North to Aztlan

A History of Mexican Americans in the United States

Author: Arnoldo De Leon,Richard Griswold del Castillo

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 298

View: 5678

Traces the history of Mexican Americans in the United States, examining the native roots, culture, society, lifestyle, politics, and art of Mexican Americans, and discussing their contributions to American history and mainstream culture, immigration before and after the twentieth century, and other related topics.
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Aztlán and Arcadia

Religion, Ethnicity, and the Creation of Place

Author: Roberto Ramón Lint Sagarena

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479882364

Category: Religion

Page: 232

View: 2702

In the wake of the Mexican-American War, competing narratives of religious conquest and re-conquest were employed by Anglo American and ethnic Mexican Californians to make sense of their place in North America. These “invented traditions” had a profound impact on North American religious and ethnic relations, serving to bring elements of Catholic history within the Protestant fold of the United States’ national history as well as playing an integral role in the emergence of the early Chicano/a movement. Many Protestant Anglo Americans understood their settlement in the far Southwest as following in the footsteps of the colonial project begun by Catholic Spanish missionaries. In contrast, Californios—Mexican-Americans and Chicana/os—stressed deep connections to a pre-Columbian past over to their own Spanish heritage. Thus, as Anglo Americans fashioned themselves as the spiritual heirs to the Spanish frontier, many ethnic Mexicans came to see themselves as the spiritual heirs to a southwestern Aztec homeland.
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Creating Aztlán

Chicano Art, Indigenous Sovereignty, and Lowriding Across Turtle Island

Author: Dylan A. T. Miner

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816598568

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 1203

In lowriding culture, the ride is many things—both physical and intellectual. Embraced by both Xicano and other Indigenous youth, lowriding takes something very ordinary—a car or bike—and transforms it and claims it. Using the idea that lowriding is an Indigenous way of being in the world, artist and historian Dylan A. T. Miner discusses the multiple roles that Aztlán has played at various moments in time, from the pre-Cuauhtemoc codices through both Spanish and American colonial regimes, past the Chicano Movement and into the present day. Across this “migration story,” Miner challenges notions of mestizaje and asserts Aztlán, as visualized by Xicano artists, as a form of Indigenous sovereignty. Throughout this book, Miner employs Indigenous and Native American methodologies to show that Chicano art needs to be understood in the context of Indigenous history, anticolonial struggle, and Native American studies. Miner pays particular attention to art outside the U.S. Southwest and includes discussions of work by Nora Chapa Mendoza, Gilbert "Magú" Luján, Santa Barraza, Malaquías Montoya, Carlos Cortéz Koyokuikatl, Favianna Rodríguez, and Dignidad Rebelde, which includes Melanie Cervantes and Jesús Barraza. With sixteen pages of color images, this book will be crucial to those interested in art history, anthropology, philosophy, and Chicano and Native American studies. Creating Aztlán interrogates the historic and important role that Aztlán plays in Chicano and Indigenous art and culture.
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Aztlan Origin and Ethnology

Author: Alfredo A. Figueroa

Publisher: Alfredo A. Figueroa

ISBN: 9780996214759

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8822

Aztlán is the mystical place of origin of the Mexica people. It is beyond a mere physical location. Aztlán has become a metaphoric, geographic, historical and spiritual home to millions of Indigenous people of North America.Aztlán was in fact mystical and not mythical as portrayed by the established mainstream teachings. Historians and investigators were always looking for Aztlán in Mesoamerica. Aztlán remained elusive primarily due to lack of scientific cross-reference study of the Mexica codex, artifacts and sacred ruins from Mexico with the lower Colorado River Basin intaglios, geoglyphs, petroglyphs, pictographs, mountains images, equinoxes, solstices, local Native songs language and folklore.
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Racism on Trial

The Chicano Fight for Justice

Author: Ian F. Haney López

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674038264

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 6811

In 1968, ten thousand students marched in protest over the terrible conditions prevalent in the high schools of East Los Angeles, the largest Mexican community in the United States. Chanting "Chicano Power," the young insurgents not only demanded change but heralded a new racial politics. Frustrated with the previous generation's efforts to win equal treatment by portraying themselves as racially white, the Chicano protesters demanded justice as proud members of a brown race. The legacy of this fundamental shift continues to this day. Ian Haney Lopez tells the compelling story of the Chicano movement in Los Angeles by following two criminal trials, including one arising from the student walkouts. He demonstrates how racial prejudice led to police brutality and judicial discrimination that in turn spurred Chicano militancy. He also shows that legal violence helped to convince Chicano activists that they were nonwhite, thereby encouraging their use of racial ideas to redefine their aspirations, culture, and selves. In a groundbreaking advance that further connects legal racism and racial politics, Haney Lopez describes how race functions as "common sense," a set of ideas that we take for granted in our daily lives. This racial common sense, Haney Lopez argues, largely explains why racism and racial affiliation persist today. By tracing the fluid position of Mexican Americans on the divide between white and nonwhite, describing the role of legal violence in producing racial identities, and detailing the commonsense nature of race, Haney Lopez offers a much needed, potentially liberating way to rethink race in the United States.
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Making Peace

Author: George Mitchell

Publisher: Knopf

ISBN: 0307824489

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 7498

Fifteen minutes before five o'clock on Good Friday, 1998, Senator George Mitchell was informed that his long and difficult quest for an Irish peace accord had succeeded--the Protestants and Catholics of Northern Ireland, and the governments of the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom, would sign the agreement. Now Mitchell, who served as independent chairman of the peace talks for the length of the process, tells us the inside story of the grueling road to this momentous accord. For more than two years, Mitchell, who was Senate majority leader under Presidents Bush and Clinton, labored to bring together parties whose mutual hostility--after decades of violence and mistrust--seemed insurmountable: Sinn Fein, represented by Gerry Adams; the Catholic moderates, led by John Hume; the majority Protestant party, headed by David Trimble; Ian Paisley's hard-line unionists; and, not least, the governments of the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom, headed by Bertie Ahern and Tony Blair. The world watched as the tense and dramatic process unfolded, sometimes teetering on the brink of failure. Here, for the first time, we are given a behind-the-scenes view of the principal players--the personalities who shaped the process--and of the contentious, at times vitriolic, proceedings. We learn how, as the deadline approached, extremist violence and factional intransigence almost drove the talks to collapse. And we witness the intensity of the final negotiating session, the interventions of Ahern and Blair, the late-night phone calls from President Clinton, a last-ditch attempt at disruption by Paisley, and ultimately an agreement that, despite subsequent inflammatory acts aimed at destroying it, has set Northern Ireland's future on track toward a more lasting peace.
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A World of Its Own

Race, Labor, and Citrus in the Making of Greater Los Angeles, 1900-1970

Author: Matt Garcia

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 0807898937

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 2356

Tracing the history of intercultural struggle and cooperation in the citrus belt of Greater Los Angeles, Matt Garcia explores the social and cultural forces that helped make the city the expansive and diverse metropolis that it is today. As the citrus-growing regions of the San Gabriel and Pomona Valleys in eastern Los Angeles County expanded during the early twentieth century, the agricultural industry there developed along segregated lines, primarily between white landowners and Mexican and Asian laborers. Initially, these communities were sharply divided. But Los Angeles, unlike other agricultural regions, saw important opportunities for intercultural exchange develop around the arts and within multiethnic community groups. Whether fostered in such informal settings as dance halls and theaters or in such formal organizations as the Intercultural Council of Claremont or the Southern California Unity Leagues, these interethnic encounters formed the basis for political cooperation to address labor discrimination and solve problems of residential and educational segregation. Though intercultural collaborations were not always successful, Garcia argues that they constitute an important chapter not only in Southern California's social and cultural development but also in the larger history of American race relations.
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The House of the Scorpion

Author: Nancy Farmer

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1471120384

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 400

View: 4016

Matt is six years old when he discovers that he is different from other children and other people. To most, Matt isn't considered a boy at all, but a beast, dirty and disgusting. But to El Patron, lord of a country called Opium, Matt is the guarantee of eternal life. El Patron loves Matt as he loves himself - for Matt is himself. They share the exact same DNA. As Matt struggles to understand his existence and what that existence truly means, he is threatened by a host of sinister and manipulating characters, from El Patron's power-hungry family to the brain-deadened eejits and mindless slaves that toil Opium's poppy fields. Surrounded by a dangerous army of bodyguards, escape is the only chance Matt has to survive. But even escape is no guarantee of freedom… because Matt is marked by his difference in ways that he doesn't even suspect.
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Designing for Learning

Creating Campus Environments for Student Success

Author: C. Carney Strange,James H. Banning

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118823524

Category: Education

Page: 368

View: 4457

Designing for Learning is an update to the author's groundbreaking work, Educating by Design. Through examples, case studies, and questions for reflection and discussion this book guides readers from theory to practice. The authors present new coverage of the most pressing issues in higher education today including universal design; learning communities and social networking; multicultural environments; virtual environments and online learning; safety and inclusion. Anyone involved in online or on campus environments, from institutional leaders to facilities coordinators to administrative staff, will appreciate these eye-opening principles. The colleges and universities of the future will be designed with purpose. Designing for Learning provides readers with the inspiration and knowledge they need to create environments that lead to long-term success.--INSIDE FLAP.
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A Visual Guide to Stata Graphics, Second Edition

Author: Michael N. Mitchell

Publisher: Stata Press

ISBN: 1597180394

Category: Computers

Page: 471

View: 4790

Whether you are new to Stata graphics or a seasoned veteran, A Visual Guide to Stata Graphics, Second Edition will teach you how to use Stata to make publication-quality graphs that will stand out and enhance your statistical results. With over 900 illustrated examples and quick-reference tabs, this book quickly guides you to the information you need for creating and customizing high-quality graphs for any types of statistical data.
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Making Aztlán

Ideology and Culture of the Chicana and Chicano Movement, 1966-1977

Author: Juan Gómez-Quiñones,Irene Vásquez

Publisher: UNM Press

ISBN: 082635467X

Category: History

Page: 496

View: 1191

This book provides a long-needed overview of the Chicana and Chicano movement’s social history as it grew, flourished, and then slowly fragmented. The authors examine the movement’s origins in the 1960s and 1970s, showing how it evolved from a variety of organizations and activities united in their quest for basic equities for Mexican Americans in U.S. society. Within this matrix of agendas, objectives, strategies, approaches, ideologies, and identities, numerous electrifying moments stitched together the struggle for civil and human rights. Gómez-Quiñones and Vásquez show how these convergences underscored tensions among diverse individuals and organizations at every level. Their narrative offers an assessment of U.S. society and the Mexican American community at a critical time, offering a unique understanding of its civic progress toward a more equitable social order.
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Universal Design

Creating Inclusive Environments

Author: Edward Steinfeld,Jordana Maisel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118168453

Category: Architecture

Page: 400

View: 9643

A much-needed reference to the latest thinking in universal design Universal Design: Creating Inclusive Environments offers a comprehensive survey of best practices and innovative solutions in universal design. Written by top thinkers at the Center for Inclusive Design and Environmental Access (IDeA), it demonstrates the difference between universal design and accessibility and identifies its relationship to sustainable design and active living. Hundreds of examples from all areas of design illustrate the practical application of this growing field. Complete, in-depth coverage includes: • The evolution of universal design, from its roots in the disability rights movement to present-day trends • How universal design can address the needs of an aging population without specialization or adaptation to reduce the need for expensive and hard-to-find specialized products and services • Design practices for human performance, health and wellness, and social participation • Strategies for urban and landscape design, housing, interior design, product design, and transportation Destined to become the standard professional reference on the subject, Universal Design: Creating Inclusive Environments is an invaluable resource for architects, interior designers, urban planners, landscape architects, product designers, and anyone with an interest in how we access, use, and enjoy the environment.
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Developer’s Workshop to COM and ATL 3.0

Author: Andrew W. Troelsen

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9781449631475

Category: Computers

Page: 697

View: 6283

Microsoft’s Component Object Model is one of the most important concepts in software development today. Developer’s Workshop to COM and ATL 3.0 provides an in-depth treatment of COM and shows how to adopt a component framework, namely ATL, to help lessen the burden of repetitive code. Every chapter contains integrated lab assignments that give you numerous opportunities to build COM clients and servers using raw C++ and IDL, as well as the Active Template Library. The book is divided into five sections, each focusing on a particular aspect of COM and ATL development. The book begins with a review of object-oriented and interface-based programming techniques, then moves into the core aspects of COM, including a full examination of language independence and location transparency. The author illustrates the numerous CASE tools used during ATL development and discusses apartments, COM exceptions, object identity, and component housing, in addition to various advanced concepts such as COM categories and tear-off interfaces. The fourth section examines a number of “COM patterns” such as enumerators, collections, scriptable objects, and callback interfaces. The book closes with an investigation of using ATL as a windowing framework and wraps up with the development of a full-blown animated ActiveX control using ATL. Learn how to build Visual Basic, Java, C++, and web-based COM clients; use common VBA programming structures such as conditions, loops, arrays, and collections; master ATL’s integrated CASE tools; dive into the details of object identity and the ATL COM map; build COM object models and leverage the ATL object map; develop full ActiveX controls with ATL.
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Mexicano Political Experience in Occupied Aztlan

Struggles and Change

Author: Armando Navarro

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 0759114749

Category: Political Science

Page: 768

View: 9221

This exciting new volume from Armando Navarro offers the most current and comprehensive political history of the Mexicano experience in the United States. Viewing Mexicanos today as an occupied and colonized people, Navarro calls for the formation of a new movement to reinvigorate the struggle for resistance and change. His book is a valuable resource for social activists and instructors in Latino politics, U.S. race relations, and social movements.
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Return to Aztlan

Indians, Spaniards, and the Invention of Nuevo México

Author: Danna A. Levin Rojo

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 0806145617

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 6880

Long before the Spanish colonizers established it in 1598, the “Kingdom of Nuevo México” had existed as an imaginary world—and not the one based on European medieval legend so often said to have driven the Spaniards’ ambitions in the New World. What the conquistadors sought in the 1500s, it seems, was what the native Mesoamerican Indians who took part in north-going conquest expeditions also sought: a return to the Aztecs’ mythic land of origin, Aztlan. Employing long-overlooked historical and anthropological evidence, Danna A. Levin Rojo reveals how ideas these natives held about their own past helped determine where Spanish explorers would go and what they would conquer in the northwest frontier of New Spain—present-day New Mexico and Arizona. Return to Aztlan thus remaps an extraordinary century during which, for the first time, Western minds were seduced by Native American historical memories. Levin Rojo recounts a transformation—of an abstract geographic space, the imaginary world of Aztlan, into a concrete sociopolitical place. Drawing on a wide variety of early maps, colonial chronicles, soldier reports, letters, and native codices, she charts the gradual redefinition of native and Spanish cultural identity—and shows that the Spanish saw in Nahua, or Aztec, civilization an equivalence to their own. A deviation in European colonial naming practices provides the first clue that a transformation of Aztlan from imaginary to concrete world was taking place: Nuevo México is the only place-name from the early colonial period in which Europeans combined the adjective “new” with an American Indian name. With this toponym, Spaniards referenced both Mexico-Tenochtitlan, the indigenous metropolis whose destruction made possible the birth of New Spain itself, and Aztlan, the ancient Mexicans’ place of origin. Levin Rojo collects additional clues as she systematically documents why and how Spaniards would take up native origin stories and make a return to Aztlan their own goal—and in doing so, overturns the traditional understanding of Nuevo México as a concept and as a territory. A book in the Latin American and Caribbean Arts and Culture initiative, supported by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation
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Aztlan

A Shadowrun Sourcebook

Author: Nigel D. Findley

Publisher: FASA Corporation

ISBN: 9781555602574

Category: Fiction

Page: 184

View: 6476

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Season of Migration to the North

Author: Tayeb Salih,al-Ṭayyib Ṣāliḥ,صالح، الطيب,Laila Lalami

Publisher: New York Review of Books

ISBN: 1590173023

Category: Fiction

Page: 139

View: 3008

After years of study in Europe, the young narrator of Season of Migration to the North returns to his village along the Nile in the Sudan. It is the 1960s, and he is eager to make a contribution to the new postcolonial life of his country. Back home, he discovers a stranger among the familiar faces of childhood--the enigmatic Mustafa Sa'eed. Mustafa takes the young man into his confidence, telling him the story of his own years in London, of his brilliant career as an economist, and of the series of fraught and deadly relationships with European women that led to a terrible public reckoning and his return to his native land. But what is the meaning of Mustafa's shocking confession? Mustafa disappears without explanation, leaving the young man--whom he has asked to look after his wife--in an unsettled and violent no-man's-land between Europe and Africa, tradition and innovation, holiness and defilement, and man and woman, from which no one will escape unaltered or unharmed. Season of Migration to the North is a rich and sensual work of deep honesty and incandescent lyricism. In 2001 it was selected by a panel of Arab writers and critics as the most important Arab novel of the twentieth century.
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I Am Aztlán

The Personal Essay in Chicano Studies

Author: Chon A. Noriega,Wendy Laura Belcher

Publisher: Chicano Studies Research Center

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 265

View: 7477

Cultural Studies. Chicano Studies. In this important new anthology, editors Chon A. Noriega and Wendy Belcher bring together twelve essays by scholars, writers, and artists reflecting on the role of the "I" in Chicano and Latino culture and the diverse ways in which personal voice and experience inform their research. The contributors to I AM AZTLAN include Max Benavidez, Harry Gamboa Jr., tatiana de la tierra, Alma Lopez and more. "[I AM AZTLAN] beings a deeper focus to the Quixotesque quests for identity that Chicano writers have been undertaking for generations now. Combining scholarship, testimonio, and chisme, the essays throw open a panoramic view onto mystic and fascinating landscapes of memory and imagination that will help readers envision the collective Latino self"--John Phillip Santos.
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Into the Beautiful North

A Novel

Author: Luis Alberto Urrea

Publisher: Little, Brown

ISBN: N.A

Category: Fiction

Page: 352

View: 5134

Nineteen-year-old Nayeli works at a taco shop in her Mexican village and dreams about her father, who journeyed to the US to find work. Recently, it has dawned on her that he isn't the only man who has left town. In fact, there are almost no men in the village--they've all gone north. While watching The Magnificent Seven, Nayeli decides to go north herself and recruit seven men--her own "Siete Magníficos"--to repopulate her hometown and protect it from the bandidos who plan on taking it over. Filled with unforgettable characters and prose as radiant as the Sinaloan sun, INTO THE BEAUTIFUL NORTH is the story of an irresistible young woman's quest to find herself on both sides of the fence.
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