Crude Strategy

Rethinking the US Military Commitment to Defend Persian Gulf Oil

Author: Charles L. Glaser,Rosemary A. Kelanic

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 1626163359

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 5693

Policymakers and scholars have long assumed the US must maintain a military presence in the Middle East to protect access to Persian Gulf oil. Charles L. Glaser and Rosemary A. Kelanic reconsider this policy based on analyses from a multidisciplinary team of political scientists, historians, and economists. The contributors explore topics that factor in critical changes taking place in oil markets, energy technology, and US defense budgets; potential economic costs of disruptions in oil supply; and possible policy options moving forward.

The Global Oil & Gas Industry

Management, Strategy & Finance

Author: Andrew C. Inkpen,Michael H. Moffett

Publisher: PennWell Books

ISBN: 1593702396

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 581

View: 3967

Despite its size and importance, a surprising lack of basic knowledge exists about the oil and gas industry. With their timely new book, authors Andrew Inkpen and Michael H. Moffett have written a nontechnical book to help readers with technical backgrounds better understand the business of oil and gas. They describe and analyze the global oil and gas industry, focusing on its strategic, financial, and business aspects and addressing a wide range of topics organized around the oil and gas industry value chain, starting with exploration and ending with products sold to consumers. The Global Oil & Gas Industry is a single source for anyone interested in how the business of the worldís largest industry actually works: business executives, students, government officials and regulators, professionals working in the industry, and the general public.

US Grand Strategy in the 21st Century

The Case For Restraint

Author: A. Trevor Thrall,Benjamin H. Friedman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351620037

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 6800

This book challenges the dominant strategic culture and makes the case for restraint in US grand strategy in the 21st century. Grand strategy, meaning a state’s theory about how it can achieve national security for itself, is elusive. That is particularly true in the United States, where the division of federal power and the lack of direct security threats limit consensus about how to manage danger. This book seeks to spur more vigorous debate on US grand strategy. To do so, the first half of the volume assembles the most recent academic critiques of primacy, the dominant strategic perspective in the United States today. The contributors challenge the notion that US national security requires a massive military, huge defense spending, and frequent military intervention around the world. The second half of the volume makes the positive case for a more restrained foreign policy by excavating the historical roots of restraint in the United States and illustrating how restraint might work in practice in the Middle East and elsewhere. The volume concludes with assessments of the political viability of foreign policy restraint in the United States today. This book will be of much interest to students of US foreign policy, grand strategy, national security, and International Relations in general.

Crude Oil

Uncertainty about Future Oil Supply Makes it Important to Develop a Strategy for Addressing a Peak and Decline in Oil Production

Author: Jim Wells

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781422315767


Page: 76

View: 5844

The U.S. economy depends heavily on oil, particularly in the transportation sector. World oil production has been running at near capacity to meet demand, pushing prices upward. Concerns about meeting increasing demand with finite resources have renewed interest in an old question: How long can the oil supply expand before reaching a maximum level of production -- a peak -- from which it can only decline? The author: (1) examined when oil production could peak; (2) assessed the potential for transportation technologies to mitigate the consequences of a peak in oil production; & (3) examined fed. agency efforts that could reduce uncertainty about the timing of a peak or mitigate the consequences. Includes recommendations. Charts & tables.

China's New Oil Development Strategy Taking Shape

Author: John Wong,Chee Kong Wong

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810236403

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 43

View: 2323

Prepared by the East Asian Institute, NUS, which promotes research on East Asian developments particularly the political, economic and social development of contemporary China (including Hong Kong and Taiwan), this series of research reports is intended for policy makers and readers who want to keep abreast of the latest developments in China.

Strategy and Structure

Chapters in the History of the American Industrial Enterprise

Author: Alfred Dupont Chandler

Publisher: Beard Books

ISBN: 9781587981982

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 463

View: 6985

Investigates the changing strategy and structure of the large industrial enterprise in the United States

Strategic Positioning in the Oil Industry

Trends and Options

Author: Paul Steven

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781860643668

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 146

View: 2383

New challenges and a more competitive market have forced oil producers to search for new technologies in order to remain competitive, whether a producer from the latest technologies is able to dispose of its oil in the international market, or profit from the oil price fluctuations in the commodity market. This new study considers strategic positioning and the options available to countries and companies alike in terms of their upstream and downstream industries.

Energy Security in Asia and Eurasia

Author: Mike M. Mochizuki,Deepa M. Ollapally

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317194586

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 9933

Many states appear to have strong sentiment on energy security and energy transit vulnerability. Some analysts see the rapidly increasing demand for energy and competition for energy resources leading to nationalistic energy policies. Others argue that global trends with efficient energy markets and growing options on renewables suggest more relaxed energy outlooks. This book focuses on Asia, where global demand for energy is now concentrated in the aspiring and rising powers of the region: China, India, Japan and South Korea, and also recognises the importance of Russia as a growing energy supplier. Contributions by experts in the field provide detailed and parallel case studies. Shedding light on the ongoing debate in the literature regarding energy outlooks of major Asian states, they analyse whether energy policies are expected to evolve along market oriented cooperative lines or more competitive and even destructive mercantile, nationalist lines. The book argues that states are not unitary actors even in the key energy security arena and there are competing and contrasting viewpoints in Asian states on energy security. It suggests that domestic debates structure thinking on energy security, making energy policy more contingent than assumed by purely market or geopolitical logics. Providing a strong contribution to comparative energy security studies, the book fills an important gap in the literature on energy and national security and offers a basis for conducting further inter-state, interactive analysis. It will be of interest to researchers on Asian Studies, energy politics and international relations.

Problems with Distribution of Oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve

Hearing Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-eighth Congress, Second Session, May 10, 1984

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Government Operations. Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources Subcommittee

Publisher: N.A


Category: Petroleum

Page: 169

View: 373


The New Kings of Crude

China, India, and the Global Struggle for Oil in Sudan and South Sudan

Author: Luke Patey

Publisher: Hurst

ISBN: 1849045380

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 6608

In the past decade, the need for oil in Asia's new industrial powers, China and India, has grown dramatically. The New Kings of Crude takes the reader from the dusty streets of an African capital to Asia's glistening corporate towers to provide a first look at how the world's rising economies established new international oil empires in Sudan, amid one of Africa's longest-running and deadliest civil wars. For over a decade, Sudan fuelled the international rise of Chinese and Indian national oil companies. But the political turmoil surrounding the historic division of Africa's largest country, with the birth of South Sudan, challenged Asia's oil giants to chart a new course. Luke Patey weaves together the stories of hardened oilmen, powerful politicians, rebel fighters, and human rights activists to show how the lure of oil brought China and India into Sudan--only later to ensnare both in the messy politics of a divided country. His book also introduces the reader to the Chinese and Indian oilmen and politicians who were willing to become entangled in an African civil war in the pursuit of the world's most coveted resource. It offers a portrait of the challenges China and India are increasingly facing as emerging powers in the world.

Comprehensive National Energy Strategy

National Energy Policy Plan : Pursuant to Section 801 of the Department of Energy Organization Act

Author: N.A

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780756706388

Category: Science

Page: 63

View: 790


Crude Power

Politics and the Oil Market

Author: Oystein Noreng

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781845110239

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 2153

Most people in the world today believe Bush's war against Saddam Hussein is only about oil. Iraq has the second biggest petroleum reserves in the Middle East, and America's relations with its prime supplier Saudi Arabia have turned sour in the wake of 9/11. Invading Iraq, so many argue, is merely colonising an oil field. Oil has transformed the world and remains the most important resource of our age. It has made the wealth of millions of people - from Venezuela to Norway via the Persian Gulf - and holds their futures in its fortunes. The Middle East is the earth's greatest petroleum depot. It is also the most explosive region in the world today. Now more than ever, with the global economy under severe threat, oil is of prime geopolitical concern. Crude Power provides a comprehensive analysis both of the world's dependency on Middle Eastern oil, and of the very dangerous way politics and economics play themselves out in the oil game - as producers and consumers tug at each others' interests. It is a tug of war: Oystein Noreng explains what all concerned are fighting for. Placing OPEC (the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries) into its wider world context, he examines in detail how shifting oil prices affect everything from international trade balances to inflation rates. In the current political climate of the Middle East and Central Asia, with anti-Americanism and the threat of terrorism in such countries as Saudi Arabia running high, oil holds the future of the world economy as well as thousands of lives in its hands.

Strategy for the Corporate Level

Where to Invest, What to Cut Back and How to Grow Organisations with Multiple Divisions

Author: Andrew Campbell,Michael Goold,Marcus Alexander,Jo Whitehead

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118818350

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 400

View: 4631

A revised edition of the bestselling classic This book covers strategy for organisations that operate more than one business, a situation commonly referred to as group-level or corporate-level strategy. Corporate-level strategy addresses four types of decisions that only corporate-level managers can make: which businesses or markets to enter, how much to invest in each business, how to select and guide the managers of these businesses, and which activities to centralise at the corporate level. This book gives managers and executive students all the tools they need to make and review effective corporate strategy across a range of organisations.


Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Author: N.A

Publisher: International Monetary Fund


Category: Chad

Page: 124

View: 5384


Republic of Congo: Interim Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report

Author: International Monetary Fund

Publisher: International Monetary Fund


Category: Congo (Democratic Republic)

Page: 81

View: 1815

This paper examines Congo’s Interim Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (I-PRSP). Congo’s I-PRSP explains the features and causes of poverty in Congo. It provides a short- and medium-term vision of development as well as a strategic orientation for a return to sustainable and equitable growth. The main objective is steady poverty reduction. The choice and implementation of strategic orientations and priority actions in the I-PRSP are consistent with the government’s commitment to rebuilding the economy and in line with the Millennium Development Goals, the New Partnership for Development, and the government’s “nouvelle espérance” program.

Strategic Petroleum Reserve

Author: Robert Bamberger,Robert L. Pirog

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781594547867

Category: Political Science

Page: 40

View: 9944

To help prevent a repetition of the economic dislocation caused by the 1973-74 Arab oil embargo, Congress authorised the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) in the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA, P.L. 94-163). Physically, the SPR comprises five underground storage facilities, hollowed out from naturally occurring salt domes, located in Texas and Louisiana. Oil stored at one of the sites, Weeks Island, was transferred after problems with the structural integrity of the cavern were discovered in the mid-1990s. Hurricane Katrina made landfall early in the morning of August 29, 2005 inflicting severe damage and shutting down oil and gas production and refining activities in the Gulf of Mexico. Damage assessments continue. By September 2, three requests for loans totalling 8.5 million barrels had been approved; a few others are pending. The Administration also announced it was making 30 million barrels available. However, as a policy tool to respond to the crisis, the SPR has limitations because a barrel of crude contributes to product supply only if there is refining capacity to turn the crude into gasoline or diesel fuel. Consequently, recovery from the hurricanes effects will depend upon resumption of production and refining operations in the Gulf, and the ability to transport petroleum products. On August 8, 2005, the President signed the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (H.R. 6). The bill as enacted permanently authorises the SPR and requires, as expeditiously as practicable, expansion of the SPR to its authorised maximum of 1 billion barrels. The Secretary is required to develop procedures for achieving the fill objective without incurring excessive cost, or placing upward pressure on prices. Any fill policy is also to take into consideration minimising income foregone to the Treasury by filling the SPR with additional royalty-in-kind (RIK) oil.

Marketing Canada's Energy

A Strategy for Security in Oil and Gas

Author: Ian McDougall,Canadian Institute for Economic Policy

Publisher: James Lorimer & Company

ISBN: 9780888625892

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 150

View: 1011

Written in the early 1980s, author I.A. McDougall analyzed Canada's growing dependence on precarious foreign sources of energy.

China's Oil Industry and Market

Author: H.H. Wang

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080529110

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 427

View: 6092

This authoritative book on China's oil demand and government policies and practices rests on two essential foundations: first and foremost on the author's considerable knowledge of China's oil situation and prospects, together with his access to Chinese energy literature and data; and secondly, on that insight afforded to him and, therefore, his readers from his fluency in Chinese. The author analyzes the Chinese oil market and the rising pressure on Beijing to reform policies which constrain China's ability to meet soaring demand and to pay for crucial imports at a time of growing political and economic uncertainties. Dr Wang acknowledges the importance of China meeting its growing domestic oil demand, if at all possible, through national production. The sheer weight of China's population, and its burgeoning requirements as industrialization spreads into most regions, dwarfs the needs of others and places unprecedented strain on international oil trades. The author stresses the fact that the outcome is hard to define, yet the time required to tackle the nation's energy needs is not limitless. Moreover, he reminds the reader of the perennial difficulty in meeting widely disparate economic and energy needs in different regions of the vast country.