Smart Cities im Cyberwar

Author: Florian Rötzer

Publisher: Westend Verlag

ISBN: 3864896002

Category: Political Science

Page: 140

View: 7290

Schlachtfeld Megacities Es gibt praktisch kein System, das nicht gehackt, gestört, manipuliert und lahmgelegt werden kann. Florian Rötzer zeigt, wie in unseren Smart Cities aus einem Ausfall des Stromnetzes eine nationale Katastrophe entstehen kann, weil alles miteinander zusammenhängt und von einer einzigen Quelle abhängig ist. Überall auf der Welt wachsen die Städte und werden zu Megacities, es entstehen dicht vernetzte urbane Korridore. Militärstrategen bereiten sich auf militärische Interventionen in Megacities vor, deren Ausmaße und Komplexität alle Kriegsgebiete in den Schatten stellen, für die Streitkräfte strategisch und technisch gerüstet sind. Wichtiger wird dabei auch zunehmend die Dimension des Cyberwar. Je "smarter" ein Land oder eine Stadt, je digitaler die Infrastruktur, je größer das Internet der Dinge, je mehr Daten und Prozesse in die Cloud, also in Rechenzentren, ausgelagert werden, desto anfälliger werden sie auch für Cyberangriffe und Cyberwar.
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Cyber-"War" - Testfall der Staatenverantwortlichkeit

Author: Sven-Hendrik Schulze

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161538452

Category: Law

Page: 282

View: 3570

English summary: Cyber attacks are not only a relatively new phenomenon, but also raise serious technical and legal concerns. Usually the victim does not possess any information about the origin of the attacker and/or the attack. Sven-Hendrik Schulze reveals whether, and if so how, the concept of state responsibility applies in such situations of uncertainty, and, if this concept is reaching its limits, which alternative measures should be taken in the future. German description: Cyber-Angriffe sind ein Kind des Informationszeitalters, ein Resultat enormer Abhangigkeiten und globaler Vernetzung, eine Konsequenz zunehmender finanzieller sowie technologischer Kluftenbildung zwischen den Staaten und eine Folge freier Verfugbarkeit. Kurzum: die Angriffsform der heutigen Zeit. Zentrales Problem aus Sicht der Opfer, seien es Staaten, Unternehmen oder anderweitige Akteure, ist die sich in der Regel erfolglos gestaltende Ruckverfolgung dieser Angriffe. Sven-Hendrik Schulze untersucht, ob und gegebenenfalls wie das traditionelle Konzept der Staatenverantwortlichkeit in diesen Situationen des Nicht-Wissens Anwendung findet. Sollten diese althergebrachten Regeln an ihre Grenzen stossen, so zeigt er auf, welche alternativen Massnahmen in Zukunft auf internationaler, regionaler und nationaler Ebene durch die Staaten getroffen werden sollten.
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Cyberwar – Die Gefahr aus dem Netz

Wer uns bedroht und wie wir uns wehren können

Author: Constanze Kurz,Frank Rieger

Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641229391

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 2368

Die unterschätzte Gefahr: wie Cyberattacken jeden einzelnen von uns bedrohen Wir sind abhängig vom Internet. Der Strom aus der Steckdose, das Geld aus dem Automaten, die Bahn zur Arbeit, all das funktioniert nur, wenn Computer und Netze sicher arbeiten. Doch diese Systeme sind verwundbar – und werden immer häufiger gezielt angegriffen. Deutschland mit seiner stark vernetzten Industrie und Gesellschaft, mit seiner hochentwickelten und deshalb umso verwundbareren Infrastruktur hat die Gefahr aus dem Netz lange ignoriert. Erst durch die wachsende Zahl und die zunehmende Massivität der Cyberangriffe sind Politik, Wirtschaft und Bürger aufgewacht. In ihrem ebenso spannenden wie aufrüttelnden Buch sagen die Computersicherheitsexperten Constanze Kurz und Frank Rieger, wer uns bedroht und was wir tun müssen, um unsere Daten, unser Geld und unsere Infrastruktur zu schützen.
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Mythos Cyberwar

Über digitale Spionage, Sabotage und andere Gefahren

Author: Thomas Rid

Publisher: Edition Körber

ISBN: 3896845322

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 6316

Der Politikwissenschaftler Thomas Rid ist sich sicher: Ein Cyberkrieg findet nicht statt. Den bisher dokumentierten Cyberattacken fehlen die zielgerichtete Gewalt gegen Menschen und die brutale Zerstörung, die untrennbar mit einem Krieg verbunden sind. Beruhigt zurücklehnen können wir uns dennoch nicht. Denn Thomas Rid macht auch klar, dass aus dem Cyberspace durchaus reale Gefahren wie Spionage, Sabotage und Subversion drohen. Kenntnisreich und spannend erzählt er von Spionageangriffen, von Sabotageakten und von Versuchen, mithilfe der Informationstechnologie Regierungen zu destabilisieren und Umstürze einzuleiten. Wir müssen begreifen, wer vom Mythos Cyberwar profitiert. Und wir müssen definieren, welchen Gefahren wir wirklich ausgesetzt sind, um den Sicherheitsanforderungen gut vorbereitet begegnen zu können.
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Deutschlands Sicherheit

Cybercrime und Cyberwar

Author: Arne Schönbohm

Publisher: MV-Verlag

ISBN: 3869913339

Category:

Page: 121

View: 5379

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Cyber Warfare

How Conflicts in Cyberspace are Challenging America and Changing the World

Author: Paul Rosenzweig

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 031339895X

Category: Computers

Page: 290

View: 2899

This book provides an up-to-date, accessible guide to the growing threats in cyberspace that affects everyone from private individuals to businesses to national governments.
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Cyber Warfare

Techniques, Tactics and Tools for Security Practitioners

Author: Jason Andress,Steve Winterfeld

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781597496384

Category: Computers

Page: 320

View: 6754

Cyber Warfare Techniques, Tactics and Tools for Security Practitioners provides a comprehensive look at how and why digital warfare is waged. This book explores the participants, battlefields, and the tools and techniques used during today's digital conflicts. The concepts discussed will give students of information security a better idea of how cyber conflicts are carried out now, how they will change in the future, and how to detect and defend against espionage, hacktivism, insider threats and non-state actors such as organized criminals and terrorists. Every one of our systems is under attack from multiple vectors - our defenses must be ready all the time and our alert systems must detect the threats every time. This book provides concrete examples and real-world guidance on how to identify and defend a network against malicious attacks. It considers relevant technical and factual information from an insider's point of view, as well as the ethics, laws and consequences of cyber war and how computer criminal law may change as a result. Starting with a definition of cyber warfare, the book’s 15 chapters discuss the following topics: the cyberspace battlefield; cyber doctrine; cyber warriors; logical, physical, and psychological weapons; computer network exploitation; computer network attack and defense; non-state actors in computer network operations; legal system impacts; ethics in cyber warfare; cyberspace challenges; and the future of cyber war. This book is a valuable resource to those involved in cyber warfare activities, including policymakers, penetration testers, security professionals, network and systems administrators, and college instructors. The information provided on cyber tactics and attacks can also be used to assist in developing improved and more efficient procedures and technical defenses. Managers will find the text useful in improving the overall risk management strategies for their organizations. Provides concrete examples and real-world guidance on how to identify and defend your network against malicious attacks Dives deeply into relevant technical and factual information from an insider's point of view Details the ethics, laws and consequences of cyber war and how computer criminal law may change as a result
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Cyber-War

The Anatomy of the Global Security Threat

Author: J. Richards

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137399627

Category: Political Science

Page: 99

View: 447

Cyber-War provides a critical assessment of current debates around the likelihood and impact of cyber warfare. Approaching the subject from a socio-political angle, it argues that destructive cyber war has not yet been seen, but could be a feature of future conflict.
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Cyber War

Law and Ethics for Virtual Conflicts

Author: Jens David Ohlin,Kevin Govern,Claire Finkelstein

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191027014

Category: Law

Page: 360

View: 7454

Cyber weapons and cyber warfare have become one of the most dangerous innovations of recent years, and a significant threat to national security. Cyber weapons can imperil economic, political, and military systems by a single act, or by multifaceted orders of effect, with wide-ranging potential consequences. Unlike past forms of warfare circumscribed by centuries of just war tradition and Law of Armed Conflict prohibitions, cyber warfare occupies a particularly ambiguous status in the conventions of the laws of war. Furthermore, cyber attacks put immense pressure on conventional notions of sovereignty, and the moral and legal doctrines that were developed to regulate them. This book, written by an unrivalled set of experts, assists in proactively addressing the ethical and legal issues that surround cyber warfare by considering, first, whether the Laws of Armed Conflict apply to cyberspace just as they do to traditional warfare, and second, the ethical position of cyber warfare against the background of our generally recognized moral traditions in armed conflict. The book explores these moral and legal issues in three categories. First, it addresses foundational questions regarding cyber attacks. What are they and what does it mean to talk about a cyber war? The book presents alternative views concerning whether the laws of war should apply, or whether transnational criminal law or some other peacetime framework is more appropriate, or if there is a tipping point that enables the laws of war to be used. Secondly, it examines the key principles of jus in bello to determine how they might be applied to cyber-conflicts, in particular those of proportionality and necessity. It also investigates the distinction between civilian and combatant in this context, and studies the level of causation necessary to elicit a response, looking at the notion of a 'proximate cause'. Finally, it analyses the specific operational realities implicated by particular regulatory regimes. This book is unmissable reading for anyone interested in the impact of cyber warfare on international law and the laws of war.
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Mythos Cyberwar

Über digitale Spionage, Sabotage und andere Gefahren

Author: Thomas Rid

Publisher: Edition Körber

ISBN: 3896845322

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 4169

Der Politikwissenschaftler Thomas Rid ist sich sicher: Ein Cyberkrieg findet nicht statt. Den bisher dokumentierten Cyberattacken fehlen die zielgerichtete Gewalt gegen Menschen und die brutale Zerstörung, die untrennbar mit einem Krieg verbunden sind. Beruhigt zurücklehnen können wir uns dennoch nicht. Denn Thomas Rid macht auch klar, dass aus dem Cyberspace durchaus reale Gefahren wie Spionage, Sabotage und Subversion drohen. Kenntnisreich und spannend erzählt er von Spionageangriffen, von Sabotageakten und von Versuchen, mithilfe der Informationstechnologie Regierungen zu destabilisieren und Umstürze einzuleiten. Wir müssen begreifen, wer vom Mythos Cyberwar profitiert. Und wir müssen definieren, welchen Gefahren wir wirklich ausgesetzt sind, um den Sicherheitsanforderungen gut vorbereitet begegnen zu können.
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Cyber War Versus Cyber Realities

Cyber Conflict in the International System

Author: Brandon Valeriano,Ryan C. Maness

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0190204796

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 3493

Présentation de l'éditeur : "What Valeriano and Maness provide in this book is an empirically-grounded discussion of the reality of cyber conflict, based on an analysis of cyber incidents and disputes experienced by international states since 2001. They delineate patterns of cyber conflict to develop a larger theory of cyber war that gets at the processes leading to cyber conflict. They find that, in addition to being a little-used tactic, cyber incidents thus far have been of a rather low-level intensity and with few to no long-term effects. Interestingly, they also find that many cyber incidents are motivated by regional conflict. They argue that restraint is the norm in cyberspace and suggest there is evidence this norm can influence how the tactic is used in the future. In conclusion, the authors lay out a set of policy recommendations for proper defense against cyber threats that is built on restraint and regionalism."
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The Evolution of Cyber War

International Norms for Emerging-Technology Weapons

Author: Brian M. Mazanec

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 1612347746

Category: LAW

Page: 336

View: 1569

Former secretary of defense Leon Panetta once described cyber warfare as "the most serious threat in the twenty-first century," capable of destroying our entire infrastructure and crippling the nation. Already, major cyber attacks have affected countries around the world: Estonia in 2007, Georgia in 2008, Iran in 2010, and most recently the United States. As with other methods of war, cyber technology can be used not only against military forces and facilities but also against civilian targets. Information technology has enabled a new method of warfare that is proving extremely difficult to combat, let alone defeat. And yet cyber warfare is still in its infancy, with innumerable possibilities and contingencies for how such conflicts may play out in the coming decades. Brian M. Mazanec examines the worldwide development of constraining norms for cyber war and predicts how those norms will unfold in the future. Employing case studies of other emerging-technology weapons--chemical and biological, strategic bombing, and nuclear weaponry--Mazanec expands previous understandings of norm-evolution theory, offering recommendations for U.S. policymakers and citizens alike as they grapple with the reality of cyber terrorism in our own backyard.
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Cyber War Will Not Take Place

Author: Thomas Rid

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199365466

Category: Political Science

Page: 218

View: 8523

"Cyber war is coming," announced a land-mark RAND report in 1993. In 2005, the U.S. Air Force boasted it would now fly, fight, and win in cyberspace, the "fifth domain" of warfare. This book takes stock, twenty years on: is cyber war really coming? Has war indeed entered the fifth domain? Cyber War Will Not Take Place cuts through the hype and takes a fresh look at cyber security. Thomas Rid argues that the focus on war and winning distracts from the real challenge of cyberspace: non-violent confrontation that may rival or even replace violence in surprising ways. The threat consists of three different vectors: espionage, sabotage, and subversion. The author traces the most significant hacks and attacks, exploring the full spectrum of case studies from the shadowy world of computer espionage and weaponised code. With a mix of technical detail and rigorous political analysis, the book explores some key questions: What are cyber weapons? How have they changed the meaning of violence? How likely and how dangerous is crowd-sourced subversive activity? Why has there never been a lethal cyber attack against a country's critical infrastructure? How serious is the threat of "pure" cyber espionage, of exfiltrating data without infiltrating humans first? And who is most vulnerable: which countries, industries, individuals?
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The Real Cyber War

The Political Economy of Internet Freedom

Author: Shawn M. Powers,Michael Jablonski

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252097106

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 1572

Contemporary discussion surrounding the role of the internet in society is dominated by words like: internet freedom, surveillance, cybersecurity, Edward Snowden and, most prolifically, cyber war. Behind the rhetoric of cyber war is an on-going state-centered battle for control of information resources. Shawn Powers and Michael Jablonski conceptualize this real cyber war as the utilization of digital networks for geopolitical purposes, including covert attacks against another state's electronic systems, but also, and more importantly, the variety of ways the internet is used to further a state’s economic and military agendas. Moving beyond debates on the democratic value of new and emerging information technologies, The Real Cyber War focuses on political, economic, and geopolitical factors driving internet freedom policies, in particular the U.S. State Department's emerging doctrine in support of a universal freedom to connect. They argue that efforts to create a universal internet built upon Western legal, political, and social preferences is driven by economic and geopolitical motivations rather than the humanitarian and democratic ideals that typically accompany related policy discourse. In fact, the freedom-to-connect movement is intertwined with broader efforts to structure global society in ways that favor American and Western cultures, economies, and governments. Thought-provoking and far-seeing, The Real Cyber War reveals how internet policies and governance have emerged as critical sites of geopolitical contestation, with results certain to shape statecraft, diplomacy, and conflict in the twenty-first century.
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The 20th Century Cyber War Zone Operations Documentary Part Two

Author: Perry Ritthaler,Martin F Luthke

Publisher: eBookIt.com

ISBN: 1456606441

Category: Political Science

Page: 794

View: 7951

This fascinating e-book continues the story taking the reader from the time of full blow killings on the battlefield toward the peace truce operations currently being negotiated in the Middle East today. The e-book is packed with many online pictures and newspaper articles and video links to help the reader better understand the covert digital cyber warfare operations, flavored with the authors' special brand of war poetry poems. No matter where you go," Perry says, "you can always hear 'echoes of the war on terrorism,' even silent echoes." Against this background, Perry develops his cyber covert digital psychology war operations filled with new peace empowerment war strategy wielding empowerment mixed with logic. He releases the operations online into the battlefield as fast as terrorism and war is published in media online reported in the Middle East region of the world. As he attempted to deal with the ravages of war seamlessly, and the threat posed to the civilian way of life, the final war on terror is shaped in the age of psychology economic empowerment reasoning. Through the implementation of these "covert psychology war strategy empowerment operations", war strategies and operations by the terrorism networks and NATO military are redefined and implemented on the battlefield. The reshaping of the war on terrorism objectives in the mind of leaders on both sides of the battlefield are his target. This is powerful e-book to read for people interested in politics or terrorism or the wars in the Middle East or the new cyber warfare technology created in the 20th Century.
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Cyber War

The Next Threat to National Security and What to Do About It

Author: Richard A. Clarke,Robert Knake

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0061992399

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 6060

Author of the #1 New York Times bestseller Against All Enemies, former presidential advisor and counter-terrorism expert Richard A. Clarke sounds a timely and chilling warning about America’s vulnerability in a terrifying new international conflict—Cyber War! Every concerned American should read this startling and explosive book that offers an insider’s view of White House ‘Situation Room’ operations and carries the reader to the frontlines of our cyber defense. Cyber War exposes a virulent threat to our nation’s security. This is no X-Files fantasy or conspiracy theory madness—this is real.
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Should There Be Rules Regarding the Rise of Cyber-Warfare Techniques by Rival Nations

Author: Paul Sisler

Publisher: Paul Sisler

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 36

View: 3559

This paper will try to answer this question, posed by the title. But, we want to start with the idea that cyber-warfare may be construed to be more than it is. The psychological effects of cyber-warfare may be greater than the real issue, particularly as its interpreted by the media. Another question that comes up is how do we begin to examine a question of law, where little information exists? Now that we’re in the 21st century, it’s long overdue to fully examine this issue. Although, more than a decade has passed since discussion of this issue began, there are still many questions. What if this thought, this idea, is being “psychologically built” into the minds of people; manipulation? What happens when it becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy? I think it’s important to begin any discussion of this type with a “what do you mean by attitude”. In other words, for us to provide a positive communication environment it’s important that we begin by defining certain terms. Let’s begin with cyberspace. What is cyberspace? What is, in fact, the meaning of this space? And if cyberspace can really be understood as space, what its resultant role of architecture in this still largely unknown realm? Is all reality then necessarily becoming virtual reality? Who are the architects of cyberspace, and which designing principles should they follow? And if there are really architects involved, why are the contemporary examples of virtual reality environments nowadays then still characterized as banal? Moreover, what does it actually mean to design cyberspace? Which urban metaphors are implemented in the virtual realm, so that in some way familiar notions become apparent in this abstract and technological world? Is cyberspace a novel departure or an extension – perhaps the final extension – of the trajectory of abstraction and dematerialization that has characterized so much modern art, architecture and human experience?
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Deterring Cyber Warfare

Bolstering Strategic Stability in Cyberspace

Author: Brian M. Mazanec,B. Thayer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137476184

Category: Political Science

Page: 95

View: 9334

While the deterrence of cyber attacks is one of the most important issues facing the United States and other nations, the application of deterrence theory to the cyber realm is problematic. This study introduces cyber warfare and reviews the challenges associated with deterring cyber attacks, offering key recommendations to aid the deterrence of major cyber attacks.
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