Crowdsourcing

Author: Daren C. Brabham

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262314258

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 168

View: 3438

Ever since the term "crowdsourcing" was coined in 2006 by Wired writer Jeff Howe, group activities ranging from the creation of the Oxford English Dictionary to the choosing of new colors for M&Ms have been labeled with this most buzz-generating of media buzzwords. In this accessible but authoritative account, grounded in the empirical literature, Daren Brabham explains what crowdsourcing is, what it is not, and how it works. Crowdsourcing, Brabham tells us, is an online, distributed problem solving and production model that leverages the collective intelligence of online communities for specific purposes set forth by a crowdsourcing organization -- corporate, government, or volunteer. Uniquely, it combines a bottom-up, open, creative process with top-down organizational goals. Crowdsourcing is not open source production, which lacks the top-down component; it is not a market research survey that offers participants a short list of choices; and it is qualitatively different from predigital open innovation and collaborative production processes, which lacked the speed, reach, rich capability, and lowered barriers to entry enabled by the Internet. Brabham describes the intellectual roots of the idea of crowdsourcing in such concepts as collective intelligence, the wisdom of crowds, and distributed computing. He surveys the major issues in crowdsourcing, including crowd motivation, the misconception of the amateur participant, crowdfunding, and the danger of "crowdsploitation" of volunteer labor, citing real-world examples from Threadless, InnoCentive, and other organizations. And he considers the future of crowdsourcing in both theory and practice, describing its possible roles in journalism, governance, national security, and science and health.
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Paradox

Author: Margaret Cuonzo

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262525496

Category: Philosophy

Page: 225

View: 7453

An introduction to paradoxes showing that they are more than mere puzzles but can prompt new ways of thinking.
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Crowdsourced Health

How What You Do on the Internet Will Improve Medicine

Author: Elad Yom-Tov

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262034506

Category: Computers

Page: 160

View: 2786

How data from our health-related Internet searches can lead to discoveries about diseases and symptoms and help patients deal with diagnoses.
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A Guide to Open Innovation and Crowdsourcing

Advice from Leading Experts in the Field

Author: Paul Sloane

Publisher: Kogan Page Publishers

ISBN: 0749463147

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 5349

Open innovation and crowd sourcing are the hottest topics in strategy and management today. The concept of capturing ideas in a hub of collaboration, together with the outsourcing of tasks to a large group of people or community is a revolution that is rapidly changing our culture. A Guide to Open Innovation and Crowdsourcing explains how to use the power of the internet to build and innovate in order to introduce a consumer democracy that has never existed before. If a business fails to embrace it, it is at risk of being left behind. Written by an international team of eminent thinkers, writers and practitioners in the field, A Guide to Open Innovation and Crowdsourcing covers the definition of open innovation, how to manage virtual teams and co-create with customers, how to overcome legal and IP issues and common mistakes and pitfalls to avoid. With corporate case studies and best practice advice, A Guide to Open Innovation and Crowd Sourcing is a vital read for anyone who wants to find innovative products and services from outside their organizations, make them work and overcome the practical difficulties that lie in the way.
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Crowdsourcing

Author: Daren C. Brabham

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262314258

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 168

View: 3545

Ever since the term "crowdsourcing" was coined in 2006 by Wired writer Jeff Howe, group activities ranging from the creation of the Oxford English Dictionary to the choosing of new colors for M&Ms have been labeled with this most buzz-generating of media buzzwords. In this accessible but authoritative account, grounded in the empirical literature, Daren Brabham explains what crowdsourcing is, what it is not, and how it works. Crowdsourcing, Brabham tells us, is an online, distributed problem solving and production model that leverages the collective intelligence of online communities for specific purposes set forth by a crowdsourcing organization -- corporate, government, or volunteer. Uniquely, it combines a bottom-up, open, creative process with top-down organizational goals. Crowdsourcing is not open source production, which lacks the top-down component; it is not a market research survey that offers participants a short list of choices; and it is qualitatively different from predigital open innovation and collaborative production processes, which lacked the speed, reach, rich capability, and lowered barriers to entry enabled by the Internet. Brabham describes the intellectual roots of the idea of crowdsourcing in such concepts as collective intelligence, the wisdom of crowds, and distributed computing. He surveys the major issues in crowdsourcing, including crowd motivation, the misconception of the amateur participant, crowdfunding, and the danger of "crowdsploitation" of volunteer labor, citing real-world examples from Threadless, InnoCentive, and other organizations. And he considers the future of crowdsourcing in both theory and practice, describing its possible roles in journalism, governance, national security, and science and health.
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The Self-Tracking

Author: Gina Neff,Dawn Nafus

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262529122

Category: Computers

Page: 248

View: 551

What happens when people turn their everyday experience into data: an introduction to the essential ideas and key challenges of self-tracking.
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Advances in Crowdsourcing

Author: Fernando J. Garrigos-Simon,Ignacio Gil-Pechuán,Sofia Estelles-Miguel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319183419

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 183

View: 8216

​​This book attempts to link some of the recent advances in crowdsourcing with advances in innovation and management. It contributes to the literature in several ways. First, it provides a global definition, insights and examples of this managerial perspective resulting in a theoretical framework. Second, it explores the relationship between crowdsourcing and technological innovation, the development of social networks and new behaviors of Internet users. Third, it explores different crowdsourcing applications in various sectors such as medicine, tourism, information and communication technology (ICT), and marketing. Fourth, it observes the ways in which crowdsourcing can improve production, finance, management and overall managerial performance. Crowdsourcing, also known as “massive outsourcing” or “voluntary outsourcing,” is the act of taking a job or a specific task usually performed by an employee of a company or contractors, and outsourcing it to a large group of people or a community (crowd or mass) via the Internet, through an open call. The term was coined by Jeff Howe in a 2006 issue of Wired magazine. It is being developed in different sciences (i.e., medicine, engineering, ICT, management) and is used in the most successful companies of the modern era (i.e., Apple, Facebook, Inditex, Starbucks). The developments in crowdsourcing has theoretical and practical implications, which will be explored in this book. Including contributions from international academics, scholars and professionals within the field, this book provides a global, multidimensional perspective on crowdsourcing.​
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The Internet of Things

Author: Samuel Greengard

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262527731

Category: Computers

Page: 232

View: 3891

A guided tour through the Internet of Things, a networked world of connected devices, objects, and people that is changing the way we live and work.
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Cloud Computing

Author: Nayan B. Ruparelia

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262529092

Category: Computers

Page: 280

View: 7939

"This book provides a lucid overview of the implications of the cloud phenomenon and the opportunities and risks associated with it"--
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Metadata

Author: Jeffrey Pomerantz

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262528517

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 239

View: 8710

Everything we need to know about metadata, the usually invisible infrastructure for information with which we interact every day.
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Information and the Modern Corporation

Author: James W Cortada

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262297949

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 176

View: 2927

While we have been preoccupied with the latest i-gadget from Apple and with Google's ongoing expansion, we may have missed something: the fundamental transformation of whole firms and industries into giant information-processing machines. Today, more than eighty percent of workers collect and analyze information (often in digital form) in the course of doing their jobs. This book offers a guide to the role of information in modern business, mapping the use of information within work processes and tracing flows of information across supply-chain management, product development, customer relations, and sales. The emphasis is on information itself, not on information technology. Information, overshadowed for a while by the glamour and novelty of IT, is the fundamental component of the modern corporation. In Information and the Modern Corporation, longtime IBM manager and consultant James Cortada clarifies the differences among data, facts, information, and knowledge and describes how the art of analytics has all but eliminated decision making based on gut feeling, replacing it with fact-based decisions. He describes the working style of "road warriors," whose offices are anywhere their laptops and cell phones are and whose deep knowledge of a given topic becomes their medium of exchange. Information is the core of the modern enterprise, and the use of information defines the activities of a firm. This essential guide shows managers and employees better ways to leverage information--by design and not by accident.
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Robots

Author: John M. Jordan

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262529505

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 272

View: 4317

An accessible and engaging account of robots, covering the current state of the field, the fantasies of popular culture, and implications for life and work.
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Revolutionizing Innovation

Users, Communities, and Open Innovation

Author: Dietmar Harhoff,Karim R. Lakhani

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262029774

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 600

View: 2494

A comprehensive and multidisciplinary view of the emerging paradigm of user and open innovation, offering both theoretical and empirical perspectives.
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Neuroplasticity

Author: Moheb Costandi

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262529335

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 9853

The real story of how our brains and nervous systems change throughout our lifetimes -- with or without "brain training."
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Intellectual Property Strategy

Author: John Palfrey

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 026229799X

Category: Law

Page: 192

View: 5831

Most managers leave intellectual property issues to the legal department, unaware that an organization's intellectual property can help accomplish a range of management goals, from accessing new markets to improving existing products to generating new revenue streams. In this book, intellectual property expert and Harvard Law School professor John Palfrey offers a short briefing on intellectual property strategy for corporate managers and nonprofit administrators. Palfrey argues for strategies that go beyond the traditional highly restrictive "sword and shield" approach, suggesting that flexibility and creativity are essential to a profitable long-term intellectual property strategy -- especially in an era of changing attitudes about media. Intellectual property, writes Palfrey, should be considered a key strategic asset class. Almost every organization has an intellectual property portfolio of some value and therefore the need for an intellectual property strategy. A brand, for example, is an important form of intellectual property, as is any information managed and produced by an organization. Palfrey identifies the essential areas of intellectual property -- patent, copyright, trademark, and trade secret -- and describes strategic approaches to each in a variety of organizational contexts, based on four basic steps. The most innovative organizations employ multiple intellectual property approaches, depending on the situation, asking hard, context-specific questions. By doing so, they achieve both short- and long-term benefits while positioning themselves for success in the global information economy.
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Crowdsourcing

How the Power of the Crowd is Driving the Future of Business

Author: Jeff Howe

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1905211155

Category: Business planning

Page: 312

View: 5270

Jeff Howe coined the word 'Crowdsourcing' in a 2006 article for Wired magazine to describe the way in which the Internet has broken down traditional employer/employee relationships to create vibrant new enterprises that are 'staffed' by informal, often large gatherings of enthusiasts. A few weeks before the article hit the newsstands, a Google search for the word 'Crowdsourcing' returned zero results. One month after the article appeared, the same search returned nearly 500,000 hits. These days anyone and everyone can write book reviews on Amazon, post videos on Youtube, come up with new uses for Google maps or design T-shirts for Threadless. What makes this phenomenon so remarkable is that it is starting to transform the way many companies operate and to change their relationship with their customers: iStockPhoto.com has revolutionised the world of digital photography; Cambrian House is having a profound impact on the way films get made; Second Life has created a vast, profitable business with only a few formal employees but thousands of dedicated contributors. Moreover this revolution is rapidly changing our culture, introducing a consumer democracy that has never existed before. Jeff Howe has now followed up his initial, ground-breaking article with months of research, and the result is a book that will define the next stage of the Internet revolution.
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Crowdsourcing For Dummies

Author: David Alan Grier

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111994385X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 8151

Give your business the edge with crowd-power! Crowdsourcing is an innovative way of outsourcing tasks, problems or requests to a group or community online. There are lots of ways business can use crowdsourcing to their advantage: be it crowdsourcing product ideas and development, design tasks, market research, testing, capturing or analyzing data, and even raising funds. It offers access to a wide pool of talent and ideas, and is an exciting way to engage the public with your business. Crowdsourcing For Dummies is your plain-English guide to making crowdsourcing, crowdfunding and open innovation work for you. It gives step-by-step advice on how to plan, start and manage a crowdsourcing project, where to crowdsource, how to find the perfect audience, how best to motivate your crowd, and tips for troubleshooting.
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Understanding Beliefs

Author: Nils J. Nilsson

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262321130

Category: Philosophy

Page: 168

View: 5053

Our beliefs constitute a large part of our knowledge of the world. We have beliefs about objects, about culture, about the past, and about the future. We have beliefs about other people, and we believe that they have beliefs as well. We use beliefs to predict, to explain, to create, to console, to entertain. Some of our beliefs we call theories, and we are extraordinarily creative at constructing them. Theories of quantum mechanics, evolution, and relativity are examples. But so are theories about astrology, alien abduction, guardian angels, and reincarnation. All are products (with varying degrees of credibility) of fertile minds trying to find explanations for observed phenomena. In this book, Nils Nilsson examines beliefs: what they do for us, how we come to hold them, and how to evaluate them. We should evaluate our beliefs carefully, Nilsson points out, because they influence so many of our actions and decisions. Some of our beliefs are more strongly held than others, but all should be considered tentative and changeable. Nilsson shows that beliefs can be quantified by probability, and he describes networks of beliefs in which the probabilities of some beliefs affect the probabilities of others. He argues that we can evaluate our beliefs by adapting some of the practices of the scientific method and by consulting expert opinion. And he warns us about "belief traps" -- holding onto beliefs that wouldn't survive critical evaluation. The best way to escape belief traps, he writes, is to expose our beliefs to the reasoned criticism of others.
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Information and Society

Author: Michael Buckland

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262533383

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 232

View: 4366

A short, informal account of our ever-increasing dependence on a complex multiplicity of messages, records, documents, and data.
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