Distributed Hydrologic Modeling Using GIS

Author: Baxter E. Vieux

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9402409300

Category: Science

Page: 262

View: 6630

This book presents a unified approach for modeling hydrologic processes distributed in space and time using geographic information systems (GIS). This Third Edition focuses on the principles of implementing a distributed model using geospatial data to simulate hydrologic processes in urban, rural and peri-urban watersheds. The author describes fully distributed representations of hydrologic processes, where physics is the basis for modeling, and geospatial data forms the cornerstone of parameter and process representation. A physics-based approach involves conservation laws that govern the movement of water, ranging from precipitation over a river basin to flow in a river. Global geospatial data have become readily available in GIS format, and a modeling approach that can utilize this data for hydrology offers numerous possibilities. GIS data formats, spatial interpolation and resolution have important effects on the hydrologic simulation of the major hydrologic components of a watershed, and the book provides examples illustrating how to represent a watershed with spatially distributed data along with the many pitfalls inherent in such an undertaking. Since the First and Second Editions, software development and applications have created a richer set of examples, and a deeper understanding of how to perform distributed hydrologic analysis and prediction. This Third Edition describes the development of geospatial data for use in Vflo® physics-based distributed modeling.
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Impact of Climate Change on Natural Resource Management

Author: Bipal Kr. Jana,Mrinmoy Majumder

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048135813

Category: Science

Page: 493

View: 4787

As climate change takes hold, there is an ever-growing need to develop and apply strategies that optimize the use of natural resources, both on land and in water. This book covers a huge range of strategies that can be applied to various sectors, from forests to flood control. Its aim, as with resource management itself, is to combine economics, policy and science to help rehabilitate and preserve our natural resources. Beginning with papers on carbon sequestration, including the practice of artificial desertification, the topics move on to cover the use of distributed modeling and neural networks in estimating water availability and distribution. Further chapters look at uncertainty analysis applied to the spatial variation of hydrologic resources, and finally the book covers attempts at estimating meteorological parameters in the context of hydrological variables such as evapo-transpiration from stream flow. Within the next decade, the effects of climate change will be severe, and felt by ordinary human beings. This book proposes a raft of measures that can mitigate, if not reverse, the impact of global warming on the resources we have all come to depend on.
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Geographical Information Systems in Hydrology

Author: V.P. Singh,M. Fiorentino

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401587450

Category: Science

Page: 446

View: 420

The last few years have witnessed an enormous interest in application of GIS in hydrology and water resources. This is partly evidenced by organization of sev eral national and international symposia or conferences under the sponsorship of various professional organizations. This increased interest is, in a large measure, in response to growing public sensitivity to environmental quality and management. The GIS technology has the ability to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, and visualize the diverse sets of geo-referenced data. On the other hand, hydrology is inherently spatial and distributed hydrologic models have large data requirements. The integration of hydrology and GIS is therefore quite natural. The integration involves three major components: (1) spatial data construction, (2) integration of spatial model layers, and (3) GIS and model interface. GIS can assist in design, calibration, modification and comparison of models. This integration is spreading worldwide and is expected to accelerate in the foreseeable future. Substantial op portunities exist in integration of GIS and hydrology. We believe there are enough challenges in use of GIS for conceptualizing and modeling complex hydrologic processes and for globalization of hydrology. The motivation for this book grew out of the desire to provide under one cover a range of applications of GIS tech nology in hydrology. It is hoped that the book will stimulate others to write more comprehensive texts on this subject of growing importance.
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Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition

Author: Vijay P. Singh

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071835105

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1808

View: 7015

Fully Updated Hydrology Principles, Methods, and Applications Thoroughly revised for the first time in 50 years, this industry-standard resource features chapter contributions from a “who’s who” of international hydrology experts. Compiled by a colleague of the late Dr. Chow, Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers scientific and engineering fundamentals and presents all-new methods, processes, and technologies. Complete details are provided for the full range of ecosystems and models. Advanced chapters look to the future of hydrology, including climate change impacts, extraterrestrial water, social hydrology, and water security. Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers: · The Fundamentals of Hydrology · Data Collection and Processing · Hydrology Methods · Hydrologic Processes and Modeling · Sediment and Pollutant Transport · Hydrometeorologic and Hydrologic Extremes · Systems Hydrology · Hydrology of Large River and Lake Basins · Applications and Design · The Future of Hydrology
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Distributed Hydrological Modelling

Author: Michael B. Abbott,Jens Christian Refsgaard

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400902573

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 3739

It is the task of the engineer, as of any other professional person, to do everything that is reasonably possible to analyse the difficulties with which his or her client is confronted, and on this basis to design solutions and implement these in practice. The distributed hydrological model is, correspondingly, the means for doing everything that is reasonably possible - of mobilising as much data and testing it with as much knowledge as is economically feasible - for the purpose of analysing problems and of designing and implementing remedial measures in the case of difficulties arising within the hydrological cycle. Thus the aim of distributed hydrologic modelling is to make the fullest use of cartographic data, of geological data, of satellite data, of stream discharge measurements, of borehole data, of observations of crops and other vegetation, of historical records of floods and droughts, and indeed of everything else that has ever been recorded or remembered, and then to apply to this everything that is known about meteorology, plant physiology, soil physics, hydrogeology, sediment transport and everything else that is relevant within this context. Of course, no matter how much data we have and no matter how much we know, it will never be enough to treat some problems and some situations, but still we can aim in this way to do the best that we possibly can.
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Hydrologic Modeling

Select Proceedings of ICWEES-2016

Author: Vijay P Singh,Shalini Yadav,Ram Narayan Yadava

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811058016

Category: Science

Page: 731

View: 9103

This book contains seven parts. The first part deals with some aspects of rainfall analysis, including rainfall probability distribution, local rainfall interception, and analysis for reservoir release. Part 2 is on evapotranspiration and discusses development of neural network models, errors, and sensitivity. Part 3 focuses on various aspects of urban runoff, including hydrologic impacts, storm water management, and drainage systems. Part 4 deals with soil erosion and sediment, covering mineralogical composition, geostatistical analysis, land use impacts, and land use mapping. Part 5 treats remote sensing and geographic information system (GIS) applications to different hydrologic problems. Watershed runoff and floods are discussed in Part 6, encompassing hydraulic, experimental, and theoretical aspects. Water modeling constitutes the concluding Part 7. Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT), Xinanjiang, and Soil Conservation Service-Curve Number (SCS-CN) models are discussed. The book is of interest to researchers and practitioners in the field of water resources, hydrology, environmental resources, agricultural engineering, watershed management, earth sciences, as well as those engaged in natural resources planning and management. Graduate students and those wishing to conduct further research in water and environment and their development and management find the book to be of value.
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GIS and Environmental Modeling

Progress and Research Issues

Author: Michael F. Goodchild,Louis T. Steyaert,Bradley O. Parks

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470236772

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 3837

GIS and Environmental Modeling: Progress and Research Issues Michael F. Goodchild, Louis T. Steyaert, Bradley O. Parks, Carol Johnston, David Maidment, Michael Crane, and Sandi Glendinning, Editors With growing pressure on natural resources and landscapes there is an increasing need to predict the consequences of any changes to the environment. Modelling plays an important role in this by helping our understanding of the environment and by forecasting likely impacts. In recent years moves have been made to link models to Geographical Information Systems to provide a means of analysing changes over an area as well as over time. GIS and Environmental Modeling explores the progress made to date in integrating these two software systems. Approaches to the subject are made from theoretical, technical as well as data stand points. The existing capabilities of current systems are described along with important issues of data availability, accuracy and error. Various case studies illustrate this and highlight the common concepts and issues that exist between researchers in different environmental fields. The future needs and prospects for integrating GIS and environmental models are also explored with developments in both data handling and modelling discussed. The book brings together the knowledge and experience of over 100 researchers from academic, commercial and government backgrounds who work in a wide range of disciplines. The themes followed in the text provide a fund of knowledge and guidance for those involved in environmental modelling and GIS. The book is easily accessible for readers with a basic GIS knowledge and the ideas and results of the research are clearly illustrated with both colour and black and white graphics.
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Sci-tech News

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science and technology libraries

Page: N.A

View: 7515

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GIS for Water Resource and Watershed Management

Author: John G. Lyon

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203217917

Category: Nature

Page: 274

View: 2244

The use of GIS, and its application for solving environmental problems is growing rapidly. This powerful set of tools can be used to great effect in hydrological modeling, environment and habitat assessments, ecosystem studies, monitoring of wetlands and forested watersheds, urban studies, agricultural impact assessment and much more. GIS for Water
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Books in Print

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 3908

Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.
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Urban Hydrology, Watershed Management and Socio-Economic Aspects

Author: Arup K. Sarma,Vijay P. Singh,Suresh A. Kartha,Rajib K. Bhattacharjya

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319401955

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 370

View: 8349

The book brings together high-quality research articles on advanced hydrological analysis, advanced computational methods, and the ecological and sociological aspects of urban watershed management under one umbrella. The rapid pace of urbanization, not accompanied by any farsighted, holistic plan, has reduced many cities in the developing world into multi-hazard areas. The most perceptible consequence of urbanization is the change in land-use and land cover, which in turn impacts hydrological systems. Accordingly, scientific studies on urban hydrology with due emphasis on ecological and sociological aspects under changing climate are vital to the appropriate design of urban landscapes and civil infrastructure works. This book addresses precisely these issues, offering a useful guide for environmentalists, hydrologists, and a broad range of socio-economic scientists exploring the environmental vulnerabilities arising from urbanization.
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Rolling stones?

triggering and frequency of hillslope debris flows in the Bachelard Valley, southern French Alps

Author: Harry Blijenberg

Publisher: Not Avail

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 223

View: 6275

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Books in Print Supplement

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 5999

Includes authors, titles, subjects.
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Ground Water Contamination

Transport and Remediation

Author: Philip B. Bedient,H. S. Rifai,Charles J. Newell

Publisher: Prentice Hall PTR

ISBN: 9780133625929

Category: Groundwater

Page: 541

View: 6077

Unlike other volumes on the subject -- which focus on the geology of groundwater -- this text/reference takes an "engineering" approach. Features concise presentations of both theory and examples -- including extensive case studies from actual remedial investigations and site remediation. Contains full coverage of numerical transport modeling. For engineers specializing in groundwater hydrology and contamination -- with a focus on remediation (clean-up).
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Hydrology and Floodplain Analysis

Author: Philip B. Bedient,Wayne C. Huber,Baxter E. Vieux

Publisher: Pearson

ISBN: 0134162749

Category: Science

Page: 816

View: 3812

This is the eBook of the printed book and may not include any media, website access codes, or print supplements that may come packaged with the bound book. For undergraduate and graduate courses in Hydrology. This text offers a clear and up-to-date presentation of fundamental concepts and design methods required to understand hydrology and floodplain analysis. It addresses the computational emphasis of modern hydrology and provides a balanced approach to important applications in watershed analysis, floodplain computation, flood control, urban hydrology, stormwater design, and computer modeling. This text is perfect for engineers and hydrologists.
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