Core Logic

Author: Neil Tennant

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191083658

Category: Philosophy

Page: 360

View: 7716

Neil Tennant presents an original logical system with unusual philosophical, proof-theoretic, metalogical, computational, and revision-theoretic virtues. Core Logic, which lies deep inside Classical Logic, best formalizes rigorous mathematical reasoning. It captures constructive relevant reasoning. And the classical extension of Core Logic handles non-constructive reasoning. These core systems fix all the mistakes that make standard systems harbor counterintuitive irrelevancies. Conclusions reached by means of core proof are relevant to the premises used. These are the first systems that ensure both relevance and adequacy for the formalization of all mathematical and scientific reasoning. They are also the first systems to ensure that one can make deductive progress with potential logical strengthening by chaining proofs together: one will prove, if not the conclusion sought, then (even better!) the inconsistency of one's accumulated premises. So Core Logic provides transitivity of deduction with potential epistemic gain. Because of its clarity about the true internal structure of proofs, Core Logic affords advantages also for the automation of deduction and our appreciation of the paradoxes.
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Varieties of Logic

Author: Stewart Shapiro

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191053864

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 2856

Logical pluralism is the view that different logics are equally appropriate, or equally correct. Logical relativism is a pluralism according to which validity and logical consequence are relative to something. In Varieties of Logic, Stewart Shapiro develops several ways in which one can be a pluralist or relativist about logic. One of these is an extended argument that words and phrases like 'valid' and 'logical consequence' are polysemous or, perhaps better, are cluster concepts. The notions can be sharpened in various ways. This explains away the 'debates' in the literature between inferentialists and advocates of a truth-conditional, model-theoretic approach, and between those who advocate higher-order logic and those who insist that logic is first-order. A significant kind of pluralism flows from an orientation toward mathematics that emerged toward the end of the nineteenth century, and continues to dominate the field today. The theme is that consistency is the only legitimate criterion for a theory. Logical pluralism arises when one considers a number of interesting and important mathematical theories that invoke a non-classical logic, and are rendered inconsistent, and trivial, if classical logic is imposed. So validity is relative to a theory or structure. The perspective raises a host of important questions about meaning. The most significant of these concern the semantic content of logical terminology, words like 'or', 'not', and 'for all', as they occur in rigorous mathematical deduction. Does the intuitionistic 'not', for example, have the same meaning as its classical counterpart? Shapiro examines the major arguments on the issue, on both sides, and finds them all wanting. He then articulates and defends a thesis that the question of meaning-shift is itself context-sensitive and, indeed, interest-relative. He relates the issue to some prominent considerations concerning open texture, vagueness, and verbal disputes. Logic is ubiquitous. Whenever there is deductive reasoning, there is logic. So there are questions about logical pluralism that are analogous to standard questions about global relativism. The most pressing of these concerns foundational studies, wherein one compares theories, sometimes with different logics, and where one figures out what follows from what in a given logic. Shapiro shows that the issues are not problematic, and that is usually easy to keep track of the logic being used and the one mentioned.
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Field-Programmable Logic and Applications

11th International Conference, FPL 2001, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK, August 27-29, 2001 Proceedings

Author: Gordon Brebner,Roger Woods

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540446877

Category: Computers

Page: 665

View: 6676

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Field-Programmable Logic and Application, FPL 2001, held in Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK, in August 2001.The 56 revised full papers and 15 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 117 submissions. The book offers topical sections on architectural framework, place and route, architecture, DSP, synthesis, encryption, runtime reconfiguration, graphics and vision, networking, processor interaction, applications, methodology, loops and systolic, image processing, faults, and arithmetic.
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Exploring IBM EServer XSeries

The Instant Insider's Guide to IBM's Intel-Based Servers and Workstations

Author: Jim Hoskins,Bill Wilson,Ray Winkel

Publisher: Maximum Press

ISBN: 9781885068835

Category: Computers

Page: 184

View: 5548

Surveying the various brands of Intel-based IBM computers, this updated handbook explains how to integrate these diverse systems into business applications, discussing the latest software options, peripherals, technologies, and networking issues, and furnishes guidelines on selecting operating systems to fit different business requirements. Original. (Intermediate)
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State-Level Information on Negative Home Equity and Loan Performance in the Nonprime Mortgage Market

Author: William B. Shear

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437934943

Category:

Page: 38

View: 7470

The decline of home prices in many parts of the country has left millions of homeowners with negative home equity, meaning that their outstanding mortgage balances exceed the current value of their homes. A substantial proportion of borrowers with active nonprime mortgages had negative equity in their homes as of June 30, 2009. For ex., among the 16 metro areas examined, the percentage of nonprime borrowers with negative equity ranged from about 9% (Denver, CO) to more than 90% (Las Vegas, NV). This report examines, at the state level, the estimated proportion of nonprime borrowers with active loans that were in a negative equity position and the proportion that were seriously delinquent on their loan payments from 2006 through the end of 2009. Illus.
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The Core Test Wrapper Handbook

Rationale and Application of IEEE Std. 1500TM

Author: Francisco da Silva,Teresa McLaurin,Tom Waayers

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387346090

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 276

View: 6100

The Core Test Wrapper Handbook: Rationale and Application of IEEE Std. 1500tm provides insight into the rules and recommendations of IEEE Std. 1500. This book focuses on practical design considerations inherent to the application of IEEE Std. 1500 by discussing design choices and other decisions relevant to this IEEE standard. The authors provide background information about some of the choices and decisions made throughout the design of IEEE Std. 1500.
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Information Modelling and Knowledge Bases XVII

Author: Yasushi Kiyoki

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1586035916

Category: Computers

Page: 341

View: 8371

Provide research communities in information modelling and knowledge bases with scientific results and experiences achieved by using innovative methodologies in computer science and other disciplines related to linguistics, philosophy, and psychology.
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ULSI Process Integration 5

Author: Cor L. Claeys

Publisher: The Electrochemical Society

ISBN: 1566775728

Category: Integrated circuits

Page: 495

View: 1008

The symposium provided a forum for reviewing and discussing all aspects of process integration, with special focus on nanoscaled technologies, 65 nm and beyond on DRAM, SRAM, flash memory, high density logic-low power, RF, mixed analog-digital, process integration yield, CMP chemistries, low-k processes, gate stacks, metal gates, rapid thermal processing, silicides, copper interconnects, carbon nanotubes, novel materials, high mobility substrates (SOI, sSi, SiGe, GeOI), strain engineering, and hybrid integration.
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The Early Computer Industry

Limitations of Scale and Scope

Author: A. Gandy

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230389112

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 348

View: 5769

Uses case studies to explore why large scale electronics failed to win a leadership position in the early computer industry and why IBM, a firm with a heritage in the business machines industry, succeeded. The cases cover both the US and the UK industry focusing on electronics giants GE, RCA, English Electric, EMI and Ferranti.
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Essentialism

The Disciplined Pursuit of Less

Author: Greg McKeown

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0753550288

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 9366

Have you ever found yourself struggling with information overload? Have you ever felt both overworked and underutilised? Do you ever feel busy but not productive? If you answered yes to any of these, the way out is to become an Essentialist. In Essentialism, Greg McKeown, CEO of a Leadership and Strategy agency in Silicon Valley who has run courses at Apple, Google and Facebook, shows you how to achieve what he calls the disciplined pursuit of less. Being an Essentialist is about a disciplined way of thinking. It means challenging the core assumption of ‘We can have it all’ and ‘I have to do everything’ and replacing it with the pursuit of ‘the right thing, in the right way, at the right time'. By applying a more selective criteria for what is essential, the pursuit of less allows us to regain control of our own choices so we can channel our time, energy and effort into making the highest possible contribution toward the goals and activities that matter. Using the experience and insight of working with the leaders of the most innovative companies and organisations in the world, McKeown shows you how to put Essentialism into practice in your own life, so you too can achieve something great.
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Advanced Cmos Cell Design

Author: Sicard And Bendhia

Publisher: Tata McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 9780070620896

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2813

Advanced CMOS Cell Design is a laboratory manual for electronic engineers with an interest in microelectronics. Recent advances in CMOS technology and design are presented using simple terminology and a practical approach. To this end, the book is replete with examples and exercises that simulate advanced CMOS circuit design using Microwind and Dsch, which are software simulation tools developed by the author.The book provides an in-depth understanding of CMOS cell architecture and layout techniques, analog behavior, performances and RF analog cell design. Advanced features of pad structure, protections, packaging and standard description formats, such as IBIS are covered.
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Ajax for Web Application Developers

Author: Kris Hadlock

Publisher: Sams Publishing

ISBN: 0132714914

Category: Computers

Page: 448

View: 7627

Reusable components and patterns for Ajax-driven applications Ajax is one of the latest and greatest ways to improve users’ online experience and create new and innovative web functionality. By allowing specific parts of a web page to be displayed without refreshing the entire page, Ajax significantly enhances the experience of web applications. It also lets web developers create intuitive and innovative interaction processes. Ajax for Web Application Developers provides the in-depth working knowledge of Ajax that web developers need to take their web applications to the next level. The book shows how to create an Ajax-driven web application from an object-oriented perspective, and it includes discussion of several useful Ajax design patterns. This detailed guide covers the creation of connections to a MySQL database with PHP 5 via a custom Ajax engine and shows how to gracefully format the response with CSS, JavaScript, and XHTML while keeping the data tightly secure. It also covers the use of four custom Ajax-enabled components in an application and how to create each of them from scratch. The final section of the book combines the individual code examples and techniques from earlier chapters of the book into one larger, Ajax-driven application—an internal web mail application that can be used in any user-based application, such as a community-based web application. Readers will learn not only how to create and use their own reusable Ajax components in this application but also how to connect their components to any future Ajax applications that they might build. Web Development/Ajax/JavaScript
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AGP System Architecture

Author: Dave Dzatko

Publisher: Addison Wesley Longman

ISBN: 9780201379648

Category: Computers

Page: 248

View: 7070

"AGP System Architecture" provides a detailed description of the AGP interface, a new platform bus specification enabling high-performance graphics capabilities and three-dimensional graphics on PCs.
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Learning Behavior-driven Development with JavaScript

Author: Enrique Amodeo

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1784390178

Category: Computers

Page: 392

View: 1996

This book is ideal for any JavaScript developer who is interested in producing well-tested code. If you have no prior experience with testing, Node.js, or any other tool, do not worry, as they will be explained from scratch.
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Logics of Specification Languages

Author: Dines Bjørner,Martin C. Henson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540741077

Category: Mathematics

Page: 624

View: 4691

This book presents comprehensive studies on nine specification languages and their logics of reasoning. The editors and authors are authorities on these specification languages and their application. In a unique feature, the book closes with short commentaries on the specification languages written by researchers closely associated with their original development. The book contains extensive references and pointers to future developments.
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Moving Targets

Elliott-Automation and the Dawn of the Computer Age in Britain, 1947 – 67

Author: Simon Lavington

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781848829336

Category: Computers

Page: 710

View: 5487

This book charts the take-up of IT in Britain, as seen through the eyes of one company. It examines how the dawn of the digital computer age in Britain took place for different applications, from early government-sponsored work on secret defence projects, to the growth of the market for Elliott computers for civil applications. Features: charts the establishment of Elliott’s Borehamwood Research Laboratories, and the roles played by John Coales and Leon Bagrit; examines early Elliott digital computers designed for classified military applications and for GCHQ; describes the analogue computers developed by Elliott-Automation; reviews the development of the first commercial Elliot computers and the growth of applications in industrial automation; includes a history of airborne computers by a former director of Elliott Flight Automation; discusses the computer architectures and systems software for Elliott computers; investigates the mergers, takeovers and eventual closure of the Borehamwood laboratories.
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