Contemporary Masters in Criminology

Author: Joan McCord,John H. Laub

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475798296

Category: Psychology

Page: 412

View: 5879

Reflecting a diversity of thought and intellectual power, this unique volume provides undergraduate students with an important historical context and demonstrates the continuity of many issues in the fields of criminology and criminal justice. Commemorating the fiftieth anniversary of the American Society of Criminology, this volume contains previously published articles by the society's president-many of whom are the leading thinkers in the field. Articles examine the philosophy of punishment, policing, the politics of crime and crime control, criminological theory, drug use, white-collar crime, female crime, the study of deviance, parole, prediction studies, and criminal justice policy.
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Continuity and Discontinuity in Criminal Careers

Author: Paul E. Tracy,Kimberly Kempf-Leonard

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306453472

Category: Political Science

Page: 263

View: 9156

It takes courage to do research on crime and delinquency. Such research is typically conducted in an atmosphere of concern about the problem it addresses and is typically justified as an attempt to discover new facts or to evaluate innovative programs or policies. When, as must often be the case, no new facts are forthcoming or innovative programs turn out not to work, hopes are dashed and time and money are felt to have been wasted. Because they take more time, longitudinal studies require even greater amounts of courage. If the potential for discovery is enhanced, so is the risk of wasted effort. Long-term longitudinal studies are thought to be especially risky for other reasons as well. Theories, issues, and sta tistical methods in vogue at the time they were planned may not be in vogue when they are finally executed. Perhaps worse, according to some perspectives, the structure of causal factors may shift during the execu tion of a longitudinal project such that in the end its findings apply to a reality that no longer exists. These fears and expectations assume an ever-changing world and a corresponding conception of research as a more or less disciplined search for news. Such ideas belittle the contributions of past research and leave us vulnerable to theories, programs, policies, and research agendas that may have only tenuous connections to research of any kind.
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Handbook of Youth and Justice

Author: Susan O. White

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461512891

Category: Psychology

Page: 442

View: 5193

When approached by Plenum to put together a volume of social science research on the topic of "youth and justice," I found the interdisciplinary challenge of such a project intriguing. Having spent 2 years as Director of the Law and Social Science Program at the National Science Foundation, I was well aware of the rich diversity of research that could fit within that topic. I also knew that excellent research on youth and justice was coming from different communities of researchers who often were isolated from each other in their respective disciplines as psychologists, sociologists, criminologists, or policy analysts. I saw this project as an opportunity to break down some of this isolation by introducing these researchers-and their work-to each other and to the broader community of social scientists interested in law and justice. There was another gap, or set of gaps, to be bridged as well. The juvenile justice system and the criminal justice system differ in significant ways, and the civil justice system, which is a major venue for issues of youth and justice, is yet another separate world. Few researchers are likely to know the whole picture. For example, a focus on juvenile justice often ignores the extent to which civil justice proceedings shape the lives of young people through divorce, custody, adoption, family preservation policies, and other actions (and vice versa).
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Handbook of Psychological Approaches with Violent Offenders

Contemporary Strategies and Issues

Author: Vincent B. Van Hasselt,Michel Hersen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461548454

Category: Medical

Page: 528

View: 3365

The past quarter-century has witnessed a dramatic upsurge of violent crime in the United States and abroad. In this country, the rise in violent criminal activity has been consistently documented in such published accounts as the Uniform Crime Reports and the Statistical Handbook on Violence in America, published by the FBI and the Vio lence Research Group, respectively. Further, social scientists-particularly those working in the fields of sociology and psychology-have provided a convergence of findings attesting to the magnitude of one of today's most significant social problems: domestic violence (e. g. , spouse, child, and elder abuse). Such efforts have served as the impetus for heightened clinical and investigative activity in the area of violent be havior. Indeed, a wide range of mental health experts (such as psychologists, psychi atrists, social workers, counselors, and rehabilitation specialists) have endeavored to focus on strategies and issues in research and treatment for violent individuals and their victims. The purpose of this book is to provide a comprehensive and timely examination of current psychological approaches with violent criminal offenders. Despite the fact that we continue to have much to learn about perpetrators of violent acts, in recent an increasingly large body of empirical data have been adduced about this years issue. However, these data generally have appeared in disparate journals and books. That being the case, it is our belief that such a handbook now is warranted.
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Elementarformen sozialen Verhaltens

Social Behavior Its Elementary Forms

Author: George Caspar Homans

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663023915

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 5295

Das vorliegende Buch von George C. Romans bedarf keines Vorwortes im üblichen Sinne. Was Homans aussagen will, sagt er selbst: klar, folgerichtig und ausführlich. Es wäre deshalb unerheblich, etwa darstellen zu wollen, ob ich ihn auch richtig ver standen habe. Es wäre auch vermessen, wollte ich das mir Wesentliche aus seinem Buche herausstellen. Ich lehne dies als untunliche Einmischung in seine eigenen exak ten Gedankengänge ab, wie ich auch dem Leser zumute, daß er sich unbeeinflußt seine eigenen Gedanken über die Erklärungsvorschläge von Homans machen wird. Wie in allen Veröffentlichungen von Homans ist nicht nur wesentlich, was er aus sagt, sondern wie und vor allem wo, d. h. in welchem Zusammenhang er selbst seine Erklärungen abgibt. Wie hat sich, so könnten wir uns allerdings fragen, sein wissenschaftstheoretischer Standort seit seinem Buche THE HUMAN GROUP 1 verändert? Viele werfen Homans vor, er sei zu einem "psychologischen Reduktionalisten" geworden. Er ver suche, das Soziale mit psychologischen Erklärungen zu erfassen. Er hätte, welch ein Sakrileg, gegen Durkheim verstoßen, demzufolge das Soziale nur durch Soziales zu erklären sei.
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Crime and family

selected essays of Joan McCord

Author: Joan McCord,Geoffrey Sayre-McCord

Publisher: Temple Univ Pr

ISBN: 9781592135578

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 310

View: 1271

Joan McCord (1930-2004) was one of the most-respected, and best-loved criminologists of her generation. A brilliant pioneer, Dr. McCord was best known for her work on the Cambridge-Somerville Youth Study, the first large-scale, longitudinal experimental study in the field of criminology. The study was among the first to demonstrate unintended harmful effects of a well-meaning prevention program. Dr. McCord's most important essays from this groundbreaking research project are among those included in this volume.McCord also co-wrote, edited, or co-edited twelve volumes and authored or co-authored 127 journal articles and book chapters. She wrote across a broad array of subjects, including delinquency, alcoholism, violence, crime prevention, and criminal theory. This book brings her most important and lasting work together in one place for the first time.
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Voices from Within

Women Who Have Broken the Law

Author: Evelyn Kathleen Sommers

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 167

View: 848

Women in conflict with the law have their own ideas about why and how they became law breakers. Experts tell us who these women are and why they break the law, usually igonroing of discrediting the opinions of the women themselves. As a counselling and research intern in a women's medium-security prison, Evelyn K. Sommers heard the stories of dozens of women inmates who came for counselling. Their crimes were related to prostitution, drug abuse, theft, physical abuse, assault, and arson. Most of the women had been imprisoned several times before. Their stories called into question existing theoretical explanations for criminal behaviour as well as the explanations commonly heard in the day-to-day discourse of the prison. Sommers came to the conclusion that attempts to help women in conflict with the law can be effective only if they take into account the women's understanding of what happened to them in the course of their lifetime. She resolved to conduct intensive interviewa with fourteen women and to find the common threads in their stories, threads that might prove useful in furthering our understanding of women's conflicts with the law. Sommers presents the women's accounts of their actions, thoughts, and feelings, without excusing, condemning them, and without moulding their explanations for their behaviour to some ideological model. Four common reasons or themes emergedfrom the women's accounts: need; disconnection and the influence of others, visible anger; and fear. Further analysis uncovered two implicit underlying themes that were present in all of the women's stories; namely, the centrality of relationships in their lives and their personal quest for empowerment. Voices from Within demonstrates the importance of conducting separate studies of male and female lawbreakersincluding women as a focus of study; of relying on subjective perspectives to distinguish amd appropratly address differences inherent in the criminal population; and of reconceptualizing of the notion of motivation. Sommers concludes with suggestions for further research, and for practical approaches to working with lawbreakers.
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Criminal Conduct and Substance Abuse Treatment for Adolescents

Pathways to Self-discovery and Change : the Provider's Guide

Author: Harvey B. Milkman,Kenneth W. Wanberg

Publisher: Sage Publications

ISBN: 9781412906159

Category: Psychology

Page: 394

View: 6696

'Milkman and Wanberg's program rests upon the best that science has to offer. Once this workbook stimulates change, it pays attention to the principles of relapse prevention that will help young people stay changed - and this is the litmus test for any treatment program that targets behavioral problems.' -- Dr. Howard J. Shaffer, Ph.D., C.A.S. , Director &BAD:amp; Associate Professor, Division on Addictions, Harvard Medical School Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 'Pathways to Self-Discovery and Change is the most comprehensive and thoughtful program we have seen to help at-risk youth gain freedom from crime and drugs and develop attitudes and skills to lead productive prosocial lives.' -- G. Alan Marlatt, Ph.D. and George A. Parks, Ph.D. , Addictive Behaviors Research Center, University of Washington 'This exceptional and widely needed program shows great promise as a developmentally appropriate treatment model for adolescents who manifest co-occurring disturbances with substance abuse and criminal activity. It is uniquely designed to interest and engage high-risk teenagers in a thoughtful array of cognitive-behavioral restructuring exercises that are geared to promote fulfilling and responsible life choices.' -- Lloyd I. Sederer, MD, Formerly Director of Clinical Services, American Psychiatric Association, and Medical Director , McLean Hospital/Harvard Medical SchoolTHE PROVIDERÆS GUIDE (Criminal Conduct and Substance Abuse Treatment for Adolescents) identifies psychological, biological, and social factors that contribute to the onset of adolescent deviance, including substance abuse, delinquency, and crime. Causal models for these problem behaviors are described, followed by a review of assessment and treatment protocols widely used in contemporary practice. Guidelines are provided for delivery of the 32- session PSD-C treatment curriculum, specifically designed for adolescents who manifest co-existing juvenile justice and substance abuse problems. The PSD-C ProviderÆs Guide explains how effective adolescent treatment derives from integration of the following evidence-based: strategies: motivational enhancement; stages of change; gender and diversity proficiency; cognitive-behavioral skill development; relapse and recidivism prevention; differential assessment; and individualized treatment planning. The ProviderÆs Guide delineates principles for effective adolescent-focused treatment in tandem with the ParticipantÆs Workbook: Pathways to Self-Discovery and Change (PSD-C).
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Der homosexuelle Mann --

Anmerkungen und Beobachtungen aus zwei Jahrzehnten

Author: Elmar Kraushaar

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783935596350

Category: Homosexuality, Male

Page: 207

View: 2983

Der Band enthält eine Auswahl von Glossen, die zwischen 1985 und 2003 in der (alten) Siegessäule, in magnus und in der taz erschienen sind. Seit zwei Jahrzehnten kommentiert Elmar Kraushaar das Geschehen rund um den "homosexuellen Mann", berichtet ironisch-belustigt oder zornig-erbost vom Wechselspiel zwischen Schwulen, Medien und Politik. Die Schwulen mit ihren Eigenarten, ihrer Kultur und Subkultur treffen auf ihre Freunde und Feinde. Der Bogen reicht von Volker Beck zu Klaus Wowereit, von Rosa von Praunheim zu Alfred Biolek, von Helmut Kohl zu Ole von Beust, von der Gustaf-Gründgens-Gedächtnis-Klappe" bis zur "Eingetragenen Lebenspartnerschaft"
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Subject Guide to Books in Print

An Index to the Publishers' Trade List Annual

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 4046

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Bibliographic Guide to Education

Author: GK Hall

Publisher: G K Hall

ISBN: 9780783805016

Category: Reference

Page: 512

View: 1036

The "Bibliographic Guide to Education" lists recent publications cataloged during the past year by Teachers College, Columbia University, supplemented by publications in the field of education cataloged by The Research Libraries of The New York Public Library, selected on the basis of subject headings. Non-book materials, including theses, are included in this "Guide," with the exception of serials. All aspects and levels of education are represented in this "Guide," including such areas as: American elementary and secondary education, higher and adult education, early childhood education, history and philosophy of education, applied pedagogy, international and comparative education, educational administration, education of the culturally disadvantaged and physically handicapped, nursing education and education of minorities and women. Also well covered are the administrative reports of departments of education for various countries and for U.S. states and large cities. The Teachers College collection covers over 200 distinct educational systems. Works in all languages are included. The" Bibliographic Guide to Education" serves in part as an annual supplement to the "Dictionary Catalog of the Teachers College Library, Columbia University" (G.K. Hall & Co., 1970) and Supplements ("First Supplement," 1971; "Second Supplement," 1973; "Third Supplement," 1977).
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