Death and Dying in the Neolithic Near East

Author: Karina Croucher

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199693951

Category: History

Page: 372

View: 794

Going beyond traditional concerns such as wealth, status, and social hierarchy, Karina Croucher here explores a variety of new approaches to the mortuary archaeology of the Neolithic Near East. Case studies reinterpret the remarkable plastered skulls, as well as plaster statuary, headless burials, relationships between human and animal remains, food consumption and cannibalism. Topics such as human interaction with the environment, identity, personhood and gender are stressed, providing a window on a more complex, more "humanised" Near Eastern Neolithic.
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Objects and Materials

A Routledge Companion

Author: Penny Harvey,Eleanor Conlin Casella,Gillian Evans,Hannah Knox,Christine McLean,Elizabeth B. Silva,Nicholas Thoburn,Kath Woodward

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317577728

Category: Social Science

Page: 440

View: 1074

There is broad acceptance across the Humanities and Social Sciences that our deliberations on the social need to take place through attention to practice, to object-mediated relations, to non-human agency and to the affective dimensions of human sociality. This Companion focuses on the objects and materials found at centre stage, and asks: what matters about objects? Objects and Materials explores the field, providing succinct summary accounts of contemporary scholarship, along with a wealth of new research investigating the capacity of objects to shape, unsettle and exceed expectations. Original chapters from over forty international, interdisciplinary contributors address an array of objects and materials to ask what the terms of collaborations with objects and materials are, and to consider how these collaborations become integral to our understandings of the complex, relational dynamics that fashion social worlds. Objects and Materials will be of interest to students and scholars across the social sciences and humanities, including in sociology, social theory, science and technology studies, history, anthropology, archaeology, gender studies, women’s studies, geography, cultural studies, politics and international relations, and philosophy.
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Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 6418

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
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Waffengräber im Alten Orient

zum problem der wertung von waffen in gräben des 3. und frühen 2. Jahrtausends v. Chr. in Mesopotamien und Syrien

Author: Ellen Rehm

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 149

View: 4424

Rehm's thesis provides a detailed assessment of Near Eastern weapon-graves dating from the 3rd and early 2nd millennium BC. the aim is to determine the cultural and chronological context of the Mesopotamian and Syrian weapons and graves. Much of the study comprises a chronological gazetteer of sites and diagrams and tables that list the types of weapons that dominate certain periods or regions, including spears, axes, swords and shields. Sections also examine other types of gravegoods and the supporting evidence of Bronze Age artworks.
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Worlds in Collision

Author: Immanuel Velikovsky

Publisher: Paradigma Ltd

ISBN: 1906833710

Category: Planets

Page: 384

View: 3135

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The Development of Pre-State Communities in the Ancient Near East

Studies in Honour of Edgar Peltenburg

Author: Diane Bolger,Louise C. Maguire

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1842178377

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 8924

This book explores the dynamics of small-scale societies in the ancient Near East by examining the ways in which particular communities functioned and interacted and by moving beyond the broad neo-evolutionary models of social change which have characterised many earlier approaches. By focusing on issues of diversity, scale, and context, it considers the ways in which economy, crafts, technology, and ritual were organised; the roles played by mortuary practices and households in the structure and development of ancient societies; and the importance of agency, identity, ethnicity, gender, community and cultural interaction for the rise of socio-economic complexity. The contributors to this volume are well-known archaeologists in the field of Near Eastern studies; all are currently engaged in fieldwork or research in Cyprus, the Levant, or Turkey. The variety and depth of the research they present here reflect the richness of the archaeological record in the 'cradle of civilisation' and convey the vibrancy of current interpretive approaches within the field of Near Eastern prehistory today.
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Das Rätsel der Donauzivilisation

Die Entdeckung der ältesten Hochkultur Europas

Author: Harald Haarmann

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406622119

Category: History

Page: 286

View: 1129

In den letzten Jahren haben Archäologen immer mehr Belege dafür gefunden, dass es zwischen dem 6. und dem 4. Jahrtausend v. Chr. auf dem Balkan eine Hochkultur gab, die bereits vor den Mesopotamiern die Schrift kannte. Harald Haarmann führt in diesem Buch erstmals umfassend in diese bisher unbekannte, in vielem noch rätselhafte alteuropäische Kultur ein. Er beschreibt Handelswege und Siedlungen, Kunst und Handwerk, Mythologie und Schrift der Donauzivilisation, geht ihren Ursprüngen am Schwarzen Meer nach und zeigt auf, welchen Einfluss sie auf die Kultur der griechischen Antike und des Vorderen Orients hatte.
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Die Welt des Orients

Author: Ernst Michel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783525633793

Category: Asia

Page: 168

View: 6666

Wissenschaftliche Beiträge zur Kunde des Morgenlandes.
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Die Mühlen der Zivilisation

Eine Tiefengeschichte der frühesten Staaten

Author: James C. Scott

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518761528

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 7395

Uns modernen Menschen erscheint die Sesshaftigkeit so natürlich wie dem Fisch das Wasser. Wie selbstverständlich gehen wir und auch weite Teile der historischen Forschung davon aus, dass die neolithische Revolution, in deren Verlauf der Mensch seine nomadische Existenz aufgab und zum Ackerbauer und Viehzüchter wurde, ein bedeutender zivilisatorischer Fortschritt war, dessen Früchte wir noch heute genießen. James C. Scott erzählt in seinem provokanten Buch eine ganz andere Geschichte. Gestützt auf archäologische Befunde, entwickelt er die These, dass die ersten bäuerlichen Staaten aus der Kontrolle über die Reproduktion entstanden und ein hartes Regime der Domestizierung errichteten, nicht nur mit Blick auf Pflanzen und Tiere. Auch die Bürger samt ihrer Sklaven und Frauen wurden der Herrschaft dieser frühesten Staaten unterworfen. Sie brachte Strapazen, Epidemien, Ungleichheiten und Kriege mit sich. Einzig die »Barbaren« haben sich gegen die Mühlen der Zivilisation gestemmt, sich der Sesshaftigkeit und den neuen Besteuerungssystemen verweigert und damit der Unterordnung unter eine staatliche Macht. Sie sind die heimlichen Helden dieses Buches, das unseren Blick auf die Menschheitsgeschichte verändert.
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Europe in the Neolithic

The Creation of New Worlds

Author: A. W. R. Whittle

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521449205

Category: Social Science

Page: 443

View: 1813

This uniquely broad and challenging book reviews the latest archaeological evidence on Neolithic Europe from 7,000-2,500 BC. Describing important areas, sites and problems, Dr. Whittle addresses the major themes that have engaged the attention of scholars: the transition from a forager lifestyle; the rate and dynamics of change; and the nature of Neolithic society. A revised version of Whittle's Neolithic Europe: A Survey (CUP, 1985), the book reflects radical changes in evidence and in interpretive approaches over the past decade.
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Place, Ecology and the Sacred

The Moral Geography of Sustainable Communities

Author: Michael S. Northcott

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441114572

Category: Religion

Page: 248

View: 6808

People are born in one place. Traditionally humans move around more than other animals, but in modernity the global mobility of persons and the factors of production increasingly disrupts the sense of place that is an intrinsic part of the human experience of being on earth. Industrial development and fossil fuelled mobility negatively impact the sense of place and help to foster a culture of placelessness where buildings, fields and houses increasingly display a monotonous aesthetic. At the same time ecological habitats, and diverse communities of species are degraded. Romantic resistance to the industrial evisceration of place and ecological diversity involved the setting aside of scenic or sublime landscapes as wilderness areas or parks. However the implication of this project is that human dwelling and ecological sustainability are intrinsically at odds. In this collection of essays Michael Northcott argues that the sense of the sacred which emanates from local communities of faith sustained a 'parochial ecology' which, over the centuries, shaped communities that were more socially just and ecologically sustainable than the kinds of exchange relationships and settlement patterns fostered by a global and place-blind economy. Hence Christian communities in medieval Europe fostered the distributed use and intergenerational care of common resources, such as alpine meadows, forests or river catchments. But contemporary political economists neglect the role of boundaried places, and spatial limits, in the welfare of human and ecological communities. Northcott argues that place-based forms of community, dwelling and exchange Â? such as a local food economy Â? more closely resemble evolved commons governance arrangements, and facilitate the revival of a sense of neighbourhood, and of reconnection between persons and the ecological places in which they dwell.
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Homo Necans

Interpretationen altgriechischer Opferriten und Mythen

Author: Walter Burkert

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110808471

Category: History

Page: 390

View: 3103

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God

Myths of the Male Divine

Author: David Adams Leeming,Jake Page

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195093062

Category: Fiction

Page: 196

View: 4928

A study of the changing identities of masculine forms of the divine offers myths and profiles of such figures as the Bear Man of the Cherokees, Loki of the Norse people, Legba of Africa's Yoruba, and Krishna of India.
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Sie bauten die ersten Tempel

das rätselhafte Heiligtum der Steinzeitjäger ; die archäologische Entdeckung am Göbekli Tepe

Author: Klaus Schmidt

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783423344906

Category:

Page: 283

View: 9475

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Social Bioarchaeology

Author: Sabrina C. Agarwal,Bonnie A. Glencross

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444390520

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 9087

Illustrates new methodological directions in analyzing human social and biological variation Offers a wide array of research on past populations around the globe Explains the central features of bioarchaeological research by key researchers and established experts around the world
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Body Parts and Bodies Whole

Changing Relations and Meanings

Author: Katharina Rebay-Salisbury,Marie Louise Stig Sørensen,Jessica Hughes

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 148

View: 4072

This volume grew out of an interdisciplinary discussion held in the context of the Leverhulme-funded project 'Changing Beliefs in the Human Body', through which the image of the body in pieces soon emerged as a potent site of attitudes about the body and associated practices in many periods. Archaeologists routinely encounter parts of human and animal bodies in their excavations. Such fragmentary evidence has often been created through accidental damage and the passage of time - nevertheless, it can also signify a deliberate and meaningful act of fragmentation. As a fragment, a part may acquire a distinct meaning through its enchained relationship to the whole or alternatively it may be used in a more straightforward manner to represent the whole or even act as stand-in for other variables. This collection of papers puts bodily fragmentation into a long-term historical perspective. The temporal spread of the papers collected here indicates both the consistent importance and the varied perception of body parts in the archaeological record of Europe and the Near East. By bringing case studies together from a range of locations and time periods, each chapter brings a different insight to the role of body parts and body wholes and explores the status of the body in different cultural contexts. Many of the papers deal directly with the physical remains of the dead body, but the range of practices and representations covered in this volume confirm the sheer variability of treatments of the body throughout human history. Every one of the contributions demonstrates that examining how the human body is divided into pieces or parts can give us deeper insights into the beliefs of the particular society which produced these practices and representations.
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Engaging with the Dead

Exploring Changing Human Beliefs about Death, Mortality and the Human Body

Author: Jennie Bradbury,Chris Scarre

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN: 9781785706639

Category: Burial

Page: 288

View: 888

Presents important new insights into our understanding and interpretation of past mortuary practices, by integrating archaeological data with theoretical and evidential studies of modern funerary practices, ethnograhpy, theology and textual anaysis
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