Metals in Medicine

Author: James C. Dabrowiak

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470684979

Category: Science

Page: 334

View: 4831

Working from basic chemical principles, Metals in Medicine presents a complete and methodical approach to the topic. Introductory chapters discuss important bonding concepts applicable to metallo-drugs and their biological targets, interactions that exist between the agents and substances in the biological milieu, basic pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties including transport and uptake of drugs by the cells, and methods for measuring efficacy and toxicity of agents. The steps from drug discovery to market place are also briefly outlined and discussed. These chapters lay the groundwork, in order that students can clearly understand how agents work, whatever their subject background. Following this introduction, chapters focus on individual metallo-drugs and agents for treating and detecting disease, their synthesis, structure and general properties, known mechanism of action and important physical and chemical principles that apply. Topics covered include cisplatin; platinum anticancer drugs; ruthenium, titanium, and gallium for treating cancer; gold compounds for treating arthritis, cancer, and other diseases; vanadium, copper, and zinc in medicine; metal complexes for diagnosing disease; and metals in nanomedicine. Throughout the book, “Feature Boxes” expand on features of drugs that are not directly related to studying metals in medicine, for example discovery, medical use, specialist assays, and metals in biology. At the end of the chapters there are specifically designed problems/exercises that apply basic kinetic, thermodynamic and chemical principles to practical problem solving in metals in medicine. Metals in Medicine distils the essence of this important topic for undergraduate and graduate students in chemistry, biochemistry, biology and the related areas of biophysics, pharmacology, and bioengineering, and for researchers in other fields interested in getting a general insight into metals in medicine.

Solid State Chemistry

An Introduction, Fourth Edition

Author: Lesley E. Smart,Elaine A. Moore

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439847924

Category: Science

Page: 494

View: 7401

Building a foundation with a thorough description of crystalline structures, Solid State Chemistry: An Introduction, Fourth Edition presents a wide range of the synthetic and physical techniques used to prepare and characterize solids. Going beyond basic science, the book explains and analyzes modern techniques and areas of research. The book covers: A range of synthetic and physical techniques used to prepare and characterize solids Bonding, superconductivity, and electrochemical, magnetic, optical, and conductive properties STEM, ionic conductivity, nanotubes and related structures such as graphene, metal organic frameworks, and FeAs superconductors Biological systems in synthesis, solid state modeling, and metamaterials This largely nonmathematical introduction to solid state chemistry includes basic crystallography and structure determination, as well as practical examples of applications and modern developments to offer students the opportunity to apply their knowledge in real-life situations and serve them well throughout their degree course. New in the Fourth Edition Coverage of multiferroics, graphene, and iron-based high temperature superconductors, the techniques available with synchrotron radiation, and metal organic frameworks (MOFs) More space devoted to electron microscopy and preparative methods New discussion of conducting polymers in the expanded section on carbon nanoscience

Electronic Structure and Properties of Transition Metal Compounds

Introduction to the Theory

Author: Isaac B. Bersuker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470920858

Category: Science

Page: 759

View: 1474

With more than 40% new and revised materials, this second edition offers researchers and students in the field a comprehensive understanding of fundamental molecular properties amidst cutting-edge applications. Including ~70 Example-Boxes and summary notes, questions, exercises, problem sets, and illustrations in each chapter, this publication is also suitable for use as a textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate students. Novel material is introduced in description of multi-orbital chemical bonding, spectroscopic and magnetic properties, methods of electronic structure calculation, and quantum-classical modeling for organometallic and metallobiochemical systems. This is an excellent reference for chemists, researchers and teachers, and advanced undergraduate and graduate students in inorganic, coordination, and organometallic chemistry.

Organotransition Metal Chemistry

Fundamental Concepts and Applications

Author: Akio Yamamoto

Publisher: Wiley-Interscience


Category: Science

Page: 455

View: 2936

A systematic, readable treatment of organotransition metal chemistry that provides students, teachers, and practicing chemists with an understanding of basic concepts in catalysis and synthetic procedures using transition metal reagents. Covers basic principles of coordination chemistry, organometallic compounds of transition metals and non-transition metals, reactions, industrial applications, use in synthesis, methods of manipulation for air-sensitive compounds, and an overview of related topics. Well illustrated with figures and formulae.

Chirality in Transition Metal Chemistry

Molecules, Supramolecular Assemblies and Materials

Author: Hani Amouri,Michel Gruselle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047072160X

Category: Science

Page: 260

View: 9711

Chirality in Transition Metal Chemistry is an essential introduction to this increasingly important field for students and researchers in inorganic chemistry. Emphasising applications and real-world examples, the book begins with an overview of chirality, with a discussion of absolute configurations and system descriptors, physical properties of enantiomers, and principles of resolution and preparation of enantiomers. The subsequent chapters deal with the the specifics of chirality as it applies to transition metals. Some reviews of Chirality in Transition Metal Chemistry "...useful to students taking an advanced undergraduate course and particularly to postgraduates and academics undertaking research in the areas of chiral inorganic supramolecular complexes and materials." Chemistry World, August 2009 “...the book offers an extremely exciting new addition to the study of inorganic chemistry, and should be compulsory reading for students entering their final year of undergraduate studies or starting a Ph.D. in structural inorganic chemistry.” Applied Organometallic Chemistry Volume 23, Issue 5, May 2009 “...In conclusion the book gives a wonderful overview of the topic. It is helpful for anyone entering the field through systematic and detailed introduction of basic information. It was time to publish a new and topical text book covering the important aspect of coordination chemistry. It builds bridges between Inorganic, organic and supramolecular chemistry. I can recommend the book to everybody who is interested in the chemistry of chiral coordination compounds .” Angew. chem. Volume 48, Issue 18, April 2009 About the Series Chirality in Transition Metal Chemistry is the latest addition to the Wiley Inorganic Chemistry Advanced Textbook series. This series reflects the pivotal role of modern inorganic and physical chemistry in a whole range of emerging areas such as materials chemistry, green chemistry and bioinorganic chemistry, as well as providing a solid grounding in established areas such as solid state chemistry, coordination chemistry, main group chemistry and physical inorganic chemistry.

Cluster Chemistry

Introduction to the Chemistry of Transition Metal and Main Group Element Molecular Clusters

Author: Guillermo Gonzalez-Moraga

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642859267

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 8411

Cluster chemistry is one of the recent, exciting areas of Inorganic Chemistry. The occurence of molecular clusters, like fullerene C60, constitutes a fundamental feature midway between the chemistry of isolated chemical compounds and that of the elements. Main features of the Cluster Chemistry of both main group and transition metal elements are treated in this book. The author highlights aspects releated to the synthesis, the structure, the special bonding and the reactivity of these species. The book is written as a textbook for senior undergraduate and postgraduate students. References in tables andillustrations permit the reader to reach relevant original information. Professor Gonzalez-Moraga fills a demand for a publication appropriate for dissemination and specially for teaching this exciting subject. From the Contents: Current Concepts in Modern Chemistry - Transition Metal Cluster Chemistry - Main Group-Transition Metal Mixed Clusters - Cluster Compounds of the Main Group Elements - Synthetic Analogues of the Active Sites of Iron-Sulfur Proteins.

Core Concepts in Supramolecular Chemistry and Nanochemistry

Author: Jonathan W. Steed,David R. Turner,Karl Wallace

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470858707

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 7213

Supramolecular chemistry and nanochemistry are two strongly interrelated cutting edge frontiers in research in the chemical sciences. The results of recent work in the area are now an increasing part of modern degree courses and hugely important to researchers. Core Concepts in Supramolecular Chemistry and Nanochemistry clearly outlines the fundamentals that underlie supramolecular chemistry and nanochemistry and takes an umbrella view of the whole area. This concise textbook traces the fascinating modern practice of the chemistry of the non-covalent bond from its fundamental origins through to it expression in the emergence of nanochemistry. Fusing synthetic materials and supramolecular chemistry with crystal engineering and the emerging principles of nanotechnology, the book is an ideal introduction to current chemical thought for researchers and a superb resource for students entering these exciting areas for the first time. The book builds from first principles rather than adopting a review style and includes key references to guide the reader through influential work. supplementary website featuring powerpoint slides of the figures in the book further references in each chapter builds from first principles rather than adopting a review style includes chapter on nanochemistry clear diagrams to highlight basic principles

Organotransition Metal Chemistry

Author: Anthony F. Hill,A. F. Hill

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9780854046225

Category: Education

Page: 185

View: 3614

This book aims to introduce undergraduates to the utility of organotransition metal chemistry, a discipline of importance to scientists in a variety of industry sectors.

Landmarks in Organo-Transition Metal Chemistry

A Personal View

Author: Helmut Werner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387098488

Category: Science

Page: 348

View: 6221

Since the discovery of ferrocene and the sandwich-type complexes, the development of organometallic chemistry took its course like an avalanche and became one of the scientific success stories of the second half of the twentieth century. Based on this development, the traditional boundaries between inorganic and organic chemistry gradually disappeared and a rebirth of the nowadays highly important field of homogeneous catalysis occurred. It is fair to say that despite the fact that the key discovery, which sparked it all off, was made more than 50 years ago, organometallic chemistry remains a young and lively discipline.

Ligand Design in Metal Chemistry

Reactivity and Catalysis

Author: Mark Stradiotto,Rylan J. Lundgren

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118839838

Category: Science

Page: 442

View: 4496

The design of ancillary ligands used to modify the structural and reactivity properties of metal complexes has evolved into a rapidly expanding sub-discipline in inorganic and organometallic chemistry. Ancillary ligand design has figured directly in the discovery of new bonding motifs and stoichiometric reactivity, as well as in the development of new catalytic protocols that have had widespread positive impact on chemical synthesis on benchtop and industrial scales. Ligand Design in Metal Chemistry presents a collection of cutting-edge contributions from leaders in the field of ligand design, encompassing a broad spectrum of ancillary ligand classes and reactivity applications. Topics covered include: Key concepts in ligand design Redox non-innocent ligands Ligands for selective alkene metathesis Ligands in cross-coupling Ligand design in polymerization Ligand design in modern lanthanide chemistry Cooperative metal-ligand reactivity P,N Ligands for enantioselective hydrogenation Spiro-cyclic ligands in asymmetric catalysis This book will be a valuable reference for academic researchers and industry practitioners working in the field of ligand design, as well as those who work in the many areas in which the impact of ancillary ligand design has proven significant, for example synthetic organic chemistry, catalysis, medicinal chemistry, polymer science and materials chemistry.

Concepts And Problems In Inorganic Chemistry

Author: P. S. Raghavan

Publisher: Discovery Publishing House

ISBN: 9788171414185


Page: 425

View: 8234

Contents: Periodic Table and Periodic Properties, Elements of Row 2 of the Periodic Table, Hydrogen and Hydrides, Group I: The Alkali Metals, Group II: The Alkaline Earths, The p-Block Elements, Group III: The Boron Group, Group IV: The Carbon Group, Group V: The Nitrogen Group, Group VI: The Oxygen Group, Group VIII: The Halogens, The Noble Gases, Metals and Metallurgy, Transition Metals, Coordination Compounds, More Solved Problems.

Mössbauer Spectroscopy and Transition Metal Chemistry

Author: P. Gütlich,R. Link,A. Trautwein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662125455

Category: Science

Page: 282

View: 5707

Two decades have passed since the original discovery of recoilless nuclear gamma resonance by Rudolf Mossbauer; the spectroscopic method based on this resonance effect - referred to as Mossbauer spectroscopy - has developed into a powerful tool in solid-state research. The users are chemists, physicists, biologists, geologists, and scientists from other disciplines, and the spectrum of problems amenable to this method has become extraordinarily broad. In the present volume we have confined ourselves to applications of Mossbauer spectroscopy to the area of transition elements. We hope that the book will be useful not only to non-Mossbauer special ists with problem-Oriented activities in the chemistry and physics of transition elements, but also to those actively working in the field of Mossbauer spectroscopy on systems (compounds as well as alloys) of transition elements. The first five chapters are directed to introducing the reader who is not familiar with the technique to the principles of the recoilless nuclear resonance effect, the hyperfme interactions between nuclei and electronic properties such as electric and magnetic fields, some essential aspects about measurements, and the evaluation of Moss bauer spectra. Chapter 6 deals with the interpretation of Mossbauer parameters of iron compounds. Here we have placed emphasis on the information about the electronic structure, in correlation with quantum chemical methods, because of its importance for chemical bonding and magnetic properties.

Organometallic Chemistry

Author: E. W. Abel,F. G. A. Stone

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 0851866816

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 424

This Specialist Periodical Report aims to reflect the growing interest in the potential of organometallic chemistry.

Advanced Concepts in Photovoltaics

Author: Arthur J. Nozik,Gavin Conibeer ,Matthew C Beard

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849735913

Category: Science

Page: 608

View: 7825

This book describes the diverse range of materials and fabrication methods now available to take photovoltaic systems into the third generation and exceed the Shockley-Quieisser limit.

Chemistry in Theory

Author: Bwaraniko Paul


ISBN: 1304046990


Page: N.A

View: 4754


Advances in Organometallic Chemistry

Author: Anthony F. Hill,Mark J. Fink

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080922577

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 7157

Almost all branches of chemistry and material science now interface with organometallic chemistry--the study of compounds containing carbon-metal bonds. This widely acclaimed serial contains authoritative reviews that address all aspects of organometallic chemistry, a field that has expanded enormously since the publication of Volume 1 in 1964. * Fully updated and expanded to reflect recent advances * Illustrated with pertinenet examples from recent literature * Contributions from leading authorities and industry experts

Textbk Radiopharmacy

Author: C. B. Sampson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9782881249730

Category: Medical

Page: 360

View: 4023

This second edition now includes practical information on drug enhancement of nuclear medicine studies; radiopharmaceuticals as therapeutic agents; pharmacokinetics and a section on current radiopharmaceutical research. This book begins with the basic scientific principles of radiation physics, generator systems and preparation of radiopharmaceuticals. It deals with methods of localization of radiopharmaceuticals such as lung deposition, ion exchange, membrane transportation, phagocytosis and pinocytosis. The important role of radiolabelling blood components is reviewed. The latest information on factors affecting biodistribution, adverse and unusual reactions, the integrity of radiopharmaceuticals and dosimetry is also included. There is also a section on new radiopharmaceuticals. The final chapter on paediatric radiopharmacy deals with the preparation of doses for children, methods of calculating doses and documentation.

Concepts and Methods in Modern Theoretical Chemistry

Electronic Structure and Reactivity

Author: Swapan Kumar Ghosh,Pratim Kumar Chattaraj

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466505311

Category: Science

Page: 498

View: 8986

Concepts and Methods in Modern Theoretical Chemistry: Electronic Structure and Reactivity, the first book in a two-volume set, focuses on the structure and reactivity of systems and phenomena. A new addition to the series Atoms, Molecules, and Clusters, this book offers chapters written by experts in their fields. It enables readers to learn how concepts from ab initio quantum chemistry and density functional theory (DFT) can be used to describe, understand, and predict electronic structure and chemical reactivity. This book covers a wide range of subjects, including discussions on the following topics: DFT, particularly the functional and conceptual aspects Excited states, molecular electrostatic potentials, and intermolecular interactions General theoretical aspects and application to molecules Clusters and solids, electronic stress, and electron affinity difference The information theory and the virial theorem New periodic tables The role of the ionization potential Although most of the chapters are written at a level that is accessible to a senior graduate student, experienced researchers will also find interesting new insights in these experts’ perspectives. This comprehensive book provides an invaluable resource toward understanding the whole gamut of atoms, molecules, and clusters.