Covered Wagon Women

Diaries and Letters from the Western Trails, 1862-1865

Author: Mara E. Montoya,David Duniway,Kenneth L. Holmes

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803272972

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 6562

The overland trails in the 1860s witnessed the creation of stage stations to facilitate overland travel. These stations, placed every twenty or thirty miles, ensured that travelers would be able to obtain grain for their livestock and food for themselves. They also sped up the process of mail delivery to remote Western outposts. Tragically, the easing of overland travel coincided with renewed conflicts with the Cheyenne and other Plains Indians. The massacre of Black Kettle’s people at Sand Creek instigated two years of bloody reprisals and counterreprisals. "Amid this turmoil and change, these daring women continued to build on the example set by earlier women pioneers. As Harriet Loughary wrote upon her arrival in California, "[after] two thousands of miles in an ox team, making an average of eighteen miles a day enduring privations and dangers . . . When we think of the earliest pioneers . . . we feel an untold gratitude towards them."
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Covered Wagon Women

Diaries & Letters from the Western Trails, 1840-1849

Author: Kenneth L. Holmes

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803272774

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 4957

Offers the writings and recollections of thirteen Anglo women who traveled to the American West in the 1840s, taken from their letters and diaries, and reflecting the political, social, and economic forces of the era.
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Covered wagon women

diaries & letters from the western trails

Author: Elliott West,David Duniway

Publisher: Bison Books

ISBN: 9780803272996

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 277

View: 6563

Forty years after the legendary overland travels of Oregon pioneers in the 1840s, Lucy Clark Allen wrote, “the excitement continues.” Economic hard times in Minnesota sent Allen and her husband to Montana in hopes of evading the droughts, grasshoppers, and failed crops that had plagued their farm. Allen and her compatriots, in this volume of Covered Wagon Women, experience a much different journey than their predecessors. Many settlements now await those bound for the West, with amenities such as hotels and restaurants, as well as grain suppliers to provide feed for the horses and mules that had replaced the slower oxen in pulling wagons. Routes were clearly marked—some had been replaced entirely by railroad tracks. Nevertheless, many of the same dangers, fears, and aspirations confronted these dauntless women who traveled the overland trails.
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Covered Wagon Women

Diaries & Letters from the Western Trails, 1840-1849

Author: Kenneth L. Holmes

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803272774

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 1968

Offers the writings and recollections of thirteen Anglo women who traveled to the American West in the 1840s, taken from their letters and diaries, and reflecting the political, social, and economic forces of the era.
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Prairie Flower

A Year on the Plains

Author: Barbara Brackman

Publisher: Kansas City Star Books

ISBN: 9780971292000

Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Page: 124

View: 8784

New applique patterns in the Kansas City Star heritage.
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Covered Wagon Women

Diaries & Letters from the Western Trails

Author: Kenneth L. Holmes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780803272774

Category: Frontier and pioneer life

Page: 280

View: 1355

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Covered Wagon Women: 1852, The California Trail

Author: Kenneth L. Holmes,David Duniway

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803272910

Category: Social Science

Page: 303

View: 2026

In 1852 a record number of women helped keep the wagons rolling over the perilous western trails. The fourth volume of Covered Wagon Women is devoted to families headed for California that year. Diaries and letters of six pioneer women describe the rigors en route, trailside celebrations and tragedies, the scourge of cholera, and encounters with the Indians.
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The Social History of the American Family

An Encyclopedia

Author: Marilyn J. Coleman,Lawrence H. Ganong

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483370429

Category: Social Science

Page: 2144

View: 6289

The American family has come a long way from the days of the idealized family portrayed in iconic television shows of the 1950s and 1960s. The four volumes of The Social History of the American Family explore the vital role of the family as the fundamental social unit across the span of American history. Experiences of family life shape so much of an individual’s development and identity, yet the patterns of family structure, family life, and family transition vary across time, space, and socioeconomic contexts. Both the definition of who or what counts as family and representations of the “ideal” family have changed over time to reflect changing mores, changing living standards and lifestyles, and increased levels of social heterogeneity. Available in both digital and print formats, this carefully balanced academic work chronicles the social, cultural, economic, and political aspects of American families from the colonial period to the present. Key themes include families and culture (including mass media), families and religion, families and the economy, families and social issues, families and social stratification and conflict, family structures (including marriage and divorce, gender roles, parenting and children, and mixed and non-modal family forms), and family law and policy. Features: Approximately 600 articles, richly illustrated with historical photographs and color photos in the digital edition, provide historical context for students. A collection of primary source documents demonstrate themes across time. The signed articles, with cross references and Further Readings, are accompanied by a Reader’s Guide, Chronology of American Families, Resource Guide, Glossary, and thorough index. The Social History of the American Family is an ideal reference for students and researchers who want to explore political and social debates about the importance of the family and its evolving constructions.
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On the western trails

the overland diaries of Washington Peck

Author: Washington Peck,Susan M. Erb

Publisher: The Arthur H. Clark Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 296

View: 4723

A cooper and farmer from Ontario, Canada, Washington Peck (180189) spent decades traveling across the western frontier before finally settling in Washington Territory. Peck's chronicle of his itinerant life offers fresh insight into some of the less traveled emigrant routes across the nineteenth-century West. Peck left two wagon-train diaries-published here for the first time-that log western routes not often recorded: an 185051 trip to the California gold fields via the Platte River RoadMormon Trail, the Salt LakeLos Angeles southern route, and the California coastline; and a journey over the Santa Fe Trail in 1858, continuing on the Beale Wagon Road along the 35th parallel. In the course of their journeys, Peck and his wife Mercy witnessed many important nineteenth-century events, including the Gold Rush, the Mormon building of Salt Lake City, the Underground Railroad in Illinois, the buildup in New Mexico to the Civil War, and the admission to the Union of Washington State. Through biographical commentary and explanatory annotation, editor Susan M. Erb enriches our understanding of the diary entries. Featuring numerous illustrations and maps, this book is must reading for trail enthusiasts and provides valuable new perspectives for western historians.
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Best of Covered Wagon Women

Author: Kenneth L. Holmes

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806139142

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 304

View: 2691

Eight firsthand accounts in very different voices tell what life was really like for women traveling in covered wagons by way of overland trails during the westward migration of the nineteenth century and the effects it had on them and their families throughout their journey to a new and unknown world. Original.
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Drei jahre in Amerika

1859-1862

Author: Israel Joseph Benjamin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: California

Page: N.A

View: 5857

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Indians and Emigrants

Encounters on the Overland Trails

Author: Michael L. Tate

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 0806147342

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 3345

In the first book to focus on relations between Indians and emigrants on the overland trails, Michael L. Tate shows that such encounters were far more often characterized by cooperation than by conflict. Having combed hundreds of unpublished sources and Indian oral traditions, Tate finds Indians and Anglo-Americans continuously trading goods and news with each other, and Indians providing various forms of assistance to overlanders. Tate admits that both sides normally followed their own best interests and ethical standards, which sometimes created distrust. But many acts of kindness by emigrants and by Indians can be attributed to simple human compassion. Not until the mid-1850s did Plains tribes begin to see their independence and cultural traditions threatened by the flood of white travelers. As buffalo herds dwindled and more Indians died from diseases brought by emigrants, violent clashes between wagon trains and Indians became more frequent, and the first Anglo-Indian wars erupted on the plains. Yet, even in the 1860s, Tate finds, friendly encounters were still the rule. Despite thousands of mutually beneficial exchanges between whites and Indians between 1840 and 1870, the image of Plains Indians as the overland pioneers’ worst enemies prevailed in American popular culture. In explaining the persistence of that stereotype, Tate seeks to dispel one of the West’s oldest cultural misunderstandings.
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The Virginian

Missouri -

Author: Owen Wister

Publisher: BookRix

ISBN: 3955008320

Category: Fiction

Page: 341

View: 7531

The Virginian ist die Geschichte eines einzelgängerischen Cowboys in Wyoming um 1880, der sich trotz des im Westen vorherrschenden Faustrechts an seinen persönlichen Ehrenkodex hält und so allerlei Unbilden übersteht. Owen Wister war der Sohn von Sarah und Owen Wister Sr. einer Patrizierfamilie aus Philadelphia und genoss so eine privilegierte Kindheit. Seine Großmutter war die britische Bühnenschauspielerin Fanny Kemble. Nach Schulaufenthalten in der Schweiz und in England studierte er an der renommierten St. Paul's School in Concord (New Hampshire) sowie später an der Harvard University. Dort begann er mit Beiträgen für die studentische Satirezeitschrift The Harvard Lampoon seine schriftstellerische Laufbahn und lernte seinen langjährigen Freund und späteren Präsidenten der USA, Theodore Roosevelt, kennen. 1882–1884 verbrachte er zwei Jahre in Paris. Nach seiner Rückkehr ließ er sich zunächst in New York nieder, wo er in einer Bank Anstellung fand. 1885 begann er ein Zweitstudium an der Harvard Law School. Seine Approbation als Rechtsanwalt erhielt er 1888. In dieser Zeit begann sich Wister verstärkt mit dem amerikanischen Westen zu beschäftigen. Dieses Thema entsprach ganz dem Zeitgeist; der Historiker Frederick Jackson Turner verklärte in dem einflussreichen Aufsatz The Significance of the Frontier in American History (1893) die Frontier, also die weiße Siedlungrenze im Westen, zum Geburtsort des amerikanischen Gemüts und des ihm angeblich eigenen Freiheits- und Selbstbehauptungswillens. Roosevelt legte in seinem Werk The Winning of the West (1889-96) die Bedeutung der Westexpansion für das Wohl der amerikanischen Nation dar. Während die "Zivilisierung" des Westens voranschritt, also die Vertreibung der indianischen Ureinwohner, die Besiedlung durch Weiße, und die politische Organisation der Westterritorien in US-Bundesstaaten, machte sich Wister an die Verklärung dieser verschwindenden Welt und prägte mit seinem ersten Roman The Virginian (1902; dt. Der Virginier, 1955)) den in dieser Zeit entstehenden Mythos vom "Wilden Westen" entscheidend mit.
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Programme und Manifeste zur Architektur des 20. Jahrhunderts

Author: N.A

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3035602786

Category: Architecture

Page: 181

View: 3190

Der erste Band der Bauwelt Fundamente versammelt 34 Texte von Architekten und Architekturtheoretikern, die das Bauen in den ersten sechs Jahrzehnten des 20. Jahrhunderts nachhaltig gestaltet und geprägt haben. 1963 von Ulrich Conrads, dem damaligen Chefredakteur der Bauwelt, zusammengestellt und kommentiert, bietet diese Sammlung von Programmen, Grundsätzen und Manifesten zur Architektur der Moderne auch heute noch eine Grundlage für das Verständnis und die Auseinandersetzung mit der Praxis und der Theorie des Bauens im vergangenen Jahrhundert. Mit Texten von van de Velde, Loos, Wright, van der Rohe, Le Corbusier, Gropius, Buckminster Fuller, Hollein, Friedman, u.a. sind die Protagonisten des architektonischen Schaffens im 20. Jahrhundert vertreten. 50 Jahre nach Erscheinen ist mit dieser Sammlung von Quellentexten auch ein historisches Dokument der (Selbst-)Reflexion der Architektur wieder lieferbar.
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Seitenwechsel

Author: Nella Larsen

Publisher: Dörlemann eBook

ISBN: 3908778190

Category: Fiction

Page: 192

View: 8113

"Nella Larsens Roman "Seitenwechsel" ist das Gegenstück zu Scott Fitzgeralds "Der große Gatsby"." Irene Redfield flieht vor der Hitze eines heißen Sommertages ins Dachrestaurant des Drayton Hotels in Chicago. Sie traut ihren Augen kaum, als sie hier ihre Freundin aus Kindertagen wiedertrifft. Clare Kendry ist nach dem frühen Tod ihres Vaters bei weißen Verwandten aufgewachsen und der Kontakt zwischen den Freundinnen abgerissen. Zwei Jahre später zieht Clare nach New York und meldet sich bei Irene, die in Harlem lebt, während Clare in der Welt der Weißen zu Hause ist. Clare ist mit einem Rassisten verheiratet, der nicht auch nur entfernt von ihrer schwarzen Herkunft ahnt. Zudem beunruhigt Irene mehr und mehr, daß Clare eine magische Wirkung auf ihren eigenen Ehemann zu haben scheint. Clare, die Wanderin zwischen den Welten, liebt die Gefahr und das Spiel mit dem Feuer - und droht ständig, sich zu verbrennen.
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