Crafting Citizenship

Negotiating Tensions in Modern Society

Author: M. Hurenkamp,E. Tonkens,J. Duyvendak

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137033614

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 631

According to politics and the media, immigration and individualization drive citizens apart but in neighbourhoods social life is often thriving, depending on the talents of particular citizens or of local institutions. This book examines new forms of active citizenship and the actual conditions that hinder social cohesion.

Citizenship Policies for an Age of Migration

Author: T. Alexander Aleinikoff,Douglas Klusmeyer

Publisher: Carnegie Endowment

ISBN: 0870033352

Category: Political Science

Page: 122

View: 8264

Many liberal democracies, facing high levels of immigration, are rethinking their citizenship policies. In this book, a group of international experts discuss various ways liberal states should fashion their policies to better accommodate newcomers. They offer detailed recommendations on issues of acquisition of citizenship, dual nationality, and the political, social, and economic rights of immigrants. Contributors include Patrick Weil (University of Paris Sorbonne), David A. Martin, (University of Virginia School of Law), Rainer Bauböck, (Austrian Academy of Sciences), and Michael Fix (Urban Institute).

European States and their Muslim Citizens

Author: John R. Bowen,Christophe Bertossi,Jan Willem Duyvendak,Mona Lena Krook

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107038642

Category: Law

Page: 302

View: 602

Responds to debates about the place of Muslims in Western Europe by considering the way people draw on practical schemas.

Statelessness and Citizenship

Camps and the Creation of Political Space

Author: Victoria Redclift

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136220313

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 7413

What does it mean to be a citizen? In depth research with a stateless population in Bangladesh has revealed that, despite liberal theory’s reductive vision, the limits of political community are not set in stone. The Urdu-speaking population in Bangladesh exemplify some of the key problems facing uprooted populations and their experience provides insights into the long term unintended consequences of major historical events. Set in a site of camp and non-camp based displacement, it illustrates the nuances of political identity and lived spaces of statelessness that Western political theory has too long hidden from view. Using Bangladesh as a case study, Statelessness and Citizenship: Camps and the creation of political space argues that the crude binary oppositions of statelessness and citizenship are no longer relevant. Access to and understandings of citizenship are not just jurally but socially, spatially and temporally produced. Unpicking Agamben’s distinction between ‘political beings’ and ‘bare life’, the book considers experiences of citizenship through the camp as a social form. The camps of Bangladesh do not function as bounded physical or conceptual spaces in which denationalized groups are altogether divorced from the polity. Instead, citizenship is claimed at the level of everyday life, as the moments in which formal status is transgressed. Moreover, once in possession of ‘formal status’ internal borders within the nation-state render ‘rights-bearing citizens’ effectively ‘stateless’, and the experience of ‘citizens’ is very often equally uneven. While ‘statelessness’ may function as a cold instrument of exclusion, certainly, it is neither fixed nor static; just as citizenship is neither as stable nor benign as the dichotomy would suggest. Using these insights, the book develops the concept of ‘political space’ – an analysis of the way history and space inform the identities and political subjectivity available to people. In doing so, it provides an analytic approach of relevance to wider problems of displacement, citizenship and ethnic relations. Shortlisted for this year’s BSA Philip Abrams Memorial Prize.

Citizenship and Security

The Constitution of Political Being

Author: Xavier Guillaume,Jef Huysmans

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135045879

Category: Political Science

Page: 236

View: 8393

This book engages the intense relationship between citizenship and security in modern politics. It focuses on questions of citizenship in security analysis in order to critically evaluate how political being is and can be constituted in relation to securitising practices. In light of contemporary issues and events such as human rights regimes, terrorism, identity control, commercialisation of security, diaspora, and border policies, this book addresses a citizenship deficit in security studies. The chapters introduce several key political themes that characterise the interplays between citizenship and security: changes in citizenship regimes, the renewed insecurity of citizenship-state relations, the emerging ways by which the political and national communities are crafted, and the ways democratic societies and regimes react in times of insecurity. Approaching citizenship as both a governmental practice and a resource of political contestation, the book aims to highlight what political challenges and contestations are created in situations where security intensely meets citizenship today. This book will be of interest to scholars of security studies and security politics, citizenship studies, and international relations.

Community action and planning

Contexts, drivers and outcomes

Author: Gallent, Nick,Ciaffi, Daniela

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447321227

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 5809

With trust in top-down government faltering, community-based groups around the world are displaying an ever-greater appetite to take control of their own lives and neighbourhoods. Government, for its part, is keen to embrace the projects and the planning undertaken at this level, attempting to regularise it and use it as a means of reconnecting to citizens and localising democracy. This unique book analyses the contexts, drivers and outcomes of community action and planning in a selection of case studies in the global north: from emergent neighbourhood planning in England to the community-based housing movement in New York, and from active citizenship in the Dutch new towns to associative action in Marseille. It will be a valuable resource for academic researchers and for postgraduate students on social policy, planning and community development courses.

Citizenship Across the Curriculum

Author: Michael B. Smith,Rebecca S. Nowacek,Jeffrey L. Bernstein

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253004276

Category: Education

Page: 240

View: 4764

Citizenship Across the Curriculum advocates the teaching of civic engagement at the college level, in a wide range of disciplines and courses. Using "writing across the curriculum" programs as a model, the contributors propose a similar approach to civic education. In case studies drawn from political science and history as well as mathematics, the natural sciences, rhetoric, and communication studies, the contributors provide models for incorporating civic learning and evaluating pedagogical effectiveness. By encouraging faculty to gather evidence and reflect on their teaching practice and their students' learning, this volume contributes to the growing field of the scholarship of teaching and learning.

Crafting Identity

Transnational Indian Arts and the Politics of Race in Central Mexico

Author: Pavel Shlossberg

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816530998

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 9554

Crafting Identity explores the complex interplay of social relations, values, dominations, and performances present in the world of Mexican mask making. The book examines how art, media, and tourism mediate Mexican culture from the margins (“arte popular”), making Mexican indigeneity “palatable” for Mexican nationalism and American and global markets for folklore.

Crafting Mexico

Intellectuals, Artisans, and the State after the Revolution

Author: Rick A. López

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822391732

Category: History

Page: 436

View: 3445

After Mexico’s revolution of 1910–1920, intellectuals sought to forge a unified cultural nation out of the country’s diverse populace. Their efforts resulted in an “ethnicized” interpretation of Mexicanness that intentionally incorporated elements of folk and indigenous culture. In this rich history, Rick A. López explains how thinkers and artists, including the anthropologist Manuel Gamio, the composer Carlos Chávez, the educator Moisés Sáenz, the painter Diego Rivera, and many less-known figures, formulated and promoted a notion of nationhood in which previously denigrated vernacular arts—dance, music, and handicrafts such as textiles, basketry, ceramics, wooden toys, and ritual masks—came to be seen as symbolic of Mexico’s modernity and national distinctiveness. López examines how the nationalist project intersected with transnational intellectual and artistic currents, as well as how it was adapted in rural communities. He provides an in-depth account of artisanal practices in the village of Olinalá, located in the mountainous southern state of Guerrero. Since the 1920s, Olinalá has been renowned for its lacquered boxes and gourds, which have been considered to be among the “most Mexican” of the nation’s arts. Crafting Mexico illuminates the role of cultural politics and visual production in Mexico’s transformation from a regionally and culturally fragmented country into a modern nation-state with an inclusive and compelling national identity.

The Culturalization of Citizenship

Belonging and Polarization in a Globalizing World

Author: Jan Willem Duyvendak,Peter Geschiere,Evelien Tonkens

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9781137534095

Category: Social Science

Page: 231

View: 1237

The notion of citizenship has gradually evolved from being simply a legal status or practice to a deep sentiment. Belonging, or feeling at home, has become a requirement. This groundbreaking book analyzes how 'feeling rules' are developed and applied to migrants, who are increasingly expected to express feelings of attachment, belonging, connectedness and loyalty to their new country. More than this, however, it demonstrates how this culturalization of citizenship is a global trend with local variations, which develop in relation to each other. The authors pay particular attention to the intersection between sexuality, race and ethnicity, spurred on by their awareness of the dialectical construction of homosexuality, held up as representative of liberal Western values by both those in the West and by African leaders, who use such claims as proof that homosexuality is un-African.

Border Rhetorics

Citizenship and Identity on the US-Mexico Frontier

Author: D. Robert DeChaine

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 0817357165

Category: Social Science

Page: 273

View: 3110

Normal0falsefalsefalseMicrosoftInternetExplorer4"Border Rhetorics "is a collection of essays that undertakes a wide-ranging examination of the US-Mexico border as it functions in the rhetorical production of civic unity in the United States."

Implementing human rights in the third world

essays on human rights, dalits, and minorities

Author: Abdulrahim P. Vijapur

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788178271927

Category: Political Science

Page: 520

View: 9197

Contributed articles chiefly with reference to India.

Rhetorical Citizenship and Public Deliberation

Author: Christian Kock,Lisa S. Villadsen

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271053879

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 341

View: 8898

"A collection of essays examining citizenship as a discursive phenomenon, in the sense that important civic functions take place in deliberation among citizens and that discourse is not prefatory to real action but in many ways constitutive of civic engagement"--Provided by publisher.

Birthright Citizens

A History of Race and Rights in Antebellum America

Author: Martha S. Jones

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107150345

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 7942

Explains the origins of the Fourteenth Amendment's birthright citizenship provision, as a story of black Americans' pre-Civil War claims to belonging.

Hazard or Hardship

Crafting Global Norms on the Right to Refuse Unsafe Work

Author: Jeffrey Hilgert

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801469236

Category: Law

Page: 216

View: 2081

Today, hazardous work kills 2.3 million people each year and injures millions more. Among the most compelling yet controversial forms of legal protection for workers is the right to refuse unsafe work. The rise of globalization, precarious work, neoliberal politics, attacks on unions, and the idea of individual employment rights have challenged the protection of occupational health and safety for workers worldwide. In Hazard or Hardship, Jeffrey Hilgert presents the protection of refusal rights as a moral and a human rights question. Hilgert finds that the protection of the right to refuse unsafe work, as constituted under international labor standards, is a failure and calls for a reexamination of worker health and safety policy from the ground up. The current model of protection follows an individual employment rights framework, which fails to protect workers against the inherent social inequalities within the employment relationship. To adequately protect the right to refuse as a human right, both in North America and around the world, Hilgert argues that a broader protection must be granted under a freedom of association framework. Hazard or Hardship will be a welcome resource for labor and environmental activists, trade union leaders, labor lawyers and labor law scholars, industrial relations experts, human rights advocates, public health professionals, and specialists in occupational safety and health.

The Work of Recognition

Caribbean Colombia and the Postemancipation Struggle for Citizenship

Author: Jason McGraw

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469617862

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 8792

"THE WORK OF RECOGNITION is the first comprehensive history of African-descended Colombians during the postemancipation period. Jason McGraw chronicles the history of Afro-Colombians--particularly along the Caribbean coast of Colombia, where the African-descended populations were concentrated--beginning with final emancipation in the 1850s and ending with the country's first general labor strike in 1918. Revealing a number of previously little known labor struggles beginning as early as 1857, including astrike staged by Magdalena River boatmen, which may have been the first strike in Colombian history, McGraw demonstrates that Afro-Colombians were principal actors in the post-slavery labor environment during these years. He argues that comprehending their historical role opens up a new view on the practice and meaning of modern citizenship and the crucial concept of recognition as central to the assumption of citizenship status. Challenging the historical erasure of Afro-Colombians, McGraw demonstrates that, after slavery, the historical denial of the role of Black workers in the republic occurred at key turning points exactly when and because they demanded recognition as citizens. Connecting the history of Black Colombians to national development, McGraw also places the story within the broader contexts of Latin American popular politics, religion, and the African diaspora"--Provided by publisher.

Global Humanitarianism

NGOs and the Crafting of Community

Author: Daniel Robert DeChaine

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739112427

Category: Political Science

Page: 187

View: 6621

In Global Humanitarianism Daniel Robert Dechaine undertakes an historical-cultural analysis of humanitarian NGO rhetoric and politics. He focuses his study specifically on MZdecins Sans Fronti_res and the International Campaign to Ban Landmines. This book, besides being the first of its kind, offers to the disciplines of political science, cultural studies, and sociology a model with which to consider the political and social roles of NGOs in the ever-changing global community.

Women and Gender in Chinese Studies

Author: Nicola Spakowski,Cecilia Nathansen Milwertz

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783825893040

Category: Social Science

Page: 159

View: 5215

The 'State of the World's Girls' report has tackled many topics: girls in the global economy; education; girls affected by conflict and by disaster; the new digital world and its implications, both negative and positive, for girls' lives; the challenges and risks of increasing urbanisation; working with men and boys; and looked at attitudinal, structural and institutional barriers to gender equality.

Crafting Humans

From Genesis to Eugenics and Beyond

Author: Marius Turda

Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH

ISBN: 3847100599

Category: Philosophy

Page: 197

View: 9591

'Crafting humans' - and its corollary human enhancement - is a contested topic, both in medical sciences and the humanities. With continuing advances in science and technology, scientists and the general public alike are aware that the basic foundations of the human condition are now at stake. This volume contributes to this growing body of work. It offers insights into some of the reflections and imaginaries that have inspired and legitimated both theoretical and practical programmes for 'crafting' humans, ranging from the religious/spiritualist and the philosophical/cultural to the secular and the scientific/scientistic; from the religious and mystical quest for human perfection to the biopolitical eugenic state of the twentieth century and current theories of human enhancement. This volume discusses these topics in a synchronized way, as interrelated variants of the most central story in history, that of human perfectibility.