Social Geography and Politics
Author: Ryan D. Enos
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Political Science
View: 6011The Space Between Us brings the connection between geography, psychology, and politics to life. By going into the neighborhoods of real cities, Enos shows how our perceptions of racial, ethnic, and religious groups are intuitively shaped by where these groups live and interact daily. His accessible writing makes even the most rigorous of social science research widely appealing in this timely book.
Author: Colette Cauvin,Francisco Escobar,Aziz Serradj
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
View: 8874This series in three volumes considers maps as constructions resulting from a number of successive transformations and stages integrated in a logical reasoning and an order of choices. Volume 2 focuses on the impact of the quantitative revolution, partially related to the advent of the computer age, on thematic cartography.
A Geographic Perspective
Author: Reginald G. Golledge
Publisher: Guilford Press
View: 9897How do human beings negotiate the spaces in which they live, work, and play? How are firms and institutions, and their spatial behaviors, being affected by processes of economic and societal change? What decisions do they make about their natural and built environment, and how are these decisions acted out? Updating and expanding concepts of decision making and choice behavior on different geographic scales, this major revision of the authors' acclaimed Analytical Behavioral Geography presents theoretical foundations, extensive case studies, and empirical evidence of human behavior in a comprehensive range of physical, social, and economic settings. Generously illustrated with maps, diagrams, and tables, the volume also covers issues of gender, discusses traditionally excluded groups such as the physically and mentally challenged, and addresses the pressing needs of our growing elderly population.
Geographical Societal Perspectives
Author: A. Kellerman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
View: 5783Time and space are two of the most basic dimensions of human life. They envelop all human beings from birth to death. As such, they provide the context for human existence. At the same time, however, time and space also serve as major influencing factors in mankind's actions. Hence, a vast literature has developed on time and space as separate dimensions, and recently on time-space as joint dimensions. Interestingly enough, the social connotations of time and space have mostly been studied with the individual human being in mind. The more societal significance of time and space, whether separately or jointly, have been relatively neglected. It is the purpose of this volume to help fill this lacuna through discussions on some of the many junctions of time, space, and society at large. The discussion will naturally involve concepts and findings from more than just one discipline -- notably, geography, sociology, social history and political science. It is, thus, obvious that the topic may be highlighted from several perspectives. Given my own education and work, the approach will lean more to the geographical perspective. Geography has a special merit as an integrating framework for the study of time, space, and society. It is a discipline that has space at the center of its raison d'etre and, as such, has always striven for integration, holism and comprehensiveness.
Author: Hans Goebl
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
View: 3807Der seit 30 Jahren immer häufiger verwendete Terminus "Kontaktlinguistik" bezeichnet ein multidisziplinäres Forschungsgebiet, das - eingebunden in den Gesamtrahmen der Linguistik - auf die Mitberücksichtigung zahlreicher soziologischer, psychologischer, ethnologischer, geographischer, historischer, politischer und anthroplogischer Sehweisen angewiesen ist. Die Herausgeber des Handbuchs verstehen unter Kontaktlinguistik eine von Linguisten aller Fachrichtungen gegenüber dem Phänomen des sozialen Kontakts zweier oder mehrerer natürlicher Einzelsprachen eingenommene Forschungshaltung und die daraus sich ergebenden theoretischen und praktischen Resutate. Sie sind sich dabei aber der Tatsache voll bewußt, daß kontaktlinguistisches Forschen keine Neuerung des 20. Jahrhunderts ist, sondern vielmehr schon immer integrativer Bestandteil von Linguistik und Philologie seit deren Existenz als Einzelwissenschaft war. Aus systematischen, arbeitspraktischen, aber auch wissenschafts-historischen Gründen wird jedoch im Rahmen der Konzeption dieses Handbuchs davon ausgegangen, daß von Kontaktlinguistik im engeren Sinne erst in der Nachfolge von Uriel Weinreichs Buch "Languages in Contact" (1953) gesprochen werden kann. Hinsichtlich der Eigenständigkeit der Kontaktlinguistik wird auf zwei heute sehr wesentliche Faktoren hingewiesen: 1) auf den sachlich relevanten Umstand der in neuerer Zeit immens gesteigerten Mobilität vieler Völker, Kulturen und Kulturgüter (und damit auch von deren Sprachen) und 2) auf die wissenschaftliche Notwendigkeit der integrativen Zusammenfügung ansonsten getrennt operierender Einzelwissenschaften zu einer möglichst umfassenden wissenschaftlichen Analyse mehrsprachiger Phänomene. Das zweibändige Handbuch richtet sich an alle - Wissenschaftler wie interessierte Laien - , die mit Problemen des synchronen Sprachkontakts zu tun haben. In beiden Halbbänden werden zur besseren Vermittlung der Problematik neben dem wissenschaftlichen Text in größerem Umfang auch Graphiken, Tabellen und Karten verwendet. Dieses Handbuch ist der erste Versuch, weltweit stets wichtiger werdende Themen wie Mehrsprachigkeit, Sprachkontakt und Sprachkonflikt in übersichtlichen und die jüngsten Forschungsergebnisse einschließenden Analysen zu erarbeiten und der Fachwelt vorzulegen.
Author: Michael F. Goodchild,Donald G. Janelle
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Social Science
View: 4187Spatial analysis assists theoretical understanding and empirical testing in the social sciences, and rapidly expanding applications of geographic information technologies have advanced the spatial data-gathering needed for spatial analysis and model making. This much-needed volume covers outstanding examples of spatial thinking in the social sciences, with each chapter showing some aspect of how certain social processes can be understood by analyzing their spatial context. The audience for this work is as trans-disciplinary as its authorship because it contains approaches and methodologies useful to geography, anthropology, history, political science, economics, criminology, sociology, and statistics.
Geographical Perspectives on 100 Problems
Author: Program Director Center for Spatially Integrated Social Science Donald G Janelle,Donald G. Janelle,Barney Warf,Kathy Hansen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
View: 1995WorldMinds provides broad exposure to a geography that is engaged with discovery, interpretation, and problem solving. Its 100 succinct chapters demonstrate the theories, methods, and data used by geographers, and exemplify the conceptual and topical richness of contemporary geography. The 150 contributing authors and co-authors address the challenges posed by issues such as globalization, regional and ethnic conflict, environmental hazards, terrorism, poverty, and sustainable development. This volume demonstrates the utility of geography as a conceptual discipline that contributes theoretically; as an applied practice that informs policy-making; and as a coherent set of methodologies to gather and analyze data about Earth and its occupants. WorldMinds is the ideal general reader to supplement textbooks in the full range of academic geography courses. In addition to geography students and instructors, it is relevant to researchers, applied geographers and policy makers.
The Geographical Mediation of State and Society
Author: John A. Agnew
Category: Social Science
View: 2643The first part of the book is concerned with developing the place perspective. Three dimensions of place are put forward: locale and sense of place describe the objective and subjective dimensions of local social arrangements within which political behaviour is realized; location refers to the impact of the ‘macro-order’, to the fact that a single place is one among many and that the social life of a place is embedded in theworkings of the state and the world economy. The second part of the book provides detailed examinations of American and Scottish politics, using the place perspective. Contrary to the view that place or locality is important only in ‘traditional societies’, this book argues that place is of continuing significance in even the most ‘advanced’ societies.
Author: Departments of Surveying Engineering and Computer Science Max J Egenhofer,Max J. Egenhofer,Reginald G. Golledge
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
View: 8482In an effort to further investigation into critical development facets of geographic information systems (GIS), this book explores the reasoning processes that apply to geographic space and time. As a result of an iniative sponsored by the National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis (NCGIA), it treats the computational, cognitive and social science applications aspects of spatial and temporal reasoning in GIS. Essays were contributed by scholars from a broad spectrum of disciplines including: geography, cartography, surveying and engineering, computer science, mathematics and environmental and cognitive psychology.
Author: Jonathan Raper
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
View: 4974The way people normally view a GIS is 2-dimensional, a greatly limiting form. However, as developments occur within the field, researchers and practitioners are finding ways to make a GIS 3-dimensional, and in some instances even 4-dimensional. Being able to view a GIS in more than 2 dimensions greatly enhances its usability. This forward-looking text, looks at the ways in which 3- and 4-dimensional (multidimensional) GIS can be incorporated into the area in the future using a variety of programming techniques. The author of this unique book also discusses current examples and uses of multidimensional GIS in the field and shows the way forward for users in the coming years.
Geographical Perspectives on Globalization and Touristed Landscapes
Author: Alan A Lew
View: 4012The seductiveness of touristed landscapes is simultaneously local and global, as travelled places are formed and reworked by the activities of diverse, mobile people, in their desires to experience situated, sensuous qualities of difference. Cartier and Lew’s interesting and informative book explores contemporary issues in travel and tourism and human geography, and the complex cultural, political, and economic activities at stake in touristed landscapes as a result of globalization. This book assesses travel and tourism as simultaneously cultural and economic processes, through ideas about place seduction and the formation of landscapes. Throughout, examples are given from urban and environmental touristed landscapes, from major world cities to tropical islands, and chapter contributions include: an analysis of the representational character of landscape and the built environment historic constructions of place seduction the importance of class, racial, and gender dimensions of place how mobility and the seduction of place orient identity formation the environmental impacts of tourism economies. Broad in scope, this book is ideal for social scientists and humanists who are interested in contemporary debates about place studies, mobility, and the located realities of globalization.
Author: Rhona C. Free
Category: Business & Economics
View: 4492Interest in economics is at an all-time high. Among the challenges facing the nation is an economy with rapidly rising unemployment, failures of major businesses and industries, and continued dependence on oil with its wildly fluctuating price. Americans are debating the proper role of the government in company bailouts, the effectiveness of tax cuts versus increased government spending to stimulate the economy, and potential effects of deflation. Economists have dealt with such questions for generations, but they have taken on new meaning and significance. Tackling these questions and encompassing analysis of traditional economic theory and topics as well as those that economists have only more recently addressed, 21st Century Economics: A Reference Handbook is intended to meet the needs of several types of readers. Undergraduate students preparing for exams will find summaries of theory and models in key areas of micro and macroeconomics. Readers interested in learning about economic analysis of an issue as well students embarking on research projects will find introductions to relevant theory and empirical evidence. And economists seeking to learn about extensions of analysis into new areas or about new approaches will benefit from chapters that introduce cutting-edge topics. To make the book accessible to undergraduate students, models have been presented only in graphical format (minimal calculus) and empirical evidence has been summarized in ways that do not require much background in statistics or econometrics. It is thereby hoped that chapters will provide both crucial information and inspiration in a non-threatening, highly readable format.
Author: Timothy Nyerges,Helen Couclelis,Robert McMaster
Category: Social Science
View: 934"The definitive guide to a technology that succeeds or fails depending upon our ability to accommodate societal context and structures. This handbook is lucid, integrative, comprehensive and, above all, prescient in its interpretation of GIS implementation as a societal process." - Paul Longley, University College London "This is truly a handbook - a book you will want to keep on hand for frequent reference and to which GIS professors should direct students entering our field... Selection of a few of the chapters for individual attention is difficult because each one contributes meaningfully to the overall message of this volume. An important collection of articles that will set the tone for the next two decades of discourse and research about GIS and society." - Journal of Geographical Analysis Over the past twenty years research on the evolving relationship between GIS and Society has been expanding into a wide variety of topical areas, becoming in the process an increasingly challenging and multifaceted endeavour. The SAGE Handbook of GIS and Society is a retrospective and prospective overview of GIS and Society research that provides an expansive and critical assessment of work in that field. Emphasizing the theoretical, methodological and substantive diversity within GIS and Society research, the book highlights the distinctiveness and intellectual coherence of the subject as a field of study, while also examining its resonances with and between key themes, and among disciplines ranging from geography and computer science to sociology, anthropology, and the health and environmental sciences. Comprising 27 chapters, often with an international focus, the book is organized into six sections: Foundations of Geographic Information and Society Geographical Information and Modern Life Alternative Representations of Geographic Information and Society Organizations and Institutions Participation and Community Issues Value, Fairness, and Privacy Aimed at academics, researchers, postgraduates, and GIS practitioners, this Handbook will be the basic reference for any inquiry applying GIS to societal issues.
Author: Jere Brophy,Janet Alleman,Barbara Knighton
View: 2319EDUCATION/ SOCIAL STUDIES "... a much-needed addition to elementary social studies that will move the field ahead." Keith C. Barton, University of Cincinnati "This text fills a valuable niche and should quickly become a leading reference for teachers and teacher educators." Linda S. Levstik, University of Kentucky This book, resulting from a collaboration among an educational psychologist, a social studies educator, and a primary teacher, describes in rich detail and illustrates with excerpts from recorded lessons how primary teachers can engage their students in social studies lessons and activities that are structured around powerful ideas and have applications to their lives outside of school. The teaching portrayed connects concepts and skills emphasized in national and state standards, taught in ways that build on students’ prior experiences in their local communities and connect with their family backgrounds and home cultures. The analyses include rich descriptions of the teacher-student interactions that occur during lessons, detailed information about how and why the teacher adapted lesson plans to meet her students’ background experiences and adjusted these plans to take advantage of teachable moments that emerged during lessons, and what all of this might imply concerning principles of practice. The principles are widely applicable in elementary schools across the country, as well as across the curriculum (not just in social studies) and across the elementary grades (not just the primary grades).