Computing Anticipatory Systems: CASYS 2001

Fifth International Conference, Liege, Belgium, 13-18 August 2001

Author: D. M. Dubois

Publisher: American Institute of Physics

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 590

View: 5905

These AIP Conference Proceedings contain the papers of the two invited speakers: "Systems with Emergent Dynamics" by Ian Stewart (UK), who received the CHAOS AWARD, and "The Role of Anticipation in Intelligent Systems" by George J. Klir (USA), who received the CASYS'01 AWARD. Second, all the papers of the authors who received a Best Paper Award, and, third, a selection of invited papers. The scope is the study, research, and development in the new frontier of science dealing with the paradigm of computing anticipatory systems. A computing anticipatory system is a system which computes its current states in taking into account its anticipatory states. Strong anticipation refers to an anticipation of events built by or embedded in a system. Weak anticipation refers to an anticipation of events predicted or forecast from a model of a system. Topics include Anticipatory Systems, Cybernetics and Epistemology; Mathematical System, Chaos, Anticipation and Incursion; Relativity, Quantum Physics and Quantum Computing; Intelligent Agents, Learning and Cognitive Systems; Organisation, Regulation, Management and Planning; Control Systems, Robots, Neural Nets and Agents; and Information Science Models and Anticipatory Programs.
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Computing Anticipatory Systems

CASYS'03 - Sixth International Conference

Author: D. M. Dubois

Publisher: Amer Inst of Physics

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 602

View: 1544

The scope of these proceedings is the study, research, and development in the new frontier of science dealing with the paradigm of computing anticipatory systems. A computing anticipatory system is a system which computes its current states in taking into account its anticipatory states. Strong anticipation refers to an anticipation of events built by or embedded in a system. Weak anticipation refers to an anticipation of events predicted or forecast from a model of a system. These proceedings include all the papers by invited speakers who received awards at CASYS'03 as well as a selection of invited papers. Topics include: relativity, quantum mechanics and biophysical systems; anticipatory systems, adaptation and hyperincursion; mathematical models, chaos and soft computing; logic, algorithms and computing systems; living systems, evolution and cognitive models; decision support, enterprise and management models and control systems, simulation and chaos.
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Computing Anticipatory Systems

CASYS'05 - Seventh International Conference on Computing Anticipatory Systems

Author: Daniel M. Dubois

Publisher: American Inst. of Physics

ISBN: 9780735403314

Category: Computers

Page: 652

View: 8094

This book constitutes the proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Computing Anticipatory Systems, CASYS'05. The volume includes all invited papers as well as those papers that received a best paper award. Also included is a lecture on "General Principles for Brain Design," presented by Brian D. Josephson, Nobel Laureate in Physics. The papers discuss recent research and development in the modeling and computing of anticipatory systems in fields of natural and artificial systems.
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Computing Anticipatory Systems

CASYS'07 - Eighth International Conference

Author: D. Dubois

Publisher: American Inst. of Physics

ISBN: 9780735405790

Category: Computers

Page: 428

View: 3500

These proceedings deal with a selection of papers presented at the 8th International Conference CASYS’07, on COMPUTING ANTICIPATORY SYSTEMS, 6-11 August 2007, held at HEC Management School - University of Liege, Liège, Belgium. The content of these proceedings deals with the most recent Research & Development in the area of theoretical developments and applications in the modelling and computing of anticipation in any fields of natural and artificial systems. A computing anticipatory system is a system that computes its current states in taking into account its past and present states but also its potential future states. Strong anticipation refers to an anticipation of events built by or embedded in a system. Weak anticipation refers to an anticipation of events predicted or forecasted from a model of a system. This volume contains the first invited lecture “Neural Approach to Machine Consciousness”, by Prof. Dr Igor Aleksander, FREng (UK) who received the CHAOS AWARD, and the second invited lecture “Quantum Mechanics, Pattern Recognition, and the Mammalian Brain”, by Dr George Chapline (USA) who received the CASYS AWARD. The peer reviewed papers that received a BEST PAPER AWARD at CASYS’07, and some invited papers are included in these proceedings. Adel F. Antippa (Canada) and Daniel M. Dubois (Belgium) presented the continuation of their original research project on discrete physics with their third fundamental paper “Synchronous Discrete Harmonic Oscillator” that also appears in these proceedings. The interdisciplinary outstanding topics of these proceedings are readable by researchers and scientists with a university background.
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Computing Anticipatory Systems: CASYS 2001

Fifth International Conference, Liege, Belgium, 13-18 August 2001

Author: D. M. Dubois

Publisher: American Institute of Physics

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 590

View: 4043

These AIP Conference Proceedings contain the papers of the two invited speakers: "Systems with Emergent Dynamics" by Ian Stewart (UK), who received the CHAOS AWARD, and "The Role of Anticipation in Intelligent Systems" by George J. Klir (USA), who received the CASYS'01 AWARD. Second, all the papers of the authors who received a Best Paper Award, and, third, a selection of invited papers. The scope is the study, research, and development in the new frontier of science dealing with the paradigm of computing anticipatory systems. A computing anticipatory system is a system which computes its current states in taking into account its anticipatory states. Strong anticipation refers to an anticipation of events built by or embedded in a system. Weak anticipation refers to an anticipation of events predicted or forecast from a model of a system. Topics include Anticipatory Systems, Cybernetics and Epistemology; Mathematical System, Chaos, Anticipation and Incursion; Relativity, Quantum Physics and Quantum Computing; Intelligent Agents, Learning and Cognitive Systems; Organisation, Regulation, Management and Planning; Control Systems, Robots, Neural Nets and Agents; and Information Science Models and Anticipatory Programs.
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Anticipatory Systems

Philosophical, Mathematical and Methodological Foundations

Author: Robert Rosen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483286274

Category: Science

Page: 446

View: 9590

The first detailed study of this most important class of systems which contain internal predictive models of themselves and/or of their environments and whose predictions are utilized for purposes of present control. This book develops the basic concept of a predictive model, and shows how it can be embedded into a system of feedforward control. Includes many examples and stresses analogies between wired-in anticipatory control and processes of learning and adaption, at both individual and social levels. Shows how the basic theory of such systems throws a new light both on analytic problems (understanding what is going on in an organism or a social system) and synthetic ones (developing forecasting methods for making individual or collective decisions).
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Anticipatory Systems

Philosophical, Mathematical, and Methodological Foundations

Author: Robert Rosen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461412692

Category: Mathematics

Page: 472

View: 6660

Robert Rosen was not only a biologist, he was also a brilliant mathematician whose extraordinary contributions to theoretical biology were tremendous. Founding, with this book, the area of Anticipatory Systems Theory is a remarkable outcome of his work in theoretical biology. This second edition of his book Anticipatory Systems, has been carefully revised and edited, and includes an Introduction by Judith Rosen. It has also been expanded with a set of Prolegomena by Dr. Mihai Nadin, who offers an historical survey of this fast growing field since the original work was published. There is also some exciting new work, in the form of an additional chapter on the Ontology of Anticipation, by Dr. John Kineman. An addendum-- with autobiographical reminiscences by Robert Rosen, himself, and a short story by Judith Rosen about her father-- adds a personal touch. This work, now available again, serves as the guiding foundations for the growing field of Anticipatory Systems and, indeed, any area of science that deals with living organisms in some way, including the study of Life and Mind. It will also be of interest to graduate students and researchers in the field of Systems Science.
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Anticipation Across Disciplines

Author: Mihai Nadin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319225995

Category: Computers

Page: 403

View: 3280

Never before was anticipation more relevant to the life and activity of humankind than it is today. “It is no overstatement to suggest that humanity’s future will be shaped by its capacity to anticipate....” (Research Agenda for the 21st Century, National Science Foundation). The sciences and the humanities can no longer risk explaining away the complexity and interactivity that lie at the foundation of life and living. The perspective of the world that anticipation opens justifies the descriptor “the post-Cartesian Revolution.” If anticipation is a valid research domain, what practical relevance can we await? Indeed, anticipation is more than just the latest catch-word in marketing the apps developed by the digital technology industry. Due to spectacular advances in the study of the living, anticipation can claim a legitimate place in current investigations and applications in the sciences and the humanities. Biology, genetics, medicine, as well as politics and cognitive, behavioral, and social sciences, provide rich evidence of anticipatory processes at work. Readers seeking a foundation for an ticipation will find in these pages recent outcomes pertinent to plant life, political anticipation, cognitive science, architecture, computation. The authors contributing to this volume frame experimental data in language that can be shared among experts from all fields of endeavor. The major characteristic is the inference from the richness of data to principles and practical consequences.
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E-Book Energy Medicine East and West

a natural history of qi

Author: David F. Mayor,Marc S. Micozzi

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702049239

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 420

View: 9368

Energy Medicine East and West: A Natural History of Qi provides a unique, comprehensive overview of Qi or bioenergy for students and practitioners of energy medicines, Chinese and Oriental Medicine, and all disciplines of Complementary and Integrative Medicine. Mayor and Micozzi start with a comparative historical account of the ancient concepts of Qi and vital energy before covering theories of Qi, a discussion of the organized therapeutic modalities based upon Qi and its applications to specific health and medical conditions. Contributions are included from international experts in the field. The book moves from anatomical and bioenergetic complementarity of Western vital energy and Eastern Qi, through convergence of perspectives and models to demonstrations of how the traditional therapies are being melded together in a new, original and creative synthesis. David Mayor and Marc Micozzi are experienced medical practitioners, authors and editors. David Mayor has been actively involved in bioenergy research, practice and publishing for over 30 years, and is author/editor of Electroacupuncture: A practical manual and resource (2007), as well as other acupuncture texts and studies. Marc Micozzi is Professor in the Department of Physiology and Biophysics at Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC. As author/editor of Fundamentals of Complementary & Alternative Medicine, 4E (2011), and 25 other books, he has been writing, editing and teaching on bioenergy, Qi and related topics for 20 years. Endorsements "This wonderful book has assembled some 25 authors expressing well a view of qi which entirely does justice to its nature. Meticulously referenced, it is a milestone to set beside Maciocias Foundations of Chinese Medicine and Deadmans Manual of Acupuncture. Here at last are the beginnings of a true science of qi...There is truly nothing like it in contemporary literature. Alone, it lays the foundation for the beginnings of a modern science of qi."Richard Bertschinger, Acupuncturist and translator, Somerset, UK. "This book offers a timely and thorough examination of the experience and nature of qi, including a series of fascinating philosophical discussions with a direct application to our patients. Required reading for acupuncture practitioners seeking to justify and clarify their clinical reasoning."Val Hopwood PhD FCSP, Physiotherapist, acupuncturist, researcher and educator; Course director, MSc Acupuncture, Coventry University, UK. "Over the last decade most books on Asian medicine paid tribute to the aura of evidence-based medicine – experience counted little, RCTs were convincing. This book, at last, returns to an old tradition of debate, opening up quite a few new horizons. Reading it, my striving for knowledge was married with enjoyment and happiness. This book made me happy!" Thomas Ots MD PhD, Medical acupuncturist specialising in psychiatry, Graz, Austria; Editor-in-Chief, Deutsche Zeitschrift für Akupunktur. "To simply review the chapter headings is to know the truly remarkable expanse of this book...a wonderful bridge between the mysteries of the East and the sciences of the West...well documented, well written, and enlarging both. Enlightening...nicely depicts outstanding advances in energy psychotherapeutics, thus ultimately helping to move forward the human condition."Maurie D Pressman MD, Emeritus Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA; Emeritus Chairman of Psychiatry, Albert Einstein Medical Center, Philadelphia PA; past President, International Society for the Study of Subtle Energies and Energy Medicine, Lafayette, CO, USA.
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Aspects of Consciousness

Essays on Physics, Death and the Mind

Author: Ingrid Fredriksson

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 078646495X

Category: Science

Page: 231

View: 7970

Throughout the ages, the mystery of what happens when we die and the nature of the human mind has fascinated humankind. In this thoughtful collection of essays, leading scientists and authors contemplate the nature of consciousness, quantum mechanics, string theory, dimensions, space and time, non-local space, the hologram, and the effect of death on the consciousness. Although traditionally considered a matter for philosophical and religious debate, advancements in modern science and in particular the science of resuscitation have now enabled an objective, scientific approach to seek answers to these compelling questions, which bear widespread implications not only for science, but also for all of humanity.
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Infinity in Language

Conceptualization of the Experience of the Sublime

Author: Kenneth Holmqvist,Jarosław Płuciennik

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443803901

Category: Psychology

Page: 185

View: 5387

The book Infinity in Language is a research monograph on the problem of the sublime in language. The authors use methods from cognitive semantics and poetics in order to thoroughly describe how the sublime is used in language. It is a unique attempt to account for one of the most fascinating problems of the human mind: the concept of infinity, and how the experience of infinity and enthusiasm is expressed in language. The book includes new findings in cognitive semantics relating to rhetorical figures such as hyperbole, gradation and accumulation. Cognitive semantics has focused so far on metaphor. This book fills the gap and gives an account of other rhetorical figures. It contains also a historical review of major theories of the sublime by Pseudo-Longinos, Boileau, Burke, Kant, Schiller, Hegel, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche and others, i.e. it spans a period from the first century AD till twentieth century. The authors answer the question how is it possible to present the unpresentable. It is an attempt to outline and develop a model of the rhetoric of the sublime. The model consists of three elements: antimimetic evocation of the unimaginable, a mimesis of emotions and figures of the discourse of the sublime. The books argues in favour of non-cartesian semantics which takes into account not only reason but also emotions, especially very intensive ones. However, the authors also express reservations regarding omnipresent rhetoric of the sublime. They follow those thinkers in the human history who argued against fanaticism and in favour of tolerance and empathy. The book is an original result of an interdisciplinary and international collaboration, lasting many years, between a cognitive scientist and a linguist and literary scholar.
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Anticipatory Behavior in Adaptive Learning Systems

From Psychological Theories to Artificial Cognitive Systems

Author: Giovanni Pezzulo,Martin V. Butz,Olivier Sigaud,Gianluca Baldassarre

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642025641

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 335

View: 1713

Anticipatory behavior in adaptive learning systems continues attracting attention of researchers in many areas, including cognitive systems, neuroscience, psychology, and machine learning. This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-workshop proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Anticipatory Behavior in Adaptive Learning Systems, ABiALS 2008, held in Munich, Germany, in June 2008, in collaboration with the six-monthly Meeting of euCognition 'The Role of Anticipation in Cognition'. The 18 revised full papers presented were carefully selected during two rounds of reviewing and improvement for inclusion in the book. The introductory chapter of this state-of-the-art survey not only provides an overview of the contributions included in this volume but also revisits the current available terminology on anticipatory behavior and relates it to the available system approaches. The papers are organized in topical sections on anticipation in psychology with focus on the ideomotor view, conceptualizations, anticipation and dynamical systems, computational modeling of psychological processes in the individual and social domains, behavioral and cognitive capabilities based on anticipation, and computational frameworks and algorithms for anticipation, and their evaluation.
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Life Itself

A Comprehensive Inquiry Into the Nature, Origin, and Fabrication of Life

Author: Robert Rosen

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231075640

Category: Philosophy

Page: 285

View: 5024

What is life? For four centuries, it has been believed that the only possible scientific approach to this question proceeds from the Cartesian metaphor -- organism as machine. Therefore, organisms are to be studied and characterized the same way "machines" are; the same way any inorganic system is. Robert Rosen argues that such a view is neither necessary nor sufficient to answer the question. He asserts that life is not a specialization of mechanism, but rather a sweeping generalization of it. Above all, Rosen argues that renouncing mechanism does not mean abandoning science. A radical alternative is proposed, drawn equally from experience in biology, physics, and mathematics; an alternative which draws attention to a new class of complex systems, which are radically different from mechanism.
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Essays on Life Itself

Author: Robert Rosen

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231105118

Category: Science

Page: 361

View: 6700

French rule in Syria and Lebanon coincided with the rise of colonial resistance around the world and with profound social trauma after World War I. In this tightly argued study, Elizabeth Thompson shows how Syrians and Lebanese mobilized, like other colonized peoples, to claim the terms of citizenship enjoyed in the European metropole. The negotiations between the French and citizens of the Mandate set the terms of politics for decades after Syria and Lebanon achieved independence in 1946. Colonial Citizens highlights gender as a central battlefield upon which the relative rights and obligations of states and citizens were established. The participants in this struggle included not only elite nationalists and French rulers, but also new mass movements of women, workers, youth, and Islamic populists. The author examines the "gendered battles" fought over France's paternalistic policies in health, education, labor, and the press. Two important and enduring political structures issued from these conflicts: * First, a colonial welfare state emerged by World War II that recognized social rights of citizens to health, education, and labor protection. * Second, tacit gender pacts were forged first by the French and then reaffirmed by the nationalist rulers of the independent states. These gender pacts represented a compromise among male political rivals, who agreed to exclude and marginalize female citizens in public life. This study provides a major contribution to the social construction of gender in nationalist and postcolonial discourse. Returning workers, low-ranking religious figures, and most of all, women to the narrative history of the region--figures usually omitted--Colonial Citizens enhances our understanding of the interwar period in the Middle East, providing needed context for a better understanding of statebuilding, nationalism, Islam, and gender since World War II.
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The Anticipatory Organization

Turn Disruption and Change into Opportunity and Advantage

Author: Daniel Burrus

Publisher: Greenleaf Book Group

ISBN: 1626344477

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 216

View: 2858

Technology-driven change is accelerating at an exponential rate, but moving fast in the wrong direction will only get you into trouble faster! Reacting to problems and digital disruptions, no matter how agile you and your organization are, is no longer good enough. The Anticipatory Organization teaches you how to separate the Hard Trends that will happen, from the Soft Trends that might happen, allowing you to jump ahead with low risk and the confidence certainty can provide. Accelerate innovation and actively shape the future—before someone else does it for you! Digital transformation has divided us all into two camps: the disruptor and the disrupted. The Anticipatory Organization gives you the tools you need to see disruption before it happens, allowing you to turn change into advantage. In The Anticipatory Organization, Burrus shows us that the future is far more certain than we realize, and finding certainty in an uncertain world provides a big advantage for those who know how and where to look for it. Inspired by the dramatic results that organizations are experiencing from his award-winning learning system, The Anticipatory Organization offers a comprehensive way to identify game-changing opportunities. Using the principles of this proven model, you will learn how to elevate planning, accelerate innovation, and transform results by pinpointing and acting upon enormous opportunities waiting to be discovered. Readers will learn how to: • Separate the Hard Trends that will happen from the Soft Trends that might happen • Anticipate disruptions, problems, and game-changing opportunities • Identify and pre-solve predictable problems • Accelerate innovation (both everyday innovation and exponential innovation) • Pinpoint and act upon enormous untapped opportunities ​• Skip problems and barriers to succeed faster
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Facets of Systems Science

Author: George Klir

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489907181

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 664

View: 1214

This book has a rather strange history. It began in Spring 1989, thirteen years after our Systems Science Department at SUNY -Binghamton was established, when I was asked by a group of students in our doctoral program to have a meeting with them. The spokesman of the group, Cliff Joslyn, opened our meeting by stating its purpose. I can closely paraphrase what he said: "We called this meeting to discuss with you, as Chairman of the Department, a fundamental problem with our systems science curriculum. In general, we consider it a good curriculum: we learn a lot of concepts, principles, and methodological tools, mathematical, computational, heuristic, which are fundamental to understanding and dealing with systems. And, yet, we learn virtually nothing about systems science itself. What is systems science? What are its historical roots? What are its aims? Where does it stand and where is it likely to go? These are pressing questions to us. After all, aren't we supposed to carry the systems science flag after we graduate from this program? We feel that a broad introductory course to systems science is urgently needed in the curriculum. Do you agree with this assessment?" The answer was obvious and, yet, not easy to give: "I agree, of course, but I do not see how the situation could be alleviated in the foreseeable future.
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