Criminology

Theory and context

Author: John Tierney,Maggie O’Neill

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317903137

Category: Social Science

Page: 450

View: 2755

Criminology: theory and context, third edition, expands upon the ideas presented in previous editions, while introducing new material on critical theory, feminism, masculinities, cultural criminology and postmodernism. The text has been thoroughly updated throughout to reflect key perspectives in contemporary criminological theory. Relevant updates include discussions on New Labour’s criminal justice and penal policies in its third term in office, and the latest developments in criminal justice and the politics of law and order in the UK and US. This edition revisits societal and cultural influences that have shaped the discipline and invites the reader to re-examine the phenomena of crime and deviance. Criminology: theory and context, third edition, is presented in a logical structure and adopts an accessible framework. The text is essential reading for students of criminology, criminological theory and criminal justice and will also be of key interest to those studying sociology, law and the wider social sciences.
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Criminological Theory

Context and Consequences

Author: J. Robert Lilly,Francis T. Cullen,Richard A. Ball

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483321878

Category: Social Science

Page: 568

View: 9829

Offering a rich introduction to how scholars analyze crime, Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences moves readers beyond a commonsense knowledge of crime to a deeper understanding of the importance of theory in shaping crime control policies. The Sixth Edition of the authors’ clear, accessible, and thoroughly revised text covers traditional and contemporary theory within a larger sociological and historical context. J. Robert Lilly, Francis T. Cullen, and Richard A. Ball include new sources that assess the empirical status of the major theories, as well as updated coverage of crime control policies and their connection to criminological theory.
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The Development of Criminological Thought

Context, Theory and Policy

Author: Chad Posick

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317278615

Category: Social Science

Page: 234

View: 2296

This book focuses on the history and development of criminological thought from the pre-Enlightenment period to the present and offers a detailed and chronological overview of competing theoretical perspectives in criminology in their social and political context. This book covers: A discussion of how major theorists came to espouse their ideas and how the social context of the time influenced the development criminological thought; An exploration of the scientific method and the way in which theories are tested; Details of the origins of each theory as well as their recent developments in scholarship and research; Comparative and international research in theory; The empirical support for theory and the relationship between research and policy; Biosocial and developmental criminology, including the biosocial underpinnings of criminal behavior and the influence of neuroscience and brain psychology; Theoretical applications for explaining different crime types, such as genocide, white-collar crime, and environmental crime; A summary of the current state of criminological knowledge and a vision for the future of criminology. The book includes lists of further reading and chapter summaries, and is supported by timelines of key works and events. This book is essential reading for courses on criminological theory, criminal behaviour, criminal psychology and biosocial criminology.
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Criminological Theory in Context

An Introduction

Author: John Martyn Chamberlain

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 147391678X

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 6846

This book provides a lively, concise and definitive introduction to the study of the causes of crime. Authoritative yet accessible, it offers a guide to the historical development of criminology as an academic discipline and in doing so: presents an overview of a range of different theories of crime, including classical, biological, psychological and sociological approaches analyses the strengths and weaknesses of each theory discussed provides chapter overview boxes and key summary points helps you to take your studies further with self-study tasks and suggestions for further reading. In covering key theoretical positions and placing them in their historical context, Criminological Theory in Context is perfect for students taking introductory courses in criminological theory.
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Encyclopedia of Criminological Theory

Author: Francis T. Cullen,Pamela Wilcox

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412959187

Category: Social Science

Page: 1176

View: 9467

For a free 30-day online trial to this title, visit www.sagepub.com/freetrial This two-volume set is designed to serve as a reference source for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary criminological theory. Drawing together a team of international scholars, it examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them, presenting them in a context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. The work provides essays on cutting-edge research as well as concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Topics include contexts and concepts in criminological theory, the social construction of crime, policy implications of theory, diversity and intercultural contexts, conflict theory, rational choice theories, conservative criminology, feminist theory, and more. Key ThemesThe Classical School of CriminologyThe Positivist School of CriminologyEarly American Theories of CrimeBiological and Biosocial Theories of CrimePsychological Theories of CrimeThe Chicago School of CriminologyCultural and Learning Theories of CrimeAnomie and Strain Theories of Crime and DevianceControl Theories of CrimeLabeling and Interactionist Theories of CrimeTheories of the Criminal SanctionConflict, Radical, and Critical Theories of CrimeFeminist and Gender-Specific Theories of CrimeChoice and Opportunity Theories of CrimeMacro-Level/ Community Theories of CrimeLife-Course and Developmental Theories of CrimeIntegrated Theories of CrimeTheories of White-Collar and Corporate CrimeContemporary Gang TheoriesTheories of Prison Behavior and InsurgencyTheories of Fear and Concern About Crime
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Crime and its Social Context

Toward an Integrated Theory of Offenders, Victims, and Situations

Author: Terance D. Miethe,Robert Frank Meier

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791419014

Category: Social Science

Page: 209

View: 4500

Theories of criminality and theories of victimization have traditionally been discussed as though they bore no relationship to one another. Yet, a complete explanation for crime must examine both the decision to engage in crime by an offender and the everyday actions of ordinary citizens that increase vulnerability to criminals. The integration of these approaches yields testable models that have greater predictive power than could be obtained by looking only at models of offenders or models of victim behavior. A more general perspective that accounts for both the decision to engage in crime and the selection of particular crime targets is developed and tested.
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Advancing Critical Criminology

Theory and Application

Author: Walter S. DeKeseredy,Barbara Perry

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739112533

Category: Law

Page: 273

View: 8180

Advancing Critical Criminology constitutes a timely addition to the growing body of knowledge on critical criminology scholarship. DeKeseredy and Perry have assembled a volume that provides scholars with an in-depth review of the extant literature on several major branches of criminology as well as examples of how critical criminologists apply their theoretical perspectives to substantive topics, such as drugs, interpersonal violence, and rural crime. Accordingly, this work is divided into two main sections: overviews of theories and applications. Each chapter provides a summary of work in a specific area, along with suggestions for moving the field forward. This reader is unique in its choice of topics, which have often been overlooked in the past. An expert collection of international scholars, Advancing Critical Criminology is certain to stimulate lively debates and generate further critical social scientific work in this field.
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Criminology Theory

Selected Classic Readings

Author: Frank P. Williams III,Marilyn D. McShane

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317523032

Category: Political Science

Page: 366

View: 8466

This highly acclaimed criminology text presents an up-to-date review of rational choice theories, including deterrence, shaming, and routine activities. It also incorporates current examples of deterrence research regarding domestic violence, drunk driving, and capital punishment, and features thought-provoking discussion of the relativity of crime. The authors explore the crime problem, its context, and causes of crime. The organization of the text reflects the fact that the etiology of crime must be at the heart of criminology. It examines contemporary efforts to redefine crime by focusing on family violence, hate crimes, white-collar misconduct with violent consequences, and other forms of human behavior often neglected by criminologists. Extensive discussion of evolving laws is included, and while the prevalence of the scientific method in the field of criminology is highlighted, the impact of ideology on explanations of crime is the cornerstone of the book.
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New Directions in Criminological Theory

Author: Freda Adler,William S. Laufer

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412829588

Category: Social Science

Page: 406

View: 3134

1. The future of labeling theory: foundations and promises -- 2. A proposed resolution of key issues in the political sociology of law -- 3. Contrasting crime general and crime specific theory: The case of hot spots of crime -- 4. Strategy, structure, and corporate crime: the historical context of anticompetitive behavior -- 5. Employee theft: an examination of Gerald Mars and explaination based on equity theory -- 6. Alcohol and theories of homicide -- 7. The empirical status and Hirschi's Control Theory -- 8. The ocial control of spouse assault -- 9. Theoretical formalization, a necessity: The example of Hirchi's Bonding theory -- 10. Control theory and punishment: an analysis of control theory as a penal philosophy -- 11. Power-control verses social-control theories of common delinquency: a comparitive analysis -- Comments: The power of control insociologica theories of delinquency.
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Criminological Theory

The Essentials

Author: Stephen G. Tibbetts

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506367879

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 8633

Criminological Theory: The Essentials, Third Edition offers you a brief yet comprehensive overview of classic and contemporary criminologists and their theories. Putting criminological theory in context, acclaimed author Stephen G. Tibbetts examines policy implications brought about by theoretical perspectives to demonstrate to you the practical application of theories to contemporary social problems. New to the Third Edition: A new chapter dedicated entirely to feminist perspectives (Chapter 10) introduces you to feminist models of crime while underscoring the importance of examining the related research. Case studies that examine offender motives are now included to help you apply the theories discussed to interesting and memorable examples. Policy is now integrated into each section to allow you to see the practical policy implications of each theory. Coverage of critical topics has been expanded throughout to introduce you to important issues, such as the influence of employment on criminal behavior, the success of school programs in reducing delinquent behavior, and federal sentencing guidelines in regard to crack versus powder cocaine. Statistics, graphs, and tables have all been updated to demonstrate the most recent trends in criminology.
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Criminological Theory, Context and Consequences

Sociology, Criminology

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1490269150

Category: Education

Page: 32

View: 2973

Facts101 is your complete guide to Criminological Theory, Context and Consequences. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
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Constitutive Criminology at Work

Applications to Crime and Justice

Author: Stuart Henry,Dragan Milovanovic

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791441930

Category: Social Science

Page: 322

View: 3647

Provides the first applications of constitutive criminology, a theoretical framework inspired by postmodernism, to specific areas of criminological practice.
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The Routledge Companion to Criminological Theory and Concepts

Author: Avi Brisman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781138819009

Category: Criminology

Page: 592

View: 5034

A comprehensive one-stop reference text, The Routledge Companion to Criminological Theory and Concepts (the �Companion�) will find a place on every bookshelf, whether it be that of a budding scholar or a seasoned academic. Comprising over a hundred concise and authoritative essays written by leading scholars in the field, this volume explains in a clear and inviting way the emergence, context, evolution and current status of key criminological theories and conceptual themes. The Companion is divided into six historical and thematic parts, each introduced by the editors and containing a selection of accessible and engaging short essays written specifically for this text: Foundations of criminological thought and contemporary revitalizations The emergence and growth of American criminology From appreciation to critique Late critical criminologies and new directions Punishment and security Geographies of crime Comprehensive cross-referencing between entries will provide the reader with signposts to later developments, to critiques and to associated theoretical developments explored within the book, and lists of further reading in every entry will encourage independent thinking and study. This book is an essential reference work for criminology students at all levels and is the perfect companion for courses on criminological theory.
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Social Learning Theory and the Explanation of Crime

Author: Gary Jensen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351490117

Category: Social Science

Page: 386

View: 4899

Social learning theory has been called the dominant theory of crime and delinquency in the United States, yet it is often misrepresented. This latest volume in the distinguished Advances in Criminological Theory series explores the impact of this theory. Some equate it with differential association theory. Others depict it as little more than a micro-level appendage to cultural deviance theories. There have been earlier attempts to clarify the theory's unique features in comparison to other theories, and others have applied it to broader issues. These efforts are extended in this volume, which focuses on developing, applying, and testing the theory on a variety of criminal and delinquent behavior. It applies the theory to treatment and prevention, moving social learning into a global context for the twenty-first century. This comprehensive volume includes the latest work, tests, and theoretical advances in social learning theory and will be particularly helpful to criminologists, sociologists, and psychologists. It may also be of interest to those concerned with current issues relating to delinquency, drug use/abuse, and drinking/alcohol abuse.
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Die große Enzyklopädie der Serienmörder

Author: Michael Newton

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 385365276X

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 534

View: 3172

Sie sind Stoff für unzählige Verfilmungen: die Taten von Serienmördern. Auch wenn oder gerade weil ihre Handlungen immer unbegreiflich bleiben werden, üben sie eine große Faszination auf uns "normale" Menschen aus. Die erste Frage muss wohl lauten: Gibt es überhaupt so viele Serienmörder, dass damit eine ganze Enzyklopädie gefüllt werden kann? Die Antwort: Es gibt sie, wie die sechste ergänzte und überarbeitete Auflage der "Großen Enzyklopädie der Serienmörder" beweist. Und es sind nicht die Unbekanntesten, die in dieser Sammlung vermerkt sind: Jack the Ripper beispielsweise, dessen Treiben im nebeligen London schon so manche Verfilmung erlebt hat. Fritz Haarmann, dem Schauspieler Götz George in der Verfilmung seines Lebens sein kahlgeschorenes Haupt lieh. Oder Edward Gein, um ein Beispiel aus den USA zu nennen, der zum real existierenden und mordenden Vorbild für Alfred Hitchcocks wohl besten Film - "Psycho" - wurde. Jack Unterweger ist ebenso vertreten, wie der "Vampir von Düsseldorf" oder der "Menschenfresser von Duisburg". Die Geschichte der Serienmörder beginnt bereits bei Jeanne d'Arc - einer ihrer Kampfgefährten hatte hunderte Knaben auf dem Gewissen. Leider hat die Geschichte bis heute kein Ende. Zu den aktuellsten Beispielen gehören der BTK-Mörder ("Bind, Torture, Kill") und der Franzose Fourniret, der gemeinsam mit seiner Frau junge Mädchen misshandelte und tötete. Was treibt sie also an? Wir werden es nie verstehen. Aber wir können dank dieser Enzyklopädie ihre Lebensgeschichte nachlesen und gleichzeitig in die wahre Welt der Kriminalfälle eintauchen - eine Welt, die grausamer ist, als es jede erfundene Geschichte je sein kann.
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Correctional Theory

Context and Consequences

Author: Francis T. Cullen,Cheryl Lero Jonson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412981794

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 1840

-The book's final chapter examines possible future imporvements in correctional policies and practices. --Book Jacket.
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Of Crime and Criminality

The Use of Theory in Everyday Life

Author: Sally Simpson

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1452264813

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 1260

This collection of original essays is an innovative, effective way to teach crime theory to undergraduates. Each essay brings an important crime theory to life by applying that theory to a current crime event or topic of interest to students. An original introductory essay by Don Gibbons explains the origins of these different explanations for criminal behavior, and how they are similar to and different from one another.
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Criminal Justice

An Introduction to Philosophies, Theories and Practice

Author: Ian Marsh,John Cochrane,Gaynor Melville

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415333016

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

View: 4685

This new text encourages students to develop a deeper understanding of the context and the current workings of the criminal justice system. The first part offers a clear and comprehensive review of the major philosophical aims and sociological theories of punishment, the history of justice and punishment and the developing perspective of victimology. In the second part, the focus is on the main areas of the contemporary criminal justice system, including the police, the courts and judiciary, prisons and community penalties. There are regular reflective question breaks which enable students to consider and respond to questions relating to what they have just read and the book contains useful pedagogic features such as boxed examples, leading questions and annotated further reading. This practical book is particularly geared to undergraduate students following programmes in criminal justice and criminology. It will also prove a useful resource for practitioners who are following vocationally based courses in the criminal justice area ¿ in social work, youth justice and police training courses.
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Criminology

Explaining Crime and Its Context

Author: Stephen E. Brown,Finn-Aage Esbensen,Gilbert Geis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317311981

Category:

Page: 620

View: 6780

Criminology: Explaining Crime and Its Context, Ninth Edition, is a highly acclaimed textbook offering a broad perspective on criminological theory. It provides students of criminology and sociology with a thorough exposure to a range of theories, contrasting their logic and assumptions, but also highlighting efforts to integrate and blend these frameworks. In this ninth edition, the authors have incorporated new directions that have gained traction in the field, while remaining faithful to their criminological heritage. Among the themes in this work are the relativity of crime (its changing definition) with abundant examples, historical roots of criminology and the lessons they have provided, and the strength and challenges of applying the scientific method. This revision offers enhanced coverage of biosocial theories of crime, more global examples, and a new chapter on youth violence, improving on the most comprehensive and balanced theory text available for undergraduates.
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Developmental Theories Of Crime And Delinquency

Author: Terence P. Thornberry

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412821674

Category: Social Science

Page: 359

View: 9846

In Developmental Theories of Crime and Delinquency, Terence P. Thornberry and his contributors show that criminal behavior is not a static human attribute, but ebbs and flows over the life course of the individual. Criminal behavior tends to follow a distinct psychological pattern. It is relatively uncommon during childhood, is initiated by most offenders during adolescence, flourishes during late adolescence and early childhood, and usually diminishes or disappears by the mid-twenties. This pattern is not characteristic of all people--some never commit crimes and others become career criminals--but it is a general description of the developmental pattern of criminal offenders. This pattern has profound implications for theories of crime and delinquency. Not only does it explain initiation into, maintenance of, and desistance from involvement in crime, it offers insight into why crime flourishes during adolescence. Traditional theories of crime and delinquency have often failed to distinguish among different phases of criminal careers. They tend to ignore developmental changes that occur across a person's life course, changes that coincide with and can explain the causes and patterns of criminal behavior. This paperback edition of the seventh volume of the distinguished series Advances in Criminological Theory moves us from static identifications of the criminal by presenting a broad range of developmental explanations of crime. Each contributor articulates a developmental or life course perspective in explaining how people become involved in delinquency and crime. Each covers a wide range of theoretical territory and reveals how a developmental perspective enhances the explanatory power of traditional theories of crime and delinquency. This volume is an invaluable tool for criminologists, sociologists, psychologists, and other professionals seeking to teach how crime and violence can be understood in our culture.
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