Models, Learning, and Inference
Author: Simon J. D. Prince
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
View: 8169This modern treatment of computer vision focuses on learning and inference in probabilistic models as a unifying theme. It shows how to use training data to learn the relationships between the observed image data and the aspects of the world that we wish to estimate, such as the 3D structure or the object class, and how to exploit these relationships to make new inferences about the world from new image data. With minimal prerequisites, the book starts from the basics of probability and model fitting and works up to real examples that the reader can implement and modify to build useful vision systems. Primarily meant for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, the detailed methodological presentation will also be useful for practitioners of computer vision. • Covers cutting-edge techniques, including graph cuts, machine learning and multiple view geometry • A unified approach shows the common basis for solutions of important computer vision problems, such as camera calibration, face recognition and object tracking • More than 70 algorithms are described in sufficient detail to implement • More than 350 full-color illustrations amplify the text • The treatment is self-contained, including all of the background mathematics • Additional resources at www.computervisionmodels.com
Algorithms and Applications
Author: Richard Szeliski
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
View: 1549Computer Vision: Algorithms and Applications explores the variety of techniques commonly used to analyze and interpret images. It also describes challenging real-world applications where vision is being successfully used, both for specialized applications such as medical imaging, and for fun, consumer-level tasks such as image editing and stitching, which students can apply to their own personal photos and videos. More than just a source of “recipes,” this exceptionally authoritative and comprehensive textbook/reference also takes a scientific approach to basic vision problems, formulating physical models of the imaging process before inverting them to produce descriptions of a scene. These problems are also analyzed using statistical models and solved using rigorous engineering techniques. Topics and features: structured to support active curricula and project-oriented courses, with tips in the Introduction for using the book in a variety of customized courses; presents exercises at the end of each chapter with a heavy emphasis on testing algorithms and containing numerous suggestions for small mid-term projects; provides additional material and more detailed mathematical topics in the Appendices, which cover linear algebra, numerical techniques, and Bayesian estimation theory; suggests additional reading at the end of each chapter, including the latest research in each sub-field, in addition to a full Bibliography at the end of the book; supplies supplementary course material for students at the associated website, http://szeliski.org/Book/. Suitable for an upper-level undergraduate or graduate-level course in computer science or engineering, this textbook focuses on basic techniques that work under real-world conditions and encourages students to push their creative boundaries. Its design and exposition also make it eminently suitable as a unique reference to the fundamental techniques and current research literature in computer vision.
Author: Richard Hartley,Andrew Zisserman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
View: 2414A basic problem in computer vision is to understand the structure of a real world scene given several images of it. Techniques for solving this problem are taken from projective geometry and photogrammetry. Here, the authors cover the geometric principles and their algebraic representation in terms of camera projection matrices, the fundamental matrix and the trifocal tensor. The theory and methods of computation of these entities are discussed with real examples, as is their use in the reconstruction of scenes from multiple images. The new edition features an extended introduction covering the key ideas in the book (which itself has been updated with additional examples and appendices) and significant new results which have appeared since the first edition. Comprehensive background material is provided, so readers familiar with linear algebra and basic numerical methods can understand the projective geometry and estimation algorithms presented, and implement the algorithms directly from the book.
Tools and algorithms for analyzing images
Author: Jan Erik Solem
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
View: 3672If you want a basic understanding of computer vision’s underlying theory and algorithms, this hands-on introduction is the ideal place to start. You’ll learn techniques for object recognition, 3D reconstruction, stereo imaging, augmented reality, and other computer vision applications as you follow clear examples written in Python. Programming Computer Vision with Python explains computer vision in broad terms that won’t bog you down in theory. You get complete code samples with explanations on how to reproduce and build upon each example, along with exercises to help you apply what you’ve learned. This book is ideal for students, researchers, and enthusiasts with basic programming and standard mathematical skills. Learn techniques used in robot navigation, medical image analysis, and other computer vision applications Work with image mappings and transforms, such as texture warping and panorama creation Compute 3D reconstructions from several images of the same scene Organize images based on similarity or content, using clustering methods Build efficient image retrieval techniques to search for images based on visual content Use algorithms to classify image content and recognize objects Access the popular OpenCV library through a Python interface
An Introduction into Theory and Algorithms
Author: Reinhard Klette
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
View: 9226This textbook provides an accessible general introduction to the essential topics in computer vision. Classroom-tested programming exercises and review questions are also supplied at the end of each chapter. Features: provides an introduction to the basic notation and mathematical concepts for describing an image and the key concepts for mapping an image into an image; explains the topologic and geometric basics for analysing image regions and distributions of image values and discusses identifying patterns in an image; introduces optic flow for representing dense motion and various topics in sparse motion analysis; describes special approaches for image binarization and segmentation of still images or video frames; examines the basic components of a computer vision system; reviews different techniques for vision-based 3D shape reconstruction; includes a discussion of stereo matchers and the phase-congruency model for image features; presents an introduction into classification and learning.
Theory and Practice
Author: Boguslaw Cyganek
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
View: 1865Object detection, tracking and recognition in images are key problems in computer vision. This book provides the reader with a balanced treatment between the theory and practice of selected methods in these areas to make the book accessible to a range of researchers, engineers, developers and postgraduate students working in computer vision and related fields. Key features: Explains the main theoretical ideas behind each method (which are augmented with a rigorous mathematical derivation of the formulas), their implementation (in C++) and demonstrated working in real applications. Places an emphasis on tensor and statistical based approaches within object detection and recognition. Provides an overview of image clustering and classification methods which includes subspace and kernel based processing, mean shift and Kalman filter, neural networks, and k-means methods. Contains numerous case study examples of mainly automotive applications. Includes a companion website hosting full C++ implementation, of topics presented in the book as a software library, and an accompanying manual to the software platform.
Methods and Applications
Author: Rastislav Lukac
Publisher: CRC Press
View: 2442Computational photography refers broadly to imaging techniques that enhance or extend the capabilities of digital photography. This new and rapidly developing research field has evolved from computer vision, image processing, computer graphics and applied optics—and numerous commercial products capitalizing on its principles have already appeared in diverse market applications, due to the gradual migration of computational algorithms from computers to imaging devices and software. Computational Photography: Methods and Applications provides a strong, fundamental understanding of theory and methods, and a foundation upon which to build solutions for many of today's most interesting and challenging computational imaging problems. Elucidating cutting-edge advances and applications in digital imaging, camera image processing, and computational photography, with a focus on related research challenges, this book: Describes single capture image fusion technology for consumer digital cameras Discusses the steps in a camera image processing pipeline, such as visual data compression, color correction and enhancement, denoising, demosaicking, super-resolution reconstruction, deblurring, and high dynamic range imaging Covers shadow detection for surveillance applications, camera-driven document rectification, bilateral filtering and its applications, and painterly rendering of digital images Presents machine-learning methods for automatic image colorization and digital face beautification Explores light field acquisition and processing, space-time light field rendering, and dynamic view synthesis with an array of cameras Because of the urgent challenges associated with emerging digital camera applications, image processing methods for computational photography are of paramount importance to research and development in the imaging community. Presenting the work of leading experts, and edited by a renowned authority in digital color imaging and camera image processing, this book considers the rapid developments in this area and addresses very particular research and application problems. It is ideal as a stand-alone professional reference for design and implementation of digital image and video processing tasks, and it can also be used to support graduate courses in computer vision, digital imaging, visual data processing, and computer graphics, among others.
Principles, Algorithms, Applications, Learning
Author: E. R. Davies
Publisher: Academic Press
View: 9529Computer Vision: Principles, Algorithms, Applications, Learning (previously entitled Computer and Machine Vision) clearly and systematically presents the basic methodology of computer vision, covering the essential elements of the theory while emphasizing algorithmic and practical design constraints. This fully revised fifth edition has brought in more of the concepts and applications of computer vision, making it a very comprehensive and up-to-date text suitable for undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and R&D engineers working in this vibrant subject. See an interview with the author explaining his approach to teaching and learning computer vision - http://scitechconnect.elsevier.com/computer-vision/ Three new chapters on Machine Learning emphasise the way the subject has been developing; Two chapters cover Basic Classification Concepts and Probabilistic Models; and the The third covers the principles of Deep Learning Networks and shows their impact on computer vision, reflected in a new chapter Face Detection and Recognition. A new chapter on Object Segmentation and Shape Models reflects the methodology of machine learning and gives practical demonstrations of its application. In-depth discussions have been included on geometric transformations, the EM algorithm, boosting, semantic segmentation, face frontalisation, RNNs and other key topics. Examples and applications—including the location of biscuits, foreign bodies, faces, eyes, road lanes, surveillance, vehicles and pedestrians—give the ‘ins and outs’ of developing real-world vision systems, showing the realities of practical implementation. Necessary mathematics and essential theory are made approachable by careful explanations and well-illustrated examples. The ‘recent developments’ sections included in each chapter aim to bring students and practitioners up to date with this fast-moving subject. Tailored programming examples—code, methods, illustrations, tasks, hints and solutions (mainly involving MATLAB and C++)
Author: Mark Nixon
View: 7191Focusing on feature extraction while also covering issues and techniques such as image acquisition, sampling theory, point operations and low-level feature extraction, the authors have a clear and coherent approach that will appeal to a wide range of students and professionals. Ideal module text for courses in artificial intelligence, image processing and computer vision Essential reading for engineers and academics working in this cutting-edge field Supported by free software on a companion website
Computer Vision in C++ with the OpenCV Library
Author: Adrian Kaehler,Gary Bradski
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
View: 8694Get started in the rapidly expanding field of computer vision with this practical guide. Written by Adrian Kaehler and Gary Bradski, creator of the open source OpenCV library, this book provides a thorough introduction for developers, academics, roboticists, and hobbyists. You’ll learn what it takes to build applications that enable computers to "see" and make decisions based on that data. With over 500 functions that span many areas in vision, OpenCV is used for commercial applications such as security, medical imaging, pattern and face recognition, robotics, and factory product inspection. This book gives you a firm grounding in computer vision and OpenCV for building simple or sophisticated vision applications. Hands-on exercises in each chapter help you apply what you’ve learned. This volume covers the entire library, in its modern C++ implementation, including machine learning tools for computer vision. Learn OpenCV data types, array types, and array operations Capture and store still and video images with HighGUI Transform images to stretch, shrink, warp, remap, and repair Explore pattern recognition, including face detection Track objects and motion through the visual field Reconstruct 3D images from stereo vision Discover basic and advanced machine learning techniques in OpenCV
Expert techniques to train advanced neural networks using TensorFlow and Keras
Author: rajalingappaa shanmugamani
Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
View: 7407Learn how to model and train advanced neural networks to implement a variety of Computer Vision tasks Key Features Train different kinds of deep learning model from scratch to solve specific problems in Computer Vision Combine the power of Python, Keras, and TensorFlow to build deep learning models for object detection, image classification, similarity learning, image captioning, and more Includes tips on optimizing and improving the performance of your models under various constraints Book Description Deep learning has shown its power in several application areas of Artificial Intelligence, especially in Computer Vision. Computer Vision is the science of understanding and manipulating images, and finds enormous applications in the areas of robotics, automation, and so on. This book will also show you, with practical examples, how to develop Computer Vision applications by leveraging the power of deep learning. In this book, you will learn different techniques related to object classification, object detection, image segmentation, captioning, image generation, face analysis, and more. You will also explore their applications using popular Python libraries such as TensorFlow and Keras. This book will help you master state-of-the-art, deep learning algorithms and their implementation. What you will learn Set up an environment for deep learning with Python, TensorFlow, and Keras Define and train a model for image and video classification Use features from a pre-trained Convolutional Neural Network model for image retrieval Understand and implement object detection using the real-world Pedestrian Detection scenario Learn about various problems in image captioning and how to overcome them by training images and text together Implement similarity matching and train a model for face recognition Understand the concept of generative models and use them for image generation Deploy your deep learning models and optimize them for high performance Who this book is for This book is targeted at data scientists and Computer Vision practitioners who wish to apply the concepts of Deep Learning to overcome any problem related to Computer Vision. A basic knowledge of programming in Python—and some understanding of machine learning concepts—is required to get the best out of this book.
Methods for Computer Vision, Machine Learning, and Graphics
Author: Justin Solomon
Publisher: CRC Press
View: 4702Numerical Algorithms: Methods for Computer Vision, Machine Learning, and Graphics presents a new approach to numerical analysis for modern computer scientists. Using examples from a broad base of computational tasks, including data processing, computational photography, and animation, the textbook introduces numerical modeling and algorithmic design from a practical standpoint and provides insight into the theoretical tools needed to support these skills. The book covers a wide range of topics—from numerical linear algebra to optimization and differential equations—focusing on real-world motivation and unifying themes. It incorporates cases from computer science research and practice, accompanied by highlights from in-depth literature on each subtopic. Comprehensive end-of-chapter exercises encourage critical thinking and build students’ intuition while introducing extensions of the basic material. The text is designed for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in computer science and related fields with experience in calculus and linear algebra. For students with a background in discrete mathematics, the book includes some reminders of relevant continuous mathematical background.
Theory, Algorithms, Practicalities
Author: E. R. Davies
View: 4217Machine Vision: Theory, Algorithms, Practicalities covers the limitations, constraints, and tradeoffs of vision algorithms. This book is organized into four parts encompassing 21 chapters that tackle general topics, such as noise suppression, edge detection, principles of illumination, feature recognition, Bayes’ theory, and Hough transforms. Part 1 provides research ideas on imaging and image filtering operations, thresholding techniques, edge detection, and binary shape and boundary pattern analyses. Part 2 deals with the area of intermediate-level vision, the nature of the Hough transform, shape detection, and corner location. Part 3 demonstrates some of the practical applications of the basic work previously covered in the book. This part also discusses some of the principles underlying implementation, including on lighting and hardware systems. Part 4 highlights the limitations and constraints of vision algorithms and their corresponding solutions. This book will prove useful to students with undergraduate course on vision for electronic engineering or computer science.
Author: Scott Krig
View: 5148Based on the successful 2014 book published by Apress, this textbook edition is expanded to provide a comprehensive history and state-of-the-art survey for fundamental computer vision methods and deep learning. With over 800 essential references, as well as chapter-by-chapter learning assignments, both students and researchers can dig deeper into core computer vision topics and deep learning architectures. The survey covers everything from feature descriptors, regional and global feature metrics, feature learning architectures, deep learning, neuroscience of vision, neural networks, and detailed example architectures to illustrate computer vision hardware and software optimization methods. To complement the survey, the textbook includes useful analyses which provide insight into the goals of various methods, why they work, and how they may be optimized. The text delivers an essential survey and a valuable taxonomy, thus providing a key learning tool for students, researchers and engineers, to supplement the many effective hands-on resources and open source projects, such as OpenCV and other imaging and deep learning tools.
Author: Hongyu Guo
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
View: 7332This book presents a concise exposition of modern mathematical concepts, models and methods with applications in computer graphics, vision and machine learning. The compendium is organized in four parts — Algebra, Geometry, Topology, and Applications. One of the features is a unique treatment of tensor and manifold topics to make them easier for the students. All proofs are omitted to give an emphasis on the exposition of the concepts. Effort is made to help students to build intuition and avoid parrot-like learning. There is minimal inter-chapter dependency. Each chapter can be used as an independent crash course and the reader can start reading from any chapter — almost. This book is intended for upper level undergraduate students, graduate students and researchers in computer graphics, geometric modeling, computer vision, pattern recognition and machine learning. It can be used as a reference book, or a textbook for a selected topics course with the instructor's choice of any of the topics.
Author: Michael Beyeler
Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd
View: 8654Expand your OpenCV knowledge and master key concepts of machine learning using this practical, hands-on guide. About This Book Load, store, edit, and visualize data using OpenCV and Python Grasp the fundamental concepts of classification, regression, and clustering Understand, perform, and experiment with machine learning techniques using this easy-to-follow guide Evaluate, compare, and choose the right algorithm for any task Who This Book Is For This book targets Python programmers who are already familiar with OpenCV; this book will give you the tools and understanding required to build your own machine learning systems, tailored to practical real-world tasks. What You Will Learn Explore and make effective use of OpenCV's machine learning module Learn deep learning for computer vision with Python Master linear regression and regularization techniques Classify objects such as flower species, handwritten digits, and pedestrians Explore the effective use of support vector machines, boosted decision trees, and random forests Get acquainted with neural networks and Deep Learning to address real-world problems Discover hidden structures in your data using k-means clustering Get to grips with data pre-processing and feature engineering In Detail Machine learning is no longer just a buzzword, it is all around us: from protecting your email, to automatically tagging friends in pictures, to predicting what movies you like. Computer vision is one of today's most exciting application fields of machine learning, with Deep Learning driving innovative systems such as self-driving cars and Google's DeepMind. OpenCV lies at the intersection of these topics, providing a comprehensive open-source library for classic as well as state-of-the-art computer vision and machine learning algorithms. In combination with Python Anaconda, you will have access to all the open-source computing libraries you could possibly ask for. Machine learning for OpenCV begins by introducing you to the essential concepts of statistical learning, such as classification and regression. Once all the basics are covered, you will start exploring various algorithms such as decision trees, support vector machines, and Bayesian networks, and learn how to combine them with other OpenCV functionality. As the book progresses, so will your machine learning skills, until you are ready to take on today's hottest topic in the field: Deep Learning. By the end of this book, you will be ready to take on your own machine learning problems, either by building on the existing source code or developing your own algorithm from scratch! Style and approach OpenCV machine learning connects the fundamental theoretical principles behind machine learning to their practical applications in a way that focuses on asking and answering the right questions. This book walks you through the key elements of OpenCV and its powerful machine learning classes, while demonstrating how to get to grips with a range of models.