Contemporary Criminology in Practice in South Africa

Author: Mohsen Keiany,Henri Fouche,Anni Hesselink

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199078738

Category: Law

Page: 341

View: 6881

This work discusses the interrelated dynamics of schooling, society and inclusive education, focusing on the knowledge and skills Teacher Education students need to make sense of their professional and social environment and to engage with the realities of schooling in South Africa and Africa.
Release

Greening Criminology in the 21st Century

Contemporary debates and future directions in the study of environmental harm

Author: Matthew Hall,Tanya Wyatt,Nigel South,Angus Nurse,Gary Potter,Jennifer Maher

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317124502

Category: Law

Page: 254

View: 8402

In the 21st century, environmental harm is an ever-present reality of our globalised world. Over the last 20 years, criminologists, working alongside a range of other disciplines from the social and physical sciences, have made great strides in their understanding of how different institutions in society, and criminal justice systems in particular – respond – or fail to respond – to the harm imposed on ecosystems and their human and non-human components. Such research has crystallised into the rapidly evolving field of green criminology. This pioneering volume, with contributions from leading experts along with younger scholars, represents the state of the art in criminologists’ pursuit of understanding in the environmental sphere while at the same time challenging academics, lawmakers and policy developers to explore new directions in the study of environmental harm.
Release

Contemporary South Africa

Author: Anthony Butler

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137373385

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 6031

This highly-regarded text provides a wide-ranging introduction to the social, political, cultural and economic life of South Africa. Thoroughly revised and updated, the third edition takes account of recent key developments, including the impact of the economic crisis, the ongoing HIV/AIDS epidemic, and increasing tensions within South Africa's politics and government.
Release

Justice gained?

crime and crime control in South Africa's transition

Author: Bill Dixon,Elrena Van der Spuy

Publisher: Willan Pub

ISBN: 9781843920533

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

View: 2484

Ten years into South Africa's new democracy, crime and what should be done about it are the subject of endless debate. Arguments rage about everything from the accuracy of the country's crime statistics to the state of its prisons. But why is crime such a persistent problem? How have patterns of offending changed over the course of South Africa's transition to democracy? And how have crime control practices altered in response to the challenges of the post-apartheid era? Justice Gained? Sets out to answer theses questions by providing a critical commentary on some key issues in contemporary South African criminology. Written by authors with extensive experience as teachers, researchers, policy advisers and practitioners, the essays challenge some of the received wisdoms re-emerging in a discipline in danger both of forgetting its own history, and of misunderstanding the role of critical social science in a democratic South Africa. Contributions are written in a deliberately accessible style and from a variety of disciplinary perspectives. They make essential reading for policy-makers and practitioners, as well as for students in criminology, law and across the social sciences. Justice Gained? will also be of interest to comparative criminologists and all those concerned with the study of societies in transition.
Release

Deterrence, Choice, and Crime, Volume 23

Contemporary Perspectives

Author: Daniel S. Nagin,Francis T. Cullen,Cheryl Lero Jonson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351112694

Category: Social Science

Page: 422

View: 9602

Deterrence, Choice, and Crime explores the various dimensions of modern deterrence theory, relevant research, and practical applications. Beginning with the classical roots of deterrence theory in Cesare Beccaria’s profoundly important contributions to modern criminological thought, the book draws out the many threads in contemporary criminology that are explicitly mentioned or at least hinted by Beccaria. These include sanction risk perceptions and their behavioral consequences, the deterrent efficacy of the certainty versus the severity of punishment, the role of celerity of punishment in the deterrence process, informal versus formal deterrence, and individual differences in deterrence. The richness of the volume is seen in the inclusion of chapters that focus on the theoretical development of deterrence across disciplines such as criminology and economics. In an innovative section, the role of agents of deterrence is considered. Lessons are learned from the practical applications of deterrence undertaken in the areas of policing, corrections, and the community. The closing section includes Michael Tonry’s "An Honest Politician’s Guide to Deterrence: Certainty, Severity, Celerity, and Parsimony," a reminder of Beccaria’s dictum that "it is better to prevent crimes than punish them." In the current environment, deterrence arguments are routinely used to justify policies that do just the opposite. Ray Paternoster, who contributed two chapters, passed away as this volume was being finalized. Fittingly, this book is dedicated to him and ends with Alex Piquero’s poignant remembrance of Ray, a path-breaking deterrence scholar, beloved mentor, and ardent supporter of social justice. Suitable for researchers and graduate students as well as for advanced courses in criminology, this book breaks new ground in theorizing the effects of punishment and other sanctions on crime control.
Release

Governing through Crime in South Africa

The Politics of Race and Class in Neoliberalizing Regimes

Author: Dr Gail Super

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472401735

Category: Law

Page: 192

View: 4324

This book deals with the historic transition to democracy in South Africa and its impact upon crime and punishment. It examines how the problem of crime has emerged as a major issue to be governed in post-apartheid South Africa. Having undergone a dramatic transition from authoritarianism to democracy, from a white minority to black majority government, South Africa provides rich material on the role that political authority, and challenges to it, play in the construction of crime and criminality. As such, the study is about the socio-cultural and political significance of crime and punishment in the context of a change of regime. The work uses the South African case study to examine a question of wider interest, namely the politics of punishment and race in neoliberalizing regimes. It provides interesting and illuminating empirical material to the broader debate on crime control in post-welfare/neoliberalizing/post transition polities.
Release

Taking Stock

The Status of Criminological Theory

Author: Francis T. Cullen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351487027

Category: Social Science

Page: 468

View: 7987

Criminology is in a period of much theoretical ferment. Older theories have been revitalized, and newer theories have been set forth. Th e very richness of our thinking about crime, however, leads to questions about the relative merits of these competin paradigms. Accordingly, in this volume advocates of prominent theories are asked to "take stock" of their perspectives. Th eir challenge is to assess the empirical status of their theory and to map out future directions for theoretical development.
Release

Hope and Uncertainty in Contemporary African Migration

Author: Nauja Kleist,Dorte Thorsen

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317335481

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 1848

This volume examines the relationship between hope, mobility, and immobility in African migration. Through case studies set within and beyond the continent, it demonstrates that hope offers a unique prism for analyzing the social imaginaries and aspirations which underpin migration in situations of uncertainty, deepening inequality, and delimited access to global circuits of legal mobility. The volume takes departure in a mobility paradox that characterizes contemporary migration. Whereas people all over the world are exposed to widening sets of meaning of the good life elsewhere, an increasing number of people in the Global South have little or no access to authorized modes of international migration. This book examines how African migrants respond to this situation. Focusing on hope, it explores migrants’ temporal and spatial horizons of expectation and possibility and how these horizons link to mobility practices. Such analysis is pertinent as precarious life conditions and increasingly restrictive regimes of mobility characterize the lives of many Africans, while migration continues to constitute important livelihood strategies and to be seen as pathways of improvement. Whereas involuntary immobility is one consequence, another is the emergence and consolidation of new destinations emerging in the Global South. The volume examines this development through empirically grounded and theoretically rich case studies in migrants’ countries of origin, zones of transit, and in new and established destinations in Europe, North America, the Middle East, Latin America and China. It thereby offers an original perspective on linkages between migration, hope, and immobility, ranging from migration aspirations to return.
Release

Combating crime in South Africa

contemporary perspectives

Author: Anton Du Plessis

Publisher: Institute for Strategic Studies University of Pretoria

ISBN: N.A

Category: True Crime

Page: 208

View: 9822

Release

Contemporary Critical Criminology

Author: Walter S. DeKeseredy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113526399X

Category: Reference

Page: 144

View: 5252

The concept of critical criminology – that crime and the present day processes of criminalization are rooted in the core structures of society – is of more relevance today than it has been at any other time. Written by an internationally renowned scholar, Contemporary Critical Criminology introduces the most up-to-date empirical, theoretical, and political contributions made by critical criminologists around the world. In its exploration of this material, the book also challenges the erroneous but widely held notion that the critical criminological project is restricted to mechanically applying theories to substantive topics, or to simple calling for radical political, economic, cultural, and social transformations. This book is an essential source of reference for both undergraduate and postgraduate students of Criminology, Criminal Theory, Social Policy, Research Methodology, and Penology.
Release

African American Classics in Criminology and Criminal Justice

Author: Shaun L Gabbidon,Helen Taylor Greene,Vernetta D Young

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761924333

Category: Social Science

Page: 399

View: 9398

This anthology provides a collection of classic articles in criminology/criminal justice written by black scholars and researchers beginning with W E B Dubois up through Lee Brown, the current mayor of Houston, TX. Articles focus on crime and the black community in social, economic, and political contexts. Never before collected in a single volume, this book offers a chronology of late 19th and 20th century perspectives from African-American scholars who, until recently, have not had a major voice in the development of criminological theory and social policy.
Release

Recent Developments in Criminological Theory

Toward Disciplinary Diversity and Theoretical Integration

Author: Stuart Henry

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 135155204X

Category: Social Science

Page: 560

View: 968

This volume contains recent and cutting-edge articles from leading criminological theorists. The book is organized into ten sections, each representing the latest in the multi-disciplinary orientations representing a cross-section of contemporary criminological theory. These sections include: 1: Classical and Rational Choice; 2: Biological and Biosocial; 3: Psychological; 4: Social Learning and Neutralization; 5: Social Control; 6: Social Ecology, Sub-cultural and Cultural; 7: Anomie and Strain; 8: Conflict and Radical; 9: Feminist and Gender; 10: Critical Criminologies: Anarchist, Postmodernist, Peacemaking. The articles were selected based on their contributions to advancing the field, including ways in which the authors of each chapter understand the current theoretical tendencies of their respective approaches and how they envision the future of their theories. Because of this, the articles focus on theory rather than empirical research. Of particular note is the tendency toward integration of different perspectives, as described by editors, Henry and Lukas, in their original introduction to this volume.
Release

Police Work and Identity

A South African Ethnography

Author: Andrew Faull

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315309831

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 7375

This is a book about the men and women who police contemporary South Africa. Drawing on rich, original ethnographical data, it considers how officers make sense of their jobs and how they find meaning in their duties. It demonstrates that the dynamics that lead to police abuses and scandals in transitional and neo-liberalising regimes such as South Africa can be traced to the day-to-day experiences and ambitions of the average police officer. It is about the stories they tell themselves about themselves and their social worlds, and how these shape the order they produce through their work. By focusing on police officers, this book positions the individual in primacy over the organisation, asking what policing looks like when motivated by the pursuit of ontological security in precarious contexts. It acknowledges but downplays the importance of police culture in determining officers’ attitudes and behaviour, and reminds readers that most officers’ lives are entangled in, and shaped by a range of social, political and cultural forces. It suggests that a job in the South African Police Service (SAPS) is primarily just that: a job. Most officers join the organisation after other dreams have slipped beyond reach, their presence in the Service being almost accidental. But once employed, they re-write their self-narratives and enact carefully choreographed performances to ease managerial and public pressure, and to rationalize their coercive practices. In an era where ‘evidence’ and ‘what works’ reigns supreme, and where ‘cop culture’ is often deemed a primary socializing force, this book emphasises how officers’ personal histories, ambitions, and vulnerabilities remain central to how policing unfolds on the street.
Release

Environmental Crime and Social Conflict

Contemporary and Emerging Issues

Author: Avi Brisman,Nigel South,Rob White

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317142292

Category: Law

Page: 344

View: 832

This impressive collection of original essays explores the relationship between social conflict and the environment - a topic that has received little attention within criminology. The chapters provide a systematic and comprehensive introduction and overview of conflict situations stemming from human exploitation of environments, as well as the impact of social conflicts on the wellbeing and health of specific species and ecosystems. Largely informed by green criminology perspectives, the chapters in the book are intended to stimulate new understandings of the relationships between humans and nature through critical evaluation of environmental destruction and degradation associated with social conflicts occurring around the world. With a goal of creating a typology of environment-social conflict relationships useful for green criminological research, this study is essential reading for scholars and academics in criminology, as well as those interested in crime, law and justice.
Release

Trusted Criminals: White Collar Crime In Contemporary Society

Author: David O. Friedrichs

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495600822

Category: Education

Page: 496

View: 1705

This comprehensive text helps students understand the problems involved in studying white collar crime, explanations for crime, the principal focus of the crimes, and the character of the legal and criminal justice response to the crime. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Release

Punishment in Contemporary China

Its Evolution, Development and Change

Author: Enshen Li

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351039369

Category: Social Science

Page: 172

View: 2568

Punishment in contemporary China has experienced dramatic shifts over the last seven decades or so. This book focuses on the evolution, development and change of punishment in the Maoist (1949-1977), reform (1978-2001) and post-reform eras (2002-) of China to understand the shaping and transformation of punishment within the context of a range of socio-cultural changes across different historical periods. It aims to fill the gap of existing research by developing a distinctive theoretical framework for the China’s penality, exploring it as a separate and complex legal-social system to observe the impact social foundations, political-economic genesis, cultural significance and meanings have exerted on penal form, discourse and force in contemporary China. It sheds light on the sociology of punishment in this socialist Party-state by investigating law reform, penal policy, social control, crime prevention and sentencing as interconnected elements in the criminal justice and penal system. This book will be of great interest to those who study Chinese criminal law, penal and policing system, as well as to law academics, criminologists and sociologists whose research interests lie in the fields of comparative criminology and criminal justice.
Release

Great Debates in Criminology

Author: Chad Posick,Michael Rocque

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315403846

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 5724

This book explores the role of theory and research in criminology. Adopting a unique and refreshing approach to criminological theory, it focuses on the great debates in criminology from its inception as a field to the present day. It explores the debates that have motivated criminological thought, that have represented turning points in theoretical and empirical trajectories, that have offered mini-paradigm shifts, and that have moved the field forward. Coverage includes: Classical debates, including the work of Lombroso, Durkheim, and Sutherland; Sociological vs. psychological debates in criminology; Control theory and cultural deviance theory; Criminal career and trait-based theory; Theory testing in criminology; Critical theories in criminology; Debates on the state of criminology and criminal justice; Policy issues in criminology. Each chapter explores several key debates, summarizes key points, and offers a discussion of the current empirical status. This book is novel in emphasising the role of debate in criminology and offering an enlightening synthesis of theorists and their perspectives. It is essential reading for students taking courses on criminological theory and teachers of those theories. A companion website will include a sample syllabus, PowerPoint lecture slides, examples of assignments, a test bank with sample exams for instructors, video and website links, a glossary of important terms, audio content, and study guides for students.
Release

21st Century Criminology: A Reference Handbook

Author: J. Mitchell Miller

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412960193

Category: Social Science

Page: 915

View: 8702

21st Century Criminology: A Reference Handbook provides straightforward and definitive overviews of 100 key topics comprising traditional criminology and its modern outgrowths. The individual chapters have been designed to serve as a "first-look" reference source for most criminological inquires. Both connected to the sociological origins of criminology (i.e., theory and research methods) and the justice systems' response to crime and related social problems, as well as coverage of major crime types, this two-volume set offers a comprehensive overview of the current state of criminology. From student term papers and masters theses to researchers commencing literature reviews, 21st Century Criminology is a ready source from which to quickly access authoritative knowledge on a range of key issues and topics central to contemporary criminology.
Release