Digital Soil Morphometrics

Author: Alfred E. Hartemink,Budiman Minasny

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319282956

Category: Nature

Page: 442

View: 5123

This book is about digital soil morphometrics which is defined as the application of tools and techniques for measuring, mapping and quantifying soil profile properties, and deriving depth functions of soil properties. The book is structured along four research topics: (i) Soil profile properties, (ii) Soil profile imaging, (iii) Soil depth functions, and (iv) Use and applications. The pedon is at the heart of digital soil morphometrics. The use of digital soil morphometrics exceeds the pedology and soil classification purpose that it currently serves – it is used in rapid soil assessment that are needed in a range of biophysical studies. Digital soil morphometrics has the potential to enhance our understanding of soils and how we view them. The book presents highlights from The IUSS Inaugural Global Workshop on Digital Soil Morphometrics held in June 2015 in Madison, USA.


Author: Alex. B. McBratney,Budiman Minasny,Uta Stockmann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319634399

Category: Science

Page: 720

View: 1466

This book presents the basic concepts of quantitative soil science and, within this framework, it seeks to construct a new body of knowledge. There is a growing need for quantitative approach in soil science, which arises from a general demand for improved economic production and environmental management. Pedometrics can be defined as the development and application of statistical and mathematical methods applicable to data analysis problems in soil science. This book shows how pedometrics can address key soil-related questions from a quantitative point of view. It addresses four main areas which are akin to the problems of conventional pedology: (i) Understanding the pattern of soil distribution in character space – soil classification, (ii) Understanding soil spatial and temporal variation, (iii) Evaluating the utility and quality of soil and ultimately, (iv) Understanding the genesis of soil. This is the first book that address these problems in a coherent quantitate approach.

Digital Terrain Analysis in Soil Science and Geology

Author: Igor Florinsky

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128046333

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 4907

Digital Terrain Analysis in Soil Science and Geology, Second Edition, synthesizes the knowledge on methods and applications of digital terrain analysis and geomorphometry in the context of multi-scale problems in soil science and geology. Divided into three parts, the book first examines main concepts, principles, and methods of digital terrain modeling. It then looks at methods for analysis, modeling, and mapping of spatial distribution of soil properties using digital terrain analysis, before finally considering techniques for recognition, analysis, and interpretation of topographically manifested geological features. Digital Terrain Analysis in Soil Science and Geology, Second Edition, is an updated and revised edition, providing both a theoretical and methodological basis for understanding and applying geographical modeling techniques. Presents an integrated and unified view of digital terrain analysis in both soil science and geology Features research on new advances in the field, including DEM analytical approximation, analytical calculation of local morphometric variables, morphometric globes, and two-dimensional generalized spectral analytical methods Includes a rigorous description of the mathematical principles of digital terrain analysis Provides both a theoretical and methodological basis for understanding and applying geographical modeling

Using R for Digital Soil Mapping

Author: Brendan P. Malone,Budiman Minasny,Alex B. McBratney

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319443275

Category: Nature

Page: 262

View: 8349

This book describes and provides many detailed examples of implementing Digital Soil Mapping (DSM) using R. The work adheres to Digital Soil Mapping theory, and presents a strong focus on how to apply it. DSM exercises are also included and cover procedures for handling and manipulating soil and spatial data in R. The book also introduces the basic concepts and practices for building spatial soil prediction functions, and then ultimately producing digital soil maps.

Advances in Agronomy

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128048433

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 394

View: 1583

Advances in Agronomy continues to be recognized as a leading reference and first-rate source for the latest research in agronomy. Each volume contains an eclectic group of reviews by leading scientists throughout the world. As always, the subjects covered are rich, varied, and exemplary of the abundant subject matter addressed by this long-running serial. Includes numerous, timely, state-of-the-art reviews Features distinguished, well recognized authors from around the world Builds upon this venerable and iconic review series Covers the extensive variety and breadth of subject matter in crop and soil sciences

Global Soil Security

Author: Damien J. Field,Cristine L.S. Morgan,Alex B. McBratney

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319433946

Category: Nature

Page: 469

View: 2796

This book introduces the concept of soil security and its five dimensions: Capability, Capital, Condition, Connectivity and Codification. These five dimensions make it possible to understand soil's role in delivering ecosystem services and to quantify soil resource by measuring, mapping, modeling and managing it. Each dimension refers to a specific aspect: contribution to global challenges (Capability), value of the soil (Capital), current state of the soil (Condition), how people are connected to the soil (Connectivity) and development of good policy (Codification). This book considers soil security as an integral part of meeting the ongoing challenge to maintain human health and secure our planet's sustainability. The concept of soil security helps to achieve the need to maintain and improve the world’s soil for the purpose of producing food, fiber and freshwater, and contributing to energy and climate sustainability. At the same time it helps to maintain biodiversity and protects ecosystem goods and services.

Digital Soil Mapping with Limited Data

Author: Alfred E. Hartemink,Alex B. McBratney,Maria de Lourdes Mendonça-Santos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402085923

Category: Nature

Page: 446

View: 6534

Signi?cant technological advances have been few and far between in the past approximately one hundred years of soil survey activities. Perhaps one of the most innovative techniques in the history of soil survey was the introduction of aerial photographs as base maps for ?eld mapping, which replaced the conventional base map laboriously prepared by planetable and alidade. Such a relatively simple idea by today’s standards revolutionized soil surveys by vastly increasing the accuracy and ef?ciently. Yet, even this innovative approach did not gain universal acceptance immediately and was hampered by a lack of aerial coverage of the world, funds to cover the costs, and in some cases a reluctance by some soil mappers and cartog- phers to change. Digital Soil Mapping (DSM), which is already being used and tested by groups of dedicated and innovative pedologists, is perhaps the next great advancement in delivering soil survey information. However, like many new technologies, it too has yet to gain universal acceptance and is hampered by ignorance on the part of some pedologists and other scientists. DSM is a spatial soil information system created by numerical models that - count for the spatial and temporal variations of soil properties based on soil - formation and related environmental variables (Lagacheric and McBratney, 2007).

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 6568

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Advances in Digital Terrain Analysis

Author: Qiming Zhou,Brian Lees,Guo-an Tang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540778004

Category: Science

Page: 462

View: 3716

Terrain analysis has attracted research studies from geographers, surveyors, engineers and computer scientists. The contributions in this book represent the state-of-the-art of terrain analysis methods and techniques in areas of digital representation, morphological and hydrological models, uncertainty and applications of terrain analysis. The book will appeal to postgraduate and senior undergraduate students who take advanced courses in GIS and geographical analysis.


Author: Jörg Bendix

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783443071394


Page: 282

View: 6523


Lehrbuch der Bodenkunde

Author: Paul Schachtschabel,Fritz Scheffer,Hans-Peter Blume

Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag

ISBN: 9783827413246

Category: Bodenkunde - Lehrbuch

Page: 593

View: 9663


Stochastische Simulation

Grundlagen, Algorithmen und Anwendungen

Author: Michael Kolonko

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3834892904

Category: Mathematics

Page: 260

View: 7801

Zufällige Einflussfaktoren sind oft wesentliche Bestandteile moderner mathematischer Modelle für ökonomische und technische Fragestellungen. Die stochastische Simulation stellt eine experimentelle Variante zur Lösung solcher Probleme dar. Das Buch behandelt die Erzeugung von "Zufall" auf dem Rechner. Es werden die mathematischen Grundlagen und die wichtigsten Algorithmen zur Erzeugung von Zufallszahlen vorgestellt und die Güte dieser Verfahren untersucht. Aufbau und Auswertung von Simulationsexperimenten werden unter mathematischen und programmiertechnischen Gesichtspunkten erläutert. Die Bedeutung dieser Resultate für die Praxis wird anhand eines ausführlichen Anwendungsszenarios aus dem Verkehrsbereich diskutiert.

Predictions in Ungauged Basins

Promise and Progress

Author: Murugesu Sivapalan

Publisher: International Assn of Hydrological Sciences

ISBN: 9781901502480

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 520

View: 6033

Presents peer-reviewed papers selected from a symposium which coincided with completion of Phase 1 of the IAHS PUB initiative (2003-2012). Guided by the PUB Science and Implementation Plan, the papers are organized into five sections that focus on the distinct PUB themes: 1. Model improvements through Detailed Process Studies. 2. Model Evaluation and Comparison: Uncertainty Analysis and Diagnostics. 3. New Data Collection Approaches and Model Development. 4. New Modeling Approaches and Methods for Testing Models Against Observations. 5. Progress in PUB Implementation: PUB Working Groups.