Diseases of Coral

Author: Cheryl Woodley,James Porter

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0813824117

Category: Medical

Page: 632

View: 4764

Coral disease is quickly becoming a crisis to the health and management of the world?s coral reefs. There is a great interest from many in preserving coral reefs. Unfortunately, the field of epizootiology is disorganized and lacks a standard vocabulary, methods, and diagnostic techniques, and tropical marine scientists are poorly trained in wildlife pathology, veterinary medicine, and epidemiology. Diseases of Coral will help to rectify this situation.
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Life and Death Of Coral Reefs

Author: Charles Birkeland

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780412035418

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 4048

Coral reefs have shaped the surface of our planet far more than has any other ecosystem. They are dynamic systems, producing limestone at the rate of 400-2,000 tons per hectare per year, and influencing the chemical balance of the world's oceans. Coral reefs have been around since before the prairies or other ecosystems of flowering plants existed, yet they vanish about a million years before other groups of organisms each time there is a global mass extinction. They return after each catastrophe, however, following a long period of absence. Although coral reefs are the most productive communities in the sea, the fisheries of coral reefs are among the most vulnerable to overexploitation. Despite having the power to create the most massive structures in the world made by living creatures (including man), the thin veneer of living tissue of coral reef is particularly sensitive to natural disturbances and effects of human activities. Coral reefs are the first to go during periods of climate change, but they have always come back. This combination of attributes, creative power and fragility, resilience and sensitivity, makes management of coral-reef systems a challenge to science. Over 70% of the coral reefs in the Caribbean and Asian waters have been degraded, and perhaps a third of the 400 species of corals in Japanese waters are in danger of local extinction unless effective coastal management practices are established. This book presents what is known about factors that shift the balance between accretion and erosion, recruitment and mortality, stony corals and filamentous algae, recovery and degradation--the life and death of coral reefs. Insight into the factors controlling the direction of these processes is essential for appropriate management decisions.
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Coral Health and Disease

Author: Eugene Rosenberg,Yossi Loya

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540207726

Category: Nature

Page: 488

View: 7101

Coral reefs are the most spectacular and diverse ecosystems in the marine environment. Over the last decades, however, dramatic declines of coral reef communities have been observed. Corals are endangered due to natural and anthropogenic detrimental factors, such as global warming and environmental pollution. Based on an international meeting on "Coral Health and Disease" in Eilat, Israel in April 2003, the book starts with case studies of reefs, e.g. the Red Sea, Caribbean, Japan, Indian Ocean and the Great Barrier Reef. The second part on microbial ecology and physiology describes the symbiotic relations of corals and microbes, and the microbial role in nutrition or bleaching resistance of corals. Particular coral diseases such as aspergillosis, white pox, black and white band diseases are treated in the third part. Finally, various hypotheses of the mechanisms of coral bleaching, including a projection of the future of coral reefs, are discussed.
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Oceans and Health:

Pathogens in the Marine Environment

Author: Shimshon Belkin,Rita R. Colwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387237091

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 4209

It is surprising how little is actually known about the fate of wastewater bacteria once they enter the sea. This wide-ranging work is one of the first to unravel the mechanisms determining bacterial sensitivity or survival under these conditions.
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Marine Microbiology

Ecology & Applications

Author: Colin Munn

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 9780203503119

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 6014

Marine micro-organisms play a vital role in the maintenance of our planet, a fact which will have great bearing on our ability to respond to problems such as population increase, over-exploitation of fisheries, climate change and population. Powerful new tools, especially in molecular biology, remote sending and deep-sea exploration, have led to astonishing discoveries of the abundance and diversity of marine microbial life and its role in global ecology. New tools and an increased interest in ecological factors have caused an upsurge of interest in this field of study. The book aims to convey the fascinating discoveries and great importance of this fast moving discipline to the student. Marine Microbiology is divided into three sections: the first reviews the main features of the marine environment and key aspects of marine microbial life; the second looks at the role of marine microorganisms in ecology, and the final section considers some of the applications of this knowledge, looking into areas such as disease and biodegradation.
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Dynamics of Coral Communities

Author: R.H. Karlson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402010460

Category: Nature

Page: 250

View: 1983

This book focuses on the dynamical processes influencing the structure of coral communities, some of the most biologically diverse communities on earth. A variety of biological and physical processes operating across an enormous range of spatiotemporal scales are highlighted (e.g., niche partitioning, biological interactions, disturbance phenomena, large-scale tectonic, eustatic, climatic, and oceanographic processes). The focus on the community provides a framework for presenting some of the best examples from the literature using multiple taxonomic groups (e.g., corals, fishes, encrusting invertebrates).
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Coral Reef Restoration Handbook

Author: William F. Precht

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420003798

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 915

"... this book is the first to describe, in detail, the art and science of coral reef restoration. It is to be hoped that the information that can be gleaned within the pages of this book will set a path towards continued preservation of this valuable underwater treasure to be used, appreciated, and experienced for future generations." -- Senator Bob Graham (retired), Miami Lakes, Florida, from the Foreword Most of what we know about the rehabilitation of coral reef systems stems from efforts to repair reefs injured by vessels that have run aground. To date, however, there is a paucity of published literature regarding the efficacy and/or failure of coral reef restoration techniques. While most of the literature that is available comes from meeting abstracts, workshops and technical memoranda, these papers and reports have forged a scientific framework that can help guide future efforts. The Coral Reef Restoration Handbook is the first published volume devoted to the science of coral reef restoration. It offers a scientific, conceptual framework along with practical strategies for reef assessment and restoration. Contributors from a variety of disciplines discuss engineering, geological, biological, and socioeconomic factors to create a text that is designed to guide scientists and resource managers in the decision-making process from initial assessment of the injury through conceptual restoration design, implementation, and monitoring. An excellent selection of relevant case studies is utilized to illustrate concepts and challenges inherent in the process of restoration. This volume gives reef scientists and managers the opportunity to glean significant information from previous efforts. It provides them with the opportunity to build on the lessons learned and develop successful restoration efforts into the future.
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Marine Ecology

Concepts and Applications

Author: Martin R. Speight,Peter A. Henderson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118687310

Category: Nature

Page: 256

View: 8244

This book began life as a series of lectures given to second and third year undergraduates at Oxford University. These lectures were designed to give students insights as to how marine ecosystems functioned, how they were being affected by natural and human interventions, and how we might be able to conserve them and manage them sustainably for the good of people, both recreationally and economically. This book presents 10 chapters, beginning with principles of oceanography important to ecology, through discussions of the magnitude of marine biodiversity and the factors influencing it, the functioning of marine ecosystems at within trophic levels such as primary production, competition and dispersal, to different trophic level interactions such as herbivory, predation and parasitism. The final three chapters look at the more applied aspects of marine ecology, discussion fisheries, human impacts, and management and conservation. Other textbooks covering similar topics tend to treat the topics from the point of view of separate ecosystems, with chapters on reefs, rocks and deep sea. This book however is topic driven as described above, and each chapter makes full use of examples from all appropriate marine ecosystems. The book is illustrated throughout with many full colour diagrams and high quality photographs. The book is aimed at undergraduate and graduate students at colleges and universities, and it is hoped that the many examples from all over the world will provide global relevance and interest. Both authors have long experience of research and teaching in marine ecology. Martin Speight’s first degree was in marine zoology at UCNW Bangor, and he has taught marine ecology and conservation at Oxford for 25 years. His research students study tropical marine ecology from the Caribbean through East Africa to the Far East. Peter Henderson is a Senior Research Associate at the University of Oxford, and is Director of Pisces Conservation in the UK. He has worked on marine and freshwater fisheries, as well as ecological and economic impacts and exploitation of the sea in North and South America as well as Europe.
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Andrew's Diseases of the Skin E-Book

Clinical Dermatology

Author: William D. James,Dirk Elston,Timothy Berger

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 143773619X

Category: Medical

Page: 968

View: 4331

The 11th Edition of the classic Andrews’ Diseases of the Skin, by Drs. William D. James, Timothy G. Berger and Dirk M. Elston, provides the ultimate foundation in dermatology with comprehensive guidance to effectively diagnose and treat a wide range of skin conditions. These highly respected authors balance evidence-based treatment guidelines with advice from their own clinical experience, offering a practical and realistic medical perspective. Updated throughout with the latest dermatologic findings and a new chapter on cosmetic surgical techniques, this title helps you keep current, improve your skills, and prepare for exams. It is an indispensable, convenient reference for trainees and practicing dermatologists. Practice with confidence through the valued authorship of seasoned professionals Dr. William D. James, Dr. Timothy G. Berger, and Dr. Dirk M. Elston. Rapidly improve your knowledge of skin conditions through a concise, clinically focused, user-friendly format. Obtain thorough guidance on clinical presentation and therapy for a full range of common and rare skin diseases. Confirm your diagnoses by comparing your clinical findings to more than 1,150 illustrations, 40% of which are brand new. Update your surgical skills with chapters devoted to basic dermatologic, laser, and cosmetic surgery, contributed by Dr. Issac M. Neuhaus.
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Evolutionary Paleoecology

The Ecological Context of Macroevolutionary Change

Author: Warren D. Allmon,David J. Bottjer

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231528523

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 3131

One of the most important questions we can ask about life is "Does ecology matter?" Most biologists and paleontologists are trained to answer "yes," but the exact mechanisms by which ecology matters in the context of patterns that play out over millions of years have never been entirely clear. This book examines these mechanisms and looks at how ancient environments affected evolution, focusing on long-term macroevolutionary changes as seen in the fossil record. Evolutionary paleoecology is not a new discipline. Beginning with Darwin, researchers have attempted to understand how the environment has affected evolutionary history. But as we learn more about these patterns, the search for a new synthetic view of the evolutionary process that integrates species evolution, ecology, and mass extinctions becomes ever more pressing. The present volume is a benchmark sampler of active research in this ever more active field.
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Principal Diseases of Marine and Shellfish

Author: Carl J. Sindermann

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780126458510

Category: Science

Page: 521

View: 5544

This Second Edition has been expanded to two volumes, the first of which focuses on marine fish. Volume 1 reviews the important diseases of wild, captive, or cultivated fish species, fish immunology, the effects of disease on populations, and public health aspects of fish diseases. Fishery scientists and managers, marine biologists, marine ecologists, and marine aquaculturists will find this volume indispensable. Principal Diseases of Marine Fish and Shellfish examines: Important diseases of marine fish and shellfish The effects of disease on wild and cultivated populations of fish and shellfish How fish and shellfish resist invasion by potential pathogen The influence of coastal/estuarine pollution on fish and shellfish disease The public health implications of fish and shellfish diseases
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The Everglades, Florida Bay, and Coral Reefs of the Florida Keys

An Ecosystem Sourcebook

Author: James Porter

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420039415

Category: Science

Page: 1024

View: 8921

Providing a synthesis of basic and applied research, The Everglades, Florida Bay, and Coral Reefs of the Florida Keys: An Ecosystem Sourcebook takes an encyclopedic look at how to study and manage ecosystems connected by surface and subsurface water movements. The book examines the South Florida hydroscape, a series of ecosystems linked by hydrology in a region of intense human development and profound modifications to the natural environment. The book presents scientific studies in the South Florida Hydroscape, discusses policy and management by government and nonprofit groups, and explores how the whole watershed approach must be used to successfully protect coral reefs. The contributions range from the traditional to the controversial, questioning current management schemes and summarizing the results of state-of-the-art research. Billions of dollars, countless man-hours, and innumerable resources have been spent studying the various South Florida ecosystems and how they are linked. The Everglades, Florida Bay, and Coral Reefs of the Florida Keys: An Ecosystem Sourcebook shows you how the principles learned in this region can be applied to other tropical and subtropical hydroscapes.
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Weltatlas der Korallenriffe

Author: Mark D. Spalding,Corinna Ravilious,Edward P. Green

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783768815871

Category:

Page: 423

View: 6781

Erster und einziger Weltatlas der Korallenriffe, der durch internationale Zusammenarbeit im Rahmen weltumspannender Forschungsarbeiten mithilfe modernster Techniken entstanden ist. Er enthält die neuesten und größtenteils auch neu erstellten Riffkarten sowie 85 von Astronauten aus dem All aufgenommene Rifffotografien. Dieses großformatige Buch bietet auf nahezu 300 Seiten jüngste Forschungsergebnisse über tropische Riffe, ihre Verbreitung und Ausdehnung, ihren Zustand und ihre ökologischen Besonderheiten. Neben den durch spezifische Karten und zahlreiche Abbildungen unterlegten Detailinformationen zu allen bekannten Korallenriffen der Welt wird ausführlich die ökologische und ökonomische Bedeutung dieser Riffe diskutiert. Über 2000 Tauchschulen in diesen Riffen sind erfasst und in den Riffkarten eingezeichnet. Ausführlich werden die Forschungs-, Mess- und Kartierungsmethoden erklärt, die zu diesem Kompendium führten. Dieses Buch stellt mit seinen einzigartigen und neu erarbeiteten Karten, Fakten und Daten die wichtigste und attraktivste Informations-sammlung über tropische Korallenriffe dar. Es beinhaltet alle in diesen Ökosystemen bekannten Schutzgebiete bzw. die bereits eingeleiteten oder geplanten Schutzmaßnahmen. Auch werden in diesem Atlas die Auswirkungen der weltumspannenden klimatischen Veränderungen und deren Einfluss auf diese Ökosysteme aufgezeigt
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Coastal Monitoring through Partnerships

Proceedings of the Fifth Symposium on the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) Pensacola Beach, FL, U.S.A., April 24–27, 2001

Author: Brian D. Melzian,Virginia Engle,Malissa McAlister,Shabeg S. Sandhu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401702993

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 408

View: 2223

As the coastal human population increases in the United States, there will likely be increasing environmental and socioeconomic pressures on our coastal and estuarine environments. Monitoring the condition of all our nation's coastal and estuarine ecosystems over the long term is more than any one program can accomplish on its own. Therefore, it is crucial that monitoring programs at all levels (local, state, and federal) cooperate in the collection, sharing, and use of environmental data. This volume is the proceedings of the Coastal Monitoring Through Partnerships symposium that was held in Pensacola, Florida in April of 2001, and was organized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP), and the Council of State Governments (CSG). It contains papers that describe various multi-disciplinary coastal and estuarine environmental monitoring programs, designed and implemented by using regional and national partnerships with federal and state agencies, academia, Native American tribes, and nongovernmental organizations. In addition, it includes papers on modeling and data management; monitoring and assessment of benthic communities; development of biological indicators and interlaboratory sediment comparisons; microbiological modeling and indicators; and monitoring and assessment of phytoplankton and submerged aquatic vegetation. There are many components involved in determining the overall impacts of anthropogenic stressors on coastal and estuarine waters. It will take strong partnerships like those described in this volume to ensure that we have healthy and sustainable coastal and estuarine environments, now and in the future.
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