Contemporary Cultures, Global Connections

Anthropology for the 21st Century

Author: Victoria Bernal

Publisher: Cognella Academic Pub

ISBN: 9781621316534

Category: Social Science

Page: 540

View: 9113

This book is an anthology designed to reflect the changing face of cultural anthropology and to reveal the dynamics of present-day life around the world. The selections offer excellent examples of current research by leading anthropologists and others that represent the state of the art in anthropology today.
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Theorizing NGOs

States, Feminisms, and Neoliberalism

Author: Victoria Bernal,Inderpal Grewal

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822377195

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 9424

Theorizing NGOs examines how the rise of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) has transformed the conditions of women's lives and of feminist organizing. Victoria Bernal and Inderpal Grewal suggest that we can understand the proliferation of NGOs through a focus on the NGO as a unified form despite the enormous variation and diversity contained within that form. Theorizing NGOs brings together cutting-edge feminist research on NGOs from various perspectives and disciplines. Contributors locate NGOs within local and transnational configurations of power, interrogate the relationships of nongovernmental organizations to states and to privatization, and map the complex, ambiguous, and ultimately unstable synergies between feminisms and NGOs. While some of the contributors draw on personal experience with NGOs, others employ regional or national perspectives. Spanning a broad range of issues with which NGOs are engaged, from microcredit and domestic violence to democratization, this groundbreaking collection shows that NGOs are, themselves, fields of gendered struggles over power, resources, and status. Contributors. Sonia E. Alvarez, Victoria Bernal, LeeRay M. Costa, Inderpal Grewal, Laura Grünberg, Elissa Helms, Julie Hemment, Saida Hodžic, Lamia Karim, Sabine Lang, Lauren Leve, Kathleen O'Reilly, Aradhana Sharma
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Nation as Network

Diaspora, Cyberspace, and Citizenship

Author: Victoria Bernal

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022614495X

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 473

How is the internet transforming the relationships between citizens and states? What happens to politics when international migration is coupled with digital media, making it easy for people to be politically active in a nation from outside its borders? In Nation as Network, Victoria Bernal creatively combines media studies, ethnography, and African studies to explore this new political paradigm through a striking analysis of how Eritreans in diaspora have used the internet to shape the course of Eritrean history. Bernal argues that Benedict Anderson’s famous concept of nations as “imagined communities” must now be rethought because diasporas and information technologies have transformed the ways nations are sustained and challenged. She traces the development of Eritrean diaspora websites over two turbulent decades that saw the Eritrean state grow ever more tyrannical. Through Eritreans’ own words in posts and debates, she reveals how new subjectivities are formed and political action is galvanized online. She suggests that “infopolitics”—struggles over the management of information—make politics in the 21st century distinct, and she analyzes the innovative ways Eritreans deploy the internet to support and subvert state power. Nation as Network is a unique and compelling work that advances our understanding of the political significance of digital media.
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The Anthropological Field on the Margins of Europe, 1945-1991

Author: Aleksandar Boskovic,Chris Hann

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3643905076

Category: Social Science

Page: 375

View: 5467

The social lives of the peoples of the Balkans have long stimulated the imaginations of their northern European neighbors. These peoples and places have anthropological traditions of their own, shaped initially by nationalist movements and, later, by socialism and other political constraints. From an anthropological perspective, this book explores the region between Greece and Slovenia, when political pressures were strongest in the era of the Cold War. Yet, the environments were by no means uniformly repressive. The study provides indispensable insights for new generations pursuing innovative research agendas in this region in the new century. It raises deeper issues about the boundaries and substance of the anthropological endeavor. (Series: Halle Studies in the Anthropology of Eurasia - Vol. 29)
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The Humanities and the Dynamics of African Culture in the 21st Century

Author: John Ayotunde Isola Bewaji,Kenneth W. Harrow,Eunice E. Omonzejie

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443893552

Category: Social Science

Page: 495

View: 8047

That Africa is at a crossroads in an increasingly globalised world is indisputable. Equally unassailable is the fact that the humanities, as a broad field of intellection, research and learning in Africa, appears to have been pigeonholed in debates of relevance in the development aspirations of many African nations. Historical experiences and contemporary research outputs indicate, however, that the humanities, in its various shades, is critical to Africa’s capacity to respond effectively to such problems as security, corruption, political ineptitude, poverty, superstition, and HIV/AIDS, among many other mounting challenges which confront the people of Africa. The vibrancy and resilience of Africa’s cultures, against these and other odds of globalisation episodes in the course of our history, demand the focused attention of academia to exploit their relevance to contemporary issues. This collection provides a comprehensive overview of issues in the humanities at the turn of the 21st century, which create a veritable platform for the global redefinition and understanding of Africa’s rich cultures and traditions. Such areas covered include ruminations in metaphysics and psychology, pathos and ethos, cinematic and literary connections, and historical conceptualisations.
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Ethical Approaches in Contemporary German-language Literature and Culture

Author: Emily Jeremiah,Frauke Matthes

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 1571135502

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 177

View: 4267

Building on a long tradition in German-language literature and culture, this volume focuses on contemporary engagements with ethical concerns in literary texts, essays, and films.
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Cengage Advantage Books: Humanity: An Introduction to Cultural Anthropology

Author: James Peoples,Garrick Bailey

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495508748

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 7599

Using engaging stories and clear writing, ADVANTAGE BOOKS: HUMANITY: AN INTRODUCTION TO CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY, Eighth Edition introduces cultural anthropology within a solid framework centered around globalization and culture change. Peoples and Bailey focus on the social and cultural consequences of globalization, emphasizing culture change and world problems. The book's engaging narrative provides new ways of looking at many of the challenges facing the world in this century. As you explore more contemporary issues, including recent debates on gay marriage, cultural and economic globalization, population growth, hunger, and the survival of indigenous cultures, you'll gain a better understanding of the cultural information you need to successfully navigate in today's global economy. The authors emphasize the diversity of humanity and reveal why an appreciation and tolerance of cultural differences is critical in the modern world. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Subject Guide to Books in Print

An Index to the Publishers' Trade List Annual

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 7657

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Re-orienting Cuisine

East Asian Foodways in the Twenty-First Century

Author: Kwang Ok Kim

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782385630

Category: Social Science

Page: 310

View: 8791

Foods are changed not only by those who produce and supply them, but also by those who consume them. Analyzing food without considering changes over time and across space is less meaningful than analyzing it in a global context where tastes, lifestyles, and imaginations cross boundaries and blend with each other, challenging the idea of authenticity. A dish that originated in Beijing and is recreated in New York is not necessarily the same, because although authenticity is often claimed, the form, ingredients, or taste may have changed. The contributors of this volume have expanded the discussion of food to include its social and cultural meanings and functions, thereby using it as a way to explain a culture and its changes.
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Ausgewählte Schriften

Cultural studies : ein politisches Theorieprojekt / hrsg. und übers. von Nora Räthzel

Author: Stuart Hall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783886192601

Category: Critical theory

Page: 158

View: 3635

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21st Century Geography

Author: Joseph P. Stoltman

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 141297464X

Category: Science

Page: 883

View: 3105

This is a theoretical and practical guide on how to undertake and navigate advanced research in the arts, humanities and social sciences.
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From the Cult of Waste to the Trash Heap of History

The Politics of Waste in Socialist and Postsocialist Hungary

Author: Zsuzsa Gille

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253116929

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

View: 5143

Zsuzsa Gille combines social history, cultural analysis, and environmental sociology to advance a long overdue social theory of waste in this study of waste management, Hungarian state socialism, and post--Cold War capitalism. From 1948 to the end of the Soviet period, Hungary developed a cult of waste that valued reuse and recycling. With privatization the old environmentally beneficial, though not flawless, waste regime was eliminated, and dumping and waste incineration were again promoted. Gille's analysis focuses on the struggle between a Budapest-based chemical company and the small rural village that became its toxic dump site.
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Gender & Difference in a Globalizing World

Twenty-first Century Anthropology

Author: Frances E. Mascia-Lees

Publisher: Waveland PressInc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 299

View: 4142

Francis E. Mascia-Lees' ability to synthesize complex ideas rewards readers with a text that clearly conceptualizes how differences of gender, race, class, and sexuality structure today's globalizing world. It exposes the strengths and weaknesses of different theoretical orientations used in anthropology to study gender, difference, power, and inequality including feminist anthropology; black feminist anthropology; lesbian/gay/bisexual/transgendered theory; practice, postcolonial, symbolic, and psychological anthropology; as well as social evolutionism, sociobiology, and evolutionary psychology, among others. Mascia-Lees combines core components of these perspectives with insightful analyses and ethnographic examples to illustrate how global events and transformations have molded and continue to shape gender identities, behaviors, and expectations and produce and sustain worldwide inequalities. This exemplary treatment provides a solid background to understand complex issues and to think critically about remedying uneven degrees of privilege and experiences of oppression both within and across nations.
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Die Augen der Haut

Architektur und Die Sinne

Author: Juhani Pallasmaa

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780982225196

Category: Architecture

Page: 110

View: 6393

Architektur kann inspirierend und einnehmend sein, sie kann sogar im Sinne Goethes -das Leben steigern-. Wie kommt es aber, dass architektonische Entwurfe am Zeichentisch oder am Computer-Bildschirm zwar meist recht gut aussehen, in der gebauten Realitat jedoch oft enttauschen? Die Antwort hierfur, behauptet Juhani Pallasmaa, findet sich in der Vorherrschaft des Visuellen, die alle Bereiche von Technologie- und Konsumkultur umfasst und so auch in die Architekturpraxis und -lehre Einzug gehalten hat. Wahrend unsere Erfahrung der Welt auf der Kombination aller funf Sinne beruht, berucksichtigt die Mehrheit der heute realisierten Architektur gerade mal einen den Sehsinn. Die Unterdruckung der anderen Erfahrungsbereiche hat unsere Umwelt sinnlich verarmen lassen und ruft Gefuhle von Distanz und Entfremdung hervor. Erstmalig 1996 (in englischer Sprache) veroffentlicht, ist "Die Augen der Haut" inzwischen zu einem Klassiker der Architekturtheorie geworden, der weltweit zur Pflichtlekture an den Architekturhochschulen gehort. Das Buch besteht aus zwei Essays. Der erste gibt einen Uberblick uber die Entwicklung des okularzentrischen Paradigmas in der westlichen Kultur seit der griechischen Antike sowie uber dessen Einfluss auf unsere Welterfahrung und die Eigenschaften der Architektur. Der zweite Essay untersucht, welche Rolle die ubrigen Sinne bei authentischen Architekturerfahrungen spielen, und weist einen Weg in Richtung einer multisensorischen Architektur, welche ein Gefuhl von Zugehorigkeit und Integration ermoglicht. Seit der Erstveroffentlichung des Buchs hat die Rolle des Korpers und der Sinne ein gesteigertes Interesse in der Architekturphilosophie und Architekturlehre erfahren. Die neue, uberarbeitete und erganzte Ausgabe dieses wegweisenden Werks wird nicht nur Architekten und Studenten dazu anregen, eine ganzheitlichere Architektur zu entwerfen, sondern auch die Wahrnehmung des interessierten Laien bereichern. -Seit "Architektur Erlebnis" (1959) des danischen Architekten Steen Eiler Rasmussen hat es keinen derart pragnanten und klar verstandlichen Text mehr gegeben, der Studenten und Architekten in diesen kritischen Zeiten dabei helfen kann, eine Architektur des 21. Jahrhunderts zu entwickeln.- Steven Holl Juhani Pallasmaa ist einer der angesehensten finnischen Architekten und Architekturtheoretiker. In allen Bereichen seiner theoretischen und gestalterischen Tatigkeit welche Architektur, Grafik Design, Stadteplanung und Ausstellungen umfasst betont er stets die zentrale Rolle von Identitat, Sinneserfahrung und Taktilitat."
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Gewalt

Eine neue Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Steven Pinker

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 310401616X

Category: History

Page: 1216

View: 2643

Die Geschichte der Menschheit – eine ewige Abfolge von Krieg, Genozid, Mord, Folter und Vergewaltigung. Und es wird immer schlimmer. Aber ist das richtig? In einem wahren Opus Magnum, einer groß angelegten Gesamtgeschichte unserer Zivilisation, untersucht der weltbekannte Evolutionspsychologe Steven Pinker die Entwicklung der Gewalt von der Urzeit bis heute und in allen ihren individuellen und kollektiven Formen, vom Verprügeln der Ehefrau bis zum geplanten Völkermord. Unter Rückgriff auf eine Fülle von wissenschaftlichen Belegen aus den unterschiedlichsten Disziplinen beweist er zunächst, dass die Gewalt im Laufe der Geschichte stetig abgenommen hat und wir heute in der friedlichsten Epoche der Menschheit leben. Diese verblüffende Tatsache verlangt nach einer Erklärung: Pinker schält in seiner Analyse sechs Entwicklungen heraus, die diesen Trend begünstigt haben, untersucht die Psychologie der Gewalt auf fünf innere Dämonen, die Gewaltausübung begünstigen, benennt vier Eigenschaften des Menschen, die den inneren Dämonen entgegenarbeiten und isoliert schließlich fünf historische Kräfte, die uns heute in der friedlichsten Zeit seit jeher leben lassen. Pinkers Darstellung revolutioniert den Blick auf die Welt und uns Menschen. Und sie macht Hoffnung und Mut. »Pinkers Studie ist eine leidenschaftliche Antithese zum verbreiteten Kulturpessimismus und dem Gefühl des moralischen Untergangs der Moderne.« Der Spiegel »Steven Pinker ist ein Top-Autor und verdient all die Superlative, mit denen man ihn überhäuft« New York Times» Die Argumente von Steven Pinker haben Gewicht [...]. Die Chance, heute Opfer von Gewalt zu werden, ist viel geringer als zu jeder anderen Zeit. Das ist eine spannende Nachricht, die konträr zur öffentlichen Wahrnehmung ist." Deutschlandfunk »Steven Pinker ist ein intellektueller Rockstar« The Guardian »Der Evolutionspsychologe Steven Pinker gilt als wichtigster Intellektueller« Süddeutsche Zeitung »Verflucht überzeugend« Hamburger Abendblatt
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The Vampire in Contemporary Popular Literature

Author: Lorna Piatti-Farnell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135053375

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 244

View: 3788

Prominent examples from contemporary vampire literature expose a desire to re-evaluate and re-work the long-standing, folkloristic interpretation of the vampire as the immortal undead. This book explores the "new vampire" as a literary trope, offering a comprehensive critical analysis of vampires in contemporary popular literature and demonstrating how they engage with essential cultural preoccupations, anxieties, and desires. Drawing from cultural materialism, anthropology, psychoanalysis, literary criticism, gender studies, and postmodern thought, Piatti-Farnell re-frames the concept of the vampire in relation to a distinctly twenty-first century brand of Gothic imagination, highlighting important aesthetic, conceptual, and cultural changes that have affected the literary genre in the post-2000 era. She places the contemporary literary vampire within the wider popular culture scope, also building critical connections with issues of fandom and readership. In reworking the formulaic elements of the vampiric tradition — and experimenting with genre-bending techniques — this book shows how authors such as J.R. Ward, Stephanie Meyers, Charlaine Harris, and Anne Rice have allowed vampires to be moulded into enigmatic figures who sustain a vivid conceptual debt to contemporary consumer and popular culture. This book highlights the changes — conceptual, political and aesthetic — that vampires have undergone in the past decade, simultaneously addressing how these changes in "vampire identity" impact on the definition of the Gothic as a whole.
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Religion and Culture

An Anthropological Focus

Author: Raymond Scupin

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 472

View: 6356

For sophomore/junior-level courses in World Religions and Anthropology of Religion in departments of Anthropology, Sociology, and Religion. Religion and Culture introduces students to the major World religions and aboriginal religious traditions. This edited volume presents all aspects of the anthropological perspective on religion. Contributing authors provide a unique assembly of various topics and traditions that are researched by contemporary anthropologists
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