Codification Or Self-Regulation?
Author: Lars Haverkamp
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
View: 2774Master's Thesis from the year 2006 in the subject Law - Comparative Legal Systems, Comparative Law, grade: B+, University of Canterbury (Law School), 93 entries in the bibliography, language: English, comment: The paper deals with the pros and cons of the US Sarbanes Oxley Act and its adaptability to the New Zealand legal system. The author looks specifically at the two predominant systems of implementing corporate governance codes: the US approach of codification and the rather European based approach of self-regulation. The paper concludes with a recommendation for New Zealand's highly unique market system., abstract: The stock market has gained extraordinary significance over recent years. Large proportions of society invest in equity markets in order to save for their retirement. Various bodies exist to fight abuses by executives of publicly owned companies. Parliament has created the New Zealand Securities Commission (SEC), an independent Crown entity in terms of the Crown Entities Act 2004, to fight 'white collar fraud' and the abuse of business ethics and the law. Numerous scandals worldwide but especially the Enron case in the United States of America (USA) at the beginning of this decade shocked investors and led to a decrease in shareholder confidence. Investors lost their trust in corporate governance techniques and the credibility of managements. In the 1930s, in the aftermath of the 1929 stock exchange crash in the USA, Berle and Means ascertained the underlying problem of corporate governance as the separation of ownership and power. In accordance with Adam Smith, they explained that, as a basic human trait, executives never apply the same diligence when running a company as the owner of the same company might apply. This fundamental understanding is the reason for the necessity of corporate governance rules. As a pro-tection of shareholder interests, the interests of the owners of the company, the regulator tries to set standards which creat