CUDA Fortran for Scientists and Engineers

Best Practices for Efficient CUDA Fortran Programming

Author: Gregory Ruetsch,Massimiliano Fatica

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0124169724

Category: Computers

Page: 338

View: 5358

CUDA Fortran for Scientists and Engineers shows how high-performance application developers can leverage the power of GPUs using Fortran, the familiar language of scientific computing and supercomputer performance benchmarking. The authors presume no prior parallel computing experience, and cover the basics along with best practices for efficient GPU computing using CUDA Fortran. To help you add CUDA Fortran to existing Fortran codes, the book explains how to understand the target GPU architecture, identify computationally intensive parts of the code, and modify the code to manage the data and parallelism and optimize performance. All of this is done in Fortran, without having to rewrite in another language. Each concept is illustrated with actual examples so you can immediately evaluate the performance of your code in comparison. Leverage the power of GPU computing with PGI’s CUDA Fortran compiler Gain insights from members of the CUDA Fortran language development team Includes multi-GPU programming in CUDA Fortran, covering both peer-to-peer and message passing interface (MPI) approaches Includes full source code for all the examples and several case studies Download source code and slides from the book's companion website
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Modern Fortran in Practice

Author: Arjen Markus

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139510738

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 620

From its earliest days, the Fortran programming language has been designed with computing efficiency in mind. The latest standard, Fortran 2008, incorporates a host of modern features, including object-orientation, array operations, user-defined types, and provisions for parallel computing. This tutorial guide shows Fortran programmers how to apply these features in twenty-first-century style: modular, concise, object-oriented, and resource-efficient, using multiple processors. It offers practical real-world examples of interfacing to C, memory management, graphics and GUIs, and parallel computing using MPI, OpenMP, and coarrays. The author also analyzes several numerical algorithms and their implementations and illustrates the use of several open source libraries. Full source code for the examples is available on the book's website.
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Modern Fortran Explained

Incorporating Fortran 2018

Author: Michael Metcalf,John Reid,Malcolm Cohen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192539876

Category: Computers

Page: 543

View: 3832

Fortran marches on, remaining one of the principal programming languages used in high-performance scientific, numerical, and engineering computing. A series of significant revisions to the standard versions of the language have progressively enhanced its capabilities, and the latest standard - Fortran 2018 - includes many additions and improvements. This edition of Modern Fortran Explained expands on the last. Given the release of updated versions of Fortran compilers, the separate descriptions of Fortran 2003 and Fortran 2008 have been incorporated into the main text, which thereby becomes a unified description of the full Fortran 2008 version of the language. This clearer standard has allowed many deficiencies and irregularities in the earlier language versions to be resolved. Four new chapters describe the additional features of Fortran 2018, with its enhancements to coarrays for parallel programming, interoperability with C, IEEE arithmetic, and various other improvements. Written by leading experts in the field, two of whom have actively contributed to Fortran 2018, this is a complete and authoritative description of Fortran in its latest form. It is intended for new and existing users of the language, and for all those involved in scientific and numerical computing. It is suitable as a textbook for teaching and, with its index, as a handy reference for practitioners.
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CUDA by Example

An Introduction to General-Purpose GPU Programming, Portable Documents

Author: Jason Sanders,Edward Kandrot

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 0132180138

Category: Computers

Page: 312

View: 8472

CUDA is a computing architecture designed to facilitate the development of parallel programs. In conjunction with a comprehensive software platform, the CUDA Architecture enables programmers to draw on the immense power of graphics processing units (GPUs) when building high-performance applications. GPUs, of course, have long been available for demanding graphics and game applications. CUDA now brings this valuable resource to programmers working on applications in other domains, including science, engineering, and finance. No knowledge of graphics programming is required—just the ability to program in a modestly extended version of C. CUDA by Example, written by two senior members of the CUDA software platform team, shows programmers how to employ this new technology. The authors introduce each area of CUDA development through working examples. After a concise introduction to the CUDA platform and architecture, as well as a quick-start guide to CUDA C, the book details the techniques and trade-offs associated with each key CUDA feature. You’ll discover when to use each CUDA C extension and how to write CUDA software that delivers truly outstanding performance. Major topics covered include Parallel programming Thread cooperation Constant memory and events Texture memory Graphics interoperability Atomics Streams CUDA C on multiple GPUs Advanced atomics Additional CUDA resources All the CUDA software tools you’ll need are freely available for download from NVIDIA. http://developer.nvidia.com/object/cuda-by-example.html
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Programming Massively Parallel Processors

A Hands-on Approach

Author: David B. Kirk,Wen-mei W. Hwu

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 012811987X

Category: Computers

Page: 576

View: 744

Programming Massively Parallel Processors: A Hands-on Approach, Third Edition shows both student and professional alike the basic concepts of parallel programming and GPU architecture, exploring, in detail, various techniques for constructing parallel programs. Case studies demonstrate the development process, detailing computational thinking and ending with effective and efficient parallel programs. Topics of performance, floating-point format, parallel patterns, and dynamic parallelism are covered in-depth. For this new edition, the authors have updated their coverage of CUDA, including coverage of newer libraries, such as CuDNN, moved content that has become less important to appendices, added two new chapters on parallel patterns, and updated case studies to reflect current industry practices. Teaches computational thinking and problem-solving techniques that facilitate high-performance parallel computing Utilizes CUDA version 7.5, NVIDIA's software development tool created specifically for massively parallel environments Contains new and updated case studies Includes coverage of newer libraries, such as CuDNN for Deep Learning
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Introduction to High Performance Computing for Scientists and Engineers

Author: Georg Hager,Gerhard Wellein

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439811931

Category: Computers

Page: 356

View: 1511

Written by high performance computing (HPC) experts, Introduction to High Performance Computing for Scientists and Engineers provides a solid introduction to current mainstream computer architecture, dominant parallel programming models, and useful optimization strategies for scientific HPC. From working in a scientific computing center, the authors gained a unique perspective on the requirements and attitudes of users as well as manufacturers of parallel computers. The text first introduces the architecture of modern cache-based microprocessors and discusses their inherent performance limitations, before describing general optimization strategies for serial code on cache-based architectures. It next covers shared- and distributed-memory parallel computer architectures and the most relevant network topologies. After discussing parallel computing on a theoretical level, the authors show how to avoid or ameliorate typical performance problems connected with OpenMP. They then present cache-coherent nonuniform memory access (ccNUMA) optimization techniques, examine distributed-memory parallel programming with message passing interface (MPI), and explain how to write efficient MPI code. The final chapter focuses on hybrid programming with MPI and OpenMP. Users of high performance computers often have no idea what factors limit time to solution and whether it makes sense to think about optimization at all. This book facilitates an intuitive understanding of performance limitations without relying on heavy computer science knowledge. It also prepares readers for studying more advanced literature. Read about the authors’ recent honor: Informatics Europe Curriculum Best Practices Award for Parallelism and Concurrency
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Parallel Programming

Concepts and Practice

Author: Bertil Schmidt,Jorge Gonzalez-Dominguez,Christian Hundt,Moritz Schlarb

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0128044861

Category: Computers

Page: 416

View: 8780

Parallel Programming: Concepts and Practice provides an upper level introduction to parallel programming. In addition to covering general parallelism concepts, this text teaches practical programming skills for both shared memory and distributed memory architectures. The authors’ open-source system for automated code evaluation provides easy access to parallel computing resources, making the book particularly suitable for classroom settings. Covers parallel programming approaches for single computer nodes and HPC clusters: OpenMP, multithreading, SIMD vectorization, MPI, UPC++ Contains numerous practical parallel programming exercises Includes access to an automated code evaluation tool that enables students the opportunity to program in a web browser and receive immediate feedback on the result validity of their program Features an example-based teaching of concept to enhance learning outcomes
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OpenACC for Programmers

Concepts and Strategies

Author: Sunita Chandrasekaran,Guido Juckeland

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 0134694341

Category: Computers

Page: 320

View: 1854

The Complete Guide to OpenACC for Massively Parallel Programming Scientists and technical professionals can use OpenACC to leverage the immense power of modern GPUs without the complexity traditionally associated with programming them. OpenACC™ for Programmers is one of the first comprehensive and practical overviews of OpenACC for massively parallel programming. This book integrates contributions from 19 leading parallel-programming experts from academia, public research organizations, and industry. The authors and editors explain each key concept behind OpenACC, demonstrate how to use essential OpenACC development tools, and thoroughly explore each OpenACC feature set. Throughout, you’ll find realistic examples, hands-on exercises, and case studies showcasing the efficient use of OpenACC language constructs. You’ll discover how OpenACC’s language constructs can be translated to maximize application performance, and how its standard interface can target multiple platforms via widely used programming languages. Each chapter builds on what you’ve already learned, helping you build practical mastery one step at a time, whether you’re a GPU programmer, scientist, engineer, or student. All example code and exercise solutions are available for download at GitHub. Discover how OpenACC makes scalable parallel programming easier and more practical Walk through the OpenACC spec and learn how OpenACC directive syntax is structured Get productive with OpenACC code editors, compilers, debuggers, and performance analysis tools Build your first real-world OpenACC programs Exploit loop-level parallelism in OpenACC, understand the levels of parallelism available, and maximize accuracy or performance Learn how OpenACC programs are compiled Master OpenACC programming best practices Overcome common performance, portability, and interoperability challenges Efficiently distribute tasks across multiple processors Register your product at informit.com/register for convenient access to downloads, updates, and/or corrections as they become available.
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An Introduction to Parallel Programming

Author: Peter Pacheco

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080921440

Category: Computers

Page: 392

View: 6058

An Introduction to Parallel Programming is the first undergraduate text to directly address compiling and running parallel programs on the new multi-core and cluster architecture. It explains how to design, debug, and evaluate the performance of distributed and shared-memory programs. The author Peter Pacheco uses a tutorial approach to show students how to develop effective parallel programs with MPI, Pthreads, and OpenMP, starting with small programming examples and building progressively to more challenging ones. The text is written for students in undergraduate parallel programming or parallel computing courses designed for the computer science major or as a service course to other departments; professionals with no background in parallel computing. Takes a tutorial approach, starting with small programming examples and building progressively to more challenging examples Focuses on designing, debugging and evaluating the performance of distributed and shared-memory programs Explains how to develop parallel programs using MPI, Pthreads, and OpenMP programming models
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CUDA Application Design and Development

Author: Rob Farber

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0123884268

Category: Computers

Page: 315

View: 7117

Machine generated contents note: 1. How to think in CUDA 2. Tools to build, debug and profile 3. The GPU performance envelope 4. The CUDA memory subsystems 5. Exploiting the CUDA execution grid 6. MultiGPU applications and scaling 7. Numerical CUDA, libraries and high-level language bindings 8. Mixing CUDA with rendering 9. High Performance Machine Learning 10. Scientific Visualization 11. Multimedia with OpenCV 12. Ultra Low-power Devices: Tegra.
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High-Performance Computational Solutions in Protein Bioinformatics

Author: Dariusz Mrozek

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319069713

Category: Computers

Page: 109

View: 7217

Recent developments in computer science enable algorithms previously perceived as too time-consuming to now be efficiently used for applications in bioinformatics and life sciences. This work focuses on proteins and their structures, protein structure similarity searching at main representation levels and various techniques that can be used to accelerate similarity searches. Divided into four parts, the first part provides a formal model of 3D protein structures for functional genomics, comparative bioinformatics and molecular modeling. The second part focuses on the use of multithreading for efficient approximate searching on protein secondary structures. The third and fourth parts concentrate on finding 3D protein structure similarities with the support of GPUs and cloud computing. Parts three and four both describe the acceleration of different methods. The text will be of interest to researchers and software developers working in the field of structural bioinformatics and biomedical databases.
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Parallel Programming with OpenACC

Author: Rob Farber

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0124104592

Category: Computers

Page: 326

View: 3715

Parallel Programming with OpenACC is a modern, practical guide to implementing dependable computing systems. The book explains how anyone can use OpenACC to quickly ramp-up application performance using high-level code directives called pragmas. The OpenACC directive-based programming model is designed to provide a simple, yet powerful, approach to accelerators without significant programming effort. Author Rob Farber, working with a team of expert contributors, demonstrates how to turn existing applications into portable GPU accelerated programs that demonstrate immediate speedups. The book also helps users get the most from the latest NVIDIA and AMD GPU plus multicore CPU architectures (and soon for Intel® Xeon PhiTM as well). Downloadable example codes provide hands-on OpenACC experience for common problems in scientific, commercial, big-data, and real-time systems. Topics include writing reusable code, asynchronous capabilities, using libraries, multicore clusters, and much more. Each chapter explains how a specific aspect of OpenACC technology fits, how it works, and the pitfalls to avoid. Throughout, the book demonstrates how the use of simple working examples that can be adapted to solve application needs. Presents the simplest way to leverage GPUs to achieve application speedups Shows how OpenACC works, including working examples that can be adapted for application needs Allows readers to download source code and slides from the book's companion web page
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The Scientists

A Family Romance

Author: Marco Roth

Publisher: Union Books

ISBN: 1908526300

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 208

View: 2229

DIV ‘Marco Roth’s book about his father is a farewell to a bygone culture – polygot, intellectual, Europhile, psychoanalytic – and simultaneously a renewal of that culture. It’s moving, tough-minded, and distinctive, a memoir the likes of which nobody else could write.’ Benjamin Kunkel, author of Indecision With the precociousness expected of the only child of a doctor and a classical musician – from the time he could get his toddler tongue to pronounce a word like ‘deoxyribonucleic acid’ or recite a French poem – Marco Roth was able to share his parents’ New York, a world centered around house concerts, a private library of literary classics, and dinner discussions of the latest advances in medicine. That world ended when his father began to suffer the worst effects of the AIDS virus that had infected him in the early 1980s. What this family would not talk about for years came to dominate the lives of its surviving members, often in unexpected ways. The Scientists is a story of how we first learn from our parents and how we then learn to see them as separate individuals; it’s a story of how preciousness can slow us down when it comes to understanding our desires and other people’s. A memoir of parents and children in the tradition of Edmund Gosse, Henry Adams and J. R. Ackerley, The Scientists grapples with a troubled and emotional inheritance, in a style that is both elegiac and defiant. /div
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Tribology for Scientists and Engineers

From Basics to Advanced Concepts

Author: Pradeep L. Menezes,Michael Nosonovsky,Sudeep P. Ingole,Satish V. Kailas,Michael R. Lovell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146141945X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 948

View: 8717

This book describes available tribology technologies and introdces a comprehensive overview of tribology. General, up-to-date knowledge on how tribology is approached in various related areas of research, both experimental and computational is provided.
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Parallel Programming for Modern High Performance Computing Systems

Author: Pawel Czarnul

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351385798

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 5290

In view of the growing presence and popularity of multicore and manycore processors, accelerators, and coprocessors, as well as clusters using such computing devices, the development of efficient parallel applications has become a key challenge to be able to exploit the performance of such systems. This book covers the scope of parallel programming for modern high performance computing systems. It first discusses selected and popular state-of-the-art computing devices and systems available today, These include multicore CPUs, manycore (co)processors, such as Intel Xeon Phi, accelerators, such as GPUs, and clusters, as well as programming models supported on these platforms. It next introduces parallelization through important programming paradigms, such as master-slave, geometric Single Program Multiple Data (SPMD) and divide-and-conquer. The practical and useful elements of the most popular and important APIs for programming parallel HPC systems are discussed, including MPI, OpenMP, Pthreads, CUDA, OpenCL, and OpenACC. It also demonstrates, through selected code listings, how selected APIs can be used to implement important programming paradigms. Furthermore, it shows how the codes can be compiled and executed in a Linux environment. The book also presents hybrid codes that integrate selected APIs for potentially multi-level parallelization and utilization of heterogeneous resources, and it shows how to use modern elements of these APIs. Selected optimization techniques are also included, such as overlapping communication and computations implemented using various APIs. Features: Discusses the popular and currently available computing devices and cluster systems Includes typical paradigms used in parallel programs Explores popular APIs for programming parallel applications Provides code templates that can be used for implementation of paradigms Provides hybrid code examples allowing multi-level parallelization Covers the optimization of parallel programs
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Guide to Scientific Computing in C++

Author: Joe Pitt-Francis,Jonathan Whiteley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447127366

Category: Computers

Page: 250

View: 4537

This easy-to-read textbook/reference presents an essential guide to object-oriented C++ programming for scientific computing. With a practical focus on learning by example, the theory is supported by numerous exercises. Features: provides a specific focus on the application of C++ to scientific computing, including parallel computing using MPI; stresses the importance of a clear programming style to minimize the introduction of errors into code; presents a practical introduction to procedural programming in C++, covering variables, flow of control, input and output, pointers, functions, and reference variables; exhibits the efficacy of classes, highlighting the main features of object-orientation; examines more advanced C++ features, such as templates and exceptions; supplies useful tips and examples throughout the text, together with chapter-ending exercises, and code available to download from Springer.
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Techniques for Optimizing Applications

High Performance Computing

Author: Rajat P. Garg,Ilya A. Sharapov

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 616

View: 5196

Software -- Programming Techniques.
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Numerical Computations with GPUs

Author: Volodymyr Kindratenko

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319065483

Category: Computers

Page: 405

View: 2323

This book brings together research on numerical methods adapted for Graphics Processing Units (GPUs). It explains recent efforts to adapt classic numerical methods, including solution of linear equations and FFT, for massively parallel GPU architectures. This volume consolidates recent research and adaptations, covering widely used methods that are at the core of many scientific and engineering computations. Each chapter is written by authors working on a specific group of methods; these leading experts provide mathematical background, parallel algorithms and implementation details leading to reusable, adaptable and scalable code fragments. This book also serves as a GPU implementation manual for many numerical algorithms, sharing tips on GPUs that can increase application efficiency. The valuable insights into parallelization strategies for GPUs are supplemented by ready-to-use code fragments. Numerical Computations with GPUs targets professionals and researchers working in high performance computing and GPU programming. Advanced-level students focused on computer science and mathematics will also find this book useful as secondary text book or reference.
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