Culture and Consensus in European Varieties of Capitalism

A "Common Sense" Analysis

Author: I. Bruff

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230583431

Category: Political Science

Page: 195

View: 6983

Using two milestones in the Dutch and German political economies - Wassenaar and Alliance for Jobs respectively - this book argues that Antonio Gramsci's 'common sense' provides us with the conceptual apparatus necessary for analysing the integral role played by culture and consensus in the trajectories of national capitalisms in Europe.
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The EU and the Global Financial Crisis

Author: Christian Schweiger

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781003890

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 6931

This authoritative book offers a complete breakdown of the EUês political economy in the wake of the global financial crisis and will therefore appeal to students of European politics, international political economy and European studies, as well as po
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The International Political Economy of Transition

Author: Stuart Shields

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317571126

Category: Political Science

Page: 190

View: 3987

Shortlisted for the 2013 BISA IPEG Book Prize, this book explores how Eastern Europe’s post-communist transition can only be understood as part of a broader interrogation of neoliberal hegemony in the global political economy, and provides a detailed historical account of the emergence of neoliberalism in Eastern Central Europe. Adopting an innovative Gramscian approach to post-communist transition, this book charts the rise to hegemony of neoliberal social forces. Using transition in Poland as a starting point, the author traces how particular social forces most intimately associated with transnational capital successful in the struggle over competing reform strategies. Transition is broken down into three stages; the "first wave" illustrates how the rise of particular social forces shaped by global change gave rise to a neoliberal strategy of capitalism from the 1970s. It goes on to show how the political economy of Europeanization, associated with EU enlargement instilled a "second wave" of neoliberalisation. Finally, exploring recent populist and left wing alternatives in the context of the current financial crisis, the book outlines how counter-hegemonic struggle might oppose a "third wave" neoliberalisation. The International Political Economy of Transition will be of interest to students and scholars of international political economy, post-communist studies and European politics
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The International Political Economy of Work and Employability

Author: P. Moore

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023029443X

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 650

International competition and skills shortages caused by technological advancement have raised entirely new issues for workers, not least how responsibility is increasingly being transferred to them. This book looks at how workers are expected to survive unstable job market conditions in three locations: the UK, Singapore, and South Korea.
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Critical Methods in Political and Cultural Economy

Author: Johnna Montgomerie

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 131738931X

Category: Political Science

Page: 168

View: 6330

Critical Methods in Political and Cultural Economy offers students and scholars the first methods book for the critical school of International Political Economy (IPE). What does it mean to ‘do’ critical research? How do we write about the evidence we present? This volume explores our shared critical ethic to demonstrate how methods are transformative and reimagines research strategies as both an embodied practice and a social process. By presenting methodologically informed ways of researching, enriched by real-life accounts from academics doing empirical research, the volume seeks to forge a new collaborative path that builds a critical ethic and modes of inquiry within International Political Economy. Substantive chapters advance the pluralism of the critical school of cultural political economy and seek to articulate its nascent research ethic. Short autobiographical vignettes articulate the professional journeys of contributors who ‘do’ critical political economy. There is practical advice on how to develop evidence from an iterative reflexive research strategy. Using this innovative format offers a guide to methods in critical political economy by engaging directly with the people doing research, not only as technical practice but also as lived experience. The combination of research and practice presented throughout the book offers an extensive and authoritative framework for evaluating how methods are part of critical research and will be essential reading for all students and scholars of IPE.
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The IMF and European Economies

Crisis and Conditionality

Author: Chris Rogers

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137271272

Category: Political Science

Page: 239

View: 1707

This book examines the role that the IMF has played in the management of financial crises in developed nations. The topic is of particular significance in light of the global financial crisis that emerged following the collapse of American sub-prime mortgage markets in 2007, and the subsequent sovereign debt problems of many Western states.
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Dynamics of Energy Governance in Europe and Russia

Author: C. Kuzemko,A. Belyi,A. Goldthau,M. Keating

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230370942

Category: Political Science

Page: 292

View: 8520

Energy in Europe and Russia is in flux. This book presents a rich set of case studies for analyzing the complex and intertwined regional dynamics of multiple actors, levels, and policy fields in energy throughout Europe and Russia, with the aim of offering an alternative view to the prevalent geopolitical or neoliberal approaches.
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Varieties of Capitalism

The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage

Author: Peter A. Hall

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199247749

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 540

View: 7901

What are the most fundamental differences among the political economies of the developed world? How do national institutional differences condition economic performance, public policy, and social well-being? Will they survive the pressures for convergence generated by globalization and technological change? These have long been central questions in comparative political economy. This book provides a new and coherent set of answers to them. Building on the new economics of organization, the authors develop an important new theory about which differences among national political economies are most significant for economic policy and performance. Drawing on a distinction between 'liberal' and 'coordinated' market economies, they argue that there is more than one path to economic success. Nations need not converge to a single Anglo-American model. They develop a new theory of 'comparative institutionaladvantage' that transforms our understanding of international trade, offersnew explanations for the response of firms and nations to the challenges of globalization, and provides a new theory of national interest to explain the conduct of nations in international relations. The analysis brings the firm back into the centre of comparative political economy. It provides new perspectives on economic and social policy-making that illuminate the role of business in the development of the welfare state and the dilemmas facing those who make economic policy in the contemporary world. Emphasizing the 'institutional complementarities' that link labour relations, corporate finance, and national legal systems, the authors bring interdisciplinary perspectives to bear on issues of strategic management, economic performance, and institutional change. This pathbreaking work sets new agendas in the study of comparative political economy. As such, it will be of value to academics and graduate students in economics, business, and political science, as well as tomany others with interests in international relations, social policy-making, and the law.
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National Identity and the Varieties of Capitalism

The Danish Experience

Author: John L. Campbell,John A. Hall,Ove Kaj Pedersen

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773529977

Category: Political Science

Page: 525

View: 1968

Denmark has out-performed most other advanced capitalist countries since the mid-1980s Contributors to National Identity and the Varieties of Capitalism draw from the literature on capitalism and small states and corporatism to explore why this is the case. They find that Danish political and economic institutions facilitate bargaining and consensus building in ways that have enabled the state, businesses, and labour unions to adapt to the challenges of globalization. Moreover, by virtue of its small size, homogeneous population, and response to a variety of international challenges - both economic and geopolitical - Denmark has developed a strong national identity that further bolsters consensus building. The result has been an adaptable and flourishing national political economy.
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Poland's New Capitalism

Author: Jane Hardy

Publisher: Pluto Pr

ISBN: 9780745324562

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 258

View: 1032

An in-depth study of the effects of free market reforms in Poland since the collapse of communism.
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Good Capitalism, Bad Capitalism, and the Economics of Growth and Prosperity

Author: William J. Baumol,Robert E. Litan,Carl J. Schramm

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300134797

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 321

View: 4687

Imagine this: a mere century ago, the purchasing power of an average American was one-tenth of what it is today. But what will it take to sustain that growth through the next century? And what can be said about economic growth to aspiring nations seeking higher standards of living for their citizens? In this important book, William Baumol, Robert Litan, and Carl Schramm contend that the answers to these questions lie within capitalist economies, though many observers make the mistake of believing that capitalism is of a single kind. Writing in an accessible style, the authors dispel that myth, documenting four different varieties of capitalism, some "Good" and some "Bad" for growth. The authors identify the conditions that characterise Good Capitalism: the right blend of entrepreneurial and established firms, which can vary among countries; as well as the features of Bad Capitalism. They examine how countries catching up to the United States can move faster toward the economic frontier, while laying out the need for United States itself to stick to and reinforce the recipe for growth that has enabled it to be the leading economic force in the world. This path-breaking book is a must read for any one who cares about global growth and how to ensure America's economic future.
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Inequality and Prosperity

Social Europe Vs. Liberal America

Author: Jonas Pontusson

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801443510

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 242

View: 7090

"A Century Foundation book".
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Internalizing Globalization

The Rise of Neoliberalism and the Decline of National Varieties of Capitalism

Author: Susanne Soederberg,Georg Menz,Philip G. Cerny

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230524435

Category: Political Science

Page: 297

View: 4427

This book explores how a wide range of countries attempt to cope with the challenges of globalization. While the internalization of globalization proceeds in significantly different ways, there is a broad process of convergence taking place around the politics of neoliberalism and a more market-oriented version of capitalism. The book examines how distinct social structures, political cultures, patterns of party and interest group politics, classes, public policies, liberal democratic and authoritarian institutions, and the discourses that frame them, are being reshaped by political actors. Chapters cover national experiences from Europe and North America to Asia and Latin America (Chile, Mexico, and Peru).
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A Europe made of money

the emergence of the European Monetary System

Author: Emmanuel Mourlon-Druol

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801465494

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 9476

A Europe Made of Money is a new history of the making of the European Monetary System (EMS), based on extensive archive research. Emmanuel Mourlon-Druol highlights two long-term processes in the monetary and economic negotiations in the decade leading up to the founding of the EMS in 1979. The first is a transnational learning process involving a powerful, networked European monetary elite that shaped a habit of cooperation among technocrats. The second stresses the importance of the European Council, which held regular meetings between heads of government beginning in 1974, giving EEC legitimacy to monetary initiatives that had previously involved semisecret and bilateral negotiations. The interaction of these two features changed the EMS from a fairly trivial piece of administrative business to a tremendously important political agreement. The inception of the EMS was greeted as one of the landmark achievements of regional cooperation, a major leap forward in the creation of a unified Europe. Yet Mourlon-Druol's account stresses that the EMS is much more than a success story of financial cooperation. The technical suggestions made by its architects reveal how state elites conceptualized the larger project of integration. And their monetary policy became a marker for the conception of European identity. The unveiling of the EMS, Mourlon-Druol concludes, represented the convergence of material interests and symbolic, identity-based concerns.
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Patterns of Democracy

Government Forms and Performance in Thirty-Six Countries

Author: Arend Lijphart

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300172028

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 6841

In this updated and expanded edition of his classic text, Arend Lijphart offers a broader and deeper analysis of worldwide democratic institutions than ever before. Examining thirty-six democracies during the period from 1945 to 2010, Lijphart arrives at important—and unexpected—conclusions about what type of democracy works best. Praise for the previous edition: "Magnificent. . . . The best-researched book on democracy in the world today."—Malcolm Mackerras, American Review of Politics "I can't think of another scholar as well qualified as Lijphart to write a book of this kind. He has an amazing grasp of the relevant literature, and he's compiled an unmatched collection of data."—Robert A. Dahl, Yale University "This sound comparative research . . . will continue to be a standard in graduate and undergraduate courses in comparative politics."—Choice
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Aesthetic Capitalism

Author: Eduardo de la Fuente,Peter Murphy

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004274723

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 1458

Aesthetic Capitalism offers an innovative analysis of contemporary capitalism and its use of image, symbolism, creativity and other aesthetic elements to produce economic value.
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The Politics of Virtue

Post-liberalism and the Human Future

Author: John Milbank,Adrian Pabst

Publisher: Future Perfect: Images of the Time to Come in Philosophy, Politics and Cultural Studies

ISBN: 9781783486489

Category: Capitalism

Page: 418

View: 2783

Two expert authors combine a compelling critique of contemporary liberalism with post-liberal alternatives in politics, the economy, culture and international affairs, to provide the fullest account so far of the post-liberal alternative in Western politics.
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Can Democracy Survive Global Capitalism?

Author: Robert Kuttner

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393609960

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 6432

One of our leading social critics recounts capitalism’s finest hour, and shows us how we might achieve it once again. In the past few decades, the wages of most workers have stagnated, even as productivity increased. Social supports have been cut, while corporations have achieved record profits. Downward mobility has produced political backlash. What is going on? Can Democracy Survive Global Capitalism? argues that neither trade nor immigration nor technological change is responsible for the harm to workers’ prospects. According to Robert Kuttner, global capitalism is to blame. By limiting workers’ rights, liberating bankers, allowing corporations to evade taxation, and preventing nations from assuring economic security, raw capitalism strikes at the very foundation of a healthy democracy. The resurgence of predatory capitalism was not inevitable. After the Great Depression, the U.S. government harnessed capitalism to democracy. Under Roosevelt’s New Deal, labor unions were legalized, and capital regulated. Well into the 1950s and ’60s, the Western world combined a thriving economy with a secure and growing middle class. Beginning in the 1970s, as deregulated capitalism regained the upper hand, elites began to dominate politics once again; policy reversals followed. The inequality and instability that ensued would eventually, in 2016, cause disillusioned voters to support far-right faux populism. Is today’s poisonous alliance of reckless finance and ultranationalism inevitable? Or can we find the political will to make capitalism serve democracy, and not the other way around? Charting a plan for bold action based on political precedent, Can Democracy Survive Global Capitalism? is essential reading for anyone eager to reverse the decline of democracy in the West.
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Platform Capitalism

Author: Nick Srnicek

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1509504885

Category: Philosophy

Page: 120

View: 9227

What unites Google and Facebook, Apple and Microsoft, Siemens and GE, Uber and Airbnb? Across a wide range of sectors, these firms are transforming themselves into platforms: businesses that provide the hardware and software foundation for others to operate on. This transformation signals a major shift in how capitalist firms operate and how they interact with the rest of the economy: the emergence of ï¿1⁄2platform capitalismï¿1⁄2. This book critically examines these new business forms, tracing their genesis from the long downturn of the 1970s to the boom and bust of the 1990s and the aftershocks of the 2008 crisis. It shows how the fundamental foundations of the economy are rapidly being carved up among a small number of monopolistic platforms, and how the platform introduces new tendencies within capitalism that pose significant challenges to any vision of a post-capitalist future. This book will be essential reading for anyone who wants to understand how the most powerful tech companies of our time are transforming the global economy."
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Critical International Political Economy

Dialogue, Debate and Dissensus

Author: Stuart Shields,Ian Bruff,Huw Macartney

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230299407

Category: Political Science

Page: 195

View: 752

Amidst the continued debate surrounding the foundations of IPE, coupled with recent methodological and theoretical divides this book argues that an attempt should be made to re-visit the notion of the 'critical'. The challenge posed by contributors to this volume is to assess the development of so-called critical IPE and interrogate whether the theoretical foundations it was built upon have reached their potential. The essays in this volume take up this challenge in a number of different ways but all share a common concern - to re-assess the purpose of critical approaches, reflect on why certain social theorists have been favoured as a point of departure, yet others have largely been ignored. In light of recent debates on the notion of a 'trans-Atlantic divide' within IPE the collection the contributors aim demonstrates how the distinction between the 'critical' and the 'orthodox' (or 'empirical') is only significant if the 'critical' is geared towards a larger, more substantial body of critical social enquiry and engages with what it means to conduct such enquiry.
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