Critical Theory and the Thought of Andrew Feenberg

Author: Darrell P. Arnold,Andreas Michel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319578979

Category: Philosophy

Page: 332

View: 9050

This volume explores Andrew Feenberg’s work in critical theory. Feenberg is considered one of the key ‘second generation’ critical theorists, with a keen interest in philosophy of technology. He has made a vital contribution to critical theory in ways that remain of interest given the pressing technological issues of our time. The authors of this book highlight not only the ways that Feenberg has begun to make good on what is often characterized as “the broken promise of critical theory” to address issues of technology, but also the continued importance of critical theory more generally, and of Feenberg’s contributions to understanding this tradition.
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Naturalistische Hermeneutik

Author: Chrysostomos Mantzavinos

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161488689

Category: Philosophy

Page: 158

View: 490

English summary: C. Matzavinos advocates the unity of the scientific method and defends it against the claim to autonomy made by the human sciences. He shows how materials that are 'meaningful', more specifically human actions and texts, can be adequately dealt with by the hypothetico-deductive method, the standard method used in the natural sciences. The hermeneutic method is not an alternative method aimed at the understanding and the interpretation of human actions and texts, but it is the same as the hypothetico-deductive method applied to meaningful materials. The central thesis is, thus, that there is no fundamental methodological difference between natural sciences, social sciences and humanities. The English edition of this work was published by Cambridge University Press. German description: C. Mantzavinos stellt dem Autonomieanspruch der Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften die These der Einheit der wissenschaftlichen Methode gegenuber. Er zeigt, wie Material, das 'sinnhaft' ist, vor allem menschliche Handlungen und Texte, mit Hilfe der hypothetisch-deduktiven Methode - der gangigen Methode der Naturwissenschaften - erfasst werden kann. Die hermeneutische Methode ist nichts anders als die auf sinnhaftes Material angewendete hypothetisch-deduktive Methode. Sowohl menschliche Handlungen im allgemeinen als auch Ergebnisse solcher Handlungen, vor allem Texte, sind, obwohl sinnhaft, mittels der hypothetisch-deduktiven Methode gut erfassbar. Der Autor zeigt, dass Sinnzusammenhange sehr oft in Wirkungszusammenhange transformierbar sind und daher nomologisch durchleuchtet werden konnen. Auch in denjenigen Fallen, in denen diese Transformation nicht moglich ist, kann man die hypothetisch-deduktive Methode anwenden: Man kann Hypothesen formulieren, die dazu dienen, den entsprechenden Sinnzusammenhang zu rekonstruieren, und dann aufgrund des verfugbaren empirischen Materials uberprufen, welche der angebotenen Hypothesen zutreffend sind. Bei Rekonstruktionen, wie bei der Feststellung von Einzeltatsachen im allgemeinen, fungieren bestimmte singulare deskriptive Aussagen gerade in dem Sinne als Hypothesen, dass man nach Grunden fur ihre Wahrheit sucht. Somit brauchen auch diejenigen Disziplinen, die sich mit wissenschaftlichen Problemen der Rekonstruktion von Sinnzusammenhangen befassen, die Orientierung ihrer Tatigkeit an der Wahrheitsidee nicht zugunsten anderer Ideale und regulativer Ideen zu opfern. Mantzavinos hat eine naturalistische Hermeneutik entwickelt, die in der Lage ist, Sinnprobleme adaquat zu losen. Das Buch ist der wichtigste neuere Beitrag zur Analyse dieser Probleme, den ich bisher gesehen habe. Es ist unentbehrlich fur jedes Seminar uber Probleme der Hermeneutik.Hans Albert, Heidelberg
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The Philosophy of Praxis

Marx, Lukács, and the Frankfurt School

Author: Andrew Feenberg

Publisher: Verso Trade

ISBN: 1781681732

Category: Philosophy

Page: 252

View: 3819

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Philosophy and Design

From Engineering to Architecture

Author: Pieter E. Vermaas,P.A. Kroes,Andrew Light,Steven Moore

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402065914

Category: Philosophy

Page: 360

View: 4617

This volume provides the reader with an integrated overview of state-of-the-art research in philosophy and ethics of design in engineering and architecture. It contains twenty-five essays that focus on engineering designing in its traditional sense, on designing in novel engineering domains, and on architectural and environmental designing. This volume enables the reader to overcome the traditional separation between engineering designing and architectural designing.
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Technology, Modernity, and Democracy

Essays by Andrew Feenberg

Author: Andrew Feenberg,Eduardo Beira,Canada Research Chair in Philosophy of Technology Andrew Feenberg

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781786607195

Category:

Page: 172

View: 5060

This important collection of essays by Andrew Feenberg presents his critical theory of technology, an innovative approach to philosophy and sociology of technology based on a synthesis of ideas drawn from STS and Frankfurt School Critical Theory. According to critical theory of technology, technologies are neither neutral nor deterministic, but are encoded with specific socio-economic values and interests. Feenberg explores how they can be developed and adapted to more or less democratic values and institutions, and how their future is subject to social action, negotiation and reinterpretation. Technologies bring with them a particular "rationality," sets of rules and implied ways of behaving and thinking which, despite their profound influence on institutions, ideas and actions, can be transformed in a process of democratic rationalization. Feenberg argues that the emergence of human communication on the Internet and the environmental movement offer abundant examples of public interventions that have reshaped technologies originally designed for different purposes. This volume includes chapters on citizenship and critical theory of technology, philosophy of technology and modernity, and Heidegger and Marcuse, two of the most prominent philosophers of technology.
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Critical Social Theory and the End of Work

Author: Dr Edward Granter

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409491870

Category: Social Science

Page: 212

View: 524

Critical Social Theory and the End of Work examines the development and sociological significance of the idea that work is being eliminated through the use of advanced production technology. Granter’s engagement with the work of key American and European figures such as Marx, Marcuse, Gorz, Habermas and Negri, focuses his arguments for the abolition of labour as a response to the current socio-historical changes affecting our work ethic and consumer ideology. By combining history of ideas with social theory, this book considers how the 'end of work' thesis has developed and has been critically implemented in the analysis of modern society. His work will appeal to scholars of sociology, history of ideas, social and cultural theory as well as those working in the fields of critical management and sociology of work.
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Against Nature

The Concept of Nature in Critical Theory

Author: Steven Vogel

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791430453

Category: Philosophy

Page: 225

View: 4856

Against Nature examines the history of the concept of nature in the tradition of Critical Theory, with chapters on Lukacs, Horkheimer and Adorno, Marcuse, and Habermas. It argues that the tradition has been marked by significant difficulties with respect to that concept; that these problems are relevant to contemporary environmental philosophy as well; and that a solution to them requires taking seriously--and literally--the idea of nature as socially constructed.
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Technoculture and Critical Theory

In the Service of the Machine?

Author: Simon Cooper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134506910

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 5473

The author explores the work of major thinkers and cultural movements that have grappled with the complex relationship between technology, politics and culture. Subjects such as the Internet, cloning, warfare, fascism and Virtual Reality are placed within a broad theoretical context which explores how humanity might, through technology, establish a more ethical relationship with the world. Examining the philosophy of writers such as Heidegger, Benjamin, Lyotard, Virilio, and Zizek, and cultural movements such as Italian Futurism, this book marks a timely intervention in critical theory debates. The broad scope of the book will be of vital interest to those in the fields of philosophy, critical theory, cultural studies, politics and communications.
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American Philosophy of Technology

The Empirical Turn

Author: Hans Achterhuis

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253339034

Category: Philosophy

Page: 175

View: 9402

Introduces contemporary American philosophy of technology through six of its leading figures. The six American philosophers of technology whose work is profiled in this clear and concise introduction to the field—Albert Borgmann, Hubert Dreyfus, Andrew Feenberg, Donna Haraway, Don Ihde, and Langdon Winner—represent a new, empirical direction in the philosophical study of technology that has developed mainly in North America. In place of the grand philosophical schemes of the classical generation of European philosophers of technology (including Martin Heidgger, Jacques Ellul, and Hans Jonas), the contemporary American generation addresses concrete technological practices and the co-evolution of technology and society in modern culture. Six Dutch philosophers associated with Twente University survey and critique the full scope and development of their American colleagues' work, often illustrating shifts from earlier to more recent interests. Individual chapters focus on Borgmann's engagement with technology and everyday life; Dreyfus's work on the limits of artificial intelligence; Feenberg's perspectives on the cultural and social possibilities opened by technologies; Haraway's conception of the cyborg and its attendant blurring of boundaries; Ihde's explorations of the place of technology in the lifeworld; and Winner's fascination with the moral and political implications of modern technologies. American Philosophy of Technology offers an insightful and readable introduction to this new and distinctly American philosophical turn. Contributors are Hans Achterhuis, Philip Brey, René Munnik, Martijntje Smits, Pieter Tijmes, and Peter-Paul Verbeek.
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Democratizing Technology

Andrew Feenberg's Critical Theory of Technology

Author: Tyler J. Veak

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791480968

Category: Philosophy

Page: 254

View: 4237

The first volume to critically engage the work of Andrew Feenberg.
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North American Critical Theory After Postmodernism

Contemporary Dialogues

Author: P. Nickel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137262869

Category: Political Science

Page: 249

View: 2784

In a series of interviews this book explores the formative experiences of a generation of critical theorists whose work originated in the midst of what has been called 'the postmodern turn,' including discussions of their views on the evolution of critical theory over the past 30 years and their assessment of contemporary politics.
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Die Existenzweise technischer Objekte

Author: Gilbert Simondon

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783037341957

Category: Technology

Page: 269

View: 3187

In dieser wirkmächtigen philosophisch-technologischen Untersuchung stellt sich Gilbert Simondon dem ressentimentgeladenen Ausschluss der technischen Objekte aus der menschlichen Kultur ebenso entgegen wie technokratischen Machbarkeitsvisionen der Herrschaft durch Automaten. Stattdessen plädiert er für die Anerkennung und Reflexion der Existenz eines Kollektivs aus Mensch, offenen technischen Maschinen und Natur. Sein Ansatz vereint die detaillierte Analyse der Funktionsweisen von Motoren, Elektronenröhren oder frühen Computern mit weitreichenden philosophischen Erwägungen. In Auseinandersetzung mit der traditionellen Auffassung von Form und Stoff, dem Evolutionsdenken, Gestalttheorie, Kybernetik, Informationstheorie und Fragen der Gouvernementalität charakterisiert er technisches Denken und technische Existenzweise als Etappe im Werdensprozess von Leben und Denken.
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Herbert Marcuse

A Critical Reader

Author: John Abromeit,William Mark Cobb

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415289092

Category: Philosophy

Page: 274

View: 7730

The final section of the book contains recollections on Marcuse's person rather than his critical theory, including an informative look back over his life by his son, Peter. Contributors to this volume are: Angela Davis, Detlev Claussen, Andrew Feenberg, Douglas Kellner, John O'Neill, Gerard Rautlet, Richard Wolin, Andrew Light, Tim Luke, Steven Vogel, John Abromeit, Stephan Bundschuh, Mark Cobb, Samir Gandesha, Michal Werz, Peter Marcuse and Carl Shorske.
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Reconstructing Biotechnologies

Critical Social Analyses

Author: Guido Ruivenkamp,Shūji Hisano,Joost Jongerden

Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub

ISBN: 9086860621

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 367

View: 5548

The main subject of this publication is the co-creation of society and biotechnology. The authors do not treat society and biotechnology as separate domains, instead they consider technologies as socially constructed. The main focus of this publication is on agro-biotechnologies and the contributors present perspectives for reconstruction both from and in 'the North' and 'the South'. Reconstructing biotechnologies offers a range of critical social analyses confronting the actuality of biotechnology with the potentialities of its social reconstruction. In doing that, the book develops and merges literature from four different disciplines, namely (i) critical theory and its analyses of technology and power, (ii) political economy, critically assessing the interrelationship between economy, politics and technology, (iii) social constructivism, which holds that technology is the product of agency and knowledge systems, and (iv) the analysis of rural society and agrarian technologies in rural sociology. Reconstructing biotechnologies introduces exciting approaches and examples into the social reshaping of biotechnologies. It brings together critical examinations of contemporary biotechnology development and puts forward possible alternatives written by critical scholars. The contributions in this publication are for students and scholars in a wide range of disciplines such as social and political sciences, science and technology studies, and development studies. The editors of the book are associated with the Social Sciences Department of Wageningen University in the Netherlands and the Graduate School of Economics of Kyoto University in Japan. They have published extensively on social and political theory and biotechnology.
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Ästhetizistische Kulturkritik und ethische Utopie

Georg Lukács' neukantianisches Frühwerk

Author: Konstantinos Kavoulakos

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110364212

Category: Philosophy

Page: 265

View: 3476

This study examines philosophical questions regarding the limitations of formalism and how they might be overcome. It presents a critical reconstruction of the early work of Georg Lukács, which attempted to supplement a unique form of aesthetic cultural critique with a Dostoyevskian-styled ethical utopia. Demonstrating the unity and the aporias of this two-track approach, it sheds new light on Lukács’s Marxist turn at the end of 1918.
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Technology and the Politics of Knowledge

Author: Andrew Feenberg,Alastair Hannay

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 9780253209405

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 5558

Technology and the Politics of Knowledge responds to an evergrowing concern with technology in contemporary social thought. The leading figures in the current philosophical study of technology address such complex and hotly debated issues as the place of science and technical knowledge in the political sphere, the role of individual choice and citizen virtue in a technological society, the relevance of gender to technical innovation, the contributions of Habermas and Heidegger to thinking on technology, and the political and moral implications of innovation in such diverse fields as the media and reproductive technologies.
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Transforming Technology

A Critical Theory Revisited

Author: Andrew Feenberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190208341

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 2993

Thoroughly revised, this new edition of Critical Theory of Technology rethinks the relationships between technology, rationality, and democracy, arguing that the degradation of labor--as well as of many environmental, educational, and political systems--is rooted in the social values that preside over technological development. It contains materials on political theory, but the emphasis has shifted to reflect a growing interest in the fields of technology and cultural studies.
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