Cultural Change And Ordinary Life

Author: Longhurst, Brian

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335221874

Category: Social Science

Page: 138

View: 7195

How important are the media? How is culture changing? How is ordinary life being transformed? How do we belong? This ground-breaking book offers a new approach to the understanding of everyday life, the media and cultural change. It explores the social pattern of ordinary life in the context of recent theories and accounts of social and cultural change. Brian Longhurst argues that our social and cultural lives are becoming increasingly audienced and performed and that activities in everyday life are changing due to the ever-growing importance and salience of the media. These changes involve people forging new ways of belonging, where among other things they seek to distinguish themselves from others. InCultural Change and Ordinary Life, Longhurst evaluates changes in the media and ordinary life in the context of large-scale cultural change, especially with respect to globalization and hybridisation, fragmentation, spectacle and performance, and enthusing or fan-like activities. He makes the case that analysis of the media has to be brought into a more thorough dialogue with other forms of research that have looked at social processes. Cultural Change and Ordinary Lifeis key reading for students and researchers of sociology, media studies, cultural studies and mass communication.
Release

Identities and Social Change in Britain since 1940

The Politics of Method

Author: Mike Savage

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191615277

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 8851

Identities and Social Change in Britain since 1940 examines how, between 1940 and 1970 British society was marked by the imprint of the academic social sciences in profound ways which have an enduring legacy on how we see ourselves. It focuses on how interview methods and sample surveys eclipsed literature and the community study as a means of understanding ordinary life. The book shows that these methods were part of a wider remaking of British national identity in the aftermath of decolonisation in which measures of the rational, managed nation eclipsed literary and romantic ones. It also links the emergence of social science methods to the strengthening of technocratic and scientific identities amongst the educated middle classes, and to the rise in masculine authority which challenged feminine expertise. This book is the first to draw extensively on archived qualitative social science data from the 1930s to the 1960s, which it uses to offer a unique, personal and challenging account of post war social change in Britain. It also uses this data to conduct a new kind of historical sociology of the social sciences, one that emphasises the discontinuities in knowledge forms and which stresses how disciplines and institutions competed with each other for reputation. Its emphasis on how social scientific forms of knowing eclipsed those from the arts and humanities during this period offers a radical re-thinking of the role of expertise today which will provoke social scientists, scholars in the humanities, and the general reader alike.
Release

Home in the Islands

Housing and Social Change in the Pacific

Author: Jan Rensel,Margaret Rodman

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 9780824819347

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 2789

Home in the Islands addresses changes in housing in the Pacific, considers how these changes came about, and explores their consequences. Architecture intersects with critical anthropology and geography as contributors examine how social, political, religious, economic, demographic, and environmental influences coverage in the nexus of housing. Building on recent interdisciplinary literature, the essays explore the meanings that are spatially negotiated as Pacific Islanders build and dwell in places that have always been home, are homes away from home, and are homelands without homes. Although detailed written and photographic documentation is not available for most case studies of housing in the Pacific, the stories are there for those who learn to read the evidence. They draw attention to colonial and missionary agendas, local and global economies, environmental disasters, cultural identities, social connections, and family continuity, as well as personal choices. And, as the chapter on homeless Hawaiians shows, even those without houses have stories to tell. Anthropologists, architects, environmental designers, geographers, and historians will welcome this diverse volume on a neglected yet important aspect of change in the lives of Pacific Islanders.
Release

Culture and Society

Author: Raymond Williams

Publisher: Vintage Classic

ISBN: 9781784870812

Category:

Page: 496

View: 2121

Acknowledged as a masterpiece of materialist criticism, this book delves into the complex ways economic reality shapes the imagination. Surveying two hundred years of history and English literature - from George Eliot to George Orwell - Williams provides insights into the social and economic forces that have shaped British culture and society. Provocative and revolutionary in its day, this work overturned conventional thinking about the development of a common British mentality.
Release

Contemporary China

Society and Social Change

Author: Tamara Jacka,Andrew B. Kipnis,Sally Sargeson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107292298

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 6195

China's rapid economic growth, modernization and globalization have led to astounding social changes. Contemporary China provides a fascinating portrayal of society and social change in the contemporary People's Republic of China. This book introduces readers to key sociological perspectives, themes and debates about Chinese society. It explores topics such as family life, citizenship, gender, ethnicity, labour, religion, education, class and rural/urban inequalities. It considers China's imperial past, the social and institutional legacies of the Maoist era, and the momentous forces shaping it in the present. It also emphasises diversity and multiplicity, encouraging readers to consider new perspectives and rethink Western stereotypes about China and its people. Real-life case studies illustrate the key features of social relations and change in China. Definitions of key terms, discussion questions and lists of further reading help consolidate learning. Including full-colour maps and photographs, this book offers remarkable insight into Chinese society and social change.
Release

Principles of Social Change

Author: Leonard A. Jason

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199841853

Category: Medical

Page: 186

View: 1796

Principles of Social Change is written for those who are impassioned and driven by social justice issues in their communities and seek practical solutions to successfully address them. Leonard A. Jason, a leading community psychologist, demonstrates how social change can be accomplished and fostered by observing five key principles.
Release

Life as Politics

How Ordinary People Change the Middle East, Second Edition

Author: Asef Bayat

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 080478633X

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 9771

Prior to 2011, popular imagination perceived the Muslim Middle East as unchanging and unchangeable, frozen in its own traditions and history. In Life as Politics, Asef Bayat argues that such presumptions fail to recognize the routine, yet important, ways in which ordinary people make meaningful change through everyday actions. First published just months before the Arab Spring swept across the region, this timely and prophetic book sheds light on the ongoing acts of protest, practice, and direct daily action. The second edition includes three new chapters on the Arab Spring and Iran's Green Movement and is fully updated to reflect recent events. At heart, the book remains a study of agency in times of constraint. In addition to ongoing protests, millions of people across the Middle East are effecting transformation through the discovery and creation of new social spaces within which to make their claims heard. This eye-opening book makes an important contribution to global debates over the meaning of social movements and the dynamics of social change.
Release

Sociology

Exploring the Architecture of Everyday Life

Author: David M. Newman

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 1412961521

Category: Social Science

Page: 547

View: 1763

DISCOUNTED BUNDLE SAVES YOUR STUDENTS MONEY!This book is available bundled with Sociology: Exploring the Architecture of Everyday Life Readings, Seventh Edition (bundle ISBN: 978-1-4129-6151-6) The Seventh Edition of David NewmanÆs Sociology: Exploring the Architecture of Everyday Life invites students to delve into the fascinating world of sociological thought. Encouraging students to think more about how sociology applies to their everyday lives, this edition features updated coverage and fresh examples, including revamped micro-macro connections to help students understand the link between individual lives and the structure of society. New to the Seventh Edition Presents new and updated coverage throughout, including new sections on Muslim-Americans, global warming, and sexual orientationFeatures NewmanÆs signature compelling writing style with slightly briefer chapters and integrated global content in each for a better fit with todayÆs courses Provides a more robust research methods section with innovative discussions of spuriousness in research, reading a research article correctly, and more, plus a new ôDoing Social Researchö feature Offers new examples from the myriad U.S. subcultures to engage students with examples that are relevant to their lives Features new and updated Micro-Macro Connections, including technology and erosion of privacy, the global health divide, and more, to help students make the link between their daily lives and the architecture of society Includes fresh examples and updated statistical information throughout the text, along with new exhibits and impactful visual essays Ancillaries InstructorÆs Resources on CD-Rom are available to qualified instructors. Contact SAGE at [email protected] or 1.800.818.7243 to request a copy.Student study site û COMING SOON - at www.pineforge.com/newman7study Intended AudienceThis core text is designed for students enrolled in Introduction to Sociology and Principles of Sociology courses in departments of sociology.
Release

Sociology: The Essentials

Author: Margaret L. Andersen,Howard F. Taylor,Kim A. Logio

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1285431324

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 5748

SOCIOLOGY: THE ESSENTIALS, Eighth Edition, uses the theme of debunking myths to look behind the facades of everyday life, encourage you to question common assumptions, and help you better understand how society is constructed and sustained. This thorough yet streamlined text provides exceptional coverage of diversity, including social factors such as age, religion, sexual orientation, and region of residence, in addition to race, ethnicity, class, and gender. Updated with coverage of the latest findings, trends, and themes, this new edition’s reader-friendly presentation teaches you the concepts, methods, and research that will sharpen your “sociological imagination” and help you view the world from a different perspective. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Release

The Seventies

The Great Shift in American culture, Society, and Politics

Author: Bruce J. Schulman

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0743219481

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 9043

Most of us think of the 1970s as an "in-between" decade, the uninspiring years that happened to fall between the excitement of the 1960s and the Reagan Revolution. A kitschy period summed up as the "Me Decade," it was the time of Watergate and the end of Vietnam, of malaise and gas lines, but of nothing revolutionary, nothing with long-lasting significance. In the first full history of the period, Bruce Schulman, a rising young cultural and political historian, sweeps away misconception after misconception about the 1970s. In a fast-paced, wide-ranging, and brilliant reexamination of the decade's politics, culture, and social and religious upheaval, he argues that the Seventies were one of the most important of the postwar twentieth-century decades. The Seventies witnessed a profound shift in the balance of power in American politics, economics, and culture, all driven by the vast growth of the Sunbelt. Country music, a southern silent majority, a boom in "enthusiastic" religion, and southern California New Age movements were just a few of the products of the new demographics. Others were even more profound: among them, public life as we knew it died a swift death. The Seventies offers a masterly reconstruction of high and low culture, of public events and private lives, of Jonathan Livingston Seagull, Evel Knievel, est, Nixon, Carter, and Reagan. From The Godfather and Network to the Ramones and Jimmy Buffett; from Billie jean King and Bobby Riggs to Phyllis Schlafly and NOW; from Proposition 13 to the Energy Crisis; here are all the names, faces, and movements that once filled our airwaves, and now live again. The Seventies is powerfully argued, compulsively readable, and deeply provocative.
Release

Made in America

A Social History of American Culture and Character

Author: Claude S. Fischer

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226251455

Category: Social Science

Page: 528

View: 6121

Our nation began with the simple phrase, “We the People.” But who were and are “We”? Who were we in 1776, in 1865, or 1968, and is there any continuity in character between the we of those years and the nearly 300 million people living in the radically different America of today? With Made in America, Claude S. Fischer draws on decades of historical, psychological, and social research to answer that question by tracking the evolution of American character and culture over three centuries. He explodes myths—such as that contemporary Americans are more mobile and less religious than their ancestors, or that they are more focused on money and consumption—and reveals instead how greater security and wealth have only reinforced the independence, egalitarianism, and commitment to community that characterized our people from the earliest years. Skillfully drawing on personal stories of representative Americans, Fischer shows that affluence and social progress have allowed more people to participate fully in cultural and political life, thus broadening the category of “American” —yet at the same time what it means to be an American has retained surprising continuity with much earlier notions of American character. Firmly in the vein of such classics as The Lonely Crowd and Habits of the Heart—yet challenging many of their conclusions—Made in America takes readers beyond the simplicity of headlines and the actions of elites to show us the lives, aspirations, and emotions of ordinary Americans, from the settling of the colonies to the settling of the suburbs.
Release

The Rise of Marketing and Market Research

Author: H. Berghoff,P. Scranton,U. Spiekermann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137071281

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 3358

This volume serves up a combination of broad questions, theoretical approaches, and manifold case studies to explore how people have sought to understand markets and thereby reduce risk, whether they have approached this challenge with a practical view based on their own business acumen or used the tools of scholarship.
Release

Generation, Discourse, and Social Change

Author: Karen R. Foster

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136662375

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

View: 2075

Just what is a generation? And why, if at all, does it matter? This book asks what generation means to ordinary people, arguing that generation is real and it matters, but not in the ways that we think. Generations are not groups of people who can be categorized and attributed with static, immutable and universal characteristics, nor are they reducible to cohorts, as is the tendency in much social research. Rather, the book reveals generation to be a social phenomenon and a mechanism of social change - as a constellation of ideas and discourses that explains what happens when ideas and ideals collide, and why some discourses flourish and take hold at particular times.
Release

Conflict, Complexity and Mathematical Social Science

Author: Gordon Burt

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1849509727

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 501

Presents a foundational mathematical approach to the modelling of social conflict. This book illustrates how theory and evidence can be mathematically deepened and how investigations grounded in social choice theory can provide the evidence needed to inform social practice.
Release

Vatican II

A Sociological Analysis of Religious Change

Author: Melissa J. Wilde

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691161720

Category: Religion

Page: 224

View: 9924

On an otherwise ordinary Sunday morning in 1964, millions of Roman Catholics around the world experienced history. For the first time in centuries, they attended masses that were conducted mostly in their native tongues. This occasion marked only the first of many profound changes to emanate from the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965). Known popularly as Vatican II, it would soon give rise to the most far-reaching religious transformation since the Reformation. In this groundbreaking work of cultural and historical sociology, Melissa Wilde offers a new explanation for this revolutionary transformation of the Church. Drawing on newly available sources--including a collection of interviews with the Council's key bishops and cardinals, and primary documents from the Vatican Secret Archive that have never before been seen by researchers--Wilde demonstrates that the pronouncements of the Council were not merely reflections of papal will, but the product of a dramatic confrontation between progressives and conservatives that began during the first days of the Council. The outcome of this confrontation was determined by a number of factors: the Church's decline in Latin America; its competition and dialogue with other faiths, particularly Protestantism, in northern Europe and North America; and progressive clerics' deep belief in the holiness of compromise and their penchant for consensus building. Wilde's account will fascinate not only those interested in Vatican II but anyone who wants to understand the social underpinnings of religious change.
Release

Law, Society, and History

Themes in the Legal Sociology and Legal History of Lawrence M. Friedman

Author: Robert W. Gordon,Morton J. Horwitz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139498126

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 8313

This book assembles essays on legal sociology and legal history by an international group of distinguished scholars. All of them have been influenced by the eminent and prolific legal historian, legal sociologist and scholar of comparative law, Lawrence M. Friedman. Not just a Festschrift of essays by colleagues and disciples, this volume presents a sustained examination and application of Friedman's ideas and methods. Together, the essays in this volume show the powerful ripple effects of Friedman's work on American and comparative legal sociology, American and comparative legal history and the general sociology of law and legal change.
Release

The Concept of Social Change (Routledge Revivals)

A Critique of the Functionalist Theory of Social Change

Author: Anthony D. Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136971076

Category: Social Science

Page: 212

View: 3499

Anthony Smith's important work on the concept of social change, first published in 1973, puts forward the paradigm of historical change as an alternative to the functionalist theory of evolutionary change. He shows that, in attempting to provide a theory of social change, functionalism reveals itself as a species of 'frozen' evolutionism. Functionalism, he argues, is unable to cope with the mechanisms of historical transitions or account for novelty and emergence; it confuses classification of variations with explanation of processes; and its endogenous view of change prevents it from coming to grips with the real events and transformations of the historical record. In his assessment of functionalism, Dr Smith traces its explanatory failures in its accounts of the developments of civilisation, modernisation and revolution. He concludes that the study of 'evolution' is largely irrelevant to the investigation of social change. He proposes instead an exogenous paradigm of social change, which places the study of contingent historical events at its centre.
Release

Epistemology, Methodology, and the Social Sciences

Author: Robert S. Cohen,Marx W. Wartofsky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401714584

Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 6498

The last decades have seen major reformations in the philosophy and history of science. What has been called 'post-positivist' philosophy of science has introduced radically new concerns with historical, social, and valuative components of scientific thought in the natural sciences, and has raised up the demons of relativism, subjectivism and sociologism to haunt the once calm precincts of objectivity and realism. Though these disturbances intruded upon what had seemed to be the logically well-ordered domain of the philoso phy of the natural sciences, they were no news to the social sciences. There, the messy business of human action, volition, decision, the considerations of practical purposes and social values, the role of ideology and the problem of rationality, had long conspired to defeat logical-reconstructionist programs. The attempt to tarne the social sciences to the harness of a strict hypothetico deductive model of explanation failed. Within the social sciences, phenome nological, Marxist, hermeneuticist, action-theoretical approaches vied in attempting to capture the distinctiveness of human phenomena. In fact, the philosophy of the natural sciences, even in its 'hard' forms, has itself become infected with the increasing reflection upon the role of such social-scientific categories, in the attempt to understand the nature of the scientific enterprise.
Release

Social Change in Diverse Teaching Contexts

Touchy Subjects and Routine Practices

Author: Nancy G. Barron,Nancy Maloney Grimm,Sibylle Gruber

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9780820481425

Category: Education

Page: 275

View: 1016

Assumptions based on racial, class, and ethnic identities can undermine our best intentions as teachers, administrators, and scholars. The misguided strategy of colorblindness and the continuing racial segregation of American cities and schools leave teachers and students with little experience for addressing the touchy subject of racial identity in the classroom. This collection, pertinent for teacher preparation, undergraduate and graduate seminars, and reading discussion groups, focuses on new and experienced teachers who confront myths, who negotiate their own identities as well as identity politics in the classroom, and who design new projects, use new tools, and apply new practices. The chapters highlight the need to change how teachers respond to student work, manage classroom interactions, form collaborative partnerships, construct service-learning projects, and conduct research.
Release