Crime and Networks

Author: Carlo Morselli

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113464339X

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 3576

This innovative collection of original essays showcases the use of social networks in the analysis and understanding of various forms of crime. More than any other past research endeavor, the seventeen chapters in this book apply to criminology the many conceptual and methodological options from social network analysis. Crime and Networks is the only book of its kind that looks at the use of networks in understanding crime, and can be used for advanced undergraduate and beginner’s graduate level courses in criminal justice and criminology.
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Handbook of Quantitative Criminology

Author: Alex R. Piquero,David Weisburd

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387776507

Category: Social Science

Page: 787

View: 3903

Quantitative criminology has certainly come a long way since I was ?rst introduced to a largely qualitative criminology some 40 years ago, when I was recruited to lead a task force on science and technology for the President’s Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice. At that time, criminology was a very limited activity, depending almost exclusively on the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) initiated by the FBI in 1929 for measurement of crime based on victim reports to the police and on police arrests. A ty- cal mode of analysis was simple bivariate correlation. Marvin Wolfgang and colleagues were makingan importantadvancebytrackinglongitudinaldata onarrestsin Philadelphia,an in- vation that was widely appreciated. And the ?eld was very small: I remember attending my ?rst meeting of the American Society of Criminology in about 1968 in an anteroom at New York University; there were about 25–30 people in attendance, mostly sociologists with a few lawyers thrown in. That Society today has over 3,000 members, mostly now drawn from criminology which has established its own clear identity, but augmented by a wide variety of disciplines that include statisticians, economists, demographers, and even a few engineers. This Handbook provides a remarkable testimony to the growth of that ?eld. Following the maxim that “if you can’t measure it, you can’t understand it,” we have seen the early dissatisfaction with the UCR replaced by a wide variety of new approaches to measuring crime victimization and offending.
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Policing and Media

Public Relations, Simulations and Communications

Author: Murray Lee,Alyce McGovern

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136216782

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 9226

This book examines the relationship between police, media and the public and analyses the shifting techniques and technologies through which they communicate. In a critical discussion of contemporary and emerging modes of mediatized police work, Lee and McGovern demonstrate how the police engage with the public through a fluid and quickly expanding assemblage of communications and information technologies. Policing and Media explores the rationalities that are driving police/media relations and asks; how these relationships differ (or not) from the ways they have operated historically; what new technologies are influencing and being deployed by policing organizations and police public relations professionals and why; how operational policing is shaping and being shaped by new technologies of communication; and what forms of resistance are evident to the manufacture of preferred images of police. The authors suggest that new forms of simulated and hyper real policing using platforms such as social media and reality television are increasingly positioning police organisations as media organisations, and in some cases enabling police to bypass the traditional media altogether. The book is informed by empirical research spanning ten years in this field and includes chapters on journalism and police, policing and social media, policing and reality television, and policing resistances. It will be of interest to those researching and teaching in the fields of Criminology, Policing and Media, as well as police and media professionals.
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The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Ronet Bachman,Russell K. Schutt

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412950325

Category: Social Science

Page: 479

View: 338

Based on Russell Schutt's bestselling text Investigating the Social World, this Third Edition of The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice is the most comprehensive research methods text available to students in criminal justice and criminology. Specifically designed for criminal justice courses and programs, this innovative text uniquely helps to teach research design and techniques within the context of substantive criminology and criminal justice issues of interest to students and the field. With expanded coverage of topics like causation, ethics, and qualitative analysis, along with a comprehensive and one-of-a-kind ancillary package, the Third Edition is a text both students and instructors will appreciate.
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Policy Networks in Criminal Justice

Author: M. Ryan,S. Savage,D. Wall

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230524346

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 9161

Policy Networks in Criminal Justice is a comprehensive and challenging collection of studies on the workings of pressure groups in criminal justice and the articulation of pressure group politics and criminal justice policymaking. Against a back cloth of policy networks theory, the authors examine the role and activities of professional associations in the areas of policing, probation, law and the courts, together with campaigning groups, such as those in the areas of penal reform, civil liberties and victims. In addition, the book includes a study of the growing role of local authorities in the world of criminal justice.
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Exploring the Boundaries of International Criminal Justice

Author: Professor Mark Findlay,Professor Ralph Henham

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409497577

Category: Law

Page: 296

View: 4454

This collection discusses appropriate methodologies for comparative research and applies this to the issue of trial transformation in the context of achieving justice in post-conflict societies. In developing arguments in relation to these problems, the authors use international sentencing and the question of victims' interests and expectations as a focus. The conclusions reached are wide-ranging and haighly significant in challenging existing conceptions for appreciating and giving effect to the justice demands of victims of war and social conflict. The themes developed demonstrate clearly how comparative contextual analysis facilitates our understanding of the legal and social contexts of international punishment and how this understanding can provide the basis for expanding the role of restorative international criminal justice within the context of international criminal trials.
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Advancing Quantitative Methods in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Travis C. Pratt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317995104

Category: Social Science

Page: 120

View: 8383

Advancing Quantitative Methods in Criminology and Criminal Justice is designed to promote the understanding of various quantitative research methods and to encourage their use among those seeking answers to questions about crime and justice. To this end a number of top scholars have been assembled to provide their insights on a variety of 'cutting edge' quantitative research techniques. The chapters that appear delve into the state of quantitative methods in the discipline, group-based trajectory modeling, spatial dependence models, structural equation models, meta-analysis, social network designs, panel data modeling, and censored regression techniques. This book will be highly beneficial for readers who seek to stay as current as possible as they pursue answers to questions about crime and justice using quantitative research methods. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Criminal Justice Education.
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Advancing Qualitative Methods in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Heith Copes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317995066

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 8939

For several decades qualitative research has been under-represented in criminological and criminal justice research. This book is designed to promote the understanding of qualitative research designs and to encourage their use among those seeking answers to questions about crime and justice. To this end a number of top qualitative scholars have been assembled to provide their insights on the topic. The chapters that appear delve into the state of qualitative methods in the discipline, the potential ethical and physical hazards of engaging in ethnographic research, how to make sense of and interpret participants’ stories, innovative ways to collect data, the value of using mixed methods to understand crime and justice issues, effective strategies for teaching fieldwork, and the inherent rewards of a career spent speaking with others. This book will be an ideal introduction for students and scholars of Criminal Justice, Criminology, and Sociology, regardless of whether their primary methodology is qualitative or quantitative. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Criminal Justice Education.
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21st Century Criminology: A Reference Handbook

Author: J. Mitchell Miller

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412960193

Category: Social Science

Page: 915

View: 878

21st Century Criminology: A Reference Handbook provides straightforward and definitive overviews of 100 key topics comprising traditional criminology and its modern outgrowths. The individual chapters have been designed to serve as a "first-look" reference source for most criminological inquires. Both connected to the sociological origins of criminology (i.e., theory and research methods) and the justice systems' response to crime and related social problems, as well as coverage of major crime types, this two-volume set offers a comprehensive overview of the current state of criminology. From student term papers and masters theses to researchers commencing literature reviews, 21st Century Criminology is a ready source from which to quickly access authoritative knowledge on a range of key issues and topics central to contemporary criminology.
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Emotions, Crime and Justice

Author: Susanne Karstedt,Ian Loader,Heather Strang

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847317839

Category: Social Science

Page: 394

View: 2885

The return of emotions to debates about crime and criminal justice has been a striking development of recent decades across many jurisdictions. This has been registered in the return of shame to justice procedures, a heightened focus on victims and their emotional needs, fear of crime as a major preoccupation of citizens and politicians, and highly emotionalised public discourses on crime and justice. But how can we best make sense of these developments? Do we need to create "emotionally intelligent" justice systems, or are we messing recklessly with the rational foundations of liberal criminal justice? This volume brings together leading criminologists and sociologists from across the world in a much needed conversation about how to re-calibrate reason and emotion in crime and justice today. The contributions range from the micro-analysis of emotions in violent encounters to the paradoxes and tensions that arise from the emotionalisation of criminal justice in the public sphere. They explore the emotional labour of workers in police and penal institutions, the justice experiences of victims and offenders, and the role of vengeance, forgiveness and regret in the aftermath of violence and conflict resolution. The result is a set of original essays which offer a fresh and timely perspective on problems of crime and justice in contemporary liberal democracies.
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Juvenile Justice

A Guide to Theory, Policy, and Practice

Author: Steven M. Cox,Jennifer M. Allen,John J. Conrad

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 141295133X

Category: Law

Page: 417

View: 4449

Briefer than most texts on the topic, this book accessibly explores the interrelationships among theory, policy, and practice to provide a comprehensive understanding of both the historical foundations and the practical world of juvenile justice. The Sixth Edition, now published by SAGE, is updated throughout covering topics such as the history of juvenile justice, legal considerations in juvenile justice, theory and policy in juvenile justice, and current realities in the practice of juvenile justice. The book’s unique blend of theory, policy, and practice, coupled with a straightforward writing style and comprehensive ancillary package makes it a must-have for students and practitioners alike.
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The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Research Methods

Author: David Gadd,Susanne Karstedt,Steven F Messner

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446254461

Category: Social Science

Page: 552

View: 1408

Conducting research into crime and criminal justice carries unique challenges. This Handbook focuses on the application of 'methods' to address the core substantive questions that currently motivate contemporary criminological research. It maps a canon of methods that are more elaborated than in most other fields of social science, and the intellectual terrain of research problems with which criminologists are routinely confronted. Drawing on exemplary studies, chapters in each section illustrate the techniques (qualitative and quantitative) that are commonly applied in empirical studies, as well as the logic of criminological enquiry. Organized into five sections, each prefaced by an editorial introduction, the Handbook covers: • Crime and Criminals • Contextualizing Crimes in Space and Time: Networks, Communities and Culture • Perceptual Dimensions of Crime • Criminal Justice Systems: Organizations and Institutions • Preventing Crime and Improving Justice Edited by leaders in the field of criminological research, and with contributions from internationally renowned experts, The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Research Methods is set to become the definitive resource for postgraduates, researchers and academics in criminology, criminal justice, policing, law, and sociology. David Gadd is Professor of Criminology at Manchester University School of Law where he is also Director of the Centre for Criminology and Criminal Justice. Susanne Karstedt has a Chair in Criminology and Criminological Justice at the University of Leeds. Steven F. Messner is Distinguished Teaching Professor of Sociology, University at Albany, State University of New York.
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Juvenile Justice

A Guide to Theory, Policy, and Practice

Author: Jennifer M. Allen,John J. Conrad

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412982251

Category: Social Science

Page: 467

View: 3911

Featuring new examples, new illustrations, and a completely new chapter on international juvenile justice, this thoroughly updated Seventh Edition helps students develop a comprehensive understanding of the interrelationships among theory, policy, and the practical world of juvenile justice today.
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Digital Criminology

Crime and Justice in Digital Society

Author: Anastasia Powell,Gregory Stratton,Robin Cameron

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351795058

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

View: 4827

The infusion of digital technology into contemporary society has had significant effects for everyday life and for everyday crimes. Digital Criminology: Crime and Justice in Digital Society is the first interdisciplinary scholarly investigation extending beyond traditional topics of cybercrime, policing and the law to consider the implications of digital society for public engagement with crime and justice movements. This book seeks to connect the disparate fields of criminology, sociology, legal studies, politics, media and cultural studies in the study of crime and justice. Drawing together intersecting conceptual frameworks, Digital Criminology examines conceptual, legal, political and cultural framings of crime, formal justice responses and informal citizen-led justice movements in our increasingly connected global and digital society. Building on case study examples from across Australia, Canada, Europe, China, the UK and the United States, Digital Criminology explores key questions including: What are the implications of an increasingly digital society for crime and justice? What effects will emergent technologies have for how we respond to crime and participate in crime debates? What will be the foundational shifts in criminological research and frameworks for understanding crime and justice in this technologically mediated context? What does it mean to be a ‘just’ digital citizen? How will digital communications and social networks enable new forms of justice and justice movements? Ultimately, the book advances the case for an emerging digital criminology: extending the practical and conceptual analyses of ‘cyber’ or ‘e’ crime beyond a focus foremost on the novelty, pathology and illegality of technology-enabled crimes, to understandings of online crime as inherently social.
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The American System of Criminal Justice

Author: George Cole,Christopher Smith,Christina DeJong

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133049656

Category: Social Science

Page: 800

View: 6877

This classic best seller, commonly referred to as The Eagle, helps students discover the meaning of justice in our society and identify the roles individuals play in the criminal justice system. Examining criminal justice through an interdisciplinary lens, THE AMERICAN SYSTEM OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE, 13th Edition, presents elements from criminology, sociology, law, history, psychology, and political science, and challenges students to balance the mechanics of the system with its human components. The text presents a relevant introduction to the field with solid scholarship and approachable writing, and holds student attention with current, compelling events and cases. The combination of these elements helps prepare students to participate in the system as citizens and future criminal justice practitioners. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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The SAGE Handbook of Social Network Analysis

Author: John Scott,Peter J. Carrington

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446250113

Category: Social Science

Page: 640

View: 9407

This sparkling Handbook offers an unrivalled resource for those engaged in the cutting edge field of social network analysis. Systematically, it introduces readers to the key concepts, substantive topics, central methods and prime debates. Among the specific areas covered are: Network theory Interdisciplinary applications Online networks Corporate networks Lobbying networks Deviant networks Measuring devices Key Methodologies Software applications. The result is a peerless resource for teachers and students which offers a critical survey of the origins, basic issues and major debates. The Handbook provides a one-stop guide that will be used by readers for decades to come.
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Human Security, Transnational Crime and Human Trafficking

Asian and Western Perspectives

Author: Shiro Okubo,Louise Shelley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136832947

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 2621

Examining transnational crime, human trafficking and its implications for human security from both Western and Asian perspectives, this book assesses the extent of the problem, outlines how it is perceived differently in different countries, and the diverse social and legal policy reactions which have developed to address these issues.
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Research Methods for Criminal Justice and Criminology

Author: Michael Maxfield,Earl Babbie

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495094765

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 7346

Even more student-friendly and featuring new examples, topics, and references throughout, the Fifth Edition of Michael G. Maxfield and Earl Babbie's RESEARCH METHODS FOR CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND CRIMINOLOGY effectively engages your students in applying the specific research methods used in criminal justice. Combining the accessibility and conversational tone of Babbie's bestseller, THE PRACTICE OF SOCIAL RESEARCH, with Maxfield's expertise in criminology and criminal justice, the new edition of this market-leader includes enhanced coverage of ethics, causation, validity, and research design, as well as new and expanded examples, especially in the discussion of field research. A new running case study on racial profiling that progresses and builds from chapter to chapter-further demonstrates the important role of research methods in our evolving understanding of crime and society. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Environmental Crime and Justice: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Oxford University Press

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199803361

Category: Social Science

Page: 38

View: 7734

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of criminology find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In criminology, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study and practice of criminology. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.
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