Criminology in Africa

Author: Tibamanya mwene Mushanga

Publisher: Fountain Pub Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 2611

First published by the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute, this revised edition remains a rare study of criminology in the African context, considered from a pan-African perspective. The paucity of information and analysis on crime in Africa, both at national and continental levels, and the ongoing concerns about crime and its negative impacts on law, human rights and development in the region, assure the work continual relevance. On a practical level if African countries are to ensure that crime is dealt with as efficiently as possible, and through prevention, so that resources can be directed to areas of greatest need, then laws and strategies at local and international levels will need to be based on the kinds of data and reflection that this collection of papers provides. Some topics covered include: traditional, colonial and present day administration of criminal justice; the problems associated with criminal justice in Madagascar; state violence in Uganda; a case study of corruption in Nigeria; criminal politics in Cameroon; drug trafficking and abuse; homicide in Sierra Leone; youth and crime; the relationship between migration, crime and delinquency; and violence as a weapon of the dispossessed. A final chapter considers the state of teaching and research in the field of criminology in Africa. The contributions are in both English and French. The editor is a criminologist and a diplomat. He has variously served as Professor of Sociology and Criminology at the universities of Makerere and Nairobi.
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Contemporary Criminology in Practice in South Africa

Author: Mohsen Keiany,Henri Fouche,Anni Hesselink

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199078738

Category: Law

Page: 341

View: 6208

This work discusses the interrelated dynamics of schooling, society and inclusive education, focusing on the knowledge and skills Teacher Education students need to make sense of their professional and social environment and to engage with the realities of schooling in South Africa and Africa.
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Greening Criminology in the 21st Century

Contemporary debates and future directions in the study of environmental harm

Author: Matthew Hall,Tanya Wyatt,Nigel South,Angus Nurse,Gary Potter,Jennifer Maher

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317124502

Category: Law

Page: 254

View: 7395

In the 21st century, environmental harm is an ever-present reality of our globalised world. Over the last 20 years, criminologists, working alongside a range of other disciplines from the social and physical sciences, have made great strides in their understanding of how different institutions in society, and criminal justice systems in particular – respond – or fail to respond – to the harm imposed on ecosystems and their human and non-human components. Such research has crystallised into the rapidly evolving field of green criminology. This pioneering volume, with contributions from leading experts along with younger scholars, represents the state of the art in criminologists’ pursuit of understanding in the environmental sphere while at the same time challenging academics, lawmakers and policy developers to explore new directions in the study of environmental harm.
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Governing through Crime in South Africa

The Politics of Race and Class in Neoliberalizing Regimes

Author: Dr Gail Super

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472401735

Category: Law

Page: 192

View: 3671

This book deals with the historic transition to democracy in South Africa and its impact upon crime and punishment. It examines how the problem of crime has emerged as a major issue to be governed in post-apartheid South Africa. Having undergone a dramatic transition from authoritarianism to democracy, from a white minority to black majority government, South Africa provides rich material on the role that political authority, and challenges to it, play in the construction of crime and criminality. As such, the study is about the socio-cultural and political significance of crime and punishment in the context of a change of regime. The work uses the South African case study to examine a question of wider interest, namely the politics of punishment and race in neoliberalizing regimes. It provides interesting and illuminating empirical material to the broader debate on crime control in post-welfare/neoliberalizing/post transition polities.
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What is Criminology?

Author: Mary Bosworth,Carolyn Hoyle

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191635413

Category: Law

Page: 592

View: 3213

Criminology is a booming discipline, yet one which can appear divided and fractious. In this rich and diverse collection of essays, some of the world's leading criminologists respond to a series of questions designed to investigate the state, impact, and future challenges of the discipline: What is criminology for? What is the impact of criminology? How should criminology be done? What are the key issues and debates in criminology today? What challenges does the discipline of criminology face? How has criminology as a discipline changed over the last few decades? The resulting essays identify a series of intellectual, methodological, and ideological borders. Borders, in criminology as elsewhere, are policed, yet they are also frequently transgressed; criminologists can and do move across them to plunder, admire, or learn from other regions. While some boundaries may be more difficult or dangerous to cross than others it is rare to find an entirely secluded locale or community. In traversing ideological, political, geographical, and disciplinary borders, criminologists bring training, tools, and concepts, as well as key texts to share with foreigners. From such exchanges, over time, borders may break down, shift, or spring up, enriching those who take the journey and those who are visited. It is, in other words, in criminology's capacity for and commitment to reflexivity, on which the strength of the field depends.
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Essays in Criminology

Author: Mushanga, Tibamanya Mwene

Publisher: LawAfrica Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 9966031073

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 3767

Crime in Africa is fast growing like African cities, African poverty, African indebtedness, African brain-drain and African dependence; everything in Africa appears to be growing very fast; population too has been fast growing except that it is being reduced by violence as we have witnessed in Rwanda, Burundi and Somalia and AIDS pandemic that is first spreading in Africa, claiming thousands of lives every year. This book is a collection of essays and papers not based on empirical research on crime in East Africa but general observations arising out of the author's experience as a criminologist in East Africa.
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Crime and Power in South Africa

Critical Studies in Criminology

Author: Dennis K. Davis,Mana Slabbert

Publisher: David Philip Publishers

ISBN: N.A

Category: Blacks

Page: 138

View: 7750

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Police Administration in Africa

Toward Theory and Practice in the English-speaking Countries

Author: James S. E. Opolot

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761831310

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 8834

In Police Administration in Africa, Ejakait S.E. Opolot lays the foundation for future developments and trends in police administration in the former British colonies in Africa. Opolot emphasizes the dynamism between theory and practice. As such, Police Administration in Africa establishes a model to be replicated in other parts of the Third World.
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Crime and Public Policy

Author: James Q. Wilson,Joan Petersilia

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199315043

Category: Law

Page: 656

View: 737

Crime in the United States has fluctuated considerably over the past thirty years, as have the policy approaches to deal with it. During this time criminologists and other scholars have helped to shed light on the role of incarceration, prevention, drugs, guns, policing, and numerous other aspects to crime control. Yet the latest research is rarely heard in public discussions and is often missing from the desks of policymakers. This book accessibly summarizes the latest scientific information on the causes of crime and evidence about what does and does not work to control it. Thoroughly revised and updated, this new version of Crime and Public Policy will include twenty chapters and five new substantial entries. As with previous editions, each essay reviews the existing literature, discusses the methodological rigor of the studies, identifies what policies and programs the studies suggest, and then points to policies now implemented that fail to reflect the evidence. The chapters cover the principle institutions of the criminal justice system (juvenile justice, police, prisons, probation and parole, sentencing), how broader aspects of social life inhibit or encourage crime (biology, schools, families, communities), and topics currently generating a great deal of attention (criminal activities of gangs, sex offenders, prisoner reentry, changing crime rates). With contributions from trusted, leading scholars, Crime and Public Policy offers the most comprehensive and balanced guide to how the latest and best social science research informs the understanding of crime and its control for policymakers, community leaders, and students of crime and criminal justice.
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Justice gained?

crime and crime control in South Africa's transition

Author: Bill Dixon,Elrena Van der Spuy

Publisher: Willan Pub

ISBN: 9781843920533

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

View: 3263

Ten years into South Africa's new democracy, crime and what should be done about it are the subject of endless debate. Arguments rage about everything from the accuracy of the country's crime statistics to the state of its prisons. But why is crime such a persistent problem? How have patterns of offending changed over the course of South Africa's transition to democracy? And how have crime control practices altered in response to the challenges of the post-apartheid era? Justice Gained? Sets out to answer theses questions by providing a critical commentary on some key issues in contemporary South African criminology. Written by authors with extensive experience as teachers, researchers, policy advisers and practitioners, the essays challenge some of the received wisdoms re-emerging in a discipline in danger both of forgetting its own history, and of misunderstanding the role of critical social science in a democratic South Africa. Contributions are written in a deliberately accessible style and from a variety of disciplinary perspectives. They make essential reading for policy-makers and practitioners, as well as for students in criminology, law and across the social sciences. Justice Gained? will also be of interest to comparative criminologists and all those concerned with the study of societies in transition.
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Legal aid services in South Africa

Author: Lee Anne De la Hunt,University of Cape Town. Institute of Criminology. Legal Education Action Project,University of Cape Town. Institute of Criminology. Social Justice Resource Project

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 14

View: 3842

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Victim Policies and Criminal Justice on the Road to Restorative Justice

A Collection of Essays in Honour of Tony Peters

Author: Ezzat A. Fattah,Stephan Parmentier

Publisher: Leuven University Press

ISBN: 9789058671813

Category: Law

Page: 460

View: 9543

This edited volume contains 22 papers organized into three sections under the following headings: part I is entitled On Promoting Victim Policies; Part II On Reforming Criminal Justice; and Part III On Restorative Justice. All three areas are ones to which Tony Peters, former Professor of Criminology in Leuven, has made a significant contribution and for which he is known as an international authority. During his long and productive academic career Tony Peters led many struggles for criminal justice reform. He was a leading figure in the movement to recognize crime victims' plight and to reaffirm their rights. In Belgium, he spearheaded the early initiatives in restorative justice and became one of its outspoken proponents nationally and internationally. There is no doubt that these three major topics and the various developments and reforms that are addressed in the papers will dominate the thinking about, and the practice of, criminal justice in the years to come. Thus, in addition to paying homage to a congenial friend and an illustrious colleague, it is hoped that this book will appeal and prove useful to all those who have an interest in victims issues, in criminal justice reform, and last but not least, in the promising paradigm of restorative justice.
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Police in Africa

The Street Level View

Author: Jan Beek,Mirco Göpfert,Jonny Steinberg,Olly Owen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190676639

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 1254

"State police forces in Africa are a curiously neglected subject of study, even within the framework of security issues and African states. This book brings together criminologists, anthropologists, sociologists, historians, political scientists and others who have engaged with police forces across the continent and the publics with whom they interact to provide street-level perspectives from below and inside Africa's police forces. The contributors consider historical trajectories and particular configurations of police power within wider political systems, then examine the 'inside view' of police forces as state institutions - the challenges, preoccupations, professional ethics and self-perceptions of police officers - and finally look at how African police officers go about their work in terms of everyday practices and engagements with the public.The studies span the continent, from South Africa to Sierra Leone, and illustrate similarities and differences in Anglophone, Francophone and Lusophone states, post-socialist, post-military and post-conflict contexts, and amid both centralisation and devolution of policing powers, democratic transitions and new illiberal regimes, all the while keeping a strong ethnographic focus on police officers and their work" (ed.).
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