Contemporary Sufism

Piety, Politics, and Popular Culture

Author: Meena Sharify-Funk,William Rory Dickson,Merin Shobhana Xavier

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134879997

Category: Religion

Page: 270

View: 3058

What is Sufism? Contemporary views vary tremendously, even among Sufis themselves. Contemporary Sufism: Piety, Politics, and Popular Culture brings to light the religious frameworks that shape the views of Sufism’s friends, adversaries, admirers, and detractors and, in the process, helps readers better understand the diversity of contemporary Sufism, the pressures and cultural openings to which it responds, and the many divergent opinions about contemporary Sufism’s relationship to Islam. The three main themes: piety, politics, and popular culture are explored in relation to the Islamic and Western contexts that shape them, as well as to the historical conditions that frame contemporary debates. This book is split into three parts: • Sufism and anti-Sufism in contemporary contexts; • Contemporary Sufism in the West: Poetic influences and popular manifestations; • Gendering Sufism: Tradition and transformation. This book will fascinate anyone interested in the challenges of contemporary Sufism as well as its relationship to Islam, gender, and the West. It offers an ideal starting point from which undergraduate and postgraduate students, teachers and lecturers can explore Sufism today.

Sufism and the 'Modern' in Islam

Author: Martin Van Bruinessen

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781850438540

Category: Religion

Page: 367

View: 7021

Sufism has not only survived into the twenty-first century but has experienced a significant resurgence throughout the Muslim world. Sufism and the 'Modern' in Islam offers refreshing new perspectives on this phenomenon, demonstrating surprising connections between Sufism and Muslim reformist currents, and the vital presence of Sufi ideas and practices in all spheres of life. Contrary to earlier theories of the modernization of Muslim societies, Sufi influence on the political, economic and intellectual life of contemporary Muslim societies has been considerable. Although less noticed than the resurgence of radical Islam, Sufi orders and related movements involve considerably larger numbers of followers, even among the modern urban middle classes. This innovative study brings together new comparative and interdisciplinary research to show how Sufis have responded to modernization and globalization and how various currents of Islamic reform and Sufism have interacted. Offering fascinating new insights into the pervasive Sufi influence on modern Islamic religiosity and contemporary political and economic life, this book raises important questions about Islam in the age of urbanism and mass communications.

Sufis and Anti-Sufis

The Defence, Rethinking and Rejection of Sufism in the Modern World

Author: Elizabeth Sirriyeh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136812695

Category: Religion

Page: 190

View: 1143

Despite its continuing appeal in the Muslim world, Sufism has faced fierce challenges in the last 250 years. This volume assesses the evolution of anti-Sufism since the middle of the eighteenth century and Sufi strategies for survival. It also considers the efforts of a few significant Muslim intellectuals to contemplate a future for a mystical approach to Islam without traditional Sufism. Many studies of Islam in the modern period have focused on the attempts of Muslim 'modernists' or 'fundamentalists' to come to terms with western modernity, and Sufis have often been marginalised in the process. Elizabeth Sirriyeh redresses this neglect by assigning to Sufism a central place in the broader history of Islam in the modern world and by examining how changing understandings of Sufism's role in modern conditions have affected Muslims of all shades of opinion.

Sufis and Salafis in the Contemporary Age

Author: Lloyd Ridgeon

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472532236

Category: Religion

Page: 312

View: 3734

Sufis and Salafis in the Contemporary Age explores the dynamics at play between what are usually understood as two very different forms of Islam, namely Sufism and Salafism. Sufism is commonly understood as the peaceful and mystical dimension of Islam whereas Salafism is perceived as strictly pietistic and moralist, and for some it conjures up images of violent manifestations of Islam. Of course these generalisations require more nuanced investigation, and this book provides a number of case studies from around the Islamic world to unpack the intricate relationship between the two. The diversity of the case studies that focus on Islamic groups in India, Iraq, Egypt, Morocco, Turkey and South East Europe reflect the multiplicity of relationships that exist between the Salafis and Sufis. The specific case studies are framed by an introduction that provides essential historical background and definitions of the terms, and also by general studies of the Sufi–Salafi relationship which enable the reader to focus on the large picture. This will be the first book to investigate the relationship between Sufism and Salafism in such a wide fashion, and includes chapters on "traditional" Sufis, as well as from those who consider that Sufism and Salafism are not necessarily contradictory.

Classical Spirituality in Contemporary America

The Confluence and Contribution of G.I. Gurdjieff and Sufism

Author: Michael Pittman

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441165231

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 256

View: 4337

An exploration of the relationship between major contemporary spiritual movements, such as Sufism and Esoteric Christianity, and the work of Gurdjieff.

Sufism Today

Heritage and Tradition in the Global Community

Author: Catharina Raudvere,Leif Stenberg

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857717138

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 1377

Sufism is the subject of intensive discussion and debate. Yet is is also true that the study of contemporary Sufism has been overlooked by the fields of Middle Eastern, Islamic and religious studies. The networks, political agendas, development of new rituals and the organisation of Sufism, especially in the West, have not been studied comprehensively enough, despite growing interest in Islamic mysticism. This book sets out to fill the gap. It is not only timely, in that it offers the first sustained treatment of Sufism in the context of modern Muslim communities; but it is also innovative, in that it broadens the purview of the study of Sufism to look at the subject right across international boundaries, from Canada to Brazil, and from Denmark to the UK and USA. Subjects discussed include: the politics of Sufism; the remaking of Turkish Sufism; tradition and cultural creativity among Syrian Sufi communities; the globalization of Sufi networks, and their transplantation in America; Iranian Sufism in London; and Naqshbandi Sufism in Sweden. The practice of Sufism has become especially important for young people - particularly young women - to find an adequate framework within which to explore Muslim spirituality in dialogue with modernity. And in its thorough examination of how Sufi rituals, traditions and theologies have been adapted by a late-modern outloook and religiosity, this volume will make indispensable reading for cholars and students of modern Islam, as well as researchers in the fields of sociology, anthropology, political science and the history of religion.

Islamic Sufism Unbound

Politics and Piety in Twenty-First Century Pakistan

Author: R. Rozehnal

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230605729

Category: Social Science

Page: 275

View: 2987

Robert Rozehnal traces the ritual practices and identity politics of a contemporary Sufi order in Pakistan: the Chishti Sabris. He takes multiple perspectives from the rich Urdu writings of Twentieth Century Sufi masters, to the complex spiritual life of contemporary disciples and the order's growing transnational networks.

Sufism in the Secret History of Persia

Author: Milad Milani

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317544595

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 2357

Sufism formed one of the cultures of resistance which has existed in the social fabric of Persia since antiquity. Such resistance continues to manifest itself today with many looking to Sufism as a model of cooperation between East and West, between traditional and modern. 'Sufism in the Secret History of Persia' explores the place of Sufi mysticism in Iran's intellectual and spiritual consciousness through traditional and contemporary Sufi thinkers and writers. Sufism in the Secret History of Persia examines the current of spirituality which extends from the old Iranian worship of Mithra to modern Islam. This current always contains elements of gnosis and inner knowing, but has often provided impetus for socio-political resistance. The study describes how these persisting pre-Islamic cultural and socio-religious elements have secretly challenged Muslim orthodoxies and continue to shape the nature and orientation of contemporary Sufism.

Sufism in the Contemporary Arabic Novel

Author: Ziad Elmarsafy

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748655662

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 4872

This book will present close readings of three contemporary Arabic novelists - an Egyptian (Gamal Al-Ghitany), an Algerian (Taher Ouettar) and a Touareg Libyan (Ibrahim Al-Koni) - who have all turned to Sufism as a literary strategy aimed at negotiating i

Sufi Bodies

Religion and Society in Medieval Islam

Author: Shahzad Bashir

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231144911

Category: Religion

Page: 296

View: 2941

"Bashir weaves a rich history of Sufi Islam around the depiction of bodily actions in Sufi literature and miniature paintings produced circa 1300-1500 CE. Focusing on the Persianate societies of Iran and Central Asia, he explores medieval Sufis' conception of the human body as the primary shuttle between interior (batin) and exterior (zahir) realities with particular attention to three arenas: religious activity in the form of rituals, rules of etiquette, asceticism, and a universal hierarchy of saints; the deep imprint of Persian poetic paradigms on the articulation of love, desire, and gender; and the reputation of Sufi masters for working miracles, which empowered them in all domains of social activity. Bashir ultimately offers a new methodology for extracting historical information from religious narratives"--Cover p. [4].

Sufism in Britain

Author: Ron Geaves,Theodore Gabriel

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441114874

Category: Religion

Page: 224

View: 3806

This volume provides an objective analysis of current trends and developments in the beliefs and practices of Sufis in Britain. Sufism is a dynamic and substantial presence within British Muslim communities and is influencing both religious and political discourses concerning the formation of Islam in Britain. In the 21st century Sufis have re-positioned themselves to represent the views of a 'Traditional Islam', a non-violent 'other Islam', able to combat the discourses of radical movements. Major transformations have taken place in Sufism that illuminate debates over authenticity, legitimacy, and authority within Islam, and religion more generally. Through examining the theory and history involved, as well as a series of case studies, Sufism in Britain charts the processes of change and offers a significant contribution to the political and religious re-organisation of the Muslim presence in Britain, and the West.

Contemporary Relevance of Sufism

Author: Syeda Saiyidain Hameed

Publisher: N.A


Category: Humanism

Page: 350

View: 3545

Papers presented at the International Seminar on Sufism organized by the Indian Council for Cultural Relations, New Delhi, 1991.

Sufism and Saint Veneration in Contemporary Bangladesh

The Maijbhandaris of Chittagong

Author: Hans Harder

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136831886

Category: Religion

Page: 392

View: 9139

Focusing on the Maijbhandari movement in Chittagong, south-eastern Bangladesh, which claims the status of the only Sufi order originated in Bengal and which has gained immense popularity in recent years, this book provides a comprehensive picture of an important aspect of contemporary Bengali Islam in the South Asian context. Expertise in South Asian languages and literatures is combined with ethnographic field work and theoretical formulations from a range of disciplines, including cultural anthropology, Islamic studies and religious studies. Analysing the Maijbhandaris tradition of Bengali spiritual songs, one of the largest popular song traditions in Bengal, the book presents an in-depth study of Bengali Sufi theology, hagiography and Maijbhandari esoteric songs, as well as a discussion of what Bengali Islam is. It is a useful contribution to South Asia Studies, as well as Islamic Studies.

It’s Not Just Academic!

Essays on Sufism and Islamic Studies

Author: Carl W. Ernst

Publisher: SAGE Publishing India

ISBN: 9352800095

Category: Religion

Page: 516

View: 8350

This collection of articles by Carl W Ernst summarizes over 30 years of research, recovering and illuminating remarkable examples of Islamic culture that have been largely overlooked, if not forgotten. It opens with reflections on teaching Islam, focusing on major themes such as Sufism, the Qur’an, the Prophet Muhammad, and Arabic literature. The importance of public scholarship and the questionable opposition between Islam and the West are also addressed. The articles that follow explore multiple facets of Sufism, the ethical and spiritual tradition that has flourished in Muslim societies for over a thousand years. The cumulative effect is to move away from static Orientalist depictions of Sufism and Islam through a series of vivid and creative case studies.

Sufi Narratives of Intimacy

Ibn 'Arabī, Gender, and Sexuality

Author: Sa'diyya Shaikh

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807869864

Category: Religion

Page: 304

View: 5158

Thirteenth-century Sufi poet, mystic, and legal scholar Muhyi al-Din ibn al-'Arabi gave deep and sustained attention to gender as integral to questions of human existence and moral personhood. Reading his works through a critical feminist lens, Sa'diyya Shaikh opens fertile spaces in which new and creative encounters with gender justice in Islam can take place. Grounding her work in Islamic epistemology, Shaikh attends to the ways in which Sufi metaphysics and theology might allow for fundamental shifts in Islamic gender ethics and legal formulations, addressing wide-ranging contemporary challenges including questions of women's rights in marriage and divorce, the politics of veiling, and women's leadership of ritual prayer. Shaikh deftly deconstructs traditional binaries between the spiritual and the political, private conceptions of spiritual development and public notions of social justice, and the realms of inner refinement and those of communal virtue. Drawing on the treasured works of Sufism, Shaikh raises a number of critical questions about the nature of selfhood, subjectivity, spirituality, and society to contribute richly to the prospects of Islamic feminism as well as feminist ethics more broadly.

South Asian Sufis

Devotion, Deviation, and Destiny

Author: Clinton Bennett,Charles M. Ramsey

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441151273

Category: Religion

Page: 318

View: 8962

In-depth ethnographical study of contemporary Sufi orders in Iran, Pakistan, India and Bangladesh, as well as in the UK and US.

The Inner School

Esoteric Sufi Teachings : Interpretations of the Gathas, Gathekas, Githas, Sangathas and Sangithas of Hazrat Inayat Khan

Author: Hidayat Khan

Publisher: Ekstasis Editions

ISBN: 9780921215981

Category: Philosophy

Page: 120

View: 9703

An invaluable guide for any traveller on a spiritual path, The Inner School encapsulates the deepest teachings of contemporary Sufism. It represents an unprecedented publication of esoteric material available in the past only to initiates of Sufi spiritual orders.

Historical Dictionary of Sufism

Author: John Renard

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 9780810865402

Category: Religion

Page: 416

View: 4915

With more than 3,000 entries and cross-references on the history, main figures, institutions, theory, and literary works associated with Islam's mystical tradition, Sufism, this dictionary brings together in one volume extensive historical information that helps put contemporary events into a historical context. Additional features include: map, chronology of all major figures and events, introductory essay, glossary of 400 Arabic, Berber, Chinese, Persian, and Turkish terms, comprehensive bibliography, 21 black-and-white photographs emphasizing important visual themes of Sufi thought and history. Ideal for libraries, as well as students and scholars of religion.

The A to Z of Sufism

Author: John Renard

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 9780810863439

Category: Religion

Page: 414

View: 4287

With more than 3,000 entries and cross-references on the history, main figures, institutions, theory, and literary works associated with Islam's mystical tradition, Sufism, this dictionary brings together in one volume, extensive historical information that helps put contemporary events into a historical context. Additional features include: · chronology of all major figures and events · introductory essay · glossary of 400 Arabic, Berber, Chinese, Persian, and Turkish terms · comprehensive bibliography Ideal for libraries, as well as students and scholars of religion.