Culture Wars

Context, Models and Anthropologists' Accounts

Author: Deborah James,Evelyn Plaice,Christina Toren

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857456628

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 5220

The relationship between anthropologists’ ethnographic investigations and the lived social worlds in which these originate is a fundamental issue for anthropology. Where some claim that only native voices may offer authentic accounts of culture and hence that ethnographers are only ever interpreters of it, others point out that anthropologists are, themselves, implanted within specific cultural contexts which generate particular kinds of theoretical discussions. The contributors to this volume reject the premise that ethnographer and informant occupy different and incommensurable “cultural worlds.” Instead they investigate the relationship between culture, context, and anthropologists’ models and accounts in new ways. In doing so, they offer fresh insights into this key area of anthropological research.
Release

Contemporary Pagan and Native Faith Movements in Europe

Colonialist and Nationalist Impulses

Author: Kathryn Rountree

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782386475

Category: Social Science

Page: 326

View: 9628

Pagan and Native Faith movements have sprung up across Europe in recent decades, yet little has been published about them compared with their British and American counterparts. Though all such movements valorize human relationships with nature and embrace polytheistic cosmologies, practitioners' beliefs, practices, goals, and agendas are diverse. Often side by side are groups trying to reconstruct ancient religions motivated by ethnonationalism-especially in post-Soviet societies-and others attracted by imported traditions, such as Wicca, Druidry, Goddess Spirituality, and Core Shamanism. Drawing on ethnographic cases, contributors explore the interplay of neo-nationalistic and neo-colonialist impulses in contemporary Paganism, showing how these impulses play out, intersect, collide, and transform.
Release

Cyberidentities At War

The Moluccan Conflict on the Internet

Author: Birgit Bräuchler

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 085745854X

Category: History

Page: 414

View: 2960

Conflicting parties worldwide increasingly use the Internet in a strategic way, and struggles carried out on a local level achieve a new dimension. This new kind of medialization results in a conflict's expansion into global cyberspace. Based on ethnographic research on the online activities of Christian and Muslim actors in the Moluccan conflict (1999–2003), this study investigates processes of identity construction, community building and evolving conflict dynamics on the Internet. In contributing to conflict and Internet research, this study paves the way for a new cyberanthropology. A newly added epilogue outlines the directions in which the situation in the Moluccas has continued and discusses the advances and developments of theoretical and methodological concerns presented in the 2005 German edition.
Release

Nature and Society

Anthropological Perspectives

Author: Philippe Descola,Gisli Palsson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134827156

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 8589

The contributors to this book focus on the relationship between nature and society from a variety of theoretical and ethnographic perspectives. Their work draws upon recent developments in social theory, biology, ethnobiology, epistemology, sociology of science, and a wide array of ethnographic case studies -- from Amazonia, the Solomon Islands, Malaysia, the Mollucan Islands, rural comunities from Japan and north-west Europe, urban Greece, and laboratories of molecular biology and high-energy physics. The discussion is divided into three parts, emphasising the problems posed by the nature-culture dualism, some misguided attempts to respond to these problems, and potential avenues out of the current dilemmas of ecological discourse.
Release

The Savage Mind

Author: Claude Lvi-strauss

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226474847

Category: Philosophy

Page: 290

View: 9124

Discusses the significance of totemism among primitive peoples and its interpretation by anthropologists and philosophies
Release

Flexible Capitalism

Exchange and Ambiguity at Work

Author: Jens Kjaerulff

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782386165

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 296

View: 1002

Approaching “work” as at heart a practice of exchange, this volume explores sociality in work environments marked by the kind of structural changes that have come to define contemporary “flexible” capitalism. It introduces anthropological exchange theory to a wider readership, and shows how the perspective offers new ways to enquire about the flexible capitalism’s social dimensions. The essays contribute to a trans-disciplinary scholarship on contemporary economic practice and change by documenting how, across diverse settings, “gift-like” socialities proliferate, and even sustain the intensified flexible commoditization that more commonly is touted as tearing social relations apart. By interrogating a keenly debated contemporary work regime through an approach to sociality rooted in a rich and distinct anthropological legacy, the volume also makes a novel contribution to the anthropological literature on work and on exchange.
Release

Ownership and Appropriation

Author: Veronica Strang,Mark Busse

Publisher: Berg

ISBN: 1847888402

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 6399

Through detailed case studies covering a wide range of related issues, Ownership and Appropriation provides a new approach to this key anthropological topic.
Release

Cultivating Development : An Ethnography Of Aid Policy And Practice

Author: David Mosse

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788178296012

Category: Economic assistance

Page: 336

View: 388

Based on a detailed account of an actual development project, this book addresses an important question: Is development practice actually driven by policy? Development agencies and researchers are preoccupied with policy; with exerting influence over policy; linking research to policy, and with implementing policy around the world. In this book, David Mosse argues that rather than being driven by policy, development practice is actually shaped by the exigencies of organisations and the need to maintain relationships. At the same time, however, development actors work hard at maintaining the fiction of representing authorised policy in their actions. This book (which can be characterised as being a social investigation) asks pertinent questions about international aid, in particular of British aid for rural development. It does so by examining in depth the experience of a development project in western India over a period of more than ten years and as it falls under different policy regimes. Mosse analyses development processes in the light of the broad experience of the project workers (which included himself), even if it means destabilising policy representations. The book is a compelling re-examination of the politics and ethics of engaging with development and a rare self-critical reflection practice.
Release

Power, community and the state

the political anthropology of organisation in Mexico

Author: Monique Nuijten

Publisher: Pluto Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 227

View: 9913

An important contribution to debates on theorising state power. The author's fieldwork in Mexico is used to examine the tensions between local community and state.
Release

Disputing Citizenship

Author: John Clarke,Kathleen Coll,Evelina Dagnino,Catherine Neveu

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447312538

Category: Political Science

Page: 214

View: 1752

Many people take citizenship for granted, but throughout history it has been an embattled notion. This unique book presents a new perspective on citizenship, treating it as a continuous focal point of dispute. Written by scholars from Brazil, France, Britain, and the United States, it offers an international and interdisciplinary exploration of the ways different forms and practices of citizenship embody contesting entanglements of politics, culture, and power. In doing so, it offers a provocative challenge to the ways citizenship is normally conceived of and analyzed by the social sciences and develops an innovative view of citizenship as something always emerging from struggle.
Release

A history of anthropology

Author: Thomas Hylland Eriksen,Finn Sivert Nielsen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781849649193

Category: POLITICAL SCIENCE

Page: 254

View: 8230

Thoroughly updated and revised edition of a popular classic of modern anthropology.
Release

Biosocial Becomings

Integrating Social and Biological Anthropology

Author: Tim Ingold,Gisli Palsson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107434238

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 5898

All human life unfolds within a matrix of relations, which are at once social and biological. Yet the study of humanity has long been divided between often incompatible 'social' and 'biological' approaches. Reaching beyond the dualisms of nature and society and of biology and culture, this volume proposes a unique and integrated view of anthropology and the life sciences. Featuring contributions from leading anthropologists, it explores human life as a process of 'becoming' rather than 'being', and demonstrates that humanity is neither given in the nature of our species nor acquired through culture but forged in the process of life itself. Combining wide-ranging theoretical argument with in-depth discussion of material from recent or ongoing field research, the chapters demonstrate how contemporary anthropology can move forward in tandem with groundbreaking discoveries in the biological sciences.
Release

Anthropology of Policy

Perspectives on Governance and Power

Author: Cris Shore,Susan Wright

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134827024

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 880

Arguing that policy has become an increasingly central concept and instrument in the organisation of contemporary societies and that it now impinges on all areas of life so that it is virtually impossible to ignore or escape its influence, this book argues that the study of policy leads straight into issues at the heart of anthropology.
Release

The Koan

Texts and Contexts in Zen Buddhism

Author: Steven Heine,Dale S. Wright

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019802780X

Category: Religion

Page: 336

View: 8332

Koans are enigmatic spiritual formulas used for religious training in the Zen Buddhist tradition. Arguing that our understanding of the koan tradition has been severely limited, contributors to this collection examine previously unrecognized factors in the formation of this tradition, and highlight the rich complexity and diversity of koan practice and literature.
Release

Of Bodies and Symptoms

Anthropological Perspectives on their Social and Medical Treatment

Author: Sylvie Fainzang,Claudie Haxaire

Publisher: PUBLICACIONS UNIVERSITAT ROVIRA i VIRGILI

ISBN: 8469449915

Category: Social Science

Page: 303

View: 1095

The question of the social treatment of the body and its transformations emerges in relation to issues of varying types (economic, therapeutic, ideological, cultural, aesthetic,commercial, technical). This book examines the various ways of managing bodily symptoms or transformations and the social stakes and systems of knowledge which relate to them, both on the medical and social level. The contributions provide analyses that concern a broad range of countries. Through the themes it tackles and the subjects it examines, this book reveals both the universal nature of the questions it asks, and the evolution of the objects and approaches of anthropology itself.
Release

The City of Women

Author: Ruth Landes

Publisher: UNM Press

ISBN: 9780826315564

Category: History

Page: 251

View: 5173

The City of Women, first published in 1947, is anthropologist Ruth Landes's study of candomble religious society in Brazil just before World War II. Afro-Brazilian candomble is a woman-centered, spirit possession religion developed by West African slaves in colonial plantation societies. Abandoning the scientific concept of culture that dominated anthropology in her time, Landes lets Brazil speak to her on its own terms. In The City of Women, she draws portraits of the priestesses and other women she visited in private homes and observed in candomble temples, all nuanced by her awareness of gender, race, and sexuality. Marketed as an exotic travelogue and dismissed by anthropologists when it appeared in 1947, The City of Women is now considered a classic of postmodern anthropology and a basic primary source for candomble studies.
Release

Age of System

Understanding the Development of Modern Social Science

Author: Hunter Heyck

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421417103

Category: Education

Page: 272

View: 2876

Before the Second World War, social scientists struggled to define and defend their disciplines. After the war, "high modern" social scientists harnessed new resources in a quest to create a unified understanding of human behavior—and to remake the world in the image of their new model man. In Age of System, Hunter Heyck explains why social scientists—shaped by encounters with the ongoing "organizational revolution" and its revolutionary technologies of communication and control—embraced a new and extremely influential perspective on science and nature, one that conceived of all things in terms of system, structure, function, organization, and process. He also explores how this emerging unified theory of human behavior implied a troubling similarity between humans and machines, with freighted implications for individual liberty and self-direction. These social scientists trained a generation of decision-makers in schools of business and public administration, wrote the basic textbooks from which millions learned how the economy, society, polity, culture, and even the mind worked, and drafted the position papers, books, and articles that helped set the terms of public discourse in a new era of mass media, think tanks, and issue networks. Drawing on close readings of key texts and a broad survey of more than 1,800 journal articles, Heyck follows the dollars—and the dreams—of a generation of scholars that believed in "the system." He maps the broad landscape of changes in the social sciences, focusing especially intently on the ideas and practices associated with modernization theory, rational choice theory, and modeling. A highly accomplished historian, Heyck relays this complicated story with unusual clarity.
Release

Rhythms of Writing

An Anthropology of Irish Literature

Author: Helena Wulff

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1474244157

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 1777

This is the first anthropological study of writers, writing and contemporary literary culture. Drawing on the flourishing literary scene in Ireland as the basis for her research, Helena Wulff explores the social world of contemporary Irish writers, examining fiction, novels, short stories as well as journalism. Discussing writers such as John Banville, Roddy Doyle, Colm Tóibín, Frank McCourt, Anne Enright, Deirdre Madden, Éilís Ní Dhuibhne, Colum McCann, David Park, and Joseph O´Connor, Wulff reveals how the making of a writer's career is built on the 'rhythms of writing': long hours of writing in solitude alternate with public events such as book readings and media appearances. Destined to launch a new field of enquiry, Rhythms of Writing is essential reading for students and scholars in anthropology, literary studies, creative writing, cultural studies, and Irish studies.
Release

Kisisi (Our Language)

The Story of Colin and Sadiki

Author: Perry Gilmore

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111910159X

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 2357

Part historic ethnography, part linguistic case study and part a mother’s memoir, Kisisi tells the story of two boys (Colin and Sadiki) who, together invented their own language, and of the friendship they shared in postcolonial Kenya. Documents and examines the invention of a ‘new’ language between two boys in postcolonial Kenya Offers a unique insight into child language development and use Presents a mixed genre narrative and multidisciplinary discussion that describes the children’s border-crossing friendship and their unique and innovative private language Beautifully written by one of the foremost scholars in child development, language acquisition and education, the book provides a seamless blending of the personal and the ethnographic The story of Colin and Sadiki raises profound questions and has direct implications for many fields of study including child language acquisition and socialization, education, anthropology, and the anthropology of childhood
Release

Theorising Media and Practice

Author: Birgit Bräuchler,John Postill

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781845457457

Category: Social Science

Page: 351

View: 5845

Collection of papers, some of which were presented at a media anthropology network workshop, organised by the editors as part of the European Association of Social Anthropologists' (EASA) conference held in Bristol, U.K., September, 2006.
Release