Differential Geometry and Its Applications

Author: John Oprea

Publisher: MAA

ISBN: 9780883857489

Category: Mathematics

Page: 469

View: 8242

Differential geometry has a long, wonderful history it has found relevance in areas ranging from machinery design of the classification of four-manifolds to the creation of theories of nature's fundamental forces to the study of DNA. This book studies the differential geometry of surfaces with the goal of helping students make the transition from the compartmentalized courses in a standard university curriculum to a type of mathematics that is a unified whole, it mixes geometry, calculus, linear algebra, differential equations, complex variables, the calculus of variations, and notions from the sciences. Differential geometry is not just for mathematics majors, it is also for students in engineering and the sciences. Into the mix of these ideas comes the opportunity to visualize concepts through the use of computer algebra systems such as Maple. The book emphasizes that this visualization goes hand-in-hand with the understanding of the mathematics behind the computer construction. Students will not only “see” geodesics on surfaces, but they will also see the effect that an abstract result such as the Clairaut relation can have on geodesics. Furthermore, the book shows how the equations of motion of particles constrained to surfaces are actually types of geodesics. Students will also see how particles move under constraints. The book is rich in results and exercises that form a continuous spectrum, from those that depend on calculation to proofs that are quite abstract.
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Differential Geometry and Mathematical Physics

Author: John K. Beem,Krishan L. Duggal,American Mathematical Society,Canadian Mathematical Society

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821851721

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

View: 1676

This book contains the proceedings of the Special Session, Geometric Methods in Mathematical Physics, held at the joint AMS-CMS meeting in Vancouver in August 1993. The papers collected here contain a number of new results in differential geometry and its applications to physics. The major themes include black holes, singularities, censorship, the Einstein field equations, geodesics, index theory, submanifolds, CR-structures, and space-time symmetries. In addition, there are papers on Yang-Mills fields, geometric techniques in control theory, and equilibria. Containing new results by established researchers in the field, this book provides a look at developments in this exciting area of research.
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Differential Forms with Applications to the Physical Sciences

Author: Harley Flanders

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486139611

Category: Mathematics

Page: 240

View: 9591

A graduate-level text utilizing exterior differential forms in the analysis of a variety of mathematical problems in the physical and engineering sciences. Includes 45 illustrations. Index.
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Differential Geometry, Global Analysis, and Topology

Proceedings of a Special Session of the Canadian Mathematical Society Summer Meeting Held June 1-3, 1990

Author: Canadian Mathematical Society. Summer Meeting,Andrew J. Nicas

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821860175

Category: Mathematics

Page: 185

View: 8898

This book contains the proceedings of a special session on differential geometry, global analysis, and topology, held during the Summer Meeting of the Canadian Mathematical Society in June 1990 at Dalhousie University in Halifax. The session featured many fascinating talks on topics of current interest. The articles collected here reflect the diverse interests of the participants but are united by the common theme of the interplay among geometry, global analysis, and topology. Some of the topics include applications to low dimensional manifolds, control theory, integrable systems, Lie algebras of operators, and algebraic geometry. Readers will appreciate the insight the book provides into some recent trends in these areas.
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Geometrical Methods of Mathematical Physics

Author: Bernard F. Schutz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521298872

Category: Mathematics

Page: 250

View: 2959

For physicists and applied mathematicians working in the fields of relativity and cosmology, high-energy physics and field theory, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics and mechanics. This book provides an introduction to the concepts and techniques of modern differential theory, particularly Lie groups, Lie forms and differential forms.
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Introduction to Topology and Geometry

Author: Saul Stahl,Catherine Stenson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118546148

Category: Mathematics

Page: 536

View: 2976

An easily accessible introduction to over threecenturies of innovations in geometry Praise for the First Edition “. . . a welcome alternative to compartmentalizedtreatments bound to the old thinking. This clearly written,well-illustrated book supplies sufficient background to beself-contained.” —CHOICE This fully revised new edition offers the most comprehensivecoverage of modern geometry currently available at an introductorylevel. The book strikes a welcome balance between academic rigorand accessibility, providing a complete and cohesive picture of thescience with an unparalleled range of topics. Illustrating modern mathematical topics, Introduction toTopology and Geometry, Second Edition discusses introductorytopology, algebraic topology, knot theory, the geometry ofsurfaces, Riemann geometries, fundamental groups, and differentialgeometry, which opens the doors to a wealth of applications. Withits logical, yet flexible, organization, the SecondEdition: • Explores historical notes interspersed throughout theexposition to provide readers with a feel for how the mathematicaldisciplines and theorems came into being • Provides exercises ranging from routine to challenging,allowing readers at varying levels of study to master the conceptsand methods • Bridges seemingly disparate topics by creating thoughtfuland logical connections • Contains coverage on the elements of polytope theory, whichacquaints readers with an exposition of modern theory Introduction to Topology and Geometry, Second Edition is anexcellent introductory text for topology and geometry courses atthe upper-undergraduate level. In addition, the book serves as anideal reference for professionals interested in gaining a deeperunderstanding of the topic.
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Differential Geometry: The Interface between Pure and Applied Mathematics

The Interface Between Pure and Applied Mathematics : Proceedings of a Conference Held April 23-25, 1986 with Support from the National Science Foundation

Author: Mladen Luksic,Clyde Martin

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 082185075X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 273

View: 8585

Normally, mathematical research has been divided into 'pure' and 'applied', and only within the past decade has this distinction become blurred. However, differential geometry is one area of mathematics that has not made this distinction and has consistently played a vital role in both general areas. The papers in this volume represent the proceedings of a conference entitled 'Differential Geometry: The Interface Between Pure and Applied Mathematics', which was held in San Antonio, Texas, in April 1986. The purpose of the conference was to explore recent exciting applications and challenging classical problems in differential geometry. The papers represent a tremendous range of applications and techniques in such diverse areas as ordinary differential equations, Lie groups, algebra, numerical analysis and control theory.
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Aspects of Differential Geometry I

Author: Peter Gilkey,JeongHyeong Park,Ramón Vázquez-Lorenzo

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1627056637

Category: Mathematics

Page: 154

View: 6028

Differential Geometry is a wide field. We have chosen to concentrate upon certain aspects that are appropriate for an introduction to the subject; we have not attempted an encyclopedic treatment. In Book I, we focus on preliminaries. Chapter 1 provides an introduction to multivariable calculus and treats the Inverse Function Theorem, Implicit Function Theorem, the theory of the Riemann Integral, and the Change of Variable Theorem. Chapter 2 treats smooth manifolds, the tangent and cotangent bundles, and Stokes' Theorem. Chapter 3 is an introduction to Riemannian geometry. The Levi-Civita connection is presented, geodesics introduced, the Jacobi operator is discussed, and the Gauss-Bonnet Theorem is proved. The material is appropriate for an undergraduate course in the subject. We have given some different proofs than those that are classically given and there is some new material in these volumes. For example, the treatment of the Chern-Gauss-Bonnet Theorem for pseudo-Riemannian manifolds with boundary is new.
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Using the Mathematics Literature

Author: Kristine K. Fowler

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824750350

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 475

View: 6265

This reference serves as a reader-friendly guide to every basic tool and skill required in the mathematical library and helps mathematicians find resources in any format in the mathematics literature. It lists a wide range of standard texts, journals, review articles, newsgroups, and Internet and database tools for every major subfield in mathematics and details methods of access to primary literature sources of new research, applications, results, and techniques. Using the Mathematics Literature is the most comprehensive and up-to-date resource on mathematics literature in both print and electronic formats, presenting time-saving strategies for retrieval of the latest information.
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Clifford Algebra to Geometric Calculus

A Unified Language for Mathematics and Physics

Author: D. Hestenes,Garret Sobczyk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400962924

Category: Science

Page: 314

View: 1820

Matrix algebra has been called "the arithmetic of higher mathematics" [Be]. We think the basis for a better arithmetic has long been available, but its versatility has hardly been appreciated, and it has not yet been integrated into the mainstream of mathematics. We refer to the system commonly called 'Clifford Algebra', though we prefer the name 'Geometric Algebm' suggested by Clifford himself. Many distinct algebraic systems have been adapted or developed to express geometric relations and describe geometric structures. Especially notable are those algebras which have been used for this purpose in physics, in particular, the system of complex numbers, the quatemions, matrix algebra, vector, tensor and spinor algebras and the algebra of differential forms. Each of these geometric algebras has some significant advantage over the others in certain applications, so no one of them provides an adequate algebraic structure for all purposes of geometry and physics. At the same time, the algebras overlap considerably, so they provide several different mathematical representations for individual geometrical or physical ideas.
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Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces, Second Edition

Author: Thomas F. Banchoff,Stephen T. Lovett

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482247372

Category: Mathematics

Page: 414

View: 6271

Differential Geometry of Curves and Surfaces, Second Edition takes both an analytical/theoretical approach and a visual/intuitive approach to the local and global properties of curves and surfaces. Requiring only multivariable calculus and linear algebra, it develops students’ geometric intuition through interactive computer graphics applets supported by sound theory. The book explains the reasons for various definitions while the interactive applets offer motivation for certain definitions, allow students to explore examples further, and give a visual explanation of complicated theorems. The ability to change parametric curves and parametrized surfaces in an applet lets students probe the concepts far beyond what static text permits. New to the Second Edition Reworked presentation to make it more approachable More exercises, both introductory and advanced New section on the application of differential geometry to cartography Additional investigative project ideas Significantly reorganized material on the Gauss–Bonnet theorem Two new sections dedicated to hyperbolic and spherical geometry as applications of intrinsic geometry A new chapter on curves and surfaces in Rn Suitable for an undergraduate-level course or self-study, this self-contained textbook and online software applets provide students with a rigorous yet intuitive introduction to the field of differential geometry. The text gives a detailed introduction of definitions, theorems, and proofs and includes many types of exercises appropriate for daily or weekly assignments. The applets can be used for computer labs, in-class illustrations, exploratory exercises, or self-study aids.
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Differential Geometry

Bundles, Connections, Metrics and Curvature

Author: Clifford Henry Taubes

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191621226

Category: Mathematics

Page: 312

View: 5951

Bundles, connections, metrics and curvature are the 'lingua franca' of modern differential geometry and theoretical physics. This book will supply a graduate student in mathematics or theoretical physics with the fundamentals of these objects. Many of the tools used in differential topology are introduced and the basic results about differentiable manifolds, smooth maps, differential forms, vector fields, Lie groups, and Grassmanians are all presented here. Other material covered includes the basic theorems about geodesics and Jacobi fields, the classification theorem for flat connections, the definition of characteristic classes, and also an introduction to complex and Kähler geometry. Differential Geometry uses many of the classical examples from, and applications of, the subjects it covers, in particular those where closed form expressions are available, to bring abstract ideas to life. Helpfully, proofs are offered for almost all assertions throughout. All of the introductory material is presented in full and this is the only such source with the classical examples presented in detail.
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Vektoranalysis

Differentialformen in Analysis, Geometrie und Physik

Author: Ilka Agricola,Thomas Friedrich

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3834896721

Category: Mathematics

Page: 313

View: 3212

Dieses Lehrbuch eignet sich als Fortsetzungskurs in Analysis nach den Grundvorlesungen im ersten Studienjahr. Die Vektoranalysis ist ein klassisches Teilgebiet der Mathematik mit vielfältigen Anwendungen, zum Beispiel in der Physik. Das Buch führt die Studierenden in die Welt der Differentialformen und Analysis auf Untermannigfaltigkeiten des Rn ein. Teile des Buches können auch sehr gut für Vorlesungen in Differentialgeometrie oder Mathematischer Physik verwendet werden. Der Text enthält viele ausführliche Beispiele mit vollständigem Lösungsweg, die zur Übung hilfreich sind. Zahlreiche Abbildungen veranschaulichen den Text. Am Ende jedes Kapitels befinden sich weitere Übungsaufgaben. In der ersten Auflage erschien das Buch unter dem Titel "Globale Analysis". Der Text wurde an vielen Stellen überarbeitet. Fast alle Bilder wurden neu erstellt. Inhaltliche Ergänzungen wurden u. a. in der Differentialgeometrie sowie der Elektrodynamik vorgenommen.
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Partial Differential Equations and Their Applications

Author: Canadian Mathematical Society. Seminar

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821806874

Category: Mathematics

Page: 315

View: 2753

This volume presents lectures given at the 1995 Annual Seminar of the Canadian Mathematical Society on Partial Differential Equations and Their Applications held at the University of Toronto in June 1995. The conference consisted of a combination of minicourses, invited presentations, and contributed talks. In this volume readers will find contributions on a variety of topics related to PDE, such as spectral asymptotics, harmonic analysis, differential operators in hyperbolic manifolds, applications to geometry, mathematical physics, hydrodynamics, and the interaction between theory and numerical methods in PDE.
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Monge Ampère Equation

Applications to Geometry and Optimization : NSF-CBMS Conference on the Monge Ampère Equation, Applications to Geometry and Optimization, July 9-13, 1997, Florida Atlantic University

Author: Luis A. Caffarelli,Mario Milman

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821809172

Category: Mathematics

Page: 172

View: 3532

In recent years, the Monge Ampere Equation has received attention for its role in several new areas of applied mathematics: As a new method of discretization for evolution equations of classical mechanics, such as the Euler equation, flow in porous media, Hele-Shaw flow, etc., As a simple model for optimal transportation and a div-curl decomposition with affine invariance and As a model for front formation in meteorology and optimal antenna design. These applications were addressed and important theoretical advances presented at a NSF-CBMS conference held at Florida Atlantic University (Boca Raton). L. Cafarelli and other distinguished specialists contributed high-quality research results and up-to-date developments in the field. This is a comprehensive volume outlining current directions in nonlinear analysis and its applications.
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Lie Groups

A Problem Oriented Introduction Via Matrix Groups

Author: Harriet Pollatsek

Publisher: MAA

ISBN: 9780883857595

Category: Mathematics

Page: 177

View: 4902

The work of the Norwegian mathematician Sophus Lie extends ideas of symmetry and leads to many applications in mathematics and physics. Ordinarily, the study of the "objects" in Lie's theory (Lie groups and Lie algebras) requires extensive mathematical prerequisites beyond the reach of the typical undergraduate. By restricting to the special case of matrix Lie groups and relying on ideas from multivariable calculus and linear algebra, this lovely and important material becomes accessible even to college sophomores. Working with Lie's ideas fosters an appreciation of the unity of mathematics and the sometimes surprising ways in which mathematics provides a language to describe and understand the physical world.Lie Groups is an active learning text that can be used by students with a range of backgrounds and interests. The material is developed through 200 carefully chosen problems. This is the only book in the undergraduate curriculum to bring this material to students so early in their mathematical careers.
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Global Analysis

Differential Forms in Analysis, Geometry, and Physics

Author: Ilka Agricola,Thomas Friedrich

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821829513

Category: Mathematics

Page: 343

View: 4493

This book introduces the reader to the world of differential forms and their uses in geometry, analysis, and mathematical physics. It begins with a few basic topics, partly as review, then moves on to vector analysis on manifolds and the study of curves and surfaces in $3$-space. Lie groups and homogeneous spaces are discussed, providing the appropriate framework for introducing symmetry in both mathematical and physical contexts. The final third of the book applies the mathematical ideas to important areas of physics: Hamiltonian mechanics, statistical mechanics, and electrodynamics. There are many classroom-tested exercises and examples with excellent figures throughout. The book is ideal as a text for a first course in differential geometry, suitable for advanced undergraduates or graduate students in mathematics or physics.
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