Conspiracy Theories in American History

An Encyclopedia

Author: Peter Knight

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1576078124

Category: History

Page: 925

View: 9478

A reference guide to conspiracy theory presents over 300 entries describing events and theories, analyzing the historical, intellectual, and political context of each, and offering evidence to support or refute each one.
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Conspiracy Theories

Secrecy and Power in American Culture

Author: Mark Fenster

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 0816632421

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

View: 6874

JFK, Karl Marx, the Pope, Aristotle Onassis, Queen Elizabeth II, Howard Hughes, Fox Mulder, Bill Clinton -- all have been linked to vastly complicated global (or even galactic) intrigues. In this enlightening tour of conspiracy theories, Mark Fenster guides readers through this shadowy world and analyzes its complex role in American culture and politics. Fenster argues that conspiracy theories are a form of popular political interpretation and contends that understanding how they circulate through mass culture helps us better understand our society as a whole. To that end, he discusses Richard Hofstadter's The Paranoid Style in American Politics, the militia movement, The X-Files, popular Christian apocalyptic thought, and such artifacts of suspicion as The Turner Diaries, the Illuminatus! trilogy, and the novels of Richard Condon. Fenster analyzes the "conspiracy community" of radio shows, magazine and book publishers, Internet resources, and role-playing games that promote these theories. In this world, the very denial of a conspiracy's existence becomes proof that it exists, and the truth is always "out there." He believes conspiracy theory has become a thrill for a bored subculture, one characterized by its members' reinterpretation of "accepted" history, their deep cynicism about contemporary politics, and their longing for a utopian future. Fenster's progressive critique of conspiracy theories both recognizes the secrecy and inequities of power in contemporary politics and economics and works toward effective political engagement. Probing conspiracy theory's tendencies toward scapegoating, racism, and fascism, as well as Hofstadter's centrist acceptance of a postwar American"consensus, " he advocates what conspiracy theory wants but cannot articulate: a more inclusive, engaging political culture.
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Conspiracy Theories

The Philosophical Debate

Author: David Coady

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754652502

Category: Philosophy

Page: 173

View: 529

Conspiracy theories have historically had a bad reputation, with many philosophers dismissing the topic as irrational. Current philosophical debate has challenged this stance, suggesting that these theories do not deserve their bad reputation. This book represents both sides of the debate. Aimed at a broad philosophical community, including epistemologists, political philosophers, and philosophers of history, this book is a significant contribution to the growing interest in conspiracy theories.
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Operation Shitstorm

Berufsgeheimnisse eines professionellen Medien-Manipulators

Author: Ryan Holiday

Publisher: Plassen Verlag

ISBN: 3864701465

Category: Computers

Page: 320

View: 7185

Nebenkriegsschauplatz wird auf einmal in den Medien gehypt und ein aussichtsreicher Kandidat zerstört. Irgendein Produkt oder eine Person wird auf einmal aus der Anonymität zur viralen Sensation katapultiert. Was Sie nicht wissen: Es gibt jemanden, der für all das verantwortlich ist. Im Regelfall jemand wie ich. Wer bin ich? Ich bin ein Medien-Manipulator. In einer Welt, in der Blogs die Nachrichten beherrschen und auch verfälschen, ist es mein Job, die Blogs zu kontrollieren - so gut, wie das einem Menschen überhaupt möglich ist. Warum teile ich diese Geheimnisse? Ich habe eine Welt satt, in der Blogs indirekte Bestechungsgelder annehmen, in der die Werber beim Schreiben der Nachrichten helfen, Journalisten Lügen verbreiten und keiner am Ende dafür verantwortlich gemacht wird. Ich ziehe den Vorhang über all diesen Vorgängen weg, weil ich nicht möchte, dass die Öffentlichkeit weiterhin für dumm verkauft wird. Ich werde Ihnen genau erklären, wie die Medien heute WIRKLICH funktionieren. Was Sie dann mit diesem Wissen anfangen, das überlasse ich ganz Ihnen
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The AIDS Conspiracy

Science Fights Back

Author: Nicoli Nattrass

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231149123

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 225

View: 4032

Examines conspiracy theories surrounding HIV and AIDS, focusing on two main widely believed falsehoods--that America manufactured AIDS to be a biological weapon and the belief that HIV is harmless and the true cause of AIDS are antiretroviral drugs.
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Conspiracy to Murder

The Rwandan Genocide

Author: Linda Melvern

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781844675425

Category: History

Page: 380

View: 1621

Conspiracy to Murder is a gripping account of the Rwandan genocide, one of the most appalling events of the twentieth century. Linda Melvern's damning indictment of almost all the key figures and institutions involved amounts to a catalogue of failures that only serves to sharpen the horror of a tragedy that could have been avoided.
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Conspiracy Theory in America

Author: Lance deHaven-Smith

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292743793

Category: Political Science

Page: 260

View: 4888

Asserts that the Founders' hard-nosed realism about the likelihood of elite political misconduct—articulated in the Declaration of Independence—has been replaced by today's blanket condemnation of conspiracy beliefs as ludicrous by definition.
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American Conspiracy Theories

Author: Joseph E. Uscinski,Joseph M. Parent

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199351821

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 5182

We are living in an age of conspiracy theories, whether it's enduring, widely held beliefs such as government involvement in the Kennedy assassination or alien activity at Roswell, fears of a powerful infiltrating group such as the Illuminati, Jews, Catholics, or communists, or modern fringe movements of varying popularity such as birtherism and trutherism. What is it in American culture that makes conspiracy theories proliferate? Who is targeted, and why? Are we in the heyday of the conspiracy theory, or is it in decline? Though there is significant scholarly literature on the topic in psychology, sociology, philosophy, and more, American Conspiracy Theories is the first to use broad, long-term empirical data to analyze this popular American tendency. Joseph E. Uscinski and Joseph M. Parent draw on three sources of original data: 120,000 letters to the editor of the New York Times and Chicago Tribune from between 1890 and 2010; a two-wave survey from before and after the 2012 presidential election; and discussions of conspiracy theories culled from online news sources, blogs, and other Web sites, also from before and after the election. Through these sources, they are able to address crucial questions, such as similarities and differences in the nature of conspiracy theories over time, the role of the Internet and communications technologies in spreading modern conspiracy theories, and whether politics, economics, media, war, or other factors are most important in popularizing conspiratorial beliefs. Ultimately, they conclude that power asymmetries, both foreign and domestic, are the main drivers behind conspiracy theories, and that those at the bottom of power hierarchies have a strategic interest in blaming those at the top-in other words, "conspiracy theories are for losers." But these "losers" can end up having tremendous influence on the course of history, and American Conspiracy Theories is an unprecedented examination of one of the defining features of American political life.
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Conspiracy!

Theorie und Geschichte des Paranoiafilms

Author: Henry Taylor

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783894729479

Category:

Page: 584

View: 3782

Im Zentrum des vorliegenden Bandes steht die Frage nach der medialen Konstruktion der kollektiven Imagination einer durch Verschwörung gesteuerten Welt. Dabei wird die These vertreten, dass die konspirationistische Fantasie als imaginäre Lösung und Reaktion auf die postmoderne Zersplitterung des Wissens zu begreifen ist, nachdem Jean-François Lyotard das Ende der?großen Erzählungen? der Moderne von Fortschritt und Emanzipation deklarierte. 0Im theoretischen Teil des Buches stehen genretheoretische, formale, narrative und motivische Aspekte des Paranoiafilms zur Diskussion, während dazu gleichzeitig die Themen Verschwörung, Paranoia und Verschwörungstheorie besprochen und in Beziehung gesetzt werden. Im historischen Teil werden in chronologischer Abfolge vier paradigmatische Narrative untersucht: der vorwiegend psychologisch ausgerichtete Meisterverbrecherfilm der 1910er bis 1930er Jahre; die paranoiden Spielarten des Film Noir in den 1940er und 50er Jahren, unter Einbezug des postklassischen Noir der 60er Jahre; der moderne, soziologische Verschwörungsfilm der 1960er bis 80er Jahre, in dem die Konspirationen zunehmend systemisch und unsichtbar werden; und schließlich die mind-game oder mindbender genannten Filme seit den 1990er Jahren, die sich im Zeichen der Metafiktion mit ontologischen und kosmologischen Verschwörungen beschäftigen. Zentrale Topoi sind unter anderem Mind Control,?Gehirnwäsche? und Überwachung. Nicht zuletzt geht es dabei auch um eine Allegorisierung der jeweils vorherrschenden Medien und ihrer Wirkungsmacht.0.
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Conscience of a Conspiracy Theorist

Author: Robert Lockwood Mills

Publisher: Algora Publishing

ISBN: 0875868274

Category: History

Page: 213

View: 6548

Conscience of a Conspiracy Theoristseeks to show how governmental deceit and (corporate-controlled) media silence have combined to keep the public misinformed about shocking events in American history. In the process, skeptics who question the "official accounts" are labeled "conspiracy theorists," a pejorative term that carries with it suggestions of foolishness and a lack of patriotism.The book focuses on critical moments in American history, with particular focus on the Kennedy assassination, 9/11, and the 2000 and 2004 presidential elections. It exposes flaws in the conventional wisdom in each case, in a non-partisan manner that separates political ideology from an objective analysis of the facts.The author's style is at once objective and academic, utilizing historical background information (often neglected by other historians and the media) to illuminate current circumstances. The book's primary value to readers and libraries lies in its willingness to go where other authors, most major publishers, and the mainstream media refuse to go...into direct criticism of government leaders and their cronies. The term "false-flag event" isn't well understood, but it has been a valuable tool for corrupt leaders and tyrants since the first century AD. Until the reader understands what a false-flag event is, he or she is incapable of recognizing the difference between a conspiracy theorist and an honest skeptic.
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A Culture of Conspiracy

Apocalyptic Visions in Contemporary America

Author: Michael Barkun

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520248120

Category: Religion

Page: 243

View: 3376

Unravelling the genealogies and permutations of conspiracist worldviews, this work shows how this web of urban legends has spread among sub-cultures on the Internet and through mass media, and how this phenomenon relates to larger changes in American culture.
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Manhattan Conspiracy

Angel of Death

Author: Ken Hudnall

Publisher: Omega Press

ISBN: 9780962608759

Category: Fiction

Page: 416

View: 7624

Volume 3 of the Manhattan Conspiracy series concerning one man opposing a terrorist organization determined to destroy America.
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Web of Conspiracy

A Guide to Conspiracy Theory Sites on the Internet

Author: James F. Broderick,Darren W. Miller

Publisher: Information Today, Inc.

ISBN: 9780910965811

Category: Computers

Page: 266

View: 7666

From 9/11 to Roswell, from Princess Di to the Grassy Knoll and beyond, journalists James F. Broderick and Darren W. Miller (Consider the Source) explore more than 20 of the worlds most intriguing conspiracy theories. They examine the facts surrounding each theory, present prevailing and lesser-known arguments, and point to must-see Web sites that advocate, speculate, and debunk. Web of Conspiracy is the ultimate guide for Internet-connected conspiracy theorists, buffs, and researchers and an eye-opening book for anyone who think hes heard it all.
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Conspiracy Theories

A Critical Introduction

Author: Jovan Byford

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230272797

Category: Law

Page: 179

View: 881

No event of any significance in the world today -- be it an unexpected election result, a terrorist attack, the death of a public figure, a meteorological anomaly, or the flu pandemic -- takes place without generating at least a flutter of conspiracy speculations. Conspiracy Theories: A Critical Introduction offers a well informed, highly accessible, and thoroughly engaging introduction to conspiracy theories, discussing their nature and history, causes and consequences. Through a series of specific questions that cut to the core of conspiracism as a global social and cultural phenomenon, the book deconstructs the logic and rhetoric of conspiracy theories and analyses the broader social and psychological factors that contribute to their persistence in modern society. Back cover.
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Transparency and Conspiracy

Author: Harry G. West,Todd Sanders

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 082238485X

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 600

Transparency has, in recent years, become a watchword for good governance. Policymakers and analysts alike evaluate political and economic institutions—courts, corporations, nation-states—according to the transparency of their operating procedures. With the dawn of the New World Order and the “mutual veil dropping” of the post–Cold War era, many have asserted that power in our contemporary world is more transparent than ever. Yet from the perspective of the relatively less privileged, the operation of power often appears opaque and unpredictable. Through vivid ethnographic analyses, Transparency and Conspiracy examines a vast range of expressions of the popular suspicion of power—including forms of shamanism, sorcery, conspiracy theory, and urban legends—illuminating them as ways of making sense of the world in the midst of tumultuous and uneven processes of modernization. In this collection leading anthropologists reveal the variations and commonalities in conspiratorial thinking or occult cosmologies around the globe—in Korea, Tanzania, Mozambique, New York City, Indonesia, Mongolia, Nigeria, and Orange County, California. The contributors chronicle how people express profound suspicions of the United Nations, the state, political parties, police, courts, international financial institutions, banks, traders and shopkeepers, media, churches, intellectuals, and the wealthy. Rather than focusing on the veracity of these convictions, Transparency and Conspiracy investigates who believes what and why. It makes a compelling argument against the dismissal of conspiracy theories and occult cosmologies as antimodern, irrational oversimplifications, showing how these beliefs render the world more complex by calling attention to its contradictions and proposing alternative ways of understanding it. Contributors. Misty Bastian, Karen McCarthy Brown, Jean Comaroff, John Comaroff, Susan Harding, Daniel Hellinger, Caroline Humphrey, Laurel Kendall, Todd Sanders, Albert Schrauwers, Kathleen Stewart, Harry G. West
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Conspiracy Theories

Author: Robin Ramsay

Publisher: Oldcastle Books

ISBN: 1842438190

Category: Social Science

Page: 160

View: 5916

Did you think the X-Files is fiction? If so, you must be one of those deluded fools who think Elvis is dead, believe that the US actually went to the moon, and don't know that the ruling elites did a deal with the extra-terrestrials after the Roswell crash in 1947...Boy, it really is getting strange out there. At one time, you could blame the world's troubles on the Masons or the Illuminati, or the Jews, or One Worlders, or the Great Communist Conspiracy. Now, in addition to the usual suspects, we also have the alien-US elite conspiracy, or the alien shape-shifting reptile conspiracy to worry about - and there are books to prove it as well! Conspiracy Theories - they are all in here - but not just lined up to be ridiculed and dismissed. OK, there is some of that, but the author also tries to sort out the handful of wheat from the choking clouds of intellectual chaff. For, among the nonsensical Conspiracy Theory rubbish currently proliferating on the Internet, there are important nuggets of real research about real conspiracies waiting to be mined. This book has done the mining for you. Fully sourced and referenced, this is both a serious examination of Conspiracy Theories and the Conspiracy Theory phenomenon, and a guide to further explorations of the subject.
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The Law of Criminal Conspiracy

Author: Peter Gillies

Publisher: Federation Press

ISBN: 9781862870192

Category: Conspiracy

Page: 271

View: 4765

This second edition covers the changes to the law of criminal conspiracy in the Commonwealth, Victoria, Western Australia, the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory up to 1990. These changes were not in practice significant - the crime survives in its fundamentals in all jurisdictions. They have been dealt with in this second edition along with the many decisions on the topic which have been reported since 1981.
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Conspiracy Narratives in Roman History

Author: Victoria Emma Pagán

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292758812

Category: History

Page: 207

View: 6988

Conspiracy is a thread that runs throughout the tapestry of Roman history. From the earliest days of the Republic to the waning of the Empire, conspiracies and intrigues created shadow worlds that undermined the openness of Rome's representational government. To expose these dark corners and restore a sense of order and safety, Roman historians frequently wrote about famous conspiracies and about how their secret plots were detected and the perpetrators punished. These accounts reassured readers that the conspiracy was a rare exception that would not happen again—if everyone remained vigilant. In this first book-length treatment of conspiracy in Roman history, Victoria Pagán examines the narrative strategies that five prominent historians used to disclose events that had been deliberately shrouded in secrecy and silence. She compares how Sallust, Livy, and Tacitus constructed their accounts of the betrayed Catilinarian, Bacchanalian, and Pisonian conspiracies. Her analysis reveals how a historical account of a secret event depends upon the transmittal of sensitive information from a private setting to the public sphere—and why women and slaves often proved to be ideal transmitters of secrets. Pagán then turns to Josephus's and Appian's accounts of the assassinations of Caligula and Julius Caesar to explore how the two historians maintained suspense throughout their narratives, despite readers' prior knowledge of the outcomes.
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Conspiracy of Silence

The Trauma of Incest

Author: Sandra Butler

Publisher: Volcano Press

ISBN: 9781884244124

Category: Self-Help

Page: 215

View: 6735

Using interviews and case studies, a social worker explores the dynamics of and social response to incestuous assault, stressing its widespread and egalitarian nature
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