirical cases not often discussed in the literature.
Release

War in Human Civilization

Author: Azar Gat

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199236631

Category: History

Page: 822

View: 9603

Why do people go to war? Is it rooted in human nature or is it a late cultural invention? And what of war today - is it a declining phenomenon or simply changing its shape? In this truly global study of war and civilization, Azar Gat sets out to find definitive answers to these questions in an attempt to unravel the 'riddle of war' throughout human history, from the early hunter-gatherers right through to the unconventional terrorism of the twenty-first century. Written with remarkable verve and clarity and wholly free from jargon, it will be of interest to anyone who has ever pondered the puzzle of war.
Release

Contentious Performances

Author: Charles Tilly

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316582574

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 2285

How can we get inside popular collective struggles and explain how they work? Contentious Performances presents a distinctive approach to analyzing such struggles, drawing especially on incomparably rich evidence from Great Britain between 1758 and 1834. The book accomplishes three main things. First, it presents a logic and method for describing contentious events, occasions on which people publicly make consequential claims on each other. Second, it shows how that logic yields superior explanations of the dynamics in such events, both individually and in the aggregate. Third, it illustrates its methods and arguments by means of detailed analyses of contentious events in Great Britain from 1758 to 1834.
Release

The Hidden History of Crime, Corruption, and States

Author: Renate Bridenthal

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1785335189

Category: Crime

Page: 282

View: 1451

Renowned historical sociologist Charles Tilly wrote many years ago that "banditry, piracy, gangland rivalry, policing, and war-making all belong on the same continuum." This volume pursues the idea by revealing how lawbreakers and lawmakers have related to one another on the shadowy terrains of power over wide stretches of time and space. Illicit activities and forces have been more important in state building and state maintenance than conventional histories have acknowledged. Covering vast chronological and global terrain, this book traces the contested and often overlapping boundaries between these practices in such very different polities as the pre-modern city-states of Europe, the modern nation-states of France and Japan, the imperial power of Britain in India and North America, Africa's and Southeast Asia's postcolonial states, and the emerging postmodern regional entity of the Mediterranean Sea. Indeed, the contemporary explosion of transnational crime raises the question of whether or not the relationship of illicit to licit practices may be mutating once more, leading to new political forms beyond the nation-state. --Amazon.com.
Release

Waves of War

Nationalism, State Formation, and Ethnic Exclusion in the Modern World

Author: Andreas Wimmer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107025559

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 4181

"Why did the nation-state emerge and proliferate across the globe? How is this process related to the wars fought in the modern era? This book offers a new perspective on these issues. Analyzing datasets that cover the entire world over long stretches oftime, Andreas Wimmer shows that political power and legitimacy are central to our understanding of nation building, ethnic politics and the violent conflicts associated with both. He argues that shifting from dynastic or imperial legitimacy to rule in the name of a nationally defined people was both the consequence and the cause of wars between and within states. Once the 'like over like' principle was established, the ethno-political inequality that characterized nation-states with weak institutional capacity led to further ethnic conflict. Waves of War demonstrates why nationalism and ethnic politics are crucial for a proper understanding of world and domestic politics over the past 200 years"--
Release

The Oxford Handbook of Transformations of the State

Author: Stephan Leibfried,Evelyne Huber,Matthew Lange,Jonah D. Levy,Frank Nullmeier,John D. Stephens

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191643254

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 860

This Handbook offers a comprehensive treatment of transformations of the state, from its origins in different parts of the world and different time periods to its transformations since World War II in the advanced industrial countries, the post-Communist world, and the Global South. Leading experts in their fields, from Europe and North America, discuss conceptualizations and theories of the state and the transformations of the state in its engagement with a changing international environment as well as with changing domestic economic, social, and political challenges. The Handbook covers different types of states in the Global South (from failed to predatory, rentier and developmental), in different kinds of advanced industrial political economies (corporatist, statist, liberal, import substitution industrialization), and in various post-Communist countries (Russia, China, successor states to the USSR, and Eastern Europe). It also addresses crucial challenges in different areas of state intervention, from security to financial regulation, migration, welfare states, democratization and quality of democracy, ethno-nationalism, and human development. The volume makes a compelling case that far from losing its relevance in the face of globalization, the state remains a key actor in all areas of social and economic life, changing its areas of intervention, its modes of operation, and its structures in adaption to new international and domestic challenges.
Release

Remaking Modernity

Politics, History, and Sociology

Author: Julia Adams,Elisabeth Clemens,Ann Shola Orloff

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822333630

Category: Social Science

Page: 612

View: 1849

A state-of-the-field survey of historical sociology, Remaking Modernity highlights the resurgence in historical inquiry underway right now, assesses the field's past accomplishments, and peers into the future, delineating changes to come. The seventeen essays in this collection reveal the potential of historical sociology to transform understandings of social and cultural change. Where many discussions of the field have focused on questions of method, these essays illuminate the substantive and theoretical challenges presented by modernity, by social change writ large. This volume captures an exciting new conversation among historical sociologists that brings a wider interdisciplinary project to bear on the problems and prospects of modernity. The contributors represent a wide range of theoretical orientations and a broad spectrum of understandings of what constitutes historical sociology. They address such topics as religion, war, citizenship, markets, professions, gender and welfare, colonialism, ethnicity and groups, bureaucracy, revolutions, collective action, and the modernist social sciences themselves. Remaking Modernity includes a significant introduction in which the editors consider prior orientations in historic sociology in order to highlight more recent developments. They point out how current research is building on and challenging previous work through attention to institutionalism, rational-choice, the cultural turn, feminist theories and approaches, and colonialism and the racial formations of empire. Contributors Julia Adams Justin Baer Richard Biernacki Bruce Carruthers Elisabeth Clemens Rebecca Jean Emigh Philip Gorski Roger Gould Meyer Kestmbaum Edgar Kiser Ming-Cheng Lo Zine Magubane Ann Shola Orloff Nader Sohrabi George Steinmetz Julia Adams is Arthur F. Thurnau Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Michigan. She is the author of The Familial State: Ruling Families and Merchant Capitalism in Early Modern Europe. Elisabeth Clemens is Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Chicago. She is the author of The People's Lobby: Organizational Innovation and the Rise of the Interest Group. Ann Shola Orloff is Professor of Sociology at Northwestern University. Her most recent book is Women's Employment and Welfare Regimes: Globalization, Export Orientation, and Social Policy in Europe and North America.
Release

Coercion, Capital and European States

AD 990 - 1992

Author: Charles Tilly

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781557863683

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 1696

In this pathbreaking work, now available in paperback, Charles Tilly challenges all previous formulations of state development in Europe. Specifically, Tilly charges that most available explanations fail because they do not account for the great variety of kinds of states which were viable at different stages of European history, and because they assume a unilinear path of state development resolving in today's national state.
Release

In War's Wake

International Conflict and the Fate of Liberal Democracy

Author: Elizabeth Kier,Ronald R. Krebs

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521157706

Category: Political Science

Page: 314

View: 8099

This landmark interdisciplinary volume brings together distinguished historians, sociologists, and political scientists to examine the impact of war on democracy.
Release

Denmark in the World

Author: Lars Bo Kaspersen

Publisher: Gyldendal Akademisk

ISBN: 9788741255354

Category: History

Page: 281

View: 1478

How did Denmark develop into one of the wealthiest countries in the world? How did it become a country with a robust welfare system and a political tradition that involves not only the governing parties in important decisions, but also the opposition parties and relevant interest organisations?
Release

Dynamics of Contention

Author: Doug McAdam,Sidney Tarrow,Charles Tilly

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521011877

Category: Political Science

Page: 387

View: 4695

Dissatisfied with the compartmentalization of studies concerning strikes, wars, revolutions, social movements, and other forms of political struggle, McAdam, Tarrow, and Tilly identify causal mechanisms and processes that recur across a wide range of contentious politics. Critical of the static, single-actor models (including their own) that have prevailed in the field, they shift the focus of analysis to dynamic interaction. Doubtful that large, complex series of events such as revolutions and social movements conform to general laws, they break events into smaller episodes, then identify recurrent mechanisms and proceses within them. Dynamics of Contention examines and compares eighteen contentious episodes drawn from many different parts of the world since the French Revolution, probing them for consequential and widely applicable mechanisms, for example, brokerage, category formation, and elite defection. The episodes range from nineteenth-century nationalist movements to contemporary Muslim-Hindu conflict to the Tiananmen crisis of 1989 to disintegration of the Soviet Union. The authors spell out the implications of their approach for explanation of revolutions, nationalism, and democratization, then lay out a more general program for study of contentious episodes wherever and whenever they occur.
Release

Vanguard of the Imam

Religion, Politics, and Iran's Revolutionary Guards

Author: Afshon Ostovar

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190491701

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 8247

Iran's Revolutionary Guards are one of the most important forces in the Middle East today. As the appointed defender of Iran's revolution, the Guards have evolved into a pillar of the Islamic Republic and the spearhead of its influence. Their sway has spread across the Middle East, where the Guards have overseen loyalist support to Bashar al-Assad in Syria and been a staunch backer in Iraq's war against ISIS-bringing its own troops, Lebanon's Hezbollah, and Shiite militias to the fight. Links to terrorism, human rights abuses, and the suppression of popular democracy have shrouded the Revolutionary Guards in controversy. In spite of their prominence, the Guards remain poorly understood to outside observers. In Vanguard of the Imam, Afshon Ostovar has written the first comprehensive history of the organization. Situating the rise of the Guards in the larger contexts of Shiite Islam, modern Iranian history, and international affairs, Ostovar takes a multifaceted approach in demystifying the organization and detailing its evolution since 1979. Politics, power, and religion collide in this story, wherein the Revolutionary Guards transform from a rag-tag militia established in the midst of revolutionary upheaval into a military and covert force with a global reach. The Guards have been fundamental to the success of the Islamic revolution. The symbiotic relationship between them and Iran's clerical rulers underpins the regime's nearly unshakeable system of power. The Guards have used their privileged position at home to export Iran's revolution beyond its borders, establishing client armies in their image and extending Iran's strategic footprint in the process. Ostovar tenaciously documents the Guards' transformation into a power-player and explores why the group matters now more than ever to regional and global affairs. The book simultaneously serves as a history of modern Iran, and provides a crucial and engrossing entryway into the complex world of war, politics, and identity in the Middle East.
Release

Global Historical Sociology

Author: Julian Go,George Lawson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107166640

Category: Political Science

Page: 310

View: 8709

Bringing together historical sociologists from Sociology and International Relations, this collection lays out the international, transnational, and global dimensions of social change. It reveals the shortcomings of existing scholarship and argues for a deepening of the 'third wave' of historical sociology through a concerted treatment of transnational and global dynamics as they unfold in and through time. The volume combines theoretical interventions with in-depth case studies. Each chapter moves beyond binaries of 'internalism' and 'externalism,' offering a relational approach to a particular thematic: the rise of the West, the colonial construction of sexuality, the imperial origins of state formation, the global origins of modern economic theory, the international features of revolutionary struggles, and more. By bringing this sensibility to bear on a wide range of issue-areas, the volume lays out the promise of a truly global historical sociology.
Release

Constructing Historical Realism

International Relations as Comparative History

Author: Martin Hall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Europe

Page: 135

View: 4467

Release

War, Institutions, and Social Change in the Middle East

Author: Joint Committee on the Near and Middle East

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520224223

Category: History

Page: 372

View: 6421

A fresh look at the effects of war on state and society in the Middle East, challenging traditional assumptions based on European experience. The authors argue that war has destabilized Middle Eastern states and eroded national cohesion.
Release

The Meanings of Social Life

A Cultural Sociology

Author: Jeffrey C. Alexander

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195306406

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 4398

Presents an approach to how culture works in societies. Exposing our everyday myths and narratives in a series of empirical studies that range from Watergate to the Holocaust, this work shows how these unseen cultural structures translate into concrete actions and institutions.
Release

Social Movements

An Introduction

Author: Donatella della Porta,Mario Diani

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405148217

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 2641

Social Movements is a comprehensive introduction and critical analysis of collective action in society today. In this new edition, the authors have updated all chapters with the most recent scientific literature, expanded on topics such as individual motivations, new media, public policies, and governance. Draws on research and empirical work across the social sciences to address the key questions in this international field. New edition expands on topics such as individual motivations, new media, public policies, and governance. Has been redesigned in a more user-friendly format.
Release