Contested Words

Legal Restrictions on Freedom of Speech in Liberal Democracies

Author: Ian Cram

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317160304

Category: Political Science

Page: 244

View: 9801

In modern liberal democracies, rights-based judicial intervention in the policy choices of elected bodies has always been controversial. For some, such judicial intervention has trivialized and impoverished democratic politics. For others judges have contributed to a dynamic and healthy dialogue between the different spheres of the constitution, removed from pressures imposed on elected representatives to respond to popular sentiment. This book provides a critical evaluation of ongoing debates surrounding the judicial role in protecting fundamental human rights, focusing in particular on legislative/executive abridgment of a core freedom in western society - namely, liberty of expression. A range of types of expression are considered, including expression related to electoral processes, political expression in general and sexually explicit forms of expression.
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Contested Words, Contested Science

Unraveling the Facilitated Communication Controversy

Author: Douglas Biklen,Donald N. Cardinal

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780807736012

Category: Education

Page: 245

View: 9540

Facilitated Communication is a lightning rod of controversy in the world of special education. Its proponents claim that the technique of allowing persons with utism, Down Ssyndrome, and other pervasive developmental disorders to type their thoughts on a computer keyboard allows for the release of previously unknown intelligence and communicative abilities. Its detractors claim that it is a hoax whose validity is yet to be proven. With this book, Douglas Biklen and Donald Cardinal present an impressive collection of new studies providing evidence in support of facilitated communication, including a study carried out by a person who uses Facilitated Communication, Eugene Marcus, a young man with autism. Other contributors include: Darlene Hanson, John Wakeham, Shaswati Saha, Chris Kliewer, Stacey Baldac, Carl Parsons, Marjorie Olney, Mayer Shevin, Michael J. Salomon Weiss, Sheldon H. Wagner, and Rosemary Crossley.
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Language, Sexuality and Education

Author: Helen Sauntson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108699057

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: N.A

View: 2363

Presenting a range of data obtained from secondary schools in the UK and US, this path-breaking book explores the role played by language in constructing sexual identities. Analysing the often complex ways in which homophobia, heterosexism and heteronormativity are enacted within school contexts, it shows that by analysing language, we can discover much about how educators and students experience sexual diversity in their schools, how sexual identities are constructed through language, and how different statuses are ascribed to different sexual identities.
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Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text Processing

8th International Conference, CICLing 2007, Mexico City, Mexico, February 18-24, 2007, Proceedings

Author: Alexander Gelbukh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354070938X

Category: Computers

Page: 648

View: 3380

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text Processing, CICLing 2007, held in Mexico City, Mexico in February 2007. The 53 revised full papers presented together with 3 invited papers cover all current issues in computational linguistics research and present intelligent text processing applications.
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Sophocles and the Language of Tragedy

Author: Simon Goldhill

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199978824

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 5117

Written by one of the best-known interpreters of classical literature today, Sophocles and the Language of Tragedy presents a revolutionary take on the work of this great classical playwright and on how our understanding of tragedy has been shaped by our literary past. Simon Goldhill sheds new light on Sophocles' distinctive brilliance as a dramatist, illuminating such aspects of his work as his manipulation of irony, his construction of dialogue, and his deployment of the actors and the chorus. Goldhill also investigates how nineteenth-century critics like Hegel, Nietzsche, and Wagner developed a specific understanding of tragedy, one that has shaped our current approach to the genre. Finally, Goldhill addresses one of the foundational questions of literary criticism: how historically self-conscious should a reading of Greek tragedy be? The result is an invigorating and exciting new interpretation of the most canonical of Western authors.
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Mecca

The Sacred City

Author: Ziauddin Sardar

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1408835592

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 8002

Mecca is the heart of Islam. It is the birthplace of Muhammad, the direction towards which Muslims turn when they pray and the site of pilgrimage which annually draws some three million Muslims from all corners of the world. Yet Mecca's importance goes beyond religion. What happens in Mecca and how Muslims think about the political and cultural history of Mecca has had and continues to have a profound influence on world events to this day. In this captivating book, Ziauddin Sardar unravels the significance of Mecca. Tracing its history, from its origins as a 'barren valley' in the desert to its evolution as a trading town and sudden emergence as the religious centre of a world empire, Sardar examines the religious struggles and rebellions in Mecca that have powerfully shaped Muslim culture. Interweaving stories of his own pilgrimages to Mecca with those of others, Sardar offers a unique insight into not just the spiritual aspects of Mecca – the passion, ecstasy and longing it evokes – but also the conflict between heritage and modernity that has characterised its history. He unpeels the physical, social and cultural dimensions that have helped transform the city and also, though accounts of such Orientalist travellers as Richard Burton and Charles Doughty, the strange fascination that Mecca has long inspired in the Western imagination. And, ultimately, he explores what this tension could mean for Mecca's future. An illuminative, lyrical and witty blend of history, reportage and memoir, this outstanding book reflects all that is profound, enlightening and curious about one of the most important religious sites in the world.
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Twenty-four Sermons

Preach'd at the Parish Church of St Mary Le Bow, London, in the Years 1739, 1740, 1741, at the Lecture Founded by the Honourable Robert Boyle, Esq; and Eight Sermons Preach'd at the Cathedral Church of St. Paul, in the Years 1738 and 1739, at the Lecture Founded by the Honoured Lady Moyer. To which are Added, a Visitation Sermon, a Sermon Before the Religious Societies and a Charity Sermon ...

Author: Leonard Twells

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sermons, English

Page: N.A

View: 7335

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Autism and the Myth of the Person Alone

Author: Douglas Biklen,Richard Attfield

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814799277

Category: Psychology

Page: 304

View: 5292

The prevailing view of autism and disability is redefined in this beautifully written book.
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A Historical Archaeology of the Modern World

Author: Charles E. Orser Jr.

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475789882

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 3309

This unique book offers a theoretical framework for historical archaeology that explicitly relies on network theory. Charles E. Orser, Jr., demonstrates the need to examine the impact of colonialism, Eurocentrism, capitalism, and modernity on all archaeological sites inhabited after 1492 and shows how these large-scale forces create a link among all the sites. Orser investigates the connections between a seventeenth-century runaway slave kingdom in Palmares, Brazil and an early nineteenth-century peasant village in central Ireland. Studying artifacts, landscapes, and social inequalities in these two vastly different cultures, the author explores how the archaeology of fugitive Brazilian slaves and poor Irish farmers illustrates his theoretical concepts. His research underscores how network theory is largely unknown in historical archaeology and how few historical archaeologists apply a global perspective in their studies. A Historical Archaeology of the Modern World features data and illustrations from two previously unknown sites and includes such intriguing findings as the provenance of ancient Brazilian smoking pipes that will be new to historical archaeologists.
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How Students Learn

History, Mathematics, and Science in the Classroom

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on How People Learn, A Targeted Report for Teachers

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309133033

Category: Education

Page: 632

View: 2766

How do you get a fourth-grader excited about history? How do you even begin to persuade high school students that mathematical functions are relevant to their everyday lives? In this volume, practical questions that confront every classroom teacher are addressed using the latest exciting research on cognition, teaching, and learning. How Students Learn: History, Mathematics, and Science in the Classroom builds on the discoveries detailed in the bestselling How People Learn. Now, these findings are presented in a way that teachers can use immediately, to revitalize their work in the classroom for even greater effectiveness. Organized for utility, the book explores how the principles of learning can be applied in teaching history, science, and math topics at three levels: elementary, middle, and high school. Leading educators explain in detail how they developed successful curricula and teaching approaches, presenting strategies that serve as models for curriculum development and classroom instruction. Their recounting of personal teaching experiences lends strength and warmth to this volume. The book explores the importance of balancing students’ knowledge of historical fact against their understanding of concepts, such as change and cause, and their skills in assessing historical accounts. It discusses how to build straightforward science experiments into true understanding of scientific principles. And it shows how to overcome the difficulties in teaching math to generate real insight and reasoning in math students. It also features illustrated suggestions for classroom activities. How Students Learn offers a highly useful blend of principle and practice. It will be important not only to teachers, administrators, curriculum designers, and teacher educators, but also to parents and the larger community concerned about children’s education.
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Russian Foreign Policy in the Twenty-First Century and the Shadow of the Past

Author: Robert Legvold

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231512176

Category: Political Science

Page: 544

View: 5545

Because the turbulent trajectory of Russia's foreign policy since the collapse of the Soviet Union echoes previous moments of social and political transformation, history offers a special vantage point from which to judge the current course of events. In this book, a mix of leading historians and political scientists examines the foreign policy of contemporary Russia over four centuries of history. The authors explain the impact of empire and its loss, the interweaving of domestic and foreign impulses, long-standing approaches to national security, and the effect of globalization over time. Contributors focus on the underlying patterns that have marked Russian foreign policy and that persist today. These patterns are driven by the country's political makeup, geographical circumstances, economic strivings, unsettled position in the larger international setting, and, above all, its tortured effort to resolve issues of national identity. The argument here is not that the Russia of Putin and his successors must remain trapped by these historical patterns but that history allows for an assessment of how much or how little has changed in Russia's approach to the outside world and creates a foundation for identifying what must change if Russia is to evolve. A truly unique collection, this volume utilizes history to shed crucial light on Russia's complex, occasionally inscrutable relationship with the world. In so doing, it raises the broader issue of the relationship of history to the study of contemporary foreign policy and how these two enterprises might be better joined.
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Green Political Thought

Author: Andrew Dobson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134597134

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 5871

Andrew Dobson's highly acclaimed introduction to green political thought is now available in a new edition. It has been fully revised and updated to take into account the areas that have grown in importance since the last edition was published. The third edition includes: * a comparison of ecologism with other principal modern ideologies, such as liberalism, conservatism, fascism, socialism, feminism and anarchism * an assessment of the relationship between green thinking and democracy, justice and citizenship * an exploration of 'sustainable development' addressing the fundamental question of 'what to sustain?' * real environmental problems and how green thinking relates to them.
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Paradoxology

Author: Krish Kandiah

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1444745352

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 5620

The Christian faith is full of apparent paradoxes: - a compassionate God who sanctions genocide - an all-powerful God who allows horrific suffering - a God who owns everything yet demands so much from his followers - a God who is distant and yet present at the same time Many of us have big questions that the Christian faith seems to leave unanswered. So we push them to the back of our minds, for fear of destabilizing our beliefs. But leaving these questions unexamined is neither healthy for us, nor honouring to God. Rather than shying away from the difficult questions, we need to face them head on. What if the tension between apparently opposing doctrines is exactly where faith comes alive? What if this ancient faith has survived so long not in spite of but precisely because of these apparent contradictions? What if it is in the difficult parts of the Bible that God is most clearly revealed? Paradoxology makes a bold new claim: that the paradoxes that seem like they ought to undermine belief are actually the heart of our vibrant faith, and that it is only by continually wrestling with them - rather than trying to pin them down or push them away - that we can really move forward, individually and together.
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The Death of Judeo-Christianity

Religious Aggression and Systemic Evil in the Modern World

Author: Lawrence Swaim

Publisher: John Hunt Publishing

ISBN: 1780992998

Category: Political Science

Page: 326

View: 3109

The Israeli/Palestinian conflict is not mainly about politics, nor religion, nor even geo-politics. It is about pathology. The traumas of the 20th century have driven millions of intelligent, capable people into active psychological pathologies, which they experience as ideological realities. Some of the cult-like groups associated with Christian evangelicals and the national-religious settlers in Israel will settle for nothing less than an apocalyptic religious war to punish the world for allowing the Holocaust to happen.
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Murder at the Sleepy Lagoon

Zoot Suits, Race, and Riot in Wartime L.A.

Author: Eduardo Obregón Pagán

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807862094

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 9555

The notorious 1942 "Sleepy Lagoon" murder trial in Los Angeles concluded with the conviction of seventeen young Mexican American men for the alleged gang slaying of fellow youth Jose Diaz. Just five months later, the so-called Zoot Suit Riot erupted, as white soldiers in the city attacked minority youths and burned their distinctive zoot suits. Eduardo Obregon Pagan here provides the first comprehensive social history of both the trial and the riot and argues that they resulted from a volatile mix of racial and social tensions that had long been simmering. In reconstructing the lives of the murder victim and those accused of the crime, Pagan contends that neither the convictions (which were based on little hard evidence) nor the ensuing riot arose simply from anti-Mexican sentiment. He demonstrates instead that a variety of pre-existing stresses, including demographic pressures, anxiety about nascent youth culture, and the war effort all contributed to the social tension and the eruption of violence. Moreover, he recovers a multidimensional picture of Los Angeles during World War II that incorporates the complex intersections of music, fashion, violence, race relations, and neighborhood activism. Drawing upon overlooked evidence, Pagan concludes by reconstructing the murder scene and proposes a compelling theory about what really happened the night of the murder.
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