Differential Geometry

Cartan's Generalization of Klein's Erlangen Program

Author: R.W. Sharpe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387947327

Category: Mathematics

Page: 421

View: 3721

Cartan geometries were the first examples of connections on a principal bundle. They seem to be almost unknown these days, in spite of the great beauty and conceptual power they confer on geometry. The aim of the present book is to fill the gap in the literature on differential geometry by the missing notion of Cartan connections. Although the author had in mind a book accessible to graduate students, potential readers would also include working differential geometers who would like to know more about what Cartan did, which was to give a notion of "espaces giniralisis" (= Cartan geometries) generalizing homogeneous spaces (= Klein geometries) in the same way that Riemannian geometry generalizes Euclidean geometry. In addition, physicists will be interested to see the fully satisfying way in which their gauge theory can be truly regarded as geometry.
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Cartan for Beginners

Differential Geometry Via Moving Frames and Exterior Differential Systems

Author: Thomas Andrew Ivey,J. M. Landsberg

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821833758

Category: Mathematics

Page: 378

View: 2256

This book is an introduction to Cartan's approach to differential geometry. Two central methods in Cartan's geometry are the theory of exterior differential systems and the method of moving frames. This book presents thorough and modern treatments of both subjects, including their applications to both classic and contemporary problems. It begins with the classical geometry of surfaces and basic Riemannian geometry in the language of moving frames, along with an elementary introduction to exterior differential systems. Key concepts are developed incrementally with motivating examples leading to definitions, theorems, and proofs. Once the basics of the methods are established, the authors develop applications and advanced topics.One notable application is to complex algebraic geometry, where they expand and update important results from projective differential geometry. The book features an introduction to $G$-structures and a treatment of the theory of connections. The Cartan machinery is also applied to obtain explicit solutions of PDEs via Darboux's method, the method of characteristics, and Cartan's method of equivalence. This text is suitable for a one-year graduate course in differential geometry, and parts of it can be used for a one-semester course. It has numerous exercises and examples throughout. It will also be useful to experts in areas such as PDEs and algebraic geometry who want to learn how moving frames and exterior differential systems apply to their fields.
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Riemannian Geometry and Geometric Analysis

Author: Jürgen Jost

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319618601

Category: Mathematics

Page: 697

View: 7128

This established reference work continues to provide its readers with a gateway to some of the most interesting developments in contemporary geometry. It offers insight into a wide range of topics, including fundamental concepts of Riemannian geometry, such as geodesics, connections and curvature; the basic models and tools of geometric analysis, such as harmonic functions, forms, mappings, eigenvalues, the Dirac operator and the heat flow method; as well as the most important variational principles of theoretical physics, such as Yang-Mills, Ginzburg-Landau or the nonlinear sigma model of quantum field theory. The present volume connects all these topics in a systematic geometric framework. At the same time, it equips the reader with the working tools of the field and enables her or him to delve into geometric research. The 7th edition has been systematically reorganized and updated. Almost no page has been left unchanged. It also includes new material, for instance on symplectic geometry, as well as the Bishop-Gromov volume growth theorem which elucidates the geometric role of Ricci curvature. From the reviews:“This book provides a very readable introduction to Riemannian geometry and geometric analysis... With the vast development of the mathematical subject of geometric analysis, the present textbook is most welcome.” Mathematical Reviews “For readers familiar with the basics of differential geometry and some acquaintance with modern analysis, the book is reasonably self-contained. The book succeeds very well in laying out the foundations of modern Riemannian geometry and geometric analysis. It introduces a number of key techniques and provides a representative overview of the field.” Monatshefte für Mathematik
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Principal Bundles

The Classical Case

Author: Stephen Bruce Sontz

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331914765X

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 4581

This introductory graduate level text provides a relatively quick path to a special topic in classical differential geometry: principal bundles. While the topic of principal bundles in differential geometry has become classic, even standard, material in the modern graduate mathematics curriculum, the unique approach taken in this text presents the material in a way that is intuitive for both students of mathematics and of physics. The goal of this book is to present important, modern geometric ideas in a form readily accessible to students and researchers in both the physics and mathematics communities, providing each with an understanding and appreciation of the language and ideas of the other.
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Lie Groups

An Approach through Invariants and Representations

Author: Claudio Procesi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387289291

Category: Mathematics

Page: 600

View: 401

Lie groups has been an increasing area of focus and rich research since the middle of the 20th century. In Lie Groups: An Approach through Invariants and Representations, the author's masterful approach gives the reader a comprehensive treatment of the classical Lie groups along with an extensive introduction to a wide range of topics associated with Lie groups: symmetric functions, theory of algebraic forms, Lie algebras, tensor algebra and symmetry, semisimple Lie algebras, algebraic groups, group representations, invariants, Hilbert theory, and binary forms with fields ranging from pure algebra to functional analysis. By covering sufficient background material, the book is made accessible to a reader with a relatively modest mathematical background. Historical information, examples, exercises are all woven into the text. This unique exposition is suitable for a broad audience, including advanced undergraduates, graduates, mathematicians in a variety of areas from pure algebra to functional analysis and mathematical physics.
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Algebraic Topology

A First Course

Author: Marvin J. Greenberg

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429982038

Category: Mathematics

Page: 332

View: 469

Great first book on algebraic topology. Introduces (co)homology through singular theory.
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Using the Mathematics Literature

Author: Kristine K. Fowler

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824750350

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 475

View: 8664

This reference serves as a reader-friendly guide to every basic tool and skill required in the mathematical library and helps mathematicians find resources in any format in the mathematics literature. It lists a wide range of standard texts, journals, review articles, newsgroups, and Internet and database tools for every major subfield in mathematics and details methods of access to primary literature sources of new research, applications, results, and techniques. Using the Mathematics Literature is the most comprehensive and up-to-date resource on mathematics literature in both print and electronic formats, presenting time-saving strategies for retrieval of the latest information.
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Differential Geometry

Author: Heinrich W. Guggenheimer

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486157202

Category: Mathematics

Page: 400

View: 1903

This text contains an elementary introduction to continuous groups and differential invariants; an extensive treatment of groups of motions in euclidean, affine, and riemannian geometry; more. Includes exercises and 62 figures.
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Riemann, Topology, and Physics

Author: Michael I. Monastyrsky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817647780

Category: Mathematics

Page: 215

View: 4613

The significantly expanded second edition of this book combines a fascinating account of the life and work of Bernhard Riemann with a lucid discussion of current interaction between topology and physics. The author, a distinguished mathematical physicist, takes into account his own research at the Riemann archives of Göttingen University and developments over the last decade that connect Riemann with numerous significant ideas and methods reflected throughout contemporary mathematics and physics. Special attention is paid in part one to results on the Riemann–Hilbert problem and, in part two, to discoveries in field theory and condensed matter.
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Coherent States and Applications in Mathematical Physics

Author: Monique Combescure,Didier Robert

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400701950

Category: Mathematics

Page: 415

View: 3246

Intended as a compendium for physicists and mathematicians on coherent states and their applications, this volume moves from the basic mathematical structures of generalized coherent states to specific examples of coherent states such as the hydrogen atom.
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What is Geometry?

Author: Giandomenico Sica

Publisher: Polimetrica s.a.s.

ISBN: 8876990305

Category: Mathematics

Page: 268

View: 3591

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Differential Geometry and Its Applications

Proceedings of the 10th International Conference, DGA 2007, Olomouc, Czech Republic, 27-31 August 2007

Author: N.A

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812790616

Category: Electronic books

Page: 732

View: 7353

This volume contains invited lectures and selected research papers in the fields of classical and modern differential geometry, global analysis, and geometric methods in physics, presented at the 10th International Conference on Differential Geometry and its Applications (DGA2007), held in Olomouc, Czech Republic.The book covers recent developments and the latest results in the following fields: Riemannian geometry, connections, jets, differential invariants, the calculus of variations on manifolds, differential equations, Finsler structures, and geometric methods in physics. It is also a celebration of the 300th anniversary of the birth of one of the greatest mathematicians, Leonhard Euler, and includes the Euler lecture OC Leonhard Euler OCo 300 years onOCO by R Wilson. Notable contributors include J F Cariena, M Castrilln Lpez, J Erichhorn, J-H Eschenburg, I KoliO, A P Kopylov, J Korbai, O Kowalski, B Kruglikov, D Krupka, O Krupkovi, R L(r)andre, Haizhong Li, S Maeda, M A Malakhaltsev, O I Mokhov, J Muoz Masqu(r), S Preston, V Rovenski, D J Saunders, M Sekizawa, J Slovik, J Szilasi, L Tamissy, P Walczak, and others."
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An Alternative Approach to Lie Groups and Geometric Structures

Author: Ercüment Ortaçgil

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192554840

Category: Mathematics

Page: 240

View: 6269

This book presents a new and innovative approach to Lie groups and differential geometry. Rather than compiling and reviewing the existing material on this classical subject, Professor Ortaçgil instead questions the foundations of the subject, and proposes a new direction. Aimed at the curious and courageous mathematician, this book aims to provoke further debate and inspire further development of this original research.
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Cartan for Beginners

Author: Thomas A. Ivey,Joseph M. Landsberg

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470409860

Category: MATHEMATICS

Page: 455

View: 6015

Two central aspects of Cartan's approach to differential geometry are the theory of exterior differential systems (EDS) and the method of moving frames. This book presents thorough and modern treatments of both subjects, including their applications to both classic and contemporary problems in geometry. It begins with the classical differential geometry of surfaces and basic Riemannian geometry in the language of moving frames, along with an elementary introduction to exterior differential systems. Key concepts are developed incrementally, with motivating examples leading to definitions, theorems, and proofs. Once the basics of the methods are established, the authors develop applications and advanced topics. One notable application is to complex algebraic geometry, where they expand and update important results from projective differential geometry. As well, the book features an introduction to G-structures and a treatment of the theory of connections. The techniques of EDS are also applied to obtain explicit solutions of PDEs via Darboux's method, the method of characteristics, and Cartan's method of equivalence. This text is suitable for a one-year graduate course in differential geometry, and parts of it can be used for a one-semester course. It has numerous exercises and examples throughout. It will also be useful to experts in areas such as geometry of PDE systems and complex algebraic geometry who want to learn how moving frames and exterior differential systems apply to their fields. The second edition features three new chapters: on Riemannian geometry, emphasizing the use of representation theory; on the latest developments in the study of Darboux-integrable systems; and on conformal geometry, written in a manner to introduce readers to the related parabolic geometry perspective.
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Symplectic Invariants and Hamiltonian Dynamics

Author: Helmut Hofer,Eduard Zehnder

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783034801041

Category: Mathematics

Page: 341

View: 7278

The discoveries of the last decades have opened new perspectives for the old field of Hamiltonian systems and led to the creation of a new field: symplectic topology. Surprising rigidity phenomena demonstrate that the nature of symplectic mappings is very different from that of volume preserving mappings. This raises new questions, many of them still unanswered. On the other hand, analysis of an old variational principle in classical mechanics has established global periodic phenomena in Hamiltonian systems. As it turns out, these seemingly different phenomena are mysteriously related. One of the links is a class of symplectic invariants, called symplectic capacities. These invariants are the main theme of this book, which includes such topics as basic symplectic geometry, symplectic capacities and rigidity, periodic orbits for Hamiltonian systems and the action principle, a bi-invariant metric on the symplectic diffeomorphism group and its geometry, symplectic fixed point theory, the Arnold conjectures and first order elliptic systems, and finally a survey on Floer homology and symplectic homology. The exposition is self-contained and addressed to researchers and students from the graduate level onwards.
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Topology and Geometry

Author: Glen E. Bredon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475768486

Category: Mathematics

Page: 131

View: 2479

This book offers an introductory course in algebraic topology. Starting with general topology, it discusses differentiable manifolds, cohomology, products and duality, the fundamental group, homology theory, and homotopy theory. From the reviews: "An interesting and original graduate text in topology and geometry...a good lecturer can use this text to create a fine course....A beginning graduate student can use this text to learn a great deal of mathematics."—-MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS
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Banach Algebra Techniques in Operator Theory

Author: Ronald G. Douglas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461216567

Category: Mathematics

Page: 198

View: 7011

A discussion of certain advanced topics in operator theory, providing the necessary background while assuming only standard senior-first year graduate courses in general topology, measure theory, and algebra. Each chapter ends with source notes which suggest additional reading along with comments on who proved what and when, followed by a large number of problems of varying difficulty. This new edition will appeal to a whole new generation of students seeking an introduction to this topic.
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