Computer Organization and Design MIPS Edition

The Hardware/Software Interface

Author: David A. Patterson,John L. Hennessy

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0124078869

Category: Computers

Page: 800

View: 6309

Computer Organization and Design, Fifth Edition, is the latest update to the classic introduction to computer organization. The text now contains new examples and material highlighting the emergence of mobile computing and the cloud. It explores this generational change with updated content featuring tablet computers, cloud infrastructure, and the ARM (mobile computing devices) and x86 (cloud computing) architectures. The book uses a MIPS processor core to present the fundamentals of hardware technologies, assembly language, computer arithmetic, pipelining, memory hierarchies and I/O.Because an understanding of modern hardware is essential to achieving good performance and energy efficiency, this edition adds a new concrete example, Going Faster, used throughout the text to demonstrate extremely effective optimization techniques. There is also a new discussion of the Eight Great Ideas of computer architecture. Parallelism is examined in depth with examples and content highlighting parallel hardware and software topics. The book features the Intel Core i7, ARM Cortex-A8 and NVIDIA Fermi GPU as real-world examples, along with a full set of updated and improved exercises. This new edition is an ideal resource for professional digital system designers, programmers, application developers, and system software developers. It will also be of interest to undergraduate students in Computer Science, Computer Engineering and Electrical Engineering courses in Computer Organization, Computer Design, ranging from Sophomore required courses to Senior Electives. Winner of a 2014 Texty Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association Includes new examples, exercises, and material highlighting the emergence of mobile computing and the cloud Covers parallelism in depth with examples and content highlighting parallel hardware and software topics Features the Intel Core i7, ARM Cortex-A8 and NVIDIA Fermi GPU as real-world examples throughout the book Adds a new concrete example, "Going Faster," to demonstrate how understanding hardware can inspire software optimizations that improve performance by 200 times Discusses and highlights the "Eight Great Ideas" of computer architecture: Performance via Parallelism; Performance via Pipelining; Performance via Prediction; Design for Moore's Law; Hierarchy of Memories; Abstraction to Simplify Design; Make the Common Case Fast; and Dependability via Redundancy Includes a full set of updated and improved exercises

Computer Organization and Design

The Hardware/software Interface

Author: David A. Patterson,John L. Hennessy

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann Pub

ISBN: 9780123706065

Category: Computers

Page: 719

View: 8913

This bestselling text has been thoroughly revised and updated to reflect the newest technologies. The book presents an entire MIPS instruction set and explains the explicit connection between program performance and CPU performance. The authors then show how hardware and software components impact program performance.

Computer Architecture

A Quantitative Approach

Author: John L. Hennessy,David A. Patterson

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0128119063

Category: Computers

Page: 936

View: 4728

Computer Architecture: A Quantitative Approach, Sixth Edition has been considered essential reading by instructors, students and practitioners of computer design for over 20 years. The sixth edition of this classic textbook is fully revised with the latest developments in processor and system architecture. It now features examples from the RISC-V (RISC Five) instruction set architecture, a modern RISC instruction set developed and designed to be a free and openly adoptable standard. It also includes a new chapter on domain-specific architectures and an updated chapter on warehouse-scale computing that features the first public information on Google's newest WSC. True to its original mission of demystifying computer architecture, this edition continues the longstanding tradition of focusing on areas where the most exciting computing innovation is happening, while always keeping an emphasis on good engineering design. Includes a new chapter on domain-specific architectures, explaining how they are the only path forward for improved performance and energy efficiency given the end of Moore’s Law and Dennard scaling Features the first publication of several DSAs from industry Features extensive updates to the chapter on warehouse-scale computing, with the first public information on the newest Google WSC Offers updates to other chapters including new material dealing with the use of stacked DRAM; data on the performance of new NVIDIA Pascal GPU vs. new AVX-512 Intel Skylake CPU; and extensive additions to content covering multicore architecture and organization Includes "Putting It All Together" sections near the end of every chapter, providing real-world technology examples that demonstrate the principles covered in each chapter Includes review appendices in the printed text and additional reference appendices available online Includes updated and improved case studies and exercises

Parallel Computer Architecture

A Hardware/software Approach

Author: David E. Culler,Jaswinder Pal Singh,Anoop Gupta

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 1558603433

Category: Computers

Page: 1025

View: 2465

This book outlines a set of issues that are critical to all of parallel architecture--communication latency, communication bandwidth, and coordination of cooperative work (across modern designs). It describes the set of techniques available in hardware and in software to address each issues and explore how the various techniques interact.

See MIPS Run

Author: Dominic Sweetman

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080525235

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 512

View: 1836

See MIPS Run, Second Edition, is not only a thorough update of the first edition, it is also a marriage of the best-known RISC architecture--MIPS--with the best-known open-source OS--Linux. The first part of the book begins with MIPS design principles and then describes the MIPS instruction set and programmers’ resources. It uses the MIPS32 standard as a baseline (the 1st edition used the R3000) from which to compare all other versions of the architecture and assumes that MIPS64 is the main option. The second part is a significant change from the first edition. It provides concrete examples of operating system low level code, by using Linux as the example operating system. It describes how Linux is built on the foundations the MIPS hardware provides and summarizes the Linux application environment, describing the libraries, kernel device-drivers and CPU-specific code. It then digs deep into application code and library support, protection and memory management, interrupts in the Linux kernel and multiprocessor Linux. Sweetman has revised his best-selling MIPS bible for MIPS programmers, embedded systems designers, developers and programmers, who need an in-depth understanding of the MIPS architecture and specific guidance for writing software for MIPS-based systems, which are increasingly Linux-based. Completely new material offers the best explanation available on how Linux runs on real hardware. Provides a complete, updated and easy-to-use guide to the MIPS instruction set using the MIPS32 standard as the baseline architecture with the MIPS64 as the main option. Retains the same engaging writing style that made the first edition so readable, reflecting the authors 20+ years experience in designing systems based on the MIPS architecture.

Computers as Components

Principles of Embedded Computing System Design

Author: Wayne Wolf

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 9780080886213

Category: Computers

Page: 544

View: 9652

Computers as Components, Second Edition, updates the first book to bring essential knowledge on embedded systems technology and techniques under a single cover. This edition has been updated to the state-of-the-art by reworking and expanding performance analysis with more examples and exercises, and coverage of electronic systems now focuses on the latest applications. It gives a more comprehensive view of multiprocessors including VLIW and superscalar architectures as well as more detail about power consumption. There is also more advanced treatment of all the components of the system as well as in-depth coverage of networks, reconfigurable systems, hardware-software co-design, security, and program analysis. It presents an updated discussion of current industry development software including Linux and Windows CE. The new edition's case studies cover SHARC DSP with the TI C5000 and C6000 series, and real-world applications such as DVD players and cell phones. Researchers, students, and savvy professionals schooled in hardware or software design, will value Wayne Wolf's integrated engineering design approach. * Uses real processors (ARM processor and TI C55x DSP) to demonstrate both technology and techniques...Shows readers how to apply principles to actual design practice. * Covers all necessary topics with emphasis on actual design practice...Realistic introduction to the state-of-the-art for both students and practitioners. * Stresses necessary fundamentals which can be applied to evolving technologies...helps readers gain facility to design large, complex embedded systems that actually work.

Processor Description Languages

Author: Prabhat Mishra,Nikil Dutt

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080558370

Category: Computers

Page: 432

View: 2239

Efficient design of embedded processors plays a critical role in embedded systems design. Processor description languages and their associated specification, exploration and rapid prototyping methodologies are used to find the best possible design for a given set of applications under various design constraints, such as area, power and performance. This book is the first, comprehensive survey of modern architecture description languages and will be an invaluable reference for embedded system architects, designers, developers, and validation engineers. Readers will see that the use of particular architecture description languages will lead to productivity gains in designing particular (application-specific) types of embedded processors. * Comprehensive coverage of all modern architecture description languages... use the right ADL to design your processor to fit your application; * Most up-to-date information available about each architecture description language from the time chasing down reliable documentation; * Describes how each architecture desccription language enables key design automation tasks, such as simulation, synthesis and the ADL to your design cycle;

Computer Networks

A Systems Approach

Author: Larry L. Peterson,Bruce S. Davie

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780123850607

Category: Computers

Page: 920

View: 3818

Computer Networks: A Systems Approach, Fifth Edition, explores the key principles of computer networking, with examples drawn from the real world of network and protocol design. Using the Internet as the primary example, this best-selling and classic textbook explains various protocols and networking technologies. The systems-oriented approach encourages students to think about how individual network components fit into a larger, complex system of interactions. This book has a completely updated content with expanded coverage of the topics of utmost importance to networking professionals and students, including P2P, wireless, network security, and network applications such as e-mail and the Web, IP telephony and video streaming, and peer-to-peer file sharing. There is now increased focus on application layer issues where innovative and exciting research and design is currently the center of attention. Other topics include network design and architecture; the ways users can connect to a network; the concepts of switching, routing, and internetworking; end-to-end protocols; congestion control and resource allocation; and end-to-end data. Each chapter includes a problem statement, which introduces issues to be examined; shaded sidebars that elaborate on a topic or introduce a related advanced topic; What’s Next? discussions that deal with emerging issues in research, the commercial world, or society; and exercises. This book is written for graduate or upper-division undergraduate classes in computer networking. It will also be useful for industry professionals retraining for network-related assignments, as well as for network practitioners seeking to understand the workings of network protocols and the big picture of networking. Completely updated content with expanded coverage of the topics of utmost importance to networking professionals and students, including P2P, wireless, security, and applications Increased focus on application layer issues where innovative and exciting research and design is currently the center of attention Free downloadable network simulation software and lab experiments manual available

Designing Digital Computer Systems with Verilog

Author: David J. Lilja,Sachin S. Sapatnekar

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139455817

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 6982

This book serves both as an introduction to computer architecture and as a guide to using a hardware description language (HDL) to design, model and simulate real digital systems. The book starts with an introduction to Verilog - the HDL chosen for the book since it is widely used in industry and straightforward to learn. Next, the instruction set architecture (ISA) for the simple VeSPA (Very Small Processor Architecture) processor is defined - this is a real working device that has been built and tested at the University of Minnesota by the authors. The VeSPA ISA is used throughout the remainder of the book to demonstrate how behavioural and structural models can be developed and intermingled in Verilog. Although Verilog is used throughout, the lessons learned will be equally applicable to other HDLs. Written for senior and graduate students, this book is also an ideal introduction to Verilog for practising engineers.

Digital Design and Computer Architecture

ARM Edition

Author: Sarah Harris,David Harris

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 012800911X

Category: Computers

Page: 584

View: 5497

Digital Design and Computer Architecture: ARM Edition covers the fundamentals of digital logic design and reinforces logic concepts through the design of an ARM microprocessor. Combining an engaging and humorous writing style with an updated and hands-on approach to digital design, this book takes the reader from the fundamentals of digital logic to the actual design of an ARM processor. By the end of this book, readers will be able to build their own microprocessor and will have a top-to-bottom understanding of how it works. Beginning with digital logic gates and progressing to the design of combinational and sequential circuits, this book uses these fundamental building blocks as the basis for designing an ARM processor. SystemVerilog and VHDL are integrated throughout the text in examples illustrating the methods and techniques for CAD-based circuit design. The companion website includes a chapter on I/O systems with practical examples that show how to use the Raspberry Pi computer to communicate with peripheral devices such as LCDs, Bluetooth radios, and motors. This book will be a valuable resource for students taking a course that combines digital logic and computer architecture or students taking a two-quarter sequence in digital logic and computer organization/architecture. Covers the fundamentals of digital logic design and reinforces logic concepts through the design of an ARM microprocessor. Features side-by-side examples of the two most prominent Hardware Description Languages (HDLs)—SystemVerilog and VHDL—which illustrate and compare the ways each can be used in the design of digital systems. Includes examples throughout the text that enhance the reader’s understanding and retention of key concepts and techniques. The Companion website includes a chapter on I/O systems with practical examples that show how to use the Raspberry Pi computer to communicate with peripheral devices such as LCDs, Bluetooth radios, and motors. The Companion website also includes appendices covering practical digital design issues and C programming as well as links to CAD tools, lecture slides, laboratory projects, and solutions to exercises.

Computer Organization, Design, and Architecture, Fifth Edition

Author: Sajjan G. Shiva

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466585544

Category: Computers

Page: 725

View: 1492

Suitable for a one- or two-semester undergraduate or beginning graduate course in computer science and computer engineering, Computer Organization, Design, and Architecture, Fifth Edition presents the operating principles, capabilities, and limitations of digital computers to enable the development of complex yet efficient systems. With 11 new sections and four revised sections, this edition takes students through a solid, up-to-date exploration of single- and multiple-processor systems, embedded architectures, and performance evaluation. See What’s New in the Fifth Edition Expanded coverage of embedded systems, mobile processors, and cloud computing Material for the "Architecture and Organization" part of the 2013 IEEE/ACM Draft Curricula for Computer Science and Engineering Updated commercial machine architecture examples The backbone of the book is a description of the complete design of a simple but complete hypothetical computer. The author then details the architectural features of contemporary computer systems (selected from Intel, MIPS, ARM, Motorola, Cray and various microcontrollers, etc.) as enhancements to the structure of the simple computer. He also introduces performance enhancements and advanced architectures including networks, distributed systems, GRIDs, and cloud computing. Computer organization deals with providing just enough details on the operation of the computer system for sophisticated users and programmers. Often, books on digital systems’ architecture fall into four categories: logic design, computer organization, hardware design, and system architecture. This book captures the important attributes of these four categories to present a comprehensive text that includes pertinent hardware, software, and system aspects.

The Essentials of Computer Organization and Architecture

Author: Linda Null,Pennsylvania State University Linda Null,Julia Lobur

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1284033155

Category: Computers

Page: 900

View: 4655

Updated and revised to reflect the most current data in the field, perennial bestseller The Essentials of Computer Organization and Architecture, Fourth Edition is comprehensive enough to address all necessary organization and architecture topics, but concise enough to be appropriate for a single-term course. Its focus on real-world examples and practical applications encourages students to develop a "big-picture" understanding of how essential organization and architecture concepts are applied in the computing world. In addition to direct correlation with the ACM/IEEE CS2013 guidelines for computer organization and architecture, the text exposes readers to the inner workings of a modern digital computer through an integrated presentation of fundamental concepts and principles.The fully revised and updated Fourth Edition includes the most up-to-the-minute data and resources available and reflects current technologies, including tablets and cloud computing. All-new exercises, expanded discussions, and feature boxes in every chapter implement even more real-world applications and current data, and many chapters include all-new examples. A full suite of student and instructor resources, including a secure companion website, Lecture Outlines in PowerPoint Format, and an Instructor Manual, complement the text. This award-winning, best-selling text is the most thorough, student-friendly, and accessible text on the market today.Key Features:* The Fourth Edition is in direct correlation with the ACM/IEEE CS2013 guidelines for computer organization and architecture, in addition to integrating material from additional knowledge units. * All-new material on a variety of topics, including zetabytes and yottabytes, automatons, tablet computers, graphic processing units, and cloud computing* The MARIE Simulator package allows students to learn the essential concepts of computer organization and architecture, including assembly language, without getting caught up in unnecessary and confusing details.* Full suite of ancillary materials, including a secure companion website, PowerPoint lecture outlines, and an Instructor Manual* Bundled with an optional Intel supplement* Ideally suited for single-term courses

Computer Architecture Techniques for Power-efficiency

Author: Stefanos Kaxiras,Margaret Martonosi

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1598292080

Category: Computers

Page: 207

View: 5395

"In the last few years, power dissipation has become an important design constraint, on par with performance, in the design of new computer systems. Whereas in the past, the primary job of the computer architect was to translate improvements in operating frequency and transistor count into performance, now power efficiency must be taken into account at every step of the design process." "This book aims to document some of the most important architectural techniques that were invented, proposed, and applied to reduce both dynamic power and static power dissipation in processors and memory hierarchies. A significant number of techniques have been proposed for a wide range of situations and this book synthesizes those techniques by focusing on their common characteristics."--BOOK JACKET.

Embedded Core Design with FPGAs

Author: Zainalabedin Navabi

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071712127

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 433

View: 2319

A Complete Toolkit for Designing Embedded Cores and Utilizing Those Cores in an Embedded System A landmark guide in digital system design, Embedded Core Design with FPGAs equips today's computer engineers with everything they need to design embedded cores and apply those cores in a state-of-the-art embedded system. This practical resource brings together logic design, computer architecture, Verilog, FPGAs, Hardware/Software design, and SoCs, explaining how engineers can draw on their computer engineering background to achieve cutting-edge embedded designs. Renowned design expert and educator Zainalabedin Navabi first covers the basics of logic design, RT Level Verilog, computer architectures, and the architecture of modern field programmable devices. He then explores the design of utility cores that are used for high-level core-based designs, with specific focus on existing Altera cores. Finally, he describes higher-end design methodologies, including design of hardware/software systems, CPU configurations, embedded systems, and the utilization of various Altera Nios II processors. Embedded Core Design with FPGAs features: A full array of design aids, including Verilog, FPLD structures, design and programming environments, and software and hardware tools The latest embedded system design techniques, including use of high-level integrated environments, SOPC development tools, utilizing existing processor cores, and developing your own customized processor A clear focus on utilizing Altera's new DE series and UP3 development boards and design software, including SOPC Builder and IDE software design environment Master Every Aspect of Embedded Core Design-- High-Level Hardware/Software Design Concepts: High-Level System Design Methodology RT Level Logic Design RT Level Verilog Computer Hardware and Software Programming Languages FPGA Architecture and Utilization FPGA-Based Design of Embedded Cores: Implementation of Basic Interface Components Configurable Cores Custom Cores CPU Cores Core-Based System Design Using Development Boards for Prototyping System Design with Processor Cores: Design with a Customer Embedded CPU Embedded Core DSP Application Embedded Microcontroller with Keyboard and Display Interfaces Using Embedded Design Hardware and Software Tools Nios II Processor Nios II-Based Hardware/Software System Design

JavaTM Programming: From Problem Analysis to Program Design

Author: D. Malik

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 111153053X

Category: Computers

Page: 1088

View: 2917

Designed for a first Computer Science (CS1) Java course, JAVA PROGRAMMING: FROM PROBLEM ANALYSIS TO PROGRAM DESIGN 5e will motivate your students while building a cornerstone for the Computer Science curriculum. With a focus on your With a focus on your students’ learning, this text approaches programming using the latest version of Java, and includes updated programming exercises and programs. The engaging and clear-cut writing style will help your students learn key concepts through concise explanations and practice in this complex and powerful language. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Operating Systems In Depth: Design and Programming

Design and Programming

Author: Thomas W. Doeppner

Publisher: Wiley Global Education

ISBN: 1118136403

Category: Computers

Page: 444

View: 4888

This book is designed for a one-semester operating-systems course for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students. Prerequisites for the course generally include an introductory course on computer architecture and an advanced programming course. The goal of this book is to bring together and explain current practice in operating systems. This includes much of what is traditionally covered in operating-system textbooks: concurrency, scheduling, linking and loading, storage management (both real and virtual), file systems, and security. However, the book also covers issues that come up every day in operating-systems design and implementation but are not often taught in undergraduate courses. For example, the text includes: Deferred work, which includes deferred and asynchronous procedure calls in Windows, tasklets in Linux, and interrupt threads in Solaris. The intricacies of thread switching, on both uniprocessor and multiprocessor systems. Modern file systems, such as ZFS and WAFL. Distributed file systems, including CIFS and NFS version 4. The book and its accompanying significant programming projects make students come to grips with current operating systems and their major operating-system components and to attain an intimate understanding of how they work.

Programming FPGAs: Getting Started with Verilog

Author: Simon Monk

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 1259643778

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 208

View: 6546

Take your creations to the next level with FPGAs and Verilog This fun guide shows how to get started with FPGA technology using the popular Mojo, Papilio One, and Elbert 2 boards. Written by electronics guru Simon Monk, Programming FPGAs: Getting Started with Verilog features clear explanations, easy-to-follow examples, and downloadable sample programs. You’ll get start-to-finish assembly and programming instructions for numerous projects, including an LED decoder, a timer, a tone generator—even a memory-mapped video display! The book serves both as a hobbyists’ guide and as an introduction for professional developers. • Explore the basics of digital electronics and digital logic • Examine the features of the Mojo, Papilio One, and Elbert 2 boards • Set up your computer and dive in to Verilog programming • Work with the ISE Design Suite and user constraints files • Understand and apply modular Verilog programming methods • Generate electrical pulses through your board’s GPIO ports • Control servomotors and create your own sounds • Attach a VGA TV or computer monitor and generate video • All source code and finished bit files available for download